Presentation on theme: "Efforts to Solve the Immigration Problems Settlement Houses A center in an underprivileged area that provides various community services The first settlement."— Presentation transcript:
Settlement Houses A center in an underprivileged area that provides various community services The first settlement house was Toynbee Hall which opened in 1883 in the London slums
Jane Addams Born in 1860 Grew up in a wealthy family in Cedarville, IL After graduating, went on a trip of Europe Visited Toynbee Hall Settlement House in London Opened Hull House shortly after her return home
Hull House Built in 1856 by Charles Hull By the 1880s was surrounded by tenements & factories Opened as Americas first Settlement House in 1889 By 1893 was serving over two thousand people a week
Quick Facts about Hull House Consisted of about 13 buildings Had the first gym in America Offered classes, clubs, nurseries Had a library, art museum Closed in 1963 Made a historic landmark in 1967 Only two buildings remain The area surrounding Hull House is now home to Oprah Winfreys Harpo Studios There are some interesting ghost stories for Hull House
Political Machines An unofficial system of political organization based on patronage Simply put…people in political offices like mayors would offer jobs and other perks to people in exchange for votes
Political Machines Good or Bad? Found housing for new immigrants. Helped find jobs for new immigrants. Total control over city governments. Sold favors for votes. Stole money from the cities. Basically acted like a bunch of big bullies!