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Section #4: The Rise of New Empires Objective: Discuss the rise and the fall of the Assyrian and Persian Empires.

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Presentation on theme: "Section #4: The Rise of New Empires Objective: Discuss the rise and the fall of the Assyrian and Persian Empires."— Presentation transcript:

1 Section #4: The Rise of New Empires Objective: Discuss the rise and the fall of the Assyrian and Persian Empires

2 A Mighty Military Machine 850 BC, the Assyrians advanced from the northern part of Mesopotamia 850 BC, the Assyrians advanced from the northern part of Mesopotamia Open area, Little protection Open area, Little protection Relied on military strength for defense from outside attack Relied on military strength for defense from outside attack Assyrian Empire stretched from north and east of the Tigris river to Egypt Assyrian Empire stretched from north and east of the Tigris river to Egypt Development of Weapons Development of Weapons Armor, Weapons, Organization Armor, Weapons, Organization Sennacherib Sennacherib First great Assyrian ruler First great Assyrian ruler Claimed to have sacked 89 cities, 820 villages Claimed to have sacked 89 cities, 820 villages

3 Assyrian Rule 650 BC 650 BC Height of rule Height of rule Fell by 612 BC Fell by 612 BC Organization of conquered areas into empire Organization of conquered areas into empire Divided into regions Divided into regions Assyrians choose rulers Assyrians choose rulers Taxes and Tribute Taxes and Tribute What happen if a region didnt pay? What happen if a region didnt pay?

4 Assyrian Culture Assyrian Kings were great builders, not just destroyers Assyrian Kings were great builders, not just destroyers Nineveh Nineveh Capital city Ashurbanipal Ashurbanipal Great warrior Could read many languages Library Library 25,000 clay tablets

5 Nebuchadnezzar Chaldean King of Babylon ( BC) Chaldean King of Babylon ( BC) Restoration of Babylon Restoration of Babylon Euphrates through the city Euphrates through the city Walls Walls 4 Horse Chariot could ride on top 4 Horse Chariot could ride on top Hanging gardens of Babylon Hanging gardens of Babylon Made for homesick wife Made for homesick wife 75 feet above the ground 75 feet above the ground Hydraulic pumps Hydraulic pumps Babylon fell after Nebuchadnezzar's death to the Persian Empire Babylon fell after Nebuchadnezzar's death to the Persian Empire

6 Rise of the Persian Empire (559 BC -330 BC) Cyrus Cyrus Ruled from BC Ruled from BC Military genius, but great Administrator Military genius, but great Administrator Method of governing Method of governing Kindness to conquered people Kindness to conquered people Religiously tolerant (opposite of the Assyrians) Religiously tolerant (opposite of the Assyrians) Darius ( BC) Darius ( BC) Created an effective style of administration Created an effective style of administration Empire reached its greatest extent Empire reached its greatest extent Return to toleration and Cyrus style of rule Return to toleration and Cyrus style of rule

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8 Provinces and Royal Road Darius was a great warrior, but his genius was governing Darius was a great warrior, but his genius was governing 20 provinces 20 provinces Darius still ruled with absolute power Darius still ruled with absolute power Satraps (govs) Satraps (govs) Kings eyes and ears Kings eyes and ears Tax collectors Tax collectors Royal Road Royal Road Interstate 95 Interstate 95 Ran across the Persian empire Ran across the Persian empire 1,677 mile long 1,677 mile long 111 posts (Rest Stations) 111 posts (Rest Stations) 15 miles apart 15 miles apart Messenger Messenger 7 days 7 days Increased trade and communication throughout the empire Increased trade and communication throughout the empire

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