Presentation on theme: "Section #4: The Rise of New Empires"— Presentation transcript:
1 Section #4: The Rise of New Empires Objective: Discuss the rise and the fall of the Assyrian and Persian Empires
2 A Mighty Military Machine 850 BC, the Assyrians advanced from the northern part of MesopotamiaOpen area, Little protectionRelied on military strength for defense from outside attackAssyrian Empire stretched from north and east of the Tigris river to EgyptDevelopment of WeaponsArmor, Weapons, OrganizationSennacheribFirst great Assyrian rulerClaimed to have sacked 89 cities, 820 villages
3 Assyrian Rule 650 BC Organization of conquered areas into empire Height of ruleFell by 612 BCOrganization of conquered areas into empireDivided into regionsAssyrians choose rulersTaxes and TributeWhat happen if a region didn’t pay?
4 Assyrian CultureAssyrian Kings were great builders, not just destroyersNinevehCapital cityAshurbanipalGreat warriorCould read many languagesLibrary25,000 clay tablets
5 Nebuchadnezzar Chaldean King of Babylon (604-562BC) Restoration of BabylonEuphrates through the cityWalls4 Horse Chariot could ride on topHanging gardens of BabylonMade for homesick wife75 feet above the groundHydraulic pumpsBabylon fell after Nebuchadnezzar's death to the Persian Empire
6 Rise of the Persian Empire (559 BC -330 BC) CyrusRuled from BCMilitary genius, but great AdministratorMethod of governingKindness to conquered peopleReligiously tolerant (opposite of the Assyrians)Darius ( BC)Created an effective style of administrationEmpire reached its greatest extentReturn to toleration and Cyrus’ style of rule
8 Provinces and Royal Road Darius was a great warrior, but his genius was governing20 provincesDarius still ruled with absolute powerSatraps (gov’s)Kings eyes and earsTax collectorsRoyal Road“Interstate 95”Ran across the Persian empire1,677 mile long111 posts (Rest Stations)15 miles apartMessenger7 daysIncreased trade and communication throughout the empire