Presentation on theme: "Meet a very POWERFUL tool."— Presentation transcript:
1Meet a very POWERFUL tool. The ParagraphMeet a very POWERFUL tool.
2Think Value Act Communicate What am I trying to say?BalanceThink Value Act Communicate
3Think: Types of Paragraphs The narrative paragraphtells a storyThe persuasive paragraphtries to convince the audienceThe descriptive paragraphUses detail to paint a picture of somethingThe expository or explanatory paragraphgives information or explains something
4Think: So, What do we know about …Paragraphing? The paragraph is a series of sentences developing one topic.
5Value: The Topic Sentence The topic of a paragraph is stated in one sentence.This is called the topic sentence.The topic sentence is also known as the main idea.Eureka!That one topic is aka the…Thesis Statementin a multi paragraph paper!A thesis is a value judgment about a specific topic.For example, your topic may be “health care”.Your views, biases, and opinions on this topic help you choose a position or a value judgment!
6Act: What about the rest of the paragraph? The rest of the paragraph consists of sentences that develop or explain the main idea.Through the centuries rats have managed to survive all our efforts to destroy them. We have poisoned them and trapped them. We have fumigated, flooded, and burned them. We have tried germ warfare. Some rats even survived atomic bomb tests conducted on Entwetok atoll in the Pacific after World War II. In spite of all our efforts, these enemies of ours continue to prove that they are the most indestructible of pests.Main idea/Topic sentenceConcluding sentence
9Unity in the Paragraph Main Idea Every sentence in a paragraph should support the main idea expressed in the topic sentence. Details, examples etc.Main IdeaSentenceSentenceSentenceSentence
10Unity provides balance Main idea/Topic sentenceThrough the centuries rats have managed to survive all our efforts to destroy them. We have poisoned them and trapped them. We have fumigated, flooded, and burned them. We have tried germ warfare. Some rats even survived atomic bomb tests conducted on Entwetok atoll in the Pacific after World War II. In spite of all our efforts, these enemies of ours continue to prove that they are the most indestructible of pests.Supporting detailsWhat efforts?TrapsFumigationFloodFireGerm warfareBlah blah Point…Blah point blah point blah blah blah blah blah point transition. So what?Concluding sentenceThe point is:The rats survived our efforts;we conclude they are indestructible
11The concluding or clincher sentence Restate the topic sentence in different words.A clincher sentence or concluding sentence clinches the point made in the paragraph.It summarizes the paragraph.
12Conclusion -- The Big Finale Your conclusion should reemphasize the main points made in your paper.You may choose to reiterate a call to action or speculate on the future of your topic, when appropriate.Avoid raising new claims in your conclusion.
13Coherence in a Paragraph Stick to the point: The ideas have a clear and logical relation to each other.Put details or examples or incidents in logical order.chronologicalin relation to each otherin order of importance
14Connecting Sentences Within the Paragraph Transition WordsChronological OrderObjects in relation to one anotherIn order of importancefirstmeanwhilelaterafterwardsfinallynext toin front ofbesidebetweenbehindhoweverfurthermoreas a resultin factyet
15Body Paragraphs and Topic Sentences Body paragraphs build upon the claims made in the introductory paragraph(s)Organize with the use of topic. sentences that illustrate the main idea of each paragraph.Offering a brief explanation of the history or recent developments in your topic within the early body paragraphs can help the audience to become familiarized with your topic and the complexity of the issue.
17Proofreading tips Stop writing and…take a break! Come back fresh and slowly…read your paper aloud.Read your paper backwards.Ask a friend to read the paper aloud.Remember! Spell check and Grammar check can make mistakes.