2 BLOOD Facts Blood flows everywhere through out the human body. One cannot live without it.The heart pumps blood to all the cells, supplying them with oxygen and food.Blood also carries proteins and cell fragments called platelets that let blood clot where there has been an injury.
3 Someone has to give blood in order for someone to receive blood. Did You Know?350ml of blood can save as many as three lives.Even with all of today’s technology, there is no substitute of blood.The beneficiary is usually in state of emergency and can not make an appealThe act gives you a sense of satisfaction and binds you to your societySomeone has to give bloodin order for someone to receive blood.
4 Fact Sheet -1In Jharkhand the need of blood is approximately 3 lakh units.Approximately not even 1% of the eligible population in Jharkhand donates blood.Approximately 10% of regular donors donate only ONCE in a year.If they donate just two times per year the shortage could be managed.
5 Fact sheet -2 A person has 5 - 6 litres of blood in their body. A person can donate blood after an interval of every 90 days (3 months).Body recovers the Blood very quickly:Blood plasma volume– within hoursRed Blood Cells – in about 3 weeksPlatelets & White Blood Cells – 2 to 3 Days
6 Some Reasons to Donate Blood Blood is always needed for,accident victimscancer patientsblood disorder patientssurgery patientsPre-mature, pre term babiesand many others…….1 of out 10 hospital patients needs a blood transfusion
7 Blood Bank’s Primary Concern - Safety of Blood Donor & Blood Recipient (patient) because “Safe Blood” gives life, “Unsafe blood” gives infectionsTo ensure “Blood Safety”,Strict “Donor Screening” at the Camp“Testing” of collected blood“Safe Storage” of collected blood up to 35 days.Strict “cross-matching” of blood samples to ensure safe transfusion to patient
8 Pre-Donation information Blood is taken ONLY from Voluntary DonorsUsing sterile, disposable blood bags &instrumentsDonated Blood is tested and storedIt is safe to donate every 3 monthsIt is quick and safe.It doesn’t hurt.It can save up to 3 lives.
9 Procedure for Voluntary Blood Donation Pre-Donation:Donor ScreeningDonor Eligibility criteriaDeferral Criteria (Donor Consent Form)Medical examination including Hb estimationBlood Donation:Blood donation procedurePost donationRest for 15 minutes, advice & light refreshmentDonor Certificate, Donor card and Thanks.
10 1. Donor Screening Safe Donor selection involves – Identification of low risk populationsDonor education and recruitmentEncouraging self deferral based on “Deferral Criteria”Medical Examination before donationVoluntary Non-remunerated Repeat Donor (VNRD) is safest
11 2. Donor Eligibility Criteria Wt > 45 KgWho can donate?Age: yearsWeight : > 45 kgsHemoglobin level: 12. gms and aboveIn good health
12 3. Deferral Criteria Who CANNOT donate? Life long1 year6 Months2 WeeksAbnormal bleeding disorderHeart, Kidney, Liver Disorder in specific conditionsTerminal Thyroid disorderEpilepsy, Mental disordersTuberculosis, Leprosy if not curedAsthmaCancerInsulin dependent diabeticsUncontrolled High BPSurgeryTyphoidRabies VaccinationUnexplained weight lossContinuous low grade feverTattooing or body piercingRoot canal treatmentMalariaVaccinationDentalManipulationupper respiratory tract infectionsgastroenteritis
13 3. Deferral Criteria… (Donor Consent Form) Postpone donation for 6 months if you have risk factors for HIV/AIDSHaving sex with more than one partnerHaving sex with any unknown partnerIntravenous drug abuseHaving sex with a person who could have the above risk factors
14 3. Deferral Criteria… (Donor Consent Form) Female donors cannot donate blood……During pregnancyAfter delivery for one yearWhen lactatingDuring menstrual period
15 4. Medical Examination at camp Blood test for:Blood groupingHemoglobinBlood pressurePulseGeneral physical examination
16 5. Blood Donation Procedure Remember! The Donor Must ….have had good rest / sleephave had light mealbe mentally prepared
18 Post Donation Advice Drink lots of fluids for next 24 hours Avoid smoking for one hour & alcohol till after a mealAvoid highly strenuous exercises & games for a dayIf it bleeds, apply pressure & reapply band-aid. The bruise is due to blood seeping into the surrounding tissue. It will take a few days to get reabsorbed.Remove band-aid after 4 hours
19 6. Testing at Blood Bank for Transfusion Transmissible Infections (TTIs) Blood collected at the BDC is screened using highest quality screening tests for 5 TTIsHIVHepatitis BHepatitis CVDRL (syphilis)Malaria
20 Counselling for “Reactive” donors If a blood sample tests positive for any TTI, then….Tests are repeated in duplicateComplete confidentiality is maintained about the test resultsonly the donor is informed, counseled & encouraged for further testingReferrals to health experts are provided along with follow-ups
21 7. Blood Products / Components & their uses Blood collected is screened for TTIs (infections) & if SAFE, is separated into components & stored for issue to patients.Whole bloodFor Exchange Transfusion in BabiesAccident VictimsComplicated Delivery casesSome specific surgeriesBlood ComponentsRed Cells (for anemia)Fresh Frozen Plasma (for clotting disorders, burns)Platelets/Platelet rich plasma (for cancer, dengue etc)Cryoprecipitate (for clotting disorders)
22 What can YOU do? Make Blood Donation a HABIT Donate regularly – every 3 months to commemorate special days like birthdays, anniversaries ….Motivate others to donateRefer your friends and relatives
23 Benefits to Donor of blood donation Health benefits:Regular donation (2-3 times a year….)Lowers cholesterolLowers lipid levelsDecreases incidence of heart attacks, strokesDonor is also eligible to receive one FREE unit of blood if needed forSelfSpouse/ Child/ Parents, andEven friends
24 Volunteer’s roleMost people who have never donated have never been asked.Posters don’t recruit donors…people do