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Blood Safety & Blood Donor Motivation

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Presentation on theme: "Blood Safety & Blood Donor Motivation"— Presentation transcript:

1 Blood Safety & Blood Donor Motivation

2 BLOOD Facts Blood flows everywhere through out the human body.
One cannot live without it. The heart pumps blood to all the cells, supplying them with oxygen and food. Blood also carries proteins and cell fragments called platelets that let blood clot where there has been an injury.

3 Someone has to give blood in order for someone to receive blood.
Did You Know? 350ml of blood can save as many as three lives. Even with all of today’s technology, there is no substitute of blood. The beneficiary is usually in state of emergency and can not make an appeal The act gives you a sense of satisfaction and binds you to your society Someone has to give blood in order for someone to receive blood.

4 Fact Sheet -1 In Jharkhand the need of blood is approximately 3 lakh units. Approximately not even 1% of the eligible population in Jharkhand donates blood. Approximately 10% of regular donors donate only ONCE in a year. If they donate just two times per year the shortage could be managed.

5 Fact sheet -2 A person has 5 - 6 litres of blood in their body.
A person can donate blood after an interval of every 90 days (3 months). Body recovers the Blood very quickly: Blood plasma volume– within hours Red Blood Cells – in about 3 weeks Platelets & White Blood Cells – 2 to 3 Days

6 Some Reasons to Donate Blood
Blood is always needed for, accident victims cancer patients blood disorder patients surgery patients Pre-mature, pre term babies and many others……. 1 of out 10 hospital patients needs a blood transfusion

7 Blood Bank’s Primary Concern -
Safety of Blood Donor & Blood Recipient (patient) because “Safe Blood” gives life, “Unsafe blood” gives infections To ensure “Blood Safety”, Strict “Donor Screening” at the Camp “Testing” of collected blood “Safe Storage” of collected blood up to 35 days. Strict “cross-matching” of blood samples to ensure safe transfusion to patient

8 Pre-Donation information
Blood is taken ONLY from Voluntary Donors Using sterile, disposable blood bags & instruments Donated Blood is tested and stored It is safe to donate every 3 months It is quick and safe. It doesn’t hurt. It can save up to 3 lives.

9 Procedure for Voluntary Blood Donation
Pre-Donation: Donor Screening Donor Eligibility criteria Deferral Criteria (Donor Consent Form) Medical examination including Hb estimation Blood Donation: Blood donation procedure Post donation Rest for 15 minutes, advice & light refreshment Donor Certificate, Donor card and Thanks.

10 1. Donor Screening Safe Donor selection involves –
Identification of low risk populations Donor education and recruitment Encouraging self deferral based on “Deferral Criteria” Medical Examination before donation Voluntary Non-remunerated Repeat Donor (VNRD) is safest

11 2. Donor Eligibility Criteria
Wt > 45 Kg Who can donate? Age: years Weight : > 45 kgs Hemoglobin level: 12. gms and above In good health

12 3. Deferral Criteria Who CANNOT donate?
Life long 1 year 6 Months 2 Weeks Abnormal bleeding disorder Heart, Kidney, Liver Disorder in specific conditions Terminal Thyroid disorder Epilepsy, Mental disorders Tuberculosis, Leprosy if not cured Asthma Cancer Insulin dependent diabetics Uncontrolled High BP Surgery Typhoid Rabies Vaccination Unexplained weight loss Continuous low grade fever Tattooing or body piercing Root canal treatment Malaria Vaccination Dental Manipulation upper respiratory tract infections gastroenteritis

13 3. Deferral Criteria… (Donor Consent Form)
Postpone donation for 6 months if you have risk factors for HIV/AIDS Having sex with more than one partner Having sex with any unknown partner Intravenous drug abuse Having sex with a person who could have the above risk factors

14 3. Deferral Criteria… (Donor Consent Form)
Female donors cannot donate blood…… During pregnancy After delivery for one year When lactating During menstrual period

15 4. Medical Examination at camp
Blood test for: Blood grouping Hemoglobin Blood pressure Pulse General physical examination

16 5. Blood Donation Procedure Remember!
The Donor Must …. have had good rest / sleep have had light meal be mentally prepared

17 5. Blood Donation Procedure Volume of blood collection
Donor Weight Blood collected Amount Used for 45 kgs -55 kgs 350ml Single bag Whole Blood > 55 kgs 450 ml Double / Triple bag Blood Components

18 Post Donation Advice Drink lots of fluids for next 24 hours
Avoid smoking for one hour & alcohol till after a meal Avoid highly strenuous exercises & games for a day If it bleeds, apply pressure & reapply band-aid. The bruise is due to blood seeping into the surrounding tissue. It will take a few days to get reabsorbed. Remove band-aid after 4 hours

19 6. Testing at Blood Bank for Transfusion Transmissible Infections (TTIs)
Blood collected at the BDC is screened using highest quality screening tests for 5 TTIs HIV Hepatitis B Hepatitis C VDRL (syphilis) Malaria

20 Counselling for “Reactive” donors
If a blood sample tests positive for any TTI, then…. Tests are repeated in duplicate Complete confidentiality is maintained about the test results only the donor is informed, counseled & encouraged for further testing Referrals to health experts are provided along with follow-ups

21 7. Blood Products / Components & their uses
Blood collected is screened for TTIs (infections) & if SAFE, is separated into components & stored for issue to patients. Whole blood For Exchange Transfusion in Babies Accident Victims Complicated Delivery cases Some specific surgeries Blood Components Red Cells (for anemia) Fresh Frozen Plasma (for clotting disorders, burns) Platelets/Platelet rich plasma (for cancer, dengue etc) Cryoprecipitate (for clotting disorders)

22 What can YOU do? Make Blood Donation a HABIT
Donate regularly – every 3 months to commemorate special days like birthdays, anniversaries …. Motivate others to donate Refer your friends and relatives

23 Benefits to Donor of blood donation
Health benefits: Regular donation (2-3 times a year….) Lowers cholesterol Lowers lipid levels Decreases incidence of heart attacks, strokes Donor is also eligible to receive one FREE unit of blood if needed for Self Spouse/ Child/ Parents, and Even friends

24 Volunteer’s role Most people who have never donated have never been asked. Posters don’t recruit donors…people do

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