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Chapter 6 Newtons Laws. Sir Isaac Newton December 25, 1642 - March 20 1727 key figure in scientific revolution ideas considered beginning of modern science.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 6 Newtons Laws. Sir Isaac Newton December 25, 1642 - March 20 1727 key figure in scientific revolution ideas considered beginning of modern science."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 6 Newtons Laws

2 Sir Isaac Newton December 25, March key figure in scientific revolution ideas considered beginning of modern science described planetary motion, theory of color, law of cooling, studied speed of sound. Made many discoveries in Calculus wikipedia

3 Newtons First Law of Motion The law of inertia

4 Newtons first law of motion An object at rest will stay at rest and an object in motion will stay in motion with the same velocity unless acted on by an unbalanced force REPEAT IT!

5 Newtons first law of motion An object at rest will stay at rest and an object in motion will stay in motion with the same velocity unless acted on by an unbalanced force WRITE IT!

6 Newtons first law of motion An object at rest will stay at rest and an object in motion will stay in motion with the same velocity unless acted on by an unbalanced force tell a friend

7 Newtons first law of motion Example: Explain what that means for egg sitting in a carton. (try telling an egg to move) Example: Explain what that means for a car moving at a constant speed.

8 Newtons first law of motion Unbalanced Force - forces that result in a net force on an object and can cause changes in motion. REPEAT IT!

9 Newtons first law of motion Unbalanced Force - forces that result in a net force on an object and can cause changes in motion. WRITE IT!

10 Newtons first law of motion Unbalanced Force - forces that result in a net force on an object and can cause changes in motion. TELL A FRIEND ABOUT IT!

11 Newtons first law of motion Example: eggs spinning. - Prediction: What should happen if I spin the egg on this table?

12 Newtons first law of motion Example: eggs spinning. - Prediction: Are the forces acting on the egg balanced? - Time the length of time a hard boiled egg spins and a raw egg spins.

13 Newtons first law of motion Inertia - The property of an object that resists change in its motion. Repeat it!

14 Newtons first law of motion Inertia - The property of an object that resists change in its motion. WRITE IT!

15 Newtons first law of motion Inertia - The property of an object that resists change in its motion. TELL IT TO A FRIEND

16 Newtons first law of motion Inertia - The property of an object that resists change in its motion. - Inertia is a property of matter. <- where have you heard that before?

17 Newtons first law of motion Inertia: Example: Stopping a spinning raw egg vs stopping a spinning boiled egg. What is the unbalanced force acting on the egg?

18 Newtons first law of motion Inertia: Example: What will if we pull a card out from underneath a coin? Why? Draw a free body diagram for the coin.

19 Newtons first law of motion Inertia: Example: What will happen if we push the car with goofy standing on it? Why? Draw a free body diagram for the goof.

20 Newtons first law of motion Inertia: Example: What will happen if we push the car with goofy standing on it, with a seat to hold him in place, and the object crashes into a wall? Why? Draw a free body diagram for the goof.

21 Newtons first law of motion Inertia: Example: In light of goofys crash why is it important that you wear a seatbelt?

22 Newtons first law of motion Why is a stack of many books harder to push than a single book?

23 Newtons first law of motion Why is a stack of many books harder to push than a single book? - YES FRICTION! but is that it?

24 Newtons first law of motion Imagine trying to push a bowling ball compared to pushing a soccer ball. The soccer ball will be easier to move. Just because of friction?

25 Newtons first law of motion Imagine trying to punt a bowling ball compared to punting a soccer ball. The soccer ball will be easier to punt. That has nothing to do with friction.

26 Newtons first law of motion INERTIA depends on MASS - the larger the mass, the harder it is to change an objects motion.

27 Newtons first law of motion INERTIA depends on MASS - the larger the mass, the harder it is to change an objects motion. Repeat it!

28 Newtons first law of motion INERTIA depends on MASS - the larger the mass, the harder it is to change an objects motion. WRITE IT!

29 Newtons first law of motion INERTIA depends on MASS - the larger the mass, the harder it is to change an objects motion. Tell it to a friend.

30 Newtons Second Law of Motion Force = mass x acceleration

31 NEWTONS SECOND LAW Second law states: Acceleration is Force divided by Mass REPEAT IT!

32 NEWTONS SECOND LAW Second law states: Acceleration is Force divided by Mass WRITE IT!

33 NEWTONS SECOND LAW Three main Ideas: 1. Acceleration is the result of unbalanced forces (ie. if theres a net force there is acceleration) 2. A larger force makes a proportionally larger acceleration. 3. Acceleration is inversely proportional to mass.

34 NEWTONS SECOND LAW Three main Ideas: 2. A larger force makes a proportionally larger acceleration. compare a rocket powered car to a go cart.

35 NEWTONS SECOND LAW Three main Ideas: 3. Acceleration is inversely proportional to mass. Explain why your shopping cart will go slower and be harder to push if it contains one hundred 1 kg books, compared to one containing a single 1 kg book. Explain why Im okay with heading a soccer ball but not a medicine ball.

36 Newtons third Law of Motion action/reaction

37 Newtons Third Law For every action force there is reaction force that is equal in strength and opposite in direction.

38 Newtons Third Law What would happen if I jumped up and landed on the earth. Did I put more force on the earth or did the earth place more force on me?

39 Newtons Third Law

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41 momentum - the mass of an object times its velocity P = m*v

42 conservation of momentum - as long as interacting objects are not influenced by outside forces, the total amount of momentum is conserved.

43

44 OA


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