Presentation on theme: "Who am I? Graduate of Miami University, B.S. Exercise Science Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist Interned with the Strength and Conditioning."— Presentation transcript:
Who am I? Graduate of Miami University, B.S. Exercise Science Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist Interned with the Strength and Conditioning Staff at Miami Owner of Strive Training Located in Evendale, Ohio Head Physical Preparation Coach of the Western Hills High School Football Team
The Challenge to Overcome Many sport coaches dont know how to properly organize and develop the physical preparation of their athletes. The use of conditioning drills are implemented based on a lack of understanding of the bio-energetic demands of sport play. A lack of an understanding of the energy systems.
The Goal To provide a general framework for developing the proper energy systems to meet the demands of specificity towards the attainment of sport mastery. Presentation will focus more so on intermittent sports, but the concepts can be applied towards other bio-energetic demands.
What is Conditioning? the process of training to become physically fit by a regimen of exercise, diet, and rest; also the resulting state of physical fitness.(Merrian-Webster) Not Singular. All encompassing. Skill Specific! Conditioning is not about running multiple 300 repeats, but rather conditioning the body for sport play with respect to all aspects of attaining sport form. Physical Preparation, Technical/Tactical Preparation, Recovery/Regeneration, and Psychological.
What is Energy System Training? The understanding of the bio-energetics of sport play and then implementing the gained knowledge to increase the bodys ability to produce energy, ATP, from the appropriate systems dictated by the sports demands.
What are the Energy Systems? Alactic Anaerobic- Creatine Phosphate and ATP, 1-10 Seconds Lactic Anaerobic- Glucose and Lactate, 10 Seconds 1 minute Aerobic-With Oxygen, Glucose, Fat, and Amino Acids, 1+ minute It should be noted that at no point is one energy system acting alone. The above only serves to point at what the dominate contributing factor is.
The Primary Aims of the Systems Alactic Anaerobic-Provide energy for short explosive actions through the use of stored ATP and ATP produced from Creatine Phosphate
The Primary Aims of the Systems Lactate Anaerobic- Provide energy for activity of moderate to high intensity for moderation durations. Energy is produced through the breakdown of glucose. Leads to the accumulation of Hydrogen which is thought to cause fatigue. (Lactic) Threshold.
The Primary Aims of the Systems Aerobic- Energy is produced with the aid of Oxygen via the breakdown of glucose, fat, and amino acids. Used in Prolonged Activity. Primary energy system at rest.
Demands of the Energy Systems Different sports require the energy systems to show themselves in various ways. Capacity/Supply- The ability to produce a high amount of energy for a prolonged period of time from the desired energy system Power/Utilization- The ability to produce, at a high rate, the energy needed.
Relation to Sport Disciplines Alactic-Anaerobic: Football, Weightlifting, Baseball Lactic-Anaerobic: Hockey, Wrestling. Aerobic: Cycling, Cross Country As already stated, most sports demand energy from multiple systems.
Fluctuations in Dominate Systems No one energy system is producing all of the needed fuel at one time. Demands call for a change in dominance. If an action is short duration than the Alactic-Anaerobic system is producing the most energy. Etc.
Fluctuations in Dominate Systems Continued In High Intensity Interval Sports, the shift occurs due to a reduction in the high intensity systems, CNS Output, Muscle Contractile Velocity/Force, and Available Energy Stores. Thus, not only does alactic capacity and power need to be developed, but so to does an appropriate level of aerobic capacity and power to maintain as close to the same level of performance as possible.
Fluctuations in Dominate Systems Continued Another Benefit: In High Intensity Sports, an adequately developed aerobic system serves to regenerate ATP-PC, as well as promote an increase in the rate of blood and oxygen delivery to the muscles during rest.
Developing the Aerobic System for HIIS Promote recovery in HIIS and raise fitness levels Means: Tempo Runs at below 70% MHR (Capacity), ~75% MHR (Power). Means: Reduced Rest Periods Means: Active Recovery during rest periods. Jump Rope, Callisthenics, Low Intensity Accessory Work
Fluctuations in Dominate Systems Continued In aerobic sports, like marathons for example, some anaerobic development will allow for short bursts of high intensity action to make the final push.
Developing the Anaerobic System for L.I.S. Raise the ability to produce energy anaerobically just enough. Means: Short Sprints, Interval Sprints Means: Weight Training with <10sec TUT Means: Jump Training with <10sec of work
General Plan for Energy System Development 1 st Step: Analyze Work to Rest Ratio 2 nd Step: Analyze Positional/Tactical Demands 3 rd Step: Analyze Dynamic Correspondence of Positional/Sport Technique.
Example Athlete Discipline: Collegiate American Football Position: 1 st String Offensive Tackle Offensive Scheme/Tactical: Spread Offense
1 st Step: Analyze Work to Rest Ratio The typical work to rest ratio in American Football is 4-6 seconds : seconds; Play Clock? Hurry Up? There are occasional plays which reach lengths of seconds of work. Average of 3-4 Series a Quarter with 5-7 minutes rest between each. 15 minutes between each half. As a 1 st string player, our example Offensive lineman will be in a higher amount of plays on average.
2 nd Step: Analyze Positional/Tactical Demands In the spread offense an offensive tackle must show an ability to cover more ground to move into the second level to make blocks. In contrast, in a pro style offense, most work is done in the trenches.
3 rd Step: Analyze Dynamic Correspondence The Criteria of Dynamic Correspondence as Stated by Yuri Verkhoshansky: Match the amplitude and direction of movement Match the accentuated region of force production. Match the dynamics of the effort. Match the rate and time of maximal force production. Match the regimen of the muscular work. Note: Actually performing the sport action is the only true means which completely fulfills the criteria.
The General to Competition Continuum General General-Specific Competition Note: Not only should you work along this continuum in regards to exercise selection within each give session, but it must also be followed within the frame work of the yearly plan. The closer you get to the competitive period, the training should progress closer towards matching sport demands, aerobic or anaerobic. This will prevent competing demands.
Sample Energy System Session 1 st Quarter: 1 st Series: 5sec Lateral Shuttle; 3 Plays 25 sec Rest (Lateral/Frontal Plane Movement, General-Specific Drill) 2 nd Series: Overhead Tire Toss and Sprint 15 yard Sprint; 3 Plays 25 sec Rest (Explosive Movement General-Specific Drill) 3 rd Series: Rip Move and Sprint to 2 nd Level: 3 Plays 25 sec Rest (Competition Drill) Include Various Blocks to pick up down the field. Be Creative! (Work to Get into Space and 2 nd Level ) Rest 4-5 minutes between quarters
Example Energy System Training Session. Video: 5Vd1c9A&feature=player_embeddedhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BQu- 5Vd1c9A&feature=player_embedded
Keys to Success Must meet the work to rest ratios. Build up over time to expected number of plays and rest periods as seen in a game. Vary duration/distance/rest periods as is seen in game conditions. Work along the general-to-competition continuum.
My Gift to You me at in order to receive your copy of A System for Energy System Development, an extension of this