Presentation on theme: "Fetal Pig Dissection. Respiratory System Trachea Lungs Bronchi Bronchioles Blood vessels alveoli Windpipe; carries air between mouth and lungs."— Presentation transcript:
Fetal Pig Dissection
Respiratory System Trachea Lungs Bronchi Bronchioles Blood vessels alveoli Windpipe; carries air between mouth and lungs Take in oxygen, get rid of carbon dioxide Two tubes carrying air from trachea to each lung Smaller tubes branching out from bronchi Carry oxygen from lungs out to body, carbon dioxide from body back to lungs Air sacs in lung where gas exchange happens
2. Why must the lungs have a large number of blood vessels in them? Blood vessels carry oxygen from lungs to rest of body. 3. How does the structure of the lung help maximize the amount of oxygen absorbed from the air? Increase surface area exposed to air for gas exchange.
Digestive System Stomach Pancreas Small intestine Large intestine Chemically digests food with acid, mechanically digests by churning Produces insulin, which helps cells take in glucose (sugar) Absorbs water from digested food. Whats left leaves body as feces (poop) Most chemical digestion happens here. Nutrients absorbed through walls into bloodstream.
5. How does the structure of the small intestine help maximize the amount of nutrients absorbed from food? How do nutrients get to the rest of your body cells and tissues? Villi increase surface area exposed to digested food. Blood vessels in villi carry absorbed nutrients to rest of body.
6. What are 3 important functions of liver? 1.Filter blood, remove toxins. 2.Produces bile, which helps digest fats and oils. 3.Stores excess glucose as glycogen.
Circulatory System Right atrium Right ventricle Left atrium Left ventricle Aorta Artery Vein Capillary Receives O 2 poor blood from body, pumps to r. ventricle. Pumps O 2 poor blood to lungs. Receives O 2 rich blood from lungs, pumps to l. ventricle. Pumps O 2 rich blood to body. Biggest artery, carries blood to rest of body. Carry blood away from heart. Carry blood to heart. Connect arteries & veins, where gas exchange happens.
8. Draw a diagram to show the flow of blood through the four chambers of the heart. Be sure to identify the paths of oxygen-rich and oxygen poor blood. Right side receives O 2 -poor blood and pumps it to lungs. Left side receives O 2 -rich blood from lungs and pumps to rest of the body.
9. Why is oxygen important to living things? What do your cells do with oxygen that keeps you alive? Animal (and plant) cells need oxygen to get energy from sugar through cell respiration. Without energy cells die, you die.
What are the inputs and outputs of cellular respiration? C 6 H 12 O 6 + O 2 CO 2 + H 2 O + energy Glucose (sugar) oxygen Carbon dioxide water ATP Where does cellular respiration take place in cells? _______________________ in the mitochondria
Nervous System Cerebrum Gyrus Sulcus Medial fissure Cerebellum Medulla oblongata Spinal cord Does complex reasoning Raised portions of brain Divides brain into left and right hemispheres Coordinates muscle movement. Carries messages between brain and rest of body. Grooves in brain Controls involuntary functions like heartbeat, breathing.
Gyrus 11. How do gyri and sulci help maximize the processing power of the brain? Increase surface area of brain for more nerve cells, more connections
12. What part of your brain do you use for solving math problems? 13. What part of your brain do you use to help you throw a ball accurately? 14. Why can a spinal cord injury leave you paralyzed? cerebrum cerebellum Spinal cord carries messages between brain and rest of body.
Nerves run from brain down spinal cord through all parts of body to send/receive messages