Presentation on theme: "ASTM International Overview John Pace Vice President, Publications and Marketing."— Presentation transcript:
ASTM International Overview John Pace Vice President, Publications and Marketing
Overview of ASTM International Organized in American Society for Testing & Materials One of the worlds largest standards developing organizations Publish standards, specifications, test methods, books etc.. Internationally recognized Not for profit HQ – Philadelphia, USA 2
ASTM International 30,000 Scientists and Engineers 120 Countries 144+ Main Technical Committees 100 Industry Sectors 12,800+ Up to Date Standards and Test Methods 165 Employees Worldwide
Part I - Differences in Standardization Systems U.S. vs Rest of World
U.S. Standardization Not better than rest of world Not worse or more confusing than rest of the world Just DIFFERENT !!
U.S. Standardization Multiple Path Process Many initiatives U.S. SDOs more than 100 years old Many U.S. SDOs had international status and recognition long before birth of ISO and IEC The present European strategy really didnt gain traction until EC 92
U.S. Standardization IEEE – founded 1884 ASTM – founded 1898 ASME – founded 1880 NFPA – founded 1896 ANSI – founded 1918 ISO founded in 1947…CEN in 1961….BSI 1901….DIN 1917
U.S. Standardization - ANSI American National Standards Institute –Serves as U.S. member body to ISO –Serves as U.S. national committee member to IEC –Produces ANS versions of ISO and IEC But must deal with U.S. TAGs No mandatory adoptions ….ANSI is not a standards developer !
U.S. Standardization - NIST NIST – National Institute of Standards and Technology U.S. Government organization for oversight/policy/guidance Liaison between private sector SDOs and government public sector NIST is not a consensus standards developer
U.S. Standardization In U.S., there are various roles and missions of SDOs –Professional Engineering Societies (ASME, SAE) –Trade Institutes (API, ACI) –Certification Bodies (UL) –Professional Associations (EIA, NFPA) –Pure Standards Developing Organizations (ASTM) Most operate independently from ANSI
ASTM and Other SDOs ASTM Standards Referenced in numerous other SDO offerings AWS – D1.1 Welding Handbook –56 ASTMs Refrenced ACI 318 Concrete Manual –47 ASTMs Referenced ASME Boiler/Vessel Code –Section II predominantly ASTM ASTM key producer of Fire Standards
U.S. Standardization The U.S. does not fall under the rules of guidelines of a regional body like CEN Thus there are no mandatory requirements to adopt Likewise, U.S. bodies cannot adopt ISOs/IECs without working thru ANSI
Standardization – Russia, Europe, and Rest of the World More organized under national body scheme because of ISO To Americans, confusing too!
Standardization – Russia, Europe, and Rest of the World Germany – DIN (ISO) UK – BSI (ISO and IEC) Japan – JISC (JSA is publishing arm) Russia – Federal Agency of Technical Regulating and Metrology (but produces GOST standards and sold by Interstandard)
Standardization – Europe & CEN Very structured Optional adoption of ISOs and IECs Mandatory adoption of ENs There is no published EN…it is published as a national adoption of an EN, i.e. DIN/EN, BSI/EN
Key Issues of Standardization Today -Free -Reference in Laws and Regulations -WTO and Branding -Equivalencies -Translations
One True Standard for World Use In some cases a dream In some cases impractical In some cases impossible Copyright Issues and Business Models of Organization work against this DREAM
Part II - ASTM Cooperation with National Standards Bodies Cooperation with ISO Partnership with Rosstandard in Russia
ASTM and International US/International split right at 48/52 – more business from outside US More than 80 MOU Agreements with National Standards Bodies New Taxonomy –Portuguese –Spanish –Russian –Soon to add more
ASTM and International Business agreements with over 100 national bodies Translation agreements Adoptions Technical Training Assistance and Standards Expert Training Programs
ASTM and ISO Joint Standards PSDO Agreement Case by case on other Adoptions
What is ASTMs relationship with Russian Federal Agency of Technical Regulating & Metrology MOU for Cooperation since 2006 Adoption and Official Translations Normative Referencing Sales (thru Interstandard) Support of Labs via PTP and Training via VNICSMV
What is ASTMs relationship with Russian Federal Agency of Technical Regulating & Metrology More than 1200 GOST R Standards either based upon ASTM or referencing ASTMs Now more than 1000 ASTMs officially translated into Russian Language Russian Language Videos
Part III - ASTM Structure and Organization
What is an ASTM Standard Developed through a consensus process Meets the requirements of ASTM procedures/regulations Approximately 48% are test methods which are supported by scientific and statistical studies Ultimately to: –Improve product quality –Enhance safety –Facilitate market access & trade –Build consumer confidence 25
ASTM Technical Committees Construction/Building Materials & Products Road and Paving Materials Consumer Products Steel Petroleum Plastics and Paint Textiles Environmental Medical Devices Many, many more
ASTM Development Approach Individual Volunteer Members Consensus process One vote per company Every vote equal Negative votes are addressed Updating according to needs of members and their companies/industries
Principles that Guide ASTM Internationals Standards Development Process Transparency and Openness Balance, Consensus and Due Process Effectiveness and Relevance Coherence – Non duplication Aid to Developing Countries …..compliance with WTO and TBT guidelines
TBT Agreement The WTO Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade tries to ensure that regulations, standards, testing and certification procedures do not create unnecessary obstacles to trade and commerce. The WTO promotes the use of International Standards, but does not define by organization name.
ASTM Internationals Global Importance ASTM is a TRUE International Organization – Various world class standards and test methods are relevant and used everywhere Member/Industry driven, not influenced by trade institutes or politics International membership/participation in committees ASTM Standards and Test Methods work alongside and are often referenced by other collections such as API and ISO (sometimes the result may even be an adoption or a jointly produced standard)
Trends in Information Business E-book transition (hardcover library collections replaced by clouds) XML replacing SGML and others; ASTM completed XML conversion in 2012 Mobile Device format – ASTM standardizing on HTML 5 Advanced linking – Semantic Tagging (ASTM has prototypes) Translations (importance) in supporting international penetration in certain countries; ASTM has more than 3000 translations in a number of different languages