Presentation on theme: "Overview of ASTM International"— Presentation transcript:
1ASTM International Overview John Pace Vice President, Publications and Marketing
2Overview of ASTM International Organized in American Society for Testing & MaterialsOne of the worlds largest standards developing organizationsPublish standards, specifications, test methods, books etc..Internationally recognizedNot for profitHQ – Philadelphia, USA2
3ASTM International 30,000 Scientists and Engineers 120 Countries 144+ Main Technical Committees100 Industry Sectors12,800+ Up to Date Standards and Test Methods165 Employees Worldwide
4Part I - Differences in Standardization Systems U.S. vs Rest of World
5U.S. Standardization Not better than rest of world Not worse or more confusing than rest of the worldJust DIFFERENT !!
6U.S. Standardization Multiple Path Process Many initiatives U.S. SDOs more than 100 years oldMany U.S. SDOs had “international” status and recognition long before birth of ISO and IECThe present European strategy really didn’t gain traction until EC ’92
7U.S. Standardization IEEE – founded 1884 ASTM – founded 1898 ASME – founded 1880NFPA – founded 1896ANSI – founded 1918ISO founded in 1947…CEN in 1961….BSI 1901….DIN 1917
8U.S. Standardization - ANSI American National Standards InstituteServes as U.S. member body to ISOServes as U.S. national committee member to IECProduces ANS versions of ISO and IECBut must deal with U.S. TAGsNo mandatory adoptions….ANSI is not a standards developer !
9U.S. Standardization - NIST NIST – National Institute of Standards and TechnologyU.S. Government organization for oversight/policy/guidanceLiaison between private sector SDOs and government public sectorNIST is not a consensus standards developer
10U.S. StandardizationIn U.S., there are various roles and missions of “SDOs”Professional Engineering Societies (ASME, SAE)Trade Institutes (API, ACI)Certification Bodies (UL)Professional Associations (EIA, NFPA)Pure Standards Developing Organizations (ASTM)Most operate independently from ANSI
11ASTM and Other SDOsASTM Standards Referenced in numerous other SDO offeringsAWS – D1.1 Welding Handbook56 ASTMs RefrencedACI 318 Concrete Manual47 ASTMs ReferencedASME Boiler/Vessel CodeSection II predominantly ASTMASTM key producer of Fire Standards
12U.S. StandardizationThe U.S. does not fall under the rules of guidelines of a regional body like CENThus there are no mandatory requirements to adoptLikewise, U.S. bodies cannot adopt ISOs/IECs without working thru ANSI
13Standardization – Russia, Europe, and Rest of the World More organized under national body scheme because of ISOTo Americans, confusing too!
14Standardization – Russia, Europe, and Rest of the World Germany – DIN (ISO)UK – BSI (ISO and IEC)Japan – JISC (JSA is publishing arm)Russia – Federal Agency of Technical Regulating and Metrology (but produces GOST standards and sold by Interstandard)
15Standardization – Europe & CEN Very structuredOptional adoption of ISOs and IECsMandatory adoption of ENsThere is no published EN…it is published as a national adoption of an EN, i.e. DIN/EN, BSI/EN
16Key Issues of Standardization Today FreeReference in Laws and RegulationsWTO and BrandingEquivalenciesTranslations
17One True Standard for World Use In some cases a dreamIn some cases impracticalIn some cases impossibleCopyright Issues and Business Models of Organization work against this “DREAM”
18Part II - ASTM Cooperation with National Standards Bodies Cooperation with ISO Partnership with Rosstandard in Russia
19ASTM and “International” US/International split right at 48/52 – more business from outside USMore than 80 MOU Agreements with National Standards BodiesNew TaxonomyPortugueseSpanishRussianSoon to add more
20ASTM and “International” Business agreements with over 100 national bodiesTranslation agreementsAdoptionsTechnical Training Assistance and Standards Expert Training Programs
21ASTM and ISO Joint Standards PSDO Agreement Case by case on other Adoptions
22What is ASTM’s relationship with Russian Federal Agency of Technical Regulating & Metrology MOU for Cooperation since 2006Adoption and Official TranslationsNormative ReferencingSales (thru Interstandard)Support of Labs via PTP and Training via VNICSMV
23What is ASTM’s relationship with Russian Federal Agency of Technical Regulating & Metrology More than 1200 GOST R Standards either based upon ASTM or referencing ASTMsNow more than 1000 ASTMs officially translated into Russian LanguageRussian Language Videos
25What is an ASTM Standard Developed through a consensus processMeets the requirements of ASTM procedures/regulationsApproximately 48% are test methods which are supported by scientific and statistical studiesUltimately to:Improve product qualityEnhance safetyFacilitate market access & tradeBuild consumer confidence
26ASTM Technical Committees Construction/Building Materials & ProductsRoad and Paving MaterialsConsumer ProductsSteelPetroleumPlastics and PaintTextilesEnvironmentalMedical DevicesMany, many more
27ASTM Development Approach Individual Volunteer MembersConsensus processOne vote per companyEvery vote equalNegative votes are addressedUpdating according to needs of members and their companies/industries
28Principles that Guide ASTM International’s Standards Development Process Transparency and OpennessBalance, Consensus and Due ProcessEffectiveness and RelevanceCoherence – Non duplicationAid to Developing Countries…..compliance with WTO and TBT guidelines
29TBT AgreementThe WTO Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade tries to ensure that regulations, standards, testing and certification procedures do not create unnecessary obstacles to trade and commerce.The WTO promotes the use of International Standards, but does not define by organization name.
30ASTM International’s Global Importance ASTM is a TRUE International Organization – Various “world class” standards and test methods are relevant and used everywhereMember/Industry driven, not influenced by trade institutes or politicsInternational membership/participation in committeesASTM Standards and Test Methods work alongside and are often referenced by other collections such as API and ISO (sometimes the result may even be an adoption or a jointly produced standard)
31Trends in Information Business E-book transition (hardcover library collections replaced by “clouds”)XML replacing SGML and “others”; ASTM completed XML conversion in 2012Mobile Device format – ASTM standardizing on HTML 5Advanced linking – Semantic Tagging (ASTM has prototypes)Translations (importance) in supporting international penetration in certain countries; ASTM has more than 3000 translations in a number of different languages