2Stages of Skill Learning Principles of effective practice Methods of PracticePrinciples of effective practiceFeedbackPlanning StageShadow PracticeWork/rest ratioProgressionExternal VERBAL feedback.Internal INTRINSIC feedbackPractice StageRepetition DrillsCombination DrillsPressure DrillsAutomatic StageConditioned gamesExternal VERBAL/WRITTEN feedback.
3Today we will….Examine Principles of Effective Practice in relation to model answers.Share our understanding of what we mean by Principles of Effective Practice.Highlight how Principles of Effective Practice shape our programme of work.
4What Makes Practice Effective? Write one buzz word/phrase that explains what in their opinion makes a practice session effective.
5Principles of Effective Practice TrainingThey are not the sameDoes not equal
6Principles of Effective Practice Specific to strengths and weaknessesAchievable, progressive stagesSpecific physical demands of skillWork to rest ratioAvoid fatigueIncrease in difficulty, specific to increase in abilityGame like, realistic to activityAvoid effect of boredomSet clear objectives
7Working with a partner, read model answer one and highlight the information which relates to Principles of Effective Practice.Repeat the above task while working individually.
8Principles of Effective Practice specificFor your practice to be effective it needs to be _________ to your strengths and weaknesses. This means that practice will have to become ________________ more __________ as your level of performance improves.Also to avoid __________ and fatigue practice needs to be stimulating/interesting. For it to be stimulating it needs to be ______________ yet achievable, varied and last an appropriate amount of _____.Furthermore ____________________________________ stage of practice ___________________ time, _________ _________________ measureable objectives.progressivelydifficultboredomchallengingtimeto ensure you move onto the nextpracticesmust have clearat the appropriate
9Work/Rest RatioIn any form of training it is essential to calculate your ratio of work relative to rest.But what does this mean….?Athlete A works for 30s and has 60s rest what is his work to rest ratio?Athlete B works for 30s and has 90s rest what is his work to rest ratio?Performer A works, then rests while performer B works and continues to rest while Performer C works. What is performer A work to rest ratio?
10Work/Rest RatioTo avoid fatigue and injury practices should be achievable in a short period of time.High quality practice for a short time is better than repetitive low level practice over a long period of time.
11Difficulty of practice ProgressionPerformance LevelDifficulty of practice
12ProgressionTo ensure practices are specific to your current level of skill learning and ability they must progress in difficulty as your performance improves. You can add to the demands of practices by, for example, showing greater technical ability, increasing the number of skills you have to perform, increasing the pressure, increasing the opposition.To avoid the adverse effects of boredom it is essential to ensure that you work at a challenging but achievable level at all times. To easy or to difficult and you will quickly become bored/disinterested.To ensure you progress at the appropriate time, practices must have clear objectives / success criteria.
13SMART Think…. Specific – To stage of skill learning Measureable – Targets which you can measure to check for improvement/ensure progress at correct time.Achievable – Practice must be challenging but achievable to keep you motivated. Problematic if to easy/difficultRealistic – Keep practice related to demands of whole performance/activity (game like). By doing this makes it easier to transfer improvements into activity.Time – Consider work to rest ratio to ensure high level of performance, avoid fatigue / injury
14Homework Due Monday 14th December Task: Using the two model answers provided in class answer the below question.AREA 3: SKILLS AND TECHNIQUESQuestion 6(c) Explain, in detail, the principles you took into account when using these methods of practice to ensure your programme was effective.