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Skills and Techniques Lesson Five. Stages of Skill Learning Methods of Practice Principles of effective practice Feedback Planning Stage Shadow Practice.

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Presentation on theme: "Skills and Techniques Lesson Five. Stages of Skill Learning Methods of Practice Principles of effective practice Feedback Planning Stage Shadow Practice."— Presentation transcript:

1 Skills and Techniques Lesson Five

2 Stages of Skill Learning Methods of Practice Principles of effective practice Feedback Planning Stage Shadow Practice Work/rest ratio Progression External VERBAL feedback. Internal INTRINSIC feedback Practice Stage Repetition Drills Combination Drills Pressure Drills Work/rest ratio Progression External VERBAL feedback. Internal INTRINSIC feedback Automatic Stage Conditioned games Work/rest ratio Progression External VERBAL/WRITTEN feedback. Internal INTRINSIC feedback

3 Today we will…. Examine Principles of Effective Practice in relation to model answers. Examine Principles of Effective Practice in relation to model answers. Share our understanding of what we mean by Principles of Effective Practice. Share our understanding of what we mean by Principles of Effective Practice. Highlight how Principles of Effective Practice shape our programme of work. Highlight how Principles of Effective Practice shape our programme of work.

4 What Makes Practice Effective? Write one buzz word/phrase that explains what in their opinion makes a practice session effective.

5 Principles of Training Principles of Effective Practice They are not the same Does not equal

6 Principles of Effective Practice Set clear objectives Specific to strengths and weaknesses Achievable, progressive stages Work to rest ratio Increase in difficulty, specific to increase in ability Avoid effect of boredom Game like, realistic to activity Avoid fatigue Specific physical demands of skill

7 Working with a partner, read model answer one and highlight the information which relates to Principles of Effective Practice. Repeat the above task while working individually.

8 Principles of Effective Practice For your practice to be effective it needs to be _________ to your strengths and weaknesses. This means that practice will have to become ________________ more __________ as your level of performance improves. For your practice to be effective it needs to be _________ to your strengths and weaknesses. This means that practice will have to become ________________ more __________ as your level of performance improves. Also to avoid __________ and fatigue practice needs to be stimulating/interesting. For it to be stimulating it needs to be ______________ yet achievable, varied and last an appropriate amount of _____. Also to avoid __________ and fatigue practice needs to be stimulating/interesting. For it to be stimulating it needs to be ______________ yet achievable, varied and last an appropriate amount of _____. Furthermore ____________________________________ stage of practice ___________________ time, _________ _________________ measureable objectives. Furthermore ____________________________________ stage of practice ___________________ time, _________ _________________ measureable objectives. specific progressively difficult boredom challenging time to ensure you move onto the next at the appropriate practices must have clear

9 Work/Rest Ratio In any form of training it is essential to calculate your ratio of work relative to rest. In any form of training it is essential to calculate your ratio of work relative to rest. But what does this mean….? But what does this mean….? Q.Athlete A works for 30s and has 60s rest what is his work to rest ratio? Q.Athlete B works for 30s and has 90s rest what is his work to rest ratio? Q.Performer A works, then rests while performer B works and continues to rest while Performer C works. What is performer A work to rest ratio?

10 Work/Rest Ratio To avoid fatigue and injury practices should be achievable in a short period of time. To avoid fatigue and injury practices should be achievable in a short period of time. High quality practice for a short time is better than repetitive low level practice over a long period of time. High quality practice for a short time is better than repetitive low level practice over a long period of time.

11 Progression Performance Level Difficulty of practice

12 To ensure practices are specific to your current level of skill learning and ability they must progress in difficulty as your performance improves. You can add to the demands of practices by, for example, showing greater technical ability, increasing the number of skills you have to perform, increasing the pressure, increasing the opposition. To ensure practices are specific to your current level of skill learning and ability they must progress in difficulty as your performance improves. You can add to the demands of practices by, for example, showing greater technical ability, increasing the number of skills you have to perform, increasing the pressure, increasing the opposition. To avoid the adverse effects of boredom it is essential to ensure that you work at a challenging but achievable level at all times. To easy or to difficult and you will quickly become bored/disinterested. To avoid the adverse effects of boredom it is essential to ensure that you work at a challenging but achievable level at all times. To easy or to difficult and you will quickly become bored/disinterested. To ensure you progress at the appropriate time, practices must have clear objectives / success criteria. To ensure you progress at the appropriate time, practices must have clear objectives / success criteria. Progression

13 Think…. Specific– To stage of skill learning Specific – To stage of skill learning Measureable – Targets which you can measure to check for improvement/ensure progress at correct time. Measureable – Targets which you can measure to check for improvement/ensure progress at correct time. Achievable – Practice must be challenging but achievable to keep you motivated. Problematic if to easy/difficult Achievable – Practice must be challenging but achievable to keep you motivated. Problematic if to easy/difficult Realistic – Keep practice related to demands of whole performance/activity (game like). By doing this makes it easier to transfer improvements into activity. Realistic – Keep practice related to demands of whole performance/activity (game like). By doing this makes it easier to transfer improvements into activity. Time – Consider work to rest ratio to ensure high level of performance, avoid fatigue / injury Time – Consider work to rest ratio to ensure high level of performance, avoid fatigue / injury SMART

14 Homework Due Monday 14 th December Task: Using the two model answers provided in class answer the below question. AREA 3: SKILLS AND TECHNIQUES Question 6 (c)Explain, in detail, the principles you took into account when using these methods of practice to ensure your programme was effective.


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