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Chapter 11 - Fundamentals of the Nervous System and Nervous Tissue $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100$100$100 $200 $300 $400 $500 Nervous System Histology Membrane.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 11 - Fundamentals of the Nervous System and Nervous Tissue $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100$100$100 $200 $300 $400 $500 Nervous System Histology Membrane."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 11 - Fundamentals of the Nervous System and Nervous Tissue $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100$100$100 $200 $300 $400 $500 Nervous System Histology Membrane and Action Potentials Synapses Neurotransmitters and Integration Mixed Bag FINAL ROUND

2 Nervous System Histology: $100 Question All of the following are neuroglial cells except: a. Schwann cells. b. ependymal cells. c. microglia. d. perikaryons. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

3 Nervous System Histology: $100 Answer All of the following are neuroglial cells except: a. Schwann cells. b. ependymal cells. c. microglia. d. perikaryons. BACK TO GAME

4 Nervous System Histology: $200 Question Nissl bodies are found ______________. a. in the neuroglia b. in the neuronal axons c. in the neuronal cell bodies d. in the neuronal dendrites BACK TO GAME ANSWER

5 Nervous System Histology: $200 Answer Nissl bodies are found ______________. a. in the neuroglia b. in the neuronal axons c. in the neuronal cell bodies d. in the neuronal dendrites BACK TO GAME

6 Nervous System Histology: $300 Question Synaptic knobs are found ___________. a. in the neuroglia b. in the neuronal axons c. in the neuronal cell bodies d. in the neuronal dendrites BACK TO GAME ANSWER

7 Nervous System Histology: $300 Answer Synaptic knobs are found ___________. a. in the neuroglia b. in the neuronal axons c. in the neuronal cell bodies d. in the neuronal dendrites BACK TO GAME

8 Nervous System Histology: $400 Question Myelin sheaths in the CNS are produced by the ________. a. astrocytes b. microglia c. oligodendrocytes d. Schwann cells BACK TO GAME ANSWER

9 Nervous System Histology: $400 Answer Myelin sheaths in the CNS are produced by the ________. a. astrocytes b. microglia c. oligodendrocytes d. Schwann cells BACK TO GAME

10 Nervous System Histology: $500 Question Neuroglial cells that line the ventricles of the brain are the ______. a. astrocytes b. ependymal cells c. microglia d. Schwann cells BACK TO GAME ANSWER

11 Nervous System Histology: $500 Answer Neuroglial cells that line the ventricles of the brain are the ______. a. astrocytes b. ependymal cells c. microglia d. Schwann cells BACK TO GAME

12 Membrane and Action Potentials: $100 Question If a membrane has a resting transmembrane potential of –90 mV, it is said to be _________. a. depolarized b. polarized c. hyperpolarized d. unresponsive BACK TO GAME ANSWER

13 Membrane and Action Potentials: $100 Answer If a membrane has a resting transmembrane potential of –90 mV, it is said to be _________. a. depolarized b. polarized c. hyperpolarized d. unresponsive BACK TO GAME

14 Membrane and Action Potentials: $200 Question At rest, a cell will have more ______ ions in the cytoplasm than outside the cell. a. sodium b. chloride c. potassium d. calcium BACK TO GAME ANSWER

15 Membrane and Action Potentials: $200 Answer At rest, a cell will have more ______ ions in the cytoplasm than outside the cell. a. sodium b. chloride c. potassium d. calcium BACK TO GAME

16 Membrane and Action Potentials: $300 Question During membrane repolarization, there is a decrease in the membrane permeability to which ion? a. Potassium b. Sodium c. Calcium d. Both potassium and sodium BACK TO GAME ANSWER

17 Membrane and Action Potentials: $300 Answer During membrane repolarization, there is a decrease in the membrane permeability to which ion? a. Potassium b. Sodium c. Calcium d. Both potassium and sodium BACK TO GAME

18 Membrane and Action Potentials: $400 Question A membrane maintains its resting potential mainly due to _________. a. the sodium-potassium pump b. chemically gated sodium channels c. potassium leak channels d. calcium leak channels BACK TO GAME ANSWER

19 Membrane and Action Potentials: $400 Answer A membrane maintains its resting potential mainly due to _________. a. the sodium-potassium pump b. chemically gated sodium channels c. potassium leak channels d. calcium leak channels BACK TO GAME

20 Membrane and Action Potentials: $500 Question Which channels are open during the absolute refractory period of a neuron? a. Potassium b. Sodium c. Calcium d. All of the above BACK TO GAME ANSWER

21 Membrane and Action Potentials: $500 Answer Which channels are open during the absolute refractory period of a neuron? a. Potassium b. Sodium c. Calcium d. All of the above BACK TO GAME

22 Synapses: $100 Question The space between the presynaptic and postsyaptic membranes is called the __________. a. synaptic cleft b. neurotransmitter c. synaptic delay d. synaptic vesicle BACK TO GAME ANSWER

23 Synapses: $100 Answer The space between the presynaptic and postsyaptic membranes is called the __________. a. synaptic cleft b. neurotransmitter c. synaptic delay d. synaptic vesicle BACK TO GAME

24 Synapses: $200 Question The presynaptic neuron releases neurotransmitters in response to an influx of _______ ions. a. sodium b. potassium c. calcium d. sodium and potassium BACK TO GAME ANSWER

25 Synapses: $200 Answer The presynaptic neuron releases neurotransmitters in response to an influx of _______ ions. a. sodium b. potassium c. calcium d. sodium and potassium BACK TO GAME

26 Synapses: $300 Question IPSPs cause the postsynaptic membrane to become more permeable to ________. a. calcium b. sodium c. potassium d. chloride BACK TO GAME ANSWER

27 Synapses: $300 Answer IPSPs cause the postsynaptic membrane to become more permeable to ________. a. calcium b. sodium c. potassium d. chloride BACK TO GAME

28 Synapses: $400 Question __________ has occurred when a neuron is stimulated by more than one terminal. a. Temporal summation b. Spatial summation c. Synaptic delay d. Synaptic potentiation BACK TO GAME ANSWER

29 Synapses: $400 Answer __________ has occurred when a neuron is stimulated by more than one terminal. a. Temporal summation b. Spatial summation c. Synaptic delay d. Synaptic potentiation BACK TO GAME

30 Synapses: $500 Question Generation of an action potential can be inhibited by all of the following except: a. IPSPs. b. presynaptic inhibition. c. depolarization. d. hyperpolarization. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

31 Synapses: $500 Answer Generation of an action potential can be inhibited by all of the following except: a. IPSPs. b. presynaptic inhibition. c. depolarization. d. hyperpolarization. BACK TO GAME

32 Neurotransmitters and Integration: $100 Question Which of the following is not a class of neurotransmitters? a. Peptides b. Amino acids c. Biogenic amines d. Acetylcholinesterases BACK TO GAME ANSWER

33 Neurotransmitters and Integration: $100 Answer Which of the following is not a class of neurotransmitters? a. Peptides b. Amino acids c. Biogenic amines d. Acetylcholinesterases BACK TO GAME

34 Neurotransmitters and Integration: $200 Question The natural opiates of our body are the: a. biogenic amines. b. GABA. c. endorphins. d. histamines. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

35 Neurotransmitters and Integration: $200 Answer The natural opiates of our body are the: a. biogenic amines. b. GABA. c. endorphins. d. histamines. BACK TO GAME

36 Neurotransmitters and Integration: $300 Question A neuronal circuit where incoming information is spread around or amplified is ________. a. converging b. diverging c. reverberating d. parallel after-discharge BACK TO GAME ANSWER

37 Neurotransmitters and Integration: $300 Answer A neuronal circuit where incoming information is spread around or amplified is ________. a. converging b. diverging c. reverberating d. parallel after-discharge BACK TO GAME

38 Neurotransmitters and Integration: $400 Question Neuronal circuits involved in rhythmic activities such as breathing and arm swinging are _________. a. converging b. diverging c. reverberating d. parallel after-discharge BACK TO GAME ANSWER

39 Neurotransmitters and Integration: $400 Answer Neuronal circuits involved in rhythmic activities such as breathing and arm swinging are _________. a. converging b. diverging c. reverberating d. parallel after-discharge BACK TO GAME

40 Neurotransmitters and Integration: $500 Question Dopamine and serotonin are examples of which class of neurotransmitters? a. Peptides b. Purines c. Biogenic amines d. Acetylcholinesterases BACK TO GAME ANSWER

41 Neurotransmitters and Integration: $500 Answer Dopamine and serotonin are examples of which class of neurotransmitters? a. Peptides b. Purines c. Biogenic amines d. Acetylcholinesterases BACK TO GAME

42 Mixed Bag: $100 Question All of the following are found in the PNS except: a. spinal nerves. b. cranial nerves. c. myelinated axons. d. microglia. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

43 Mixed Bag: $100 Answer All of the following are found in the PNS except: a. spinal nerves. b. cranial nerves. c. myelinated axons. d. microglia. BACK TO GAME

44 Mixed Bag: $200 Question Association neurons are always _________. a. found in the PNS b. multipolar c. sensory d. efferent BACK TO GAME ANSWER

45 Mixed Bag: $200 Answer Association neurons are always _________. a. found in the PNS b. multipolar c. sensory d. efferent BACK TO GAME

46 Mixed Bag: $300 Question The nodes of Ranvier are found _______. a. in the CNS only b. on dendrites c. on the neuroglia d. on myelinated axons BACK TO GAME ANSWER

47 Mixed Bag: $300 Answer The nodes of Ranvier are found _______. a. in the CNS only b. on dendrites c. on the neuroglia d. on myelinated axons BACK TO GAME

48 Mixed Bag: $400 Question The neurilemma is found on the _______________. a. dendrites of the CNS b. dendrites of the PNS c. axons of the CNS d. axons of the PNS BACK TO GAME ANSWER

49 Mixed Bag: $400 Answer The neurilemma is found on the _______________. a. dendrites of the CNS b. dendrites of the PNS c. axons of the CNS d. axons of the PNS BACK TO GAME

50 Mixed Bag: $500 Question All of the following are true of action potentials except: a. they exhibit an all-or-none response. b. they are inhibited by IPSPs. c. they need a threshold stimulus. d. they travel more slowly on myelinated fibers. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

51 Mixed Bag: $500 Answer All of the following are true of action potentials except: a. they exhibit an all-or-none response. b. they are inhibited by IPSPs. c. they need a threshold stimulus. d. they travel more slowly on myelinated fibers. BACK TO GAME

52 FINAL ROUND Question Neurotransmitters are removed from the synaptic cleft by all of the following except: a. reuptake by a presynaptic neuron. b. simple diffusion. c. enzymatic degradation. d. presynaptic inhibition. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

53 FINAL ROUND Answer Neurotransmitters are removed from the synaptic cleft by all of the following except: a. reuptake by a presynaptic neuron. b. simple diffusion. c. enzymatic degradation. d. presynaptic inhibition. BACK TO GAME


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