11 Comparison to 1-D Kinematics Angular LinearAnd for a point at a distance R from the rotation axis:x = Rv = R a = RBy convention, , , are positive if they are in the counterclockwise direction.
12 Decelerating Windmill As the wind dies, a windmill that had been rotating at w = 2.1 rad/s begins to slow down at a constant angular acceleration of a = rad/s2.How long does it take for the windmill to come to a complete stop?
13 Angular Velocity & Acceleration ACT The fan blade shown is slowing down. Which option describes a and w?(a) w>0 and a>0;(b) w>0 and a<0;(c) w<0 and a>0;(d) w<0 and a<0.
14 Rotational Kinematics If the angular acceleration is constant:
15 Thrown for a CurveTo throw a curve ball, a pitcher gives the ball an initial angular speed of rad/s. When the catcher gloves the ball s later, its angular speed has decreased (due to air resistance) to rad/s.(a) What is the ball’s angular acceleration, assuming it to be constant?(b) How many revolutions does the ball make before being caught?
16 Wheel of MisfortuneOn a certain game show, contestants spin the wheel when it is their turn. One contestant gives the wheel an initial angular speed of 3.40 rad/s. It then rotates through 1.25 revolutions and comes to rest on BANKRUPT.(a) Find the wheel’s angular acceleration, assuming it to be constant.(b) How long does it take for the wheel to come to rest?
17 A Rotating CrankshaftA car’s tachometer indicates the angular velocity w of the crank shaft in rpm. A car stopped at a traffic light has its engine idling at 500 rpm. When the light turns green, the crankshaft’s angular velocity speeds up at a constant rate to 2500 rpm in a time interval of 3.0 s.How many revolutions does the crankshaft make in this time interval?
18 Time to RestA pulley rotating in the counterclockwise direction is attached to a mass suspended from a string. The mass causes the pulley’s angular velocity to decrease with a constant angular acceleration a = rad/s2.(a) If the pulley’s initial angular velocity is w0 = 5.40 rad/s, how long does it take for the pulley to come to rest?Through what angle does the pulley turn during this time?(c) If the radius of the pulley is 5.0 cm, through what distance is the mass lifted?
19 CD SpeedCDs and DVDs turn with a variable w that keeps the tangential speed vt constant.Find the angular speed w and the frequency that a CD must have in order to give it a linear speed vt = 1.25 m/s when the laser beam shines on the disk(a) at 2.50 cm from its center, and (b) at 6.00 cm from its center.
20 Rotational vs. Linear Kinematics Analogies between linear and rotational kinematics:
21 Connections Between Linear & Rotational Quantities
22 More Connections Between Linear & Rotational Quantities This merry-go-round has both tangential and centripetal acceleration.Speeding up
23 The MicrohematocritSuppose the centrifuge is just starting up, and that it has an angular speed of 8.00 rad/s and an angular acceleration of 95.0 rad/s2.(a) What is the magnitude of the centripetal, tangential, and total acceleration of the bottom of a tube?(b) What angle does the total acceleration make with the direction of motion?