Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #1 PowerPoint Presentation Publisher The Goodheart-Willcox Co.,

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #1 PowerPoint Presentation Publisher The Goodheart-Willcox Co.,"— Presentation transcript:

1 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #1 PowerPoint Presentation Publisher The Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Tinley Park, Illinois

2 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #2 Chapter 1 The World of Architecture

3 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #3 Chapter 1 Overview Introduction People and Their Structures –Cape Colonials. –New England Gambrel. –Garrison. –Salt Box. –Southern Colonial. (continued)

4 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #4 Chapter 1 Overview Contemporary Structures –Contemporary style. –Ranch design. Trends in Architecture Multifamily Housing –Cooperatives. –Condominiums. –Rental apartments. The Americans with Disabilities Act

5 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #5 Learning Objectives Identify the historical influences that helped shape todays home designs. Recognize and describe the elements of contemporary dwellings. Discuss current trends and influences in architecture. Identify types of multifamily housing.

6 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #6 Introduction The study of architecture encompasses: –A sensitivity to design. –Skill in drawing techniques. –A knowledge of materials. One of the major achievements of humankind is to design structures that bring lasting beauty. Good architecture is a rewarding experience for those who view it. (continued)

7 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #7 Introduction Some structures are designed for commercial and industrial use; others are planned for private living. The emphasis of this course is on the design, architecture, and study of residential structures.

8 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #8 Modern Residential Structure This computer-generated rendering shows a contemporary home that makes a strong statement through its interesting roof and prominent architectural lines. (Helmuth Geiser, Member AIBD)

9 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #9 Multifamily Dwelling This multifamily dwelling is reminiscent of an earlier architectural style.

10 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #10 People and Their Structures Over the years, several architectural styles have been developed for house construction. Some structures were developed for a particular climate or family needs. Others were planned especially for luxurious living. (continued)

11 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #11 People and Their Structures This large, expensive home was designed for luxurious living with accommodations for an occasionally harsh environment.

12 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #12 People and Their Structures Previous styles influence the design of todays homes. Some house styles took on names related to their shape, period of time, or area of the country where they were built. Some of these design qualities are imitated in modern homes.

13 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #13 Cape Colonials The Cape Colonials were developed over 200 years ago. –Cape Cod and Cape Ann. These traditional homes have influenced structural design ever since. People have enjoyed their aesthetic appeal and the comfortable, livable atmosphere they provide.

14 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #14 Cape Cod Colonial The Cape Cod is one of the earliest and best known of the traditional Colonial styles. It was a fairly small house with a steep roof and little overhang. A chimney served the necessary room fireplaces. They were normally built as one- or one-and-one-half-story buildings. (continued)

15 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #15 Cape Cod Colonial Eaves line is near the top of the windows ending with a gable roof. Narrow trim lines and siding painted white or yellow. Shutters were generally used. Many variations of the Cape Cod are used in todays structures.

16 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #16 Cape Cod Colonial This is a refined version of the traditional Cape Cod style.

17 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #17 Cape Ann Colonial The Cape Ann is the other Colonial style that is used in modern construction. The chimney is centrally located and usually large. Tapering gambrel roof encloses an attic that is often converted to extra rooms. (continued)

18 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #18 Cape Ann Colonial Provides a house with simple lines, sound construction, and a colonial atmosphere. A good choice as a first home for a young growing family. Particularly attractive along a tree- shaded avenue or on a wooded lot.

19 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #19 Cape Ann Colonial (Western Wood Products Association)

20 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #20 New England Gambrel The New England Gambrel is a variation of other colonial styles. Features the gambrel roof with a pitch change between the ridge and eaves. Inherently American and is used in most every section of the country. An advantage is the extra headroom and more usable space. (continued)

21 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #21 New England Gambrel The shorter rafter lengths can result in lower cost. There are many adaptations of this architectural style. Provides a pleasing and enduring home for todays families.

22 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #22 New England Gambrel

23 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #23 Garrison The Garrison is a traditional style house. Distinctive Features: –Overhanging second story. –Separate corner posts on each floor. –Economical framing. –Extra space on second floor provided by the overhang. –Steep pitch roof adds attic space. –Narrow siding and traditional styling.

24 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #24 Garrison (Western Wood Products Association)

25 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #25 Salt Box The Salt Box is an interesting and easily recognized Colonial style. Descendant of the Colonial half house. Long roofline gently slopes from the ridge to the eaves. The Salt Box gets its name from the shape of boxes found in Colonial stores. Accommodates lean-to structures to add more living space.

26 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #26 Salt Box (Western Wood Products Association)

27 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #27 Southern Colonial The Southern Colonial is the most gracious of all the Colonials. Its style reflects the quaintness, warmth, and hospitality of the Old South. The outstanding architectural features include: –Front colonnade and giant portico. –Usually massive with upper and lower balconies. (continued)

28 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #28 Southern Colonial –Three-story chimneys for bedroom fireplaces. –Ornate woodwork and iron trim. –Roof over the driveway at the side entrance. Many of the features of the Southern Colonial may be adapted to create aesthetically pleasing qualities in new homes.

29 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #29 Southern Colonial

30 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #30 Contemporary Structures Influences of the past have had a profound effect on new home design. However, new materials, appliances, and modes of living have encouraged new architectural styles. The contemporary style of home has evolved from all of these inputs.

31 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #31 Contemporary Style Multiple materials, coordinated lines, and intricate details give an architectural flair to this contemporary style home. (Photo Courtesy of James Hardie ® Siding Products)

32 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #32 Contemporary Style Unique styling is featured in this contemporary residence. Notice the strong vertical lines and bold use of curved glass block.

33 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #33 Contemporary Style This house represents a particular style of living and individuality through the unique treatment of space.

34 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #34 Contemporary Style This attractive home makes use of wood siding with a natural finish combined with large areas of glass. (AGS&R Studios)

35 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #35 Contemporary Style This home is designed for minimal maintenance through the use of vinyl siding and trim. (Norandex/Reynolds Building Products)

36 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #36 Contemporary Style Visible roof supports are part of a dominant design element in this house. (Cultured Stone by Stucco Products, Inc.)

37 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #37 Ranch Design The ranch design is a very popular architectural style. It is a long, low, one-story house style that was first built by ranchers in the southwestern US. Traditionally built on a concrete slab with no basement. (continued)

38 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #38 Ranch Design This rendering is of a ranch-style home with Spanish design influences. (Ken Hawk)

39 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #39 Ranch Design Over the years, ranch homes have taken on many new features. –One- or two-car attached garages and basements have been added. –Some ranch style homes have an L-shape layout to add interest. –Skylights and cathedral ceilings are also found in modern ranch homes.

40 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #40 Ranch Design This thoroughly modern ranch home exhibits architectural detail designed to set it apart from traditional ranch homes. (Arthur Rutenberg Homes, Inc.)

41 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #41 Ranch Design This home contains the basic elements of the ranch style, yet incorporates many contemporary architectural details.

42 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #42 Trends in Architecture Todays architect has a freedom of design seldom known in the past. Some homes are designed for stately or dramatic effects. Others are styled for particular settings such hillsides, seashores, or cliffs.

43 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #43 Trends in Architecture The stately appearance of this two-story home is achieved with the use of various building materials and interesting designs. (Photo Courtesy of James Hardie ® Siding Products)

44 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #44 Trends in Architecture The complex layout of this home creates a dramatic effect.

45 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #45 Trends in Architecture This residence was designed for a seashore setting.

46 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #46 Trends in Architecture The roof design, use of glass, and structural materials of this residence are particularly suited for the arid climate. (Cultured Stone by Stucco Stone Products, Inc.)

47 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #47 Trends in Architecture Trends in architecture appear to moving toward dramatic, yet comfortable, living styles. Homes are being developed that complement the site, provide a feeling of openness, and retain privacy. (continued)

48 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #48 Trends in Architecture Attention to detail in every aspect of this home blended with a sense of unity produces a superb family residence.

49 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #49 Trends in Architecture This house, reminiscent of traditional architectural design, fits comfortably on a small city lot.

50 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #50 Trends in Architecture A current trend in architectural design that is receiving strong support is called postmodern architecture. –This style combines traditional and contemporary influences that are strongly reminiscent of popular styles of the past. –However, modern materials and building techniques are used. (continued)

51 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #51 Trends in Architecture An example of postmodern architecture that combines traditional and contemporary influences. (Armstrong World Industries, Inc.)

52 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #52 Trends in Architecture A postmodern structure strongly reminiscent of the Georgian era. (Photo Courtesy of James Hardie ® Siding Products)

53 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #53 Trends in Architecture Another trend in residential architecture is the renovation of older homes. Many older homes are structurally solid and may be restored to their original beauty. With the addition of new systems and appliances, these homes can be very functional today. (continued)

54 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #54 Trends in Architecture A restored Victorian home that maintains the strong design influence of the past.

55 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #55 Trends in Architecture Elements of Victorian architecture, as shown in this restored structure, still show elegance today. (Norandex/Reynolds Building Products)

56 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #56 Trends in Architecture An older home before renovation. (Norandex/Reynolds Building Products)

57 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #57 Trends in Architecture An older home after renovation. (Norandex/Reynolds Building Products)

58 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #58 Trends in Architecture Experimentation with new materials and design concepts continues to produce radically new structures. Earth-protected homes and dome homes are two categories. –Earth-protected homes use earth to provide insulation. –Dome homes use triangular sections to enclose a large interior space.

59 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #59 Trends in Architecture Earth-protected homes require particular site characteristics to be successful. (Jeff Burgin Builders)

60 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #60 Trends in Architecture This dome home is constructed from triangular sections assembled on-site to produce the roof and walls of the structure. (Linda Lindeman)

61 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #61 Multifamily Housing Some types of housing accommodate more than one family unit and are called multifamily housing. Examples of multifamily housing include: –Cooperatives. –Condominiums. –Rental apartments.

62 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #62 Cooperatives Refers to a type of ownership. Apartment ownership. Run as a corporation. Buyer purchases stock. Monthly fee. (Photo Courtesy of James Hardie ® Siding Products)

63 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #63 Condominiums Refers to a type of ownership. Owner receives a deed. Joint interest in shared property. Variety of building types available. (Norandex/Reynolds Building Products)

64 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #64 Rental Apartments Most common type of rental. Advantages: –Variety. –Conveniences. –Availability. Disadvantages: –No control. –No equity. –High turnover.

65 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #65 Americans with Disabilities Act The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) became law on July 26, 1990. Discrimination against disabled persons is illegal in: –Employment. –Public and private transportation. –Access to public and commercial buildings. The ADA is not a building code, but a civil rights statute. (continued)

66 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #66 Americans with Disabilities Act Title III covers public accommodations. –These include hotels and motels, restaurants and bars, theaters, shopping centers, professional offices, etc. Establishments affected by the ADA may be required to remove architectural and communication barriers by: –Installing ramps and curb cuts, widening doors, installing raised toilet seats, etc.

67 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #67 Glossary Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). A law that makes it illegal to discriminate against disabled persons in the area of employment, transportation, and access to buildings. Apartment. A rental unit that is a part of a larger complex. Cape Ann. An early Colonial house with a central chimney, gambrel roof, and attic rooms. Cape Cod. One of the earliest and best known of the traditional Colonial styles.

68 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #68 Glossary Condominium. Dwelling where owner buys an apartment and a share of the common ground. Contemporary (Modern). Modern styles not directly related to the styles of the past. Cooperative. An apartment building that is managed and run as a corporation. Garrison. A house style that has a distinguishing overhanging second story and narrow siding.

69 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #69 Glossary New England Gambrel. Colonial style that includes a gambrel roof with pitch change between the ridge and eaves. Postmodern Architecture. Combines traditional and contemporary influences. Ranch. A long, low, one-story house that developed from the homes built by ranchers in the southwestern US. Salt Box. A Colonial style house patterned after early cracker, coffee, tea, and salt boxes.

70 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #70 Glossary Southern Colonial. The largest and most gracious of all the Colonial styles, it features a front colonnade and giant portico.


Download ppt "© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only #1 PowerPoint Presentation Publisher The Goodheart-Willcox Co.,"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google