Presentation on theme: "Recruit Training Flight"— Presentation transcript:
1Recruit Training Flight Lesson 4Part 3Basic Principles of Airmanship
2Basic Principles of Airmanship Part 3 The Viking and Winch Launched Gliding&The Vigilant and Self Launched Gliding
3Aim of the Lesson To introduce the concept of Air Experience Gliding; To introduce the Viking and Vigilant Aircraft;To look at standard instruments used in the Viking and Vigilant;To examine the difference between Self-Launched and Winch Launched Gliding.
4By The End of the Lesson...Describe the features of a Viking and Vigilant aircraft;Be able to assist with launch of a winch launch glider;Have knowledge of gliding progression within the ATC.
5Gliding with the ATCThe ATC owns a fleet of both Winch Launched and Self Launching gliders.Their role is to provide Air Experience Gliding, Gliding Induction Courses and Gliding Scholarships.The fleet are divided between the Volunteer Gliding Squadrons and cover the UK.Our local VGS is at RAF Topcliffe and fly the Vigilant SLG.
6Winch Launched Gliding The glider used by the ATC for winch launching is the Viking 2-seat tandem glider.This is largely made from Glass Reinforced Plastic (GRP) which makes it lightweight and strong.Cadets will usually fly from the front seat.Through the ATC syllabus of GICs and GS you can glide SOLO at the age of 16, before you can legally drive a car!After gliding Solo, there may be opportunities to advance to Advanced Wings and become a Flight Staff Cadet.
8Team WorkWhen launching Winch Launched Gliders a large amount of team work is required.Each person on the team will have a clear duty and the day will run smoothly and safely.
9ControlsThe Viking WLG has the same basic controls as a conventional aircraft, with a couple of differences.There is no engine control (Well, DERRR).There is an extra control that the pilot pulls to release the winch cable at the correct height.There is a handle which when pulled to the rear operates the airbrake system.
11AirbrakesThere are several different types of airbrakes fitted to gliders.Some operate on both the top and bottom surfaces of the wing.On the Viking, they only operate on the upper wings.They increase drag and reduce lift, allowing a glider to glide slower and descend more rapidly to land.
13Winch LaunchingThe next Video clip will show a glider being winch launched.Pay attention to the commands:All Clear Above & Behind – the command to ask both pilot and helpers to check all is clear before takeoff.Take Up Slack – the winch driver will slowly bring in the cable slack.All Out – the command to launch the glider. The Winch driver will accelerate the winch to launch the glider.
14Watch..Watch this video from YouTube on winch launch gliding:LINK
15Soaring Soaring is the art of prolonging glider flight using THERMALS. The sun may heat different areas of ground differently, and to use a thermal to climb you need to find an area of rising hot air.When you find the hot air rising, turn within the area stream and you will go up.
17Using HillsAs well as thermals, there may be upwards airflows on the windward side of hills.These can also be used to increase the height of a glider.The pilot will remain in the up upwards flowing air.Care should be taken not to fly over the ridge, as the glider will loose height rapidly on the other side.
20The Viking Pre-Flight Video See the Squadron Website for the briefing video
21Principle of Airmanship - Instructor Notes Questions for YouPrinciple of Airmanship - Instructor NotesThe winch launched glider mainly used in the ATC is the:a. Janus.b. Viking.c. Vigilant.d. Sedbergh.Fg Off McGuire Sqn ATC
22Principle of Airmanship - Instructor Notes Questions for YouPrinciple of Airmanship - Instructor NotesWhich instrument is specific to gliders?a. Airspeed indicator.b. Turn and slip indicator.c. Variometer.d. Altimeter.Fg Off McGuire Sqn ATC
23Principle of Airmanship - Instructor Notes Questions for YouPrinciple of Airmanship - Instructor NotesMost gliders in the Air Cadet fleet are made from:a. Fabric.b. Metal.c. Glass reinforced plastic.d. Polycarbon fibres.Fg Off McGuire Sqn ATC
24Principle of Airmanship - Instructor Notes Questions for YouPrinciple of Airmanship - Instructor NotesThe most common method of getting a glider airborne is:a. Aero-tow.b. Car-tow.c. Winch.d. Bungee.Fg Off McGuire Sqn ATC
25Principle of Airmanship - Instructor Notes Questions for YouPrinciple of Airmanship - Instructor NotesWhat is the term used for that type of gliding where the flight is prolonged by the use of rising air?a. Soaring.b. Cruising.c. Lofting.d. Loitering.Fg Off McGuire Sqn ATC
26The VigilantThe Vigilant Motor Glider is a Self Launched Glider (SLG).It is also in use with VGS around the country.Like the Viking, it is made of Glass Reinforced Plastic.Unlike the Viking, it has a side-by-side cockpit layout, making training easier in some cases.It has a two bladed propeller, which can be set to fine for normal flight, coarse for takeoff or can be fully feathered for engine off gliding.
27The Vigilant The engine is capable of producing 95 Brake Horse Power. The fuel used is AVGAS 100 Octane fuel.Avionics on the Vigilant consist of a 760 channel VFH radio, which is capable of both air-to-air and air-to-ground communication.It also has a passive transponder, which, when interrogated by RADAR will provide the location and type of aircraft on their screens.
29Standard Flight Controls, Including Temperatures and Pressures Vigilant Cockpit LayoutStandard Flight Controls, Including Temperatures and PressuresStudent ThrottleControl ColumnAirbrake Operating HandleRudder PedalsPropeller Feathering Handle
30ChecksBefore flight, the internal, external, control and engines checks must be completed.There is a list of all the checks that have to be completed by the pilot/student in the FLIGHT REFERENCE CARDS.These include checking that the engine is running correctly, the exterior lights and wing surfaces, control surfaces and brakes.Checks are carried out prior to use, before start, while taxiing and during and after takeoff. There will also be checks done before landing.
32The Vigilant Pre-Flight Video Principle of Airmanship - Instructor NotesSee the Squadron Website for the briefing videoFg Off McGuire Sqn ATC
33Principle of Airmanship - Instructor Notes Questions for YouPrinciple of Airmanship - Instructor NotesIn the Vigilant, at what height is the circuit normally flown?a. 800 feetb. 900 feetc feetd. 750 feetFg Off McGuire Sqn ATC
34Principle of Airmanship - Instructor Notes Questions for YouPrinciple of Airmanship - Instructor NotesChecks are required before and during take-off. Aircrew should?a. Memorize the checksb. Check everythingc. Use Flight Reference Cardsd. Rely on past experienceFg Off McGuire Sqn ATC
35Principle of Airmanship - Instructor Notes Questions for YouPrinciple of Airmanship - Instructor NotesHow many channels does the Vigilant’s radio have?a. 770b. 750c. 760d. 670Fg Off McGuire Sqn ATC
36Principle of Airmanship - Instructor Notes Questions for YouPrinciple of Airmanship - Instructor NotesThe propeller on the Vigilant has?a. 2 blades with 3 pitch settingsb. 3 blades with 2 pitch settingsc. 1 blade with 3 pitch settingsd. 3 blades with 3 pitch settingsFg Off McGuire Sqn ATC
37Principle of Airmanship - Instructor Notes Questions for YouPrinciple of Airmanship - Instructor NotesThe Vigilant has 100 Litres of fuel. Is it?a. AVGAS 90 octaneb. AVGAS 110 octanec. AVGAS unleadedd. AVGAS 100 octaneFg Off McGuire Sqn ATC
38By The End of the Lesson...Describe the features of a Viking and Vigilant aircraft;Be able to assist with launch of a winch launch glider;Have knowledge of gliding progression within the ATC.
39Initial Expedition Training Look AheadIn the next lessons we will look at:Map ReadingInitial Expedition Training