Spanish flu- background information The Spanish flu (1918- 1919) has been cited to be the most devastating Pandemic recorded so far. An estimated 20-40 million people were killed. More deaths were recorded from the Spanish flu then were in WW1. One fifth of the words population at the time was infected by the Spanish Flu.infected
Spanish flu- Physical effects One of the first physical effects that you will notice is that you will experience a high fever. Some of the side effects from fevers include; confusion and delirium or trouble with speech. If children are to catch a high fever they may experiencedelirium an uncontrollable shaking of the body, which is a medical condition called febrile seizure. Fatigue and fainting may also occur in certain people if they catch a high fever. Another physical effect caused by the Spanish flu was Stomach upset. Stomach upset generally lead to Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.seizure Nausea
Spanish flu- Social effects The social effects of the flu were intense due the speed of the spreading of the virus. There were a number of towns and even entire countries whose population was completely wiped out during the Spanish flu. Many Cities, States and Countries around the world enforced strict restrictions on public gatherings and travel to try to reduce the spread rate of the epidemic. Many public meeting places such as Churches, Dance halls, etc. were shut down for over a year. Some communities placed armored guards at the borders and quarantined or returned home any travellers that tried to visit. epidemic quarantined
In some places scattered over the U.S they outlawed even shaking hands to prevent further spreading of the flu. Even in areas where mortality was low the disease was still disastrous, less people meant less workers. If health care workers caught the flu then there would be less people to treat infected patients.
Pandemics have a lot of bad effects on society at the time, which include the obvious high mortality rate, less employees, less/no travel, less gatherings (church). Although, not all of the effects of Pandemics are bad, socially, a couple years after the pandemic seeing as a lot of workers have died off due to the pandemic, a lot of job opportunities open up. Pandemics can also help researches to learn more about pandemics and how they will change treatment in the future for more effective results.
Pandemics have major economic effects on many countries around the world. The drugs that are used to treat the pandemics are very costly; often the patients dont have the money, which is very problematic. Work around the community because very easy, as many previous workers have been infected. because very easy, as many previous workers have been infected. Although, a lot of local businesses have to be shut down due to lack of workers. Businesses that would have been greatly affected at this time would have been the flying industry, as the flying industry was shut down for up to a year due to prevention of spread of disease between countries.
Simple things such as going to buy the groceries or go to the local doctor can become a lot more difficult, seeing as there are fewer workers available. Public transport has to be shut down at the time of pandemics. Public transport is one of the major spreaders of pandemics around towns, cities, states etc. END OF BOOK
History of Black Death: The Black Death (1348- 1350) also known as the bubonic plague was one of the worst events in Medieval Europe. It killed a third of the European population, it was millions of people who died. It hit medieval England a total of 7 times as it travelled by the fleas on the rats on the transport boats. All over Europe cities and towns were riddled with death and sickness. The peasants were not able to work anymore, which than lead to the Peasants Revolt in 1381.
Effects of the Black Death: The effects on the Black Death had substantial effect on the everyday life of a medieval lower class, middle and as well as the upper class. Fields were unploughed as the men who usually did this were victims of the pandemic. Harvest would not have been brought in as the manpower did not exist. Therefore towns and cities were on the brinks of death because of starvation. The upper class than turned slaves to sheep farming, this required less people on the lands to work. Grain farming became less popular and people did not have enough money and food to survive. This then led to the Peasants Revolt in 1381
Effects economically: The Black Death had a substantial effect on Medieval Europe. Prices of commodities sky rocketed, fewer peasants were working on the farms. This lead to an unparalleled balance of food and goods. The economy was crumbling underneath everyone especially the lower and the middle classes, who were struggling to live. They fled with the initial outburst of the plague and struggled to live from there. This then lead to the Peasants Revolt in 1381. THE END
At first there were 12 known cases of Swine Flu in America. But the human infection rate is rising. Swine Flu is a respiratory disease which was first found and believed to have started in pigs during WW2. It is rare that the disease can be transmitted between pigs and humans, but when they do it often results in the production of antibodies in the blood. This usually leads to difficulty breathing and severe vomiting. In the 2009 outbreak of this flu many people became sick and eventually did die. It is predicted that 16455 during the outbreak.
During the Swine Flu outbreak in 2009 many people were worried that they may have caught it. Simple headaches drove people to believe they had the flu. People spent many days off work, school. This then lead to scientist creating a vaccine for the people who thought they had swine flu. This lead to millions of people around the world getting the vaccines and hospitals being overwhelmed with patients. More people wanted to be isolated as they didnt want the flu.
Everyone was worried about having the flu so they took many days off their jobs. Hospitals would have been busier with a drop in the stock market. Some commodities would have risen slightly with domestic livestock a concern. In order to avoid contact with people who might be infected, airlines and ships would see a major drop in passengers and transport. The End
The pandemics from the past help to raise awareness of pandemics in the future to the public community. Researches find links between different virus so that the virus are quick to treat and so that the treatment is better treated for that specific kind of virus. As a result of the mistakes from the past it has helped us to learn from the past, and create a better future. Awareness has not only improved for researchers
But it has also improved for the public. People deserve the right to know what is going on, especially when it is something such as a pandemic. If the general public isnt aware then when the Pandemic strikes their area then the effects of the Pandemic would be a lot worse. The End!
Bibliography 1.How are Pandemics Spread? March 11, 2012, Mark Honigsbaum, accessed 18th March, 2013,. 2.Karnder, J 2005, Plague and Pandemic Alert, United States 3.Physical effects of the Spanish Influenza Jan 25 2010, Rae uddin, accessed 18th of March,. 4.1980, Health and Disease, U.S.A 5. Billings, M June,1997, The Influenza Pandemic of 1918,, accessed 20 March 2013,.
Bibliography 6.10 deadlist pandemics in the last centurary April 26 2012,, accessed 17 March 2013, http://healthcave.com/10-deadliest-pandemics-of-the-past- century/http://healthcave.com/10-deadliest-pandemics-of-the-past- century/ 7.Future Pandemics 20 March 2012,, accessed 17 March 2013, http://www.news-medical.net/health/Future-Pandemics.aspx. http://www.news-medical.net/health/Future-Pandemics.aspx 8. Hospitals "Full-Up": The 1918 Influenza Pandemic November 8 2007,, accessed 21 March 2013,. 9. The history of pandemics March 9 2012,, accessed 17 March 2013, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PVeFaSTn-lM. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PVeFaSTn-lM 10. Data model could improve future pandemic response Jan 22 2013,, accessed 19 March 2013, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x-0lJq33qlQ.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x-0lJq33qlQ 11. Pandemics 2008, DVD, History Chanel, 19 March 2013. Miller, D 2007, Pandemics, Thomas Gale, Milwaukee
Glossary Infected- affect with a disease-causing infection. Delirium- An acutely disturbed state of mind that occurs in fever, intoxication, and other disorders. Seizure- Metabolic seizures resulting from unbalanced chemical and physical processes occurring in the body, such as hypoglycemia. Nausea- A feeling of sickness with an inclination to vomit. Epidemic- A widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time. Quarantined- is used to separate and restrict the movement of well persons who may have been exposed to a communicable disease to see if they become ill.
We would like to thanks Dr. Andy Coly Dr. Chris Adda for providing us with relevant information that ultimately lead to a successful Power point presentation. We would also like to thank Professor Hoogenraad for giving us the opportunity to come here through permission of the school of molecular sciences. Special thanks to all of the teacher and staff of Ivanhoe Grammar School that have guided us to a productive time here at La Trobe University.
Dr. Andy Coley, facilitator of science, technology and engineering. He has a PhD in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. Now works in the department of biochemistry at Latrobe University. During an hour long interview with Dr Coley, I had the opportunity to ask him several questions about how modern technology can change pandemics of the past in order for the future. My partner and I were both interested in how countries can distribute their vaccines around the world. We chose to do pandemics as our topic because the science behind it was. I asked him Do you take into consideration cultural differences in regards to various types of treatment [vaccines]? Dr Coley used polio as an example. Polio is a spread of a virus through motor neurons to the central nervous system. This leads to muscle weakness and paralysis. Dr. Coley said, Polio is a current pandemic and explained that there is some misinformation where the western world Christian vaccines are having an effect on developing world Muslims society. People of varying beliefs have misconceptions about vaccines and with a future where pandemics are a question of when not if, there needs to be more information circulated and specific groups of people targeted so that peoples lives can be saved. He continues to say We are all people and we all function the same way. It doesnt matter about the colour of our skin or religion. Personally I dont have an issue with it that because is not my decision; our goal is to work out the biology and immunology of what we need to do. We then take it to a higher authority someone like the World Health Organization. The UN makes the decisions about how we inflate the vaccines. For example, if vaccines are from pigs some Jewish people might not want it; it is not really for us to understand. He continues to say We are all people and we all function the same way
It doesnt matter. My partner and I were interested areas of research that Latrobe is involved in to improve methods of treatment in the future. Coley discussed the role of a biotech company that controlled Latrobes commercial research. He talked about how Latrobe is using co- operative research. That is research that will apply good outcomes for the people. They are trying to find marker on the cells to target the cancer cells or use to transfer, kind of like a blood transfusion. We can use those targets to grab out the cancer cells without the other cells to transfer them. Dr. Coley than talked about the business side This is sort of commercial and is getting close to the clinic. This is very expensive, if you want it to get it in; it will cost about 5 million dollars. After the safety trial there is about 1 in 20 chance of being successful. But after this there is a huge amount of profit to be made. Dr. Coley is saying that taking the risk will be very rewarding, and that the future is very bright. I agree with Dr. Coley and the work of group. As they are preparing a better future for us regarding the prevention of cancer and pandemics.
Interesting Facts for the Spanish Flu: -The Spanish flu killed more people then WW1 -The flu took place during WW1. It was known as the Spanish Flu because Spain was not involved in the war and there no press censorship in the country.
Interesting facts for the Black Death- -The term Black Death is recent. During the plague it called the Great Mortality or the Pestilence -The Black Plague was known by many different names.
Interesting facts to do with Swine Flu- -The game Angry Birds is based on it.
How can Pandemics of the past help us for the future? All of the information that has been gathered on how to avoid and treat Pandemics has ultimately lead to a better future. Pandemics of the past have helped to raise awareness of the spreading rate of the Pandemic and also how deadly it is to the body. Pandemics of the past also help researchers to create links between different types of Pandemics in order to have quicker response when a similar pandemic appears in the future.