Presentation on theme: "Engineering for Transportability Program"— Presentation transcript:
1 Engineering for Transportability Program John D. Newman19 October 2012
2 What is Transportability? Transportability is the inherent capability of an item or system to be effectively and efficiently moved by required transportation assets and modes.Deployability is the ability to move forces and materiel anywhere in the world in support of a military operation.CAPDEV – Capability Developer; MATDEV – Materiel DeveloperFrom DoDD :E Transportability Engineering. A transportation engineering technology required to identify and measure limiting criteria and characteristics of transport systems, and to apply this information to the engineering design of new materiel and equipment having a movement requirement.E Transportation Engineering. The science of evaluating the requirements for, and planning the layout and functional aspects of, transportation equipment and facilities to develop the most efficient operating relationships pertaining to traffic movement patterns and transportation processes.Two documents because a DOD Directive can contain policy only.Procedures have to go in a DOD Instruction.Unfortunately, many CAPDEVs and MATDEVs are not fully aware of their responsibilities under Army Regulations that cover the Army’s Transportability Engineering Program(ARs 70-1, 70-47, 71-9, 73-1, , and ).
3 Current RegulationsOrigin – DoD Instruction : (25 March 1958) DoD Engineering for Transportability Program, directs the establishment of a DoD Engineering for Transportability Program.DoD Directive : Establishes the Highways, Railroads, and Ports for National Defense Programs. The Secretary of the Army shall promote a coordinated transportability program between DoD components through providing transportability engineering advice and assistance, and ensuring publication of a multi-service regulation to implement the Engineering for Transportability program. Transportability is in because DoDI was cancelled by one of the rewrites of DoDD There are two documents as the DoDD can contain policy only. Procedures have to go in the DoDI.DoDI : The Heads of the DoD Components shall establish Engineering for Transportability and Deployability programs to ensure that they are considered in the design and development of new or modified defense materiel and equipment. They also shall designate component and mode transportability agents.From DoDD :E Transportability Engineering. A transportation engineering technology required to identify and measure limiting criteria and characteristics of transport systems, and to apply this information to the engineering design of new materiel and equipment having a movement requirement.E Transportation Engineering. The science of evaluating the requirements for, and planning the layout and functional aspects of, transportation equipment and facilities to develop the most efficient operating relationships pertaining to traffic movement patterns and transportation processes.Two documents because a DOD Directive can contain policy only.Procedures have to go in a DOD Instruction.
4 Implements the Engineering for Transportability Program DoDI (11 Sep 07)Implements the Engineering for Transportability ProgramSDDCTEA is the DoD Secretariat for the Engineering for Transportability program.SDDC is the Army’s Transportability Agent & DoD Agent for multi-service.Secretary of the Army, through ASAALT, provides policy guidance. Army G-4 provides general staff oversight.Army Natick Soldier Research, Development, and Engineering Center (NSRDEC) provides rotary/tilt wing sling load, air drop guidance and approvals, and shelter certifications.The USAF’s Air Transportability Test Loading Activity (ATTLA), provides air transport certifications.SDDCTEA Transportability Approvals, required for Milestone C, incorporate all certifications in one document.(Currently being updated)(SDDCTEA – Military Surface Deployment and Distribution Command Transportation Engineering Agency)
5 Transportability in the Acquisition Process The EarlierTransportability IsConsideredthe BetterTransportability ReportAir CertInternal HT /HSL CertAir Drop CertJOCOTAS Waiver / STCFinal Test ReportTransportability ApprovalIs RequiredBefore Milestone CTransportability Approval Countdown45 DaysSSBHSL – Helicopter Sling LoadJOCOTAS – Joint Committee on Tactical SheltersCDD – Capabilities Development DocumentCPD – Capabilities Production DocumentTEMP – Test and Evaluation Master PlanPD – Purchase DescriptionIOC – Initial Operational CapabilityFOC – Full Operational CapabilityCDDTEMPCPDPDSDDCTEAPAMsSDDCTEA will review/commenton transportability requirementsTRANSPORTABILITY EARLYBETTER TRANSPORTATION
6 Army Acquisition Policy AR 70-1 (22 Jul 11)Army Acquisition PolicyCommanding General SDDC will provide transportability engineering and deployability advice and analyses. Will also provide transportability approval or identify corrective actions required to obtain approval for all transportability problem items. (p. 22)All new systems, major modifications, upgrades to current systems, NDI’s, commercial items, and re-procurements designated as transportability problem items must obtain transportability approval from the Commander, SDDC, in accordance with DoDI and AR (p. 35)Transportability and deployability will be considered for all decision reviews of transportability problem items. (p.35)Transportability approval from SDDC will be required before Milestone C. (para 4-5.d.)4–5. Transportability considerations affecting the acquisition strategyEfficient and economically transportable equipment and combat resources are critical to enhancing the Army’swarfighting capability. All new systems, major modifications, upgrades to current systems, nondevelopmental items,commercial items, and re-procurements designated as transportability problem items must obtain transportabilityapproval from the Commander, SDDC, in accordance with DODI and AR 70–47. The transportability of theitem and the deployability of the force will be evaluated throughout the acquisition cycle as follows:a. The CAPDEV and MATDEV will include SDDC in all concept studies of transportability problem items. TheSDDC provides transportability and deployability assessments that determines the impact of proposed design characteristicson the unit or force’s ability to meet current and future deployment criteria using existing and future deploymentassets.b. Transportability and deployability will be considered for all decision reviews of transportability problem items.c. The PMs must obtain a transportability and deployability assessment of transportability problem items fromSDDC before Milestone B.d. Transportability approval from SDDC will be required before Milestone C.NDI – Non-Developmental Items22 Jul 11
7 Engineering for Transportability Program AR (11 Sep 12)Engineering for Transportability ProgramJust completed a MAJOR revision (1985).Implements requirements set forth in DoDD , DoDI , DoDD and DoDIProvides Army CAPDEV and MATDEV guidance and procedures for use during the materiel acquisition process. Assures that all Army materiel (major end items, components, and spare parts) is acquired, designed, engineered, and constructed so that required quantities can be moved efficiently by existing and planned transportation assets. (p. 1)CAPDEVs ensure that strategic and tactical transportability requirements are adequately stated in materiel capability documents and coordinated with SDDCTEA. (p. 3)MATDEVs are responsible for ensuring transportability requirements are considered in all phases of development. (p. 4)11 Sep 12
8 Engineering for Transportability Program (Continued) AR (11 Sep 12)Engineering for Transportability Program (Continued)MATDEVs ensure that systems are designed, engineered, and constructed IAW the Engineering for Transportability Program. (p.7)Defines a Transportability Problem Item, Non-Problem Item, and Transportability Report.SDDC is the Army’s transportability agent. (p.2)SDDCTEA provides an Army transportability expert for Source Selection and Evaluation Boards. (p. 3)SDDCTEA reviews all requirements documents and test plans to ensure transportability is covered. (p. 3)SDDCTEA must be notified prior to transportability testing and they (or their agent) should attend. (p. 7)SDDCTEA will provide transportability approval within 45 days of receipt of final test reports in support of the Milestone C Decision. (p. 7)11 Sep 12
9 Other Army Regulations Mentioning Transportability AR Warfighting Capabilities Determination 28 December 20092–20. Commanding General, U.S. Army Materiel CommandThe CG, AMC will—i. Provide transportability engineering advice and analyses to the MATDEV, CBTDEV and TNGDEV.j. Provide item, unit, and system transportability assessments for Milestone Decision Review (MDR).k. Provide transportability approval or identify corrective actions required to obtain approval for all transportability problem items.l. Review all materiel requirements documents to assess adequacy of transportability.AR Test and Evaluation Policy 1 August 20062–18. Commanding General, Military Surface Deployment and Distribution CommandThe CG, U.S. Army SDDC will—a. Execute the Army Transportability Agent mission.b. Review and analyze the transportability and engineering aspects of test related documents.c. Ensure that appropriate transportability testing is planned, conducted, and reported by the MATDEV.d. Provide a transportability assessment to the MATDEV and to USATEC.e. Provide a transportability functional expertise in the planning and conduct of T&E, including modeling and simulation support.
10 Other Army Regulations Mentioning Transportability AR Integrated Logistics Support March 20122–14. Capability developersr. Define transportability and mobility requirements in coordination with the PEO/PM and the Surface Deployment and Distribution Command Transportation Engineering Agency (SDDCTEA) of the materiel system and assess the unit mobility impact during the development process.2–16. Director, Surface Deployment and Distribution Command Transportation Engineering AgencyThe Director, SDDCTEA will—a. Provide transportability engineering assistance, deployability analysis assistance, design guidance, and required approvals to PMs, CAPDEVs, and other participants during system acquisition.b. Provide transportability and deployability assessments for CAPDEV and PM throughout the acquisition process. Provide assessments and transportability approvals to the ILS manager for incorporation into the single supportability assessment.c. Ensure liaison with all services and DLA in all transportability matters.d. Participate in SIPTs, as required.e. Ensure transport procedures for new systems are covered in SDDCTEA guidance.f. Participate in HQDA ILSRs, as requested.g. Provide a representative to the AILSEC.h. Provide final transportability approval, or provide corrective actions needed to obtain approval, prior to Milestone C. Transportability approval from SDDCTEA is required before Milestone C.AILSECArmy Integrated Logistics Support Executive CommitteeILSintegrated logistics supportILSRintegrated logistics support reviewSIPTsupportability integrated product team
11 Other Army Regulations Mentioning Transportability AR Type Classification, Materiel Release, Fielding, and Transfer October (currently under revision)Program managerThe PM has the responsibilities for each of the following areas:(3) To ensure suitability—(h) Obtain the transportability approval from Military Surface Deployment and Distribution Command (SDDC) Transportation Engineering Agency.2–20. Commander, Military Surface Deployment and Distribution CommandThe Commander, SDDC will—a. Provide transportability policy and guidance in support of Type Classification (TC) and Materiel Release (MR).b. Provide transportability engineering analysis and evaluation in support of TC and MR.c. Provide transportability approval in support of the MR process.Type Classification – the process used to establish the degree of acceptability of materiel for Army use.Standard – Materiel is acceptable for mission intended; Limited Procurement – Materiel is required for a limited timeMateriel Release – the process used to ensure that materiel is suitable, has been fully tested, meets operational performance requirements, and can be supported logistically as intended to operate.Full – certification that the materiel is safe, suitable (meets its requirements) and supportable. (FMR)Conditional – when all criteria for a Full Materiel Release are not met. (CMR)Urgent – a limited certification that materiel meets minimum safety requirements and is supportable. (UMR)
12 Why Transportability?Establish transportability requirements based on operational missionSDDCTEA participates in Source Selection and Evaluation BoardsTransportability design considerationsWeight and dimensionsLifting and tiedown provisionsInterface with DTS/DTS AssetsStructural integrityEnsure that the equipment meets requirementsSDDCTEA oversees transportability testingSDDCTEA provides transportability approval for Milestone C; or provides corrective actions required to obtain approval
13 Transportability Testing SDDCTEA is directly involved in two types of transportability testing:MIL-STD-209 Lifting and Tiedown TestingMIL-STD-810 Rail Impact TestingWe help support ATTLA (USAF) and NSRDEC in any testing requirements they might have for their certifications that might be needed for the system/vehicle.ATTLA – USAF’s Air Transportability Test Loading Activity
14 MIL-STD-209 Tiedown Pull Test Failure A longitudinal pull test failure of an MRAP at Aberdeen. The front engine compartment pulled off the vehicle before the test load was even reached.MRAP pull test to 150,000 lbs.Failure of the vehicle occurred at 147,000 lbs.
15 MIL-STD-810 Rail Impact Test The MIL-STD-810GNOTE: Although the number of railroad car impacts that occur throughout the life of the materiel may exceed the number applied in this Method, it is unlikely that the maximum impact at 12.9 km/h (8 mph) will occur more than once.1.2 Application.The rail impact test is intended to test materiel that will be transported by rail; to determine the effect of railroad carimpacts that may occur during rail shipment, to verify the structural integrity of the materiel, to evaluate theadequacy of the tiedown system and the tiedown procedures, and to assess transportability by the Military SurfaceDeployment and Distribution Command Transportation Engineering Agency (SDDCTEA). All items are to betested at their maximum gross weight (fully loaded) rating unless otherwise specified in the transportabilityrequirements for the materiel.1.3 Limitations.This method is not intended for railcar crash conditions, or for separate testing of small, individually packagedpieces of materiel that would normally be shipped (and tested) when mounted on a pallet, or as part of largermateriel. For the latter, the referenced documents (paragraph 6.1) provide guidance on environments measuredduring rail impact that may be useful in specially tailored laboratory testing.2.1.1 Effects of Rail Impact.Rail impact shock has the potential for producing adverse effects on the physical and functional integrity oftransported materiel. The following are examples of problems that could occur when materiel is exposed to the railimpact environment.a. Loosening of tiedown straps.b. Failure of attachments, creating a safety hazard.c. Shifting of materiel on the railcar.d. Failure of materiel.e. Structural failure.f. Fuel spills.The 4, 6, and 8 forward, and the 8 mph reverse rail impact test is based on the Association of American Railroad (AAR) transport requirement to move on commercial rail lines in CONUS.
16 MIL-STD-209 Equipment Lift Test HEMTT LET Lift TestBecause of poor design considerations, the front two lift provisions carry ~95% of the vehicle’s weight when following proper MIL-STD-209 lifting guidance (equal length slings).This is not a safe lift!~
17 Highway Transportability Know Your Payload and Route!! CBC NewsRailway bridge collapses in LloydminsterLast Updated: Oct 11, :57 PM CSTPosted: Oct 11, :37 PM CST"It's right down to the ground. I mean, it's completely collapsed," said Lloydminster Mayor Jeff Mulligan. "The structure is obstensibly in one piece, but the section that's overtop of what would be the west-bound side of the highway is completely collapsed."A tractor-trailer carrying a track hoe hit the bridge, which RCMP said had a clearance of 5.1 metres, at about 2:30 p.m. CT, causing the collapse.A railway overpass in Lloydminster, Sask., has collapsed after it was torn off its mounts.The accident on the east side of the city has forced the closure of Highway 16 in Lloydminster, which straddles the Alberta-Saskatchewan border.The driver of the truck was unharmed.Traffic has been halted in both directions and is being rerouted around the city. CP Rail workers have been sent out to assess the damage. The company says it will maintain service in the area while necessary repairs are made.Police say traffic could be rerouted for up to two days.Police say an eastbound truck's cargo collided with the bridge at about 3 p.m. Tuesday, Oct. 11.The Canadian Pacific Railway overpass on Highway 16 collapsed after a semi collision Tuesday afternoon.The overpass structure suffered severe structural damage after a truck attempted to pass underneath, but the track hoe being hauled didn't clear the overpass, causing the collapse.Officials said it will take a few days to clear up the collapse and traffic is being rerouted to 12 Street in the interim.Traffic was redirected south to 12 Street and then east or west as all four lanes of the highway were closed due to the damage.Lloydminster RCMP, Saskatchewan's department of highways and Lloydminster Rescue squad responded to the scene to block off traffic.No injury reports were known at press time.Sir,Attached please find, in case you need a good 'bad' example of Trucker Rule #3: "Know your loaded vehicle dimensions!" for the next update of TEA PAM This happened a year ago, near Lloydminster, SK, Canada; the photos are in circulation on the Internet again and I thought of TEAI see you listed as the POC for the PAM - The contents are excellent, but I noticed the cover photo, described as "M872/HYEX" is probably actually an M870-series trailer. The view pretty clearly shows its steel deck over the axle portion of the trailer, rings, slots, etc.deck and a 10'2" HYEX is a 15' load.No doubt someone else pointed this out already - an M-870 with its 40" deck and a 10'2" HYEX is a 13'6" load; an M-872 with its 58"Where this can be a problem is the subject of the attached photos: a Deere 240-series (a tad bigger than HYEX) jammed under a rail bridge, which collapsed on the rig. The excavator DID remain partially tied to the drop-deck, which DID remain attached to the semi-tractor. All involved were no doubt glad a train wasn't approaching or on the CPRR bridge at the time.Keep up the good work onEngineering Divn, G-4William EllisArmy Sustainment CommandTraffic now moving at overpassBy Thomas Miller Tuesday afternoon at approximately 3 p.m., a transport hauling an excavator struck the Canadian Pacific Railway overpass at Highway 16 near 37 Avenue, bringing a span of the bridge down on top of it and shutting down traffic in both directions. Most reports say there were no serious injuries as a result of the accident, however, responding officer Const. Caroline Inman said the driver, who was not wearing his seatbelt, had sore wrists after the impact. The City of Lloydminster and Saskatchewan Highways and Infrastructure suggest drivers use 12 Street as a detour because of the closure. CPR crews worked overnight to assess the problem and bring about a faster resumption of regular traffic patterns, said CPR spokesperson Mike Lovecchio. “Our crews stabilized the span and today they are attaching a heavy-lift crane to the span and they will use that crane to move the bridge span off the highway and lower it to the ground,” said Lovecchio over the phone on Wednesday. “Once safely on the ground, we have some engineering experts who will be at the site to inspect the span and determine if it can be salvaged.” Fortunately, there were no trains in the area at the time of the accident and because CPR is in constant contact with its trains, they were notified immediately, he added. Mayor Jeff Mulligan said that this particular overpass has been struck a couple of times in the past, but it had never been dislodged before and the damage is so significant that it could cost millions. “(CPR) have deemed the structure on the westbound side to be of integrity,” said the mayor. “They’re not concerned about structural failure on the north-component of the bridge. However, there was significant train track damage for about 100 feet either way. To say it’s structurally sound is one thing, but it’s certainly not going to be serviceable.” A sign mounted on the overpass shows 5.1 metres of clearance, though the Saskatchewan Highways and Infrastructure website lists the clearance of this particular overpass as five metres. “Even if the website is underestimating the distance, clearly something that can’t fit under a five-metre structure, can’t fit under a 5.1 either,” Lovecchio said, adding that all CPR bridges conform to local standards. “The question is one of situational awareness on the part of truck drivers moving a non-standard-height load such as this one and that will be a question for the investigation.” Const. Inman said the driver of the transport, who thought he had clearance, was travelling 80 kilometres per hour at the time of the crash. “Thank God there was nobody right behind him, because they couldn’t have stopped,” said Mayor Mulligan of his first reaction to the accident. “And thank God there was nobody beside him because they all would have been killed. Even the guy coming from the other way only got a broken windshield.” Lovecchio could not estimate the cost of the damage at this point, but CPR service will have to be rerouted using additional tracks in the city.Lloydminster, Canada, October 2011Backhoe on trailer was too tall for the bridgeHighway closed for days, rail line much longer
18 Highway Transportability Accident took place on 14 Mar 12 in Spartanburg, SC on I-585.HEMTT LHS carrying a 20-foot ISO Container and towing a PLS Trailer.Driver was not aware of the height limitations of the interstate and height of the combined load.Rebar was exposed under the bridge.HEMTT LHS carrying a 20-ISO and a PLS trailer carrying a GATOR (6x6 buggy). Container was pushed back on top of the GATOR.By: WSPA Staff | News Channel 7 Published: March 14, 2012 Updated: March 14, :39 PMSPARTANBURG, S.C. -- A military vehicle hit a bridge in Spartanburg Wednesday around 5:15 p.m. The South Carolina Highway Patrol is investigating an accident on Interstate 585 where a military vehicle towing a trailer hit the bridge at California Avenue. The trailer was carrying a metal shipping container. The video shows extensive damage to the container as well as damage to the bottom of the bridge.Published procedures and guidance are not always followed in the field!
19 Rail Transport Ft. Hood, TX, July 2010 Date: 13 July 2010 Fort Hood, Texas RUNAWAY CAR- estimated speed 86 mph prior to derailingJuly 13, = = = = = = = = = = = = NEWS RELEASE= = = = = = = = = = = = TRAIN DERAILMENT ON FORT HOOD = = = = = = = = = = = =FORT HOOD, Texas - A railcar loaded with two M1 tanks, derailed at approximately 11:30 July 13 one-half mile east of Fort Hood's Clarke Road gate. There were no injuries. The scene has been secured by emergency response officials. Circumstances surrounding this incident are under investigationRailcar Carrying Tanks Derails At Fort Hood (http://www.kwtx.com/home/headlines/ html)FORT HOOD (July 13, 2010)—A railcar carrying two M-1 tanks derailed late Tuesday morning at Fort Hood.It happened at around 11:30 a.m. Tuesday a half-mile east of Fort Hood’s Clarke Gate Road.No one was injured.The scene has been secured, Fort Hood said, and the derailment is under investigation.Information about damages to the tanks and railcar wasn’t released TuesdayTrain carrying tanks derails on Fort Hood (http://www.kxxv.com/global/story.asp?s= )Posted: Jul 13, :52 PM CDT Posted: Jul 13, :52 PM CDTby Louis Ojeda Jr.FORT HOOD - A train carrying two military tanks derailed on Fort Hood Tuesday morning.Fort Hood officials say the railcar, loaded with two M1 tanks, derailed at approximately 11:30 a.m. near Fort Hood's Clarke Road Gate.There were no injuries in the wreck.The scene has reportedly been secured by emergency response officials.This incident is still under investigation.Runaway railcar estimated to have hit 86 mph before jumping the track.One M1 still tied down on the railcar!
20 Rail Transport Published procedures are not always followed. Improperly Secured LoadTemple, TX(4 Mar 11)Doors Opened During TransitWhile handing off a train from CSX to BNSF, it was noticed that several armored HMMWV doors had swung open during transit. The railroads are concerned of these doors hitting passing trains. They are considering requiring armored vehicles to strap or ziptie the doors closed. This would increase preparation times at the ports and installations.Published procedures are not always followed.
21 Published procedures are not always followed. Rail TransportCoffeyville, KS(1 Aug 12)Train stopped as doors opened on 4 vehicles. A tire strapped to a vehicle was hanging from a railcar. The strap was cut and the tire was too heavy to place back on the railcar.-----Original Message-----From: Ed J. McCaddonSent: Wednesday, August 01, :42 AMTo: Bartosiak, Michael S CIV (US)Subject: SBTHR-28As info we are seeing doors open on the vehicles again, also we had onespare tire that was strapped to a vehicle where the strap broke and allowedthe tire to hang off the car, an employee cut the remainder of the strap andallowed the tire to get free of the car, the tire was too heavy for theemployee to push back up on the car. We need help to eliminate these issues.Train SBTHR 28 arrived Coffeyville this morning with loads in thiscondition. Carman managed to close doors on four of the loads but set theseout .Harry M. Howard JrForeman General 1520 W 14 th StCoffeyville,Ks 67337OCFPublished procedures are not always followed.
22 Published procedures are not always followed. Rail TransportHerlong, CA(15 Oct 12)The Train was received with many vehicle doors open. Straps and wires had been used on the doors and even chains in some cases. It appears the mirrors and doors were struck during transport.Just got these in. These are at Herlong, CA (Long Term Storage (LTS) at Sierra Army Depot). I've inquired if they originated in Beaumount.Straps just aren't working. The last picture seems to indicate the strapswere worn, not cut to me.Looks like they tried to secure doors using loose chains over the sides ofthe door. Not good. They actually used a shackle on one picture.On the PLS vehicles, maybe they can wire tie from the channel used to mountthe headlights to the hand hold behind the door instead of straps. I knowthey use 3/8" wire rope to hold the turrets and moving parts on constructionequipment. Not sure if that particular strength is needed or maybe theycould get away with lesser gauge wire rope.Mike-----Original Message-----From: Pitt, Johanna M CIV (US)Sent: Monday, October 15, :56 PMTo: Bartosiak, Michael S CIV (US)Cc: Russell, David L CIV (US); Winters, Michael James CIV (US); Williams,Richard J CIV (US); Dunn, Steven P CIV (US); Untalan, Vicente B CIV (US);Utt, Timothy J CIV (US)Subject: RECEIVING TANK TRUCKS AT LTS (UNCLASSIFIED)Published procedures are not always followed.
23 Sea Lift Roll On…Roll Off? This was at low tide, so things were not going to get any better.All equipment must be capable of crane lift.
24 Published procedures are not always followed. Sea LiftFrom the that came with the pictures…..MV Marilyn vessel op was completed yesterday and is en-route to 595th...as you can see from the pics attached - it took some serious creativity from experts etc on site to crack the code on how to make this happen - recommend sharing as necessary to ensure appropriate action is taken as this presents itself again...Published procedures are not always followed.
25 Sea Lift – Missing Shackles These are pictures of tiedowns on a ship that was loaded overseas and was off loaded in the US in early Upper left picture is an M2 with a missing shackle. Moving clockwise, a missing shackle on the left and the hook tip is placed into the shackle bolt opening. Tiedown on the right is correct. Next picture again shows a missing shackle (right) and the hook tip is placed into the bolt opening. Provision on the left is correct. A closeup shot of a hook tip placed into a bolt opening. Final picture shows a shackle installed backwards and the hook engaging the bolt rather than the shackle itself.SDDC spends hundreds of thousands of dollars every year to buy replacement shackles.
26 Air Transportability is more than “it will fit.” Stryker on a C-130A VERY Tight Fit!!This picture was taken in CA during a Stryker demonstration. Out of six C-130s, three were E models, two were H models, and one was the new J model. The really impressive thing about this demo was that the Army unit had their Strykers for about two weeks and the reservist loadmasters had never seen a Stryker. Working together, they were getting these vehicles loaded in less than 15 minutes.Air Transportability is more than “it will fit.”Things such as atmospheric conditions, flight distance, and fuel available matter!
27 MILITARY SURFACE DEPLOYMENT AND TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AGENCY Questions?John D. NewmanDeployabilityEngineering ChiefATTN: SDTE-DPE1 Soldier Way, Building 1900WScott AFB, ILWEB PAGE:COMM: (618)DSN:FAX: (618)MILITARY SURFACE DEPLOYMENT ANDDISTRIBUTION COMMANDTRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AGENCY