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Saint Petersburg ___________________ Founded by Tsar Peter the Great on May 27, 1703, it was capital of the Russian Empire for more than two hundred years.

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Presentation on theme: "Saint Petersburg ___________________ Founded by Tsar Peter the Great on May 27, 1703, it was capital of the Russian Empire for more than two hundred years."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Saint Petersburg ___________________ Founded by Tsar Peter the Great on May 27, 1703, it was capital of the Russian Empire for more than two hundred years. Ceased being the capital in 1918 after the Russian Revolution of The city's other names were: Petrograd (1914–1924) and Leningrad (1924–1991) Russia __________________________________

3 Saint Petersburg Dvortsovaya Square – Alexanders Column and General Staff building from the Hermitage

4 Saint Petersburg Hermitage Museum from Neva River. Founded in 1764; inaugurated in 1852, it occupies five contiguous palaces, the largest being the old Winter Palace – official residence of the Tsars.

5 Saint Petersburg Hermitage Museum – Winter Palace – side at Dvortsovaya Square. Designed by Bartolomeo Rastrelli, in Rococo-style green-and-white, it has 1,057 halls and rooms; 1,786 doors and 1,945 windows.

6 Saint Petersburg Catherine the Great was its first imperial occupant. Its collection exceeds three million art pieces; one of its great first acquisitions was Da Vincis The Madonna and Child in 1865.

7 Saint Petersburg The Hermitage – inside – a balcony

8 Saint Petersburg The Hermitage – architecture and chandeliers lights

9 Saint Petersburg The Hermitage – old royal library

10 Saint Petersburg The Hermitage - Raphael Loggias gallery

11 Saint Petersburg Hermitage Museum – the awakening of a new Great Russian artist? Who knows…

12 Saint Petersburg Cathedral of Our Lady of Kazan ( ) is the mother cathedral of the metropolis of St. Petersburg

13 Saint Petersburg Peterhof, the Summer palace, in fact a series of palaces and gardens, built between 1714 and 1725

14 Saint Petersburg Peterhof Palace - the Samson Fountain and Sea Channel overlooking the Gulf of Finland, an arm of the Baltic Sea

15 Saint Petersburg Peterhof Palace – inner architecture and paintings

16 Saint Petersburg Peterhof Palace - a dining room

17 Saint Petersburg Peterhof Palace - a bedroom

18 Saint Petersburg Resurrection of Christ Church (a.k.a. The Church of Our Savior on Spilled Blood) built between 1883 and 1907

19 Saint Petersburg Church of Resurrection of Christ (a.k.a. The Church of Our Savior on Spilled Blood) - details

20 Saint Petersburg The Catherine Palace was the Rococo summer residence of the Russian tsars, located in the district of Tsarskove Selo (Pushkin).

21 Saint Petersburg Pushkin Catherine Palace – architectures details

22 Saint Petersburg Pushkin Catherine Palace – banquet room

23 Saint Petersburg Statue of Alexander Pushkin (1900), poet which wide knowledge of Russian Idiom and richness in its use influenced authors like Gogol, Liermontov e Turgueiniev.

24 Saint Petersburg Mikhailovsky Palace, constructed in , houses the State Russian Museum since 1895.

25 Saint Petersburg Saint Isaac's Cathedral

26 Saint Petersburg Saint Isaacs Cathedral – dome with a lavish decoration

27 Saint Petersburg Tsar Nicholas II and the Romanov family After the 1917 Revolution Petrograd (St. Petersburg), Capital of the Empire, lost its title to Moscow, Capital of Russia.

28 Saint Petersburg The Aurora Cruiser launched in 1900, achievement of Imperial shipyards, became a symbol of the October Revolution. Nowadays is a museum.

29 Saint Petersburg Summer night with Church Our Savior on Spilled Blood in background...

30 Saint Petersburg The same place... in a winter day...

31 Saint Petersburg But Springtimes colors always comes in St. Petersburg too...

32 Saint Petersburg Metro - Avtovo subway station

33 Saint Petersburg Mariinsky Theatre - is a historic theatre of opera and ballet, opened in (Kirov State Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet from 1935 to 1992)

34 Saint Petersburg Mariinsky Theatre – Royal box

35 Saint Petersburg Swan Lake – performance of Tchaikovskys famous ballet at the Imperial Theatre on the Fontanka.

36 Saint Petersburg Nevsky Prospekt, or the Neva, is the main street; planned by Peter the Great as beginning of the road to Novgorod and Moscow

37 Saint Petersburg Nevsky Prospect - today the avenue runs from the Admiralty to the Moscow Railway Station

38 Saint Petersburg Grand Hotel Europe

39 Saint Petersburg Breakfast at the Grand Hotel Europe

40 Saint Petersburg Yusupov Palace, the most sumptuous non- imperial palace, was built in the 1760, and in 1830 the palace became the property of Duke N.B.Yusupov. Visiting Italy the eccentric Duke admired a white marble staircase: bought the entire palace just to have it transported to St. Petersburg... Today, this palace is a Museum.

41 Saint Petersburg Water Carrier monument - Museum and administrative complex Vodokanal

42 Saint Petersburg Egyptian Bridge - carries Lermontov Avenue over the Fontanka River. Sphynx by the sculptor Pavel Sokolov - 19th-century

43 Saint Petersburg Neva river and the Twelve Collegiums of Saint Petersburg University

44 Saint Petersburg Bank Bridge - across the Griboyedov Canal – 19th-century Mythological Griffins by the sculptor Pavel Sokolov

45 Saint Petersburg Dom Knigi House of books is located in the Art Nouveau style once Singer Building

46 Saint Petersburg Dom Knigi House of books door detail inside

47 Saint Petersburg Fyodor Dostoevsky, writer whose works, including Crime and Punishment and The Brothers Karamazov have had a profound and lasting effect on intellectual thought and world literature. Portrait by Vassili Perov

48 Saint Petersburg Dostoevsky Memorial Museum - where he wrote Crime and Punishment

49 Saint Petersburg And from the enchanting St. Petersburg Dostoievsky prophesied: Only beauty will save the World!

50 Saint Petersburg So long, St. Petersburg!


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