Presentation on theme: "Saint Petersburg __________________________________ Russia"— Presentation transcript:
1Saint Petersburg __________________________________ Russia Founded by Tsar Peter the Great on May 27, 1703, it was capital of the Russian Empire for more than two hundred years. Ceased being the capital in 1918 after the Russian Revolution of 1917.The city's other names were: Petrograd (1914–1924) and Leningrad (1924–1991)
2Saint PetersburgDvortsovaya Square – Alexander’s Column and General Staff building from the Hermitage
3the old Winter Palace – official residence of the Tsars. Saint PetersburgHermitage Museum from Neva River. Founded in 1764; inaugurated in 1852, it occupies five contiguous palaces, the largest beingthe old Winter Palace – official residence of the Tsars.
4Saint PetersburgHermitage Museum – Winter Palace – side at Dvortsovaya Square.Designed by Bartolomeo Rastrelli, in Rococo-style green-and-white,it has 1,057 halls and rooms; 1,786 doors and 1,945 windows.
5Saint Petersburg Catherine the Great was its first imperial occupant. Its collection exceeds three million art pieces; one of its greatfirst acquisitions was Da Vinci’s The Madonna and Child in 1865.
6Saint PetersburgThe Hermitage – inside – a balcony
7Saint PetersburgThe Hermitage – architecture and chandelier’s lights
8Saint PetersburgThe Hermitage – old royal library
22Statue of Alexander Pushkin (1900), Saint PetersburgStatue of Alexander Pushkin (1900),poet which wide knowledge of Russian Idiom and richness in its use influenced authors like Gogol, Liermontov e Turgueiniev.
23Saint Petersburg Mikhailovsky Palace, constructed in 1819-1825, houses the State Russian Museum since 1895.
25Saint PetersburgSaint Isaac’s Cathedral – dome with a lavish decoration
26Tsar Nicholas II and the Romanov family - 1911 Saint PetersburgTsar Nicholas II and the Romanov familyAfter the 1917 Revolution Petrograd (St. Petersburg), Capital of the Empire, lost its title to Moscow, Capital of Russia.
27Saint PetersburgThe Aurora Cruiser launched in 1900, achievement of Imperial shipyards, became a symbol of the October Revolution. Nowadays is a museum.
28Summer night with Church Our Savior on Spilled Blood in background... Saint PetersburgSummer night with Church Our Savior on Spilled Blood in background...
29Saint PetersburgThe same place... in a winter day...
30Saint PetersburgBut Springtime’s colors always comes in St. Petersburg too...
31Metro - Avtovo subway station Saint PetersburgMetro - Avtovo subway station
32(Kirov State Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet from 1935 to 1992) Saint PetersburgMariinsky Theatre - is a historic theatre of opera and ballet, opened in 1860.(Kirov State Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet from 1935 to 1992)
38Saint PetersburgBreakfast at the Grand Hotel Europe
39Saint PetersburgYusupov Palace, the most sumptuous non-imperial palace, wasbuilt in the 1760, and in 1830 the palace became the property of Duke N.B.Yusupov. Visiting Italy the eccentric Duke admired a white marble staircase: bought the entire palace just to have it transported to St. Petersburg...Today, this palace is a Museum.
40Saint PetersburgWater Carrier monument - Museum and administrative complex Vodokanal
41“Sphynx” by the sculptor Pavel Sokolov - 19th-century Saint PetersburgEgyptian Bridge - carries Lermontov Avenue over the Fontanka River.“Sphynx” by the sculptor Pavel Sokolov - 19th-century
42Neva river and the Twelve Collegiums of Saint Petersburg University
43Saint PetersburgBank Bridge - across the Griboyedov Canal – 19th-centuryMythological “Griffins” by the sculptor Pavel Sokolov
44Dom Knigi “House of books” is located in the Art Nouveau style Saint PetersburgDom Knigi “House of books” is located in the Art Nouveau styleonce Singer Building
45Saint Petersburgdoor detailDom Knigi “House of books”inside
46Saint Petersburg Fyodor Dostoevsky , writer whose works, including Portrait by Vassili PerovFyodor Dostoevsky , writer whose works, including‘Crime and Punishment’ and ‘The Brothers Karamazov” have had a profoundand lasting effect on intellectual thought and world literature.
47Dostoevsky Memorial Museum - where he wrote “Crime and Punishment” Saint PetersburgDostoevsky Memorial Museum - where he wrote “Crime and Punishment”
48“Only beauty will save the World!” Saint PetersburgAnd from the enchanting St. Petersburg Dostoievsky prophesied:“Only beauty will save the World!”