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Vessel Design

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Design of Tall Vertical Vessels (L > 6 m) After calculating the shell thickness from previous design methods for vessels under internal and external pressures, we should check that this thickness will withstand the loads applied on it. This check is done on three cases: operation, shutdown and erection.

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Check for Operation:

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Shell Height, inch. Wind Pressure (P w, psi) Internal RegionCoastal Region 0 - < 3600.1380.2 360 - < 6000.1740.27 600 - < 12000.20.347 1200 - < 60000.270.42

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Check for Shutdown: Note: in case of shutdown, σ d is calculated from the same equation of operation but don't put the weight of liquid in Σwt.

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Check for Erection: Note: in this case we only put the weight of shell [or shell + one head] in Σwt. in the equation of σ d.

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Design of Skirt Support: Assume: D isk = 0.95 D ish D osk = 1.05 D osh Then calculate thickness of skirt:

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Check on the thickness of the skirt:

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Design of Bearing Plate: Assume: D ib = 0.8 D isk D ob = 1.2 D osk Then check on these assumptions:

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Thickness of bearing plate

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Design of Anchor Bolts: Where: -σ w is that calculated above in the bearing plate. -σ d is calculated from: If σ tension) max = - ve value: the number of bolts equal 4 used for fixation.

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If σ tension) max = + ve value: the number of bolts calculated from the following equation:

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SHEET 3

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Sheet 4 1.A distillation tower will be erected out of doors at Alexandria. The specifications of the tower are specified below: Height, between tangent lines 50 m Inside Diameter 2 m Skirt Support 10% openings, height 3 m 100 sieve plates equally spaced with 0.45 m plate spacing. The plates are supported on rings 75 mm wide, 10 mm deep. Insulation, mineral wool 75 mm thick Material of construction Stainless steel Design stress (at the design temperature 200ºC) 135 N/mm 2 Operating pressure 10 bar absolute Vessel to be fully radiographed Welding efficiency = 1 Specify the design for: a.Shell at the top and at the bottom. b.Dished heads, skirt support, bearing plate and anchor bolts. c.If the tower will be operated at a pressure of 50 mmHg absolute, check if the thickness calculated above is sufficient and support rings will act as effective stiffening rings.

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2.A distillation tower will be erected in doors at Alexandria. Height, between tangent lines 50 m Inside Diameter 2 m Skirt Support 10% openings, height 3 m 100 sieve plates equally spaced with 0.45 m plate spacing. The plates are supported on rings 75 mm wide, 10 mm deep. Insulation, mineral wool 75 mm thick. Material of construction Stainless steel Design stress 135 N/mm 2 Internal pressure 0.1 bar absolute Vessel to be fully radiographed Welding efficiency = 1 Specify the design for: a.Shell at the top and at the bottom. b.Dished heads, skirt support, bearing plate and anchor bolts. c.If the tower will be operated out of doors in the same area, check if the thickness calculated above is sufficient.

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