Presentation on theme: "Margaret Camp University of South Carolina Upstate Gladys Loewen Consultant."— Presentation transcript:
Margaret Camp University of South Carolina Upstate Gladys Loewen Consultant
Explore attitudes, policies & practices that open doors intended & unintended outcomes of policies & practices civil rights intent of the law
Inclusion & full participation are a right, not a privilege Policies, practices & language can open and close doors Access issues stem from inaccessible or poorly designed environments
What policies & practices in DS office open doors for disabled students, ensuring inclusion & full participation? Impact of these policies & practices
What policies and practices in DS office have a gate keeper function? Impact of these policies and practices?
We cant make ourselves part of the solution without seeing clearly how were connected to the problem. Alan Johnson. Privilege, Power, and Differences. 2006
How does it creep into DS work? Diagnosis/forced categorization: false binary of ability/disability standard deviation discrepancy model Documentation/eligibility requirements Legal compliance as a threat and a threshold Individualized accommodations (versus inclusive design)
services versus access ownership of our students and increasing numbers
...implementation of the medical model in health care, social services, education, private charity and public policies has institutionalized prejudice and discrimination Longmore, 2003
…especially in light of the ADA amendments which tell us to move away from burdensome demands to prove disability and to focus more on what accommodations a person will need. Just as we evaluate and determine what is a reasonable accommodation, taking into account the individuals needs and the requirements of the environment in which the person is situated (classroom, lab, dorm, etc.), I believe that disability departments need to rethink what constitutes reasonable documentation and its purposes. Jean Ashmore, June 2011 Alert
Discrepancy Model vs. Response to Intervention (RTI) focus on internal nature of disability vs. external changes statistics to determine significant outliers in normal distribution requires student to fail a certain degree before being identified testing occurs outside learning environment; testing error not taken into account; accepted as average performance
ADA Amendments Act Restore original human rights protections and intents That became too narrowly defined through legislation It moves the question from does the student have a qualifying disability to has the institution made every effort to provide access? Salome Hayward webinar, 2011
How policies, procedures, language, and actions give off messages
What messages are given when accommodations are recommended or arranged?
Adjustments and accommodations tend to reinforce the individual/medical notion that disability resides with the individual Guzman, 2008
… has the power to make us feel competent or incompetent; it has the power to include us or exclude us. Elaine Ostroff, Founding Director, Institute for Human-Centered Design
Disability Services for Students is the Universitys student affairs office which assures program access to the University by students with disabilities. We coordinate & provide reasonable accommodations, advocate for an accessible & hospitable learning environment, & promote self- determination on the part of the students we serve.
Students with disabilities are responsible for providing documentation of their disabilities to the Office of Disability Services. This documentation must both establish disability & provide adequate information on the functional impact of the disability so that accommodations can be identified & provided. This documentation will be kept confidential & maintained in a locked file. All documentation should:
Come from an appropriate licensed clinical professional familiar with the history & functional implications of the disability Verify the nature & extent of the disability in accordance with current professional standards & techniques. This must include a description of the diagnostic criteria, evaluation methods, procedures, tests & dates of administration, as well as a clinical narrative, observation & specific results
is responsible for recommendation & delivery of academic support services & accommodations to new & continuing students with LD, ADHD & other disorders that affect learning. This employee works directly with faculty, instructional staff & university administration to address & resolve issues concerning equitable treatment &reasonable accommodations for students with disabilities both in policy & practice...this individual serves as a resource to prospective applicants to the university regarding services available through DSS
If we believe Full participation is right, not a privilege Right to equal access Design has the power to include and exclude
DS policies & procedures can be a barrier to achieving full participation DS work changes when accommodations viewed as social solution due to poor design & discriminatory practices
Design inclusive environments, minimize need for retrofitting & different treatment Lessen emphasis on documentation to reduce segregation, special treatment & discrimination
Ensure full participation is a right not a privilege based on documentation & benevolence
...the true sign of success is not whether we are a source of perpetual aid that helps people scrape by -- it's whether we are partners in building the capacity for transformational change. Barack Obama, 2009
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