Presentation on theme: "Active Shooter Workshop"— Presentation transcript:
1 Active Shooter Workshop Greater Cleveland Safety CouncilCommander Harold PretelCaptain Ron KauntzJune 2013
2 Today’s Discussion Definition of an Active Shooter Previous active shooter incidentsEvolution of police responsePolice response tacticsHow to react to an active shooterFacility lockdown proceduresWhat to do when law enforcement arrives
3 Definition of Active Shooter One or more individuals participating in a random or systematic killing spree demonstrating their intent to harm others with a firearm. An active shooter’s objective is that of mass murder, rather than committing traditional criminal acts, such as robbery or hostage-taking.Active shooter attacks are dynamic incidents that vary greatly from one to another.
4 The FBI analyzed 154 active shooter events in the United States between 2002 and 2012 that included three or more individuals being shot. 96% of the shooters were males51% of the shooters were deceased following the attack (43% committed suicide and 8% were shot and killed by responders)96% of the attacks involved shooters acting alone37% of the attacks occurred in workplaces and 17% occurred in an academic setting40% of the attacks were unable to be linked to a clear motivation21% of the attacks were motivated by workplace retaliation and 14% were motivated by domestic disputesAcademic retaliation by a current or former student only accounted for 7% of the attacks
5 Stages of an Active-Shooter FantasyPlanningPreparationApproachImplementation
6 Texas Tower Incident, University of Austin August 1, 1966Austin, TXSuspect: Charles WhitmanKilled 16 (including wife, mother and an unborn baby)Wounded 31 (as far away as two blocks)Killed by two police officers
10 Suspect: Seung-Hui Cho Virginia Tech Shooting April 16th, 2007Blacksburg, VAKilled 32Wounded 23Indications are that Cho meticulously planned the assault (mailed his “manifesto”, chained and locked doors, moved methodically into rooms, large quantity of ammunition, extra magazines etc.)Suspect committed suicide
12 Suspect: Nadal Malik Hasan (Army Major) Fort Hood, Texas Shooting November 5, 2009Fort Hood Army BaseKilled 13Wounded 43Shooting in and around a base Soldier Readiness CenterFN 5.7 pistol (reloaded numerous times)Wounded by two police officers employing RAID Active Shooter tactics
17 Dark Night Rising, Century Theater shooting Aurora, ColoradoSuspect: James HolmesKilled 12Wounded 64Holmes had set up an extensive array of booby traps around his homeArrested outside of the movie theater
21 Santa Monica College, CA June 9th, 2013Santa Monica Community College, CAKilled 5Wounded 14Shot and killed by Police in the College Library
22 The Evolution of Police Response Pre-Columbine High School- Conventional responseEstablish perimeter and call SWATPost-Columbine High School- Unconventional responseRapid Action Immediate Deployment (RAID)
23 Rapid Action Immediate Response (RAID) Until proven otherwise, any unauthorized intruder inside a building will be considered armed, dangerous, and capable of initiating and conducting a plan that includes the mass murder of innocent people.Law enforcement personnel will enter the building and quickly establish close contact with the intruder(s). This reduces the potential for mass killing.
24 Rapid Action Immediate Response (RAID) Officers assemble as a small team; 4-officersTeam enters facility for rescue & engagementThe primary focus is reducing the threatOfficers following initiate IncidentCommandAdditional officers coordinate &supplement the responseSWAT is not integral to this model;usually requires additional time torespond
25 Individual responses to an Active Shooter LOCATION, LOCATION, LOCATION!!!Your location and the location of the incident dictate your actions.Evacuate: Have an escape route and a plan in mind.Leave your belongings behind.Keep your hands raised.Lock down/shelter in place - Hide in an area out of the shooter(s) view or access.Block entry to your hiding place and lock the doors if possible.
26 As a LAST resort Take action. Only as a last resort and only when your life is in imminent danger.Act with aggression and attempt to incapacitate the shooter.Fight the shooter. Rush with lots of people, throw things or use improvised weapons to take the shooter to the ground.
27 Outdoors Seek cover and concealment. What’s the difference? Use whatever is available to obscure you from the shooter (ex.: walls, trees, poles, buildings, fencing, containers, etc.).Hide behind something capable of stopping a bullet (ex.: masonry or brick wall, engine block of a car).Unless you are in imminent danger, if locked down, do not attempt to evacuate without instructions from Law Enforcement Personnel.Have a working knowledge of your facility (ex.: exits and evacuation routes).
28 Lockdown Situation If the shooter is outside the building: Turn off lights, lock windows and doors, close curtains/shades.Stay out of sight of windows & doorsLay down on the floor below window line.Dial 911, give your location, and follow directions.Move to central secure area –only if safe.If the shooter tries to break into the room you are in, leave the room through an alternate exit (Another door or through the wall/ceiling/window).Stay until you receive “ALL CLEAR” signal from recognized authority.Follow directions of recognized police/security personnel.
29 Facility Lockdown Activate the OEP (Office Emergency Plan) Lock doors Use signals and/or codesSafe AreaAccount for employees & visitorsDo not open door until police arriveCommunicate
30 When Law Enforcement Arrives Remain calm and follow instructions.Keep hands raised and spread fingers.Do not grab officers or make sudden movements.Listen -they will be giving instructions.Proceed to the exit directed. If injured, ambulatory aid will be given outside.Give details of shooter(s) to the officers (ex.: try to remember and advise officers of the description, numbers (shooters & victims), weapons).
32 Basic Guidelines for individuals present during an active shooting incident: 1. Assess the situation2. Reacta. Evacuate b. Hide out/Shelter-in-Place c. Take action3. Call 911 when it is safe to do so
33 See Something, Say Something™ ?QuestionsSee Something, Say Something™
34 What You Can Do Report: Train: See Something, Say Something™ Report:DownloadA ReportingSmartphone App:Train: