5Emergency Management Continuity of Operations Program The Division of Emergency Preparedness and Coordination focuses on: Employee Safety Emergency Evacuation * Emergency Preparedness Emergency Recovery Maintaining NIH Essential Functions * You are participating in the Building 10 Complex Emergency Evacuation Program which is part of the overall NIH Emergency Evacuation Program
6The NIH COOP PlanNIH has a Continuity of Operations (COOP) Plan in place that is designed to ensure continuity of the NIH mission essential functions while also maintaining the health and safety of the NIH employee, patient, and visitor community. It is an overarching strategy aimed at managing and recovering from situations or events that have a direct adverse impact on the operations of NIH.The NIH COOP can be activated for any number of reasons:An emergency affecting a single building such as a fire, flood or collapseAn emergency affecting the local area such as a major chemical emergency or electrical outageA regional crisis such as a hurricane, orA national emergency such as a pandemic or terrorist attackIn the event of a COOP activation that would require the closure of the NIH Bethesda campus, employees will be kept abreast of the situation through , by phone, direct communication with supervisors, the NIH and IC Web pages, NIH radio 1660 am, local radio station, etc.
7Mass EvacuationThe mass evacuation map organizes the Bethesda campus into emergency evacuation zones. In the event of a crisis affecting the whole campus or a section of campus, evacuation will be conducted by zone. Identify your zone by finding your building location. For off-campus facilities, follow the directions of local Law Enforcement or listen to local radio stations for further directions.
8Emergency Preparedness Webpage Link to Security and Emergency Response ResourcesDEPC Link
9Emergency Preparedness PART IIEmergency Preparedness
10Emergency SituationsAny and all emergencies must be handled immediatelyPersonnel: Emergency situations with personnel, either hurt during the evacuation process, or a medical emergency, must be called into 911Although the Emergency Response personnel could already be on scene at the building, they may not be aware of other emergencies within the building, so call and report the situation.Before exiting a closed door during an alarm, feel for heat with the back of your hand, if it is warm or hot do not open, use an alternate exit.Emergency phone numbers:On-Campus Phone 9 1 1Off-Campus PhoneCell Phone on-campusBuilding 10 Code Team Phone 111
11Cardiac Emergency Situations Dial 111 for CC Cardiac-Pulmonary Resuscitation Team (Code Blue)To request immediate medical assistance for chest pains, trouble breathing, or other life threatening emergencies in the Building 10 Complex dial 111.Automated external defibrillators (AEDs) and cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can assist persons experiencing sudden cardiac arrest. Applied electrical shocks from a portable emergency AED can restore normal cardiac rhythm until paramedics arrive on-site.Visit the link below to view the AED locations: .aspx
12CPR/AED TrainingThe Community Health Branch, DOHS, ORS manages the Public Access Defibrillation Program in NIH facilities both on and off campus. The objective of NIH’s public access defibrillator program is to provide CPR instruction with the use of AEDs in the event of a cardiac emergency involving employees or visitors.For additional information about this program contact the AED Program Manager in the Community Health Branch, DOHS, ORS at (301)Visit the link below for CPR/AED training opportunities: CPR-Training-.aspx
13Sequence of Events during a Fire Alarm System Activation Fire EmergencyNotification received at the NIH Emergency Communications Center via an automatic alarm or 911 phone callFire Department is dispatched through the 911 systemFire Department arrives on the sceneFirefighters identify the activated deviceStaff are automatically evacuated from the affected fire zone to a safe areaFire Department determines the cause of the incidentFire Department resets the fire alarm system in the effected zoneStaff is notified by the fire department to return to their work areas
14Evacuation Procedures Appointed team members “sweep” rooms/space in their zones to ensure that all areas are clear and doors are closed. Ensure that normally unoccupied areas are checked as well (such as a janitors’ closet, LAN or maintenance rooms).When the areas are clear, team members evacuate to their pre-designated evacuation area assisting any employees with disabilities as necessary.The Occupant Emergency Coordinator (OEC) reports to the area of the emergency and receives reports from the area evacuation team members. The OEC then passes this information to the Incident Commander/Fire Department.Evacuation team members report to the Fire Department or the OEC as they arrive at the scene
15Special NeedsIndividuals with disabilities will evacuate to the pre-designated zone evacuation areas with an assigned aide or evacuation team member. Emergency response personnel will be notified by evacuation team members to ensure that these employees are escorted to safety any time they are in danger. Special needs personnel are considered as any person who cannot safely evacuate an area in a swift manner under their own accord.
16VisibilityBadges – Provide recognition to building occupants as well as the building’s Occupant Emergency Coordinator (OEC). Badges are provided by the DEPC to all Evacuation Team Members and the OEC.
17Safety DevicesFire extinguishers: In common spaces and near the stairwells.Fire doors: Specially tested doors that are normally open but close upon fire alarm system activation.Exit signs: Follow direction in which arrow is pointing or location of sign.
18Safety SAFETY AND THE EVACUATION PROCESS DO NOT use elevators in case of emergency!Remember safety when evacuating the building, if crossing a busy road or exiting across a driveway, be safe and look before crossing.Report safety violations immediately to OEC or Facility Manager:Door knobs loose on emergency exitsEmergency exit lighting not illuminatedBoxes or equipment blocking exits/hallways or life safety equipment
19Safety – Corridor Egress No clear exitLess than 54 inches of clearanceClutter on one or both sides of hallway
20Safety IssuesBlocked Fire ExtinguisherTripping Hazard
21Bomb Threat If you receive a bomb threat: Don’t hang up Take all threats seriouslyGet as much information as possible (bomb threat checklist -Dial *57 when the caller hangs up (this flags the phone call for quick recognition by phone company or investigators), then call 911 or 9-911(off-campus). Give information to dispatcher.Pass all information on to the Police Department upon their arrivalDo not activate the fire alarm, this may trigger the bombVerbally notify personnel if necessary to evacuate the area. Police should be on scene quickly, and will advise how to evacuate.Remember to keep calm and do not panic personnel
22Suspicious Package If you see a suspicious package: Ask if the package belongs to a co-workerLeave the room where the item is locatedDO NOT touch suspected explosives/packageDO NOT use radio or a cell phone near suspected packageDO NOT activate the fire alarmCall police at 911 (on campus) or (off campus)Call local law enforcement authoritiesFollow instructions provided by emergency personnel
23Lockdown Procedures for Lockdown: Lockdowns protect employees from a threat from a armed person, inside or outside the building, in instances where it may be more dangerous to leave the building by directed evacuation than to stay in a secured room. A dangerous person could be someone with a legitimate purpose on site (employee, authorized visitor, contractor) or an unauthorized visitor.While escape is typically the “response of choice” to an armed intruder inside a building, this action should only be considered if it is absolutely safe to do so, without coming in contact with the intruder. If escaping, exit the building as quickly as possible, seek safe cover outside, and call the Police immediately. If safe escape is not possible then “lockdown” is the best option.Lock or barricade doors or openings and windows and pull shades immediately.Contact 911 or immediatelyKeep employees away from the doors and windowsMaintain a calm environmentIf a gunshot is heard, immediately have everyone lie down on the floor.Remain in the secured work area until notified to evacuate, unless there is a greater risk to your safety to remain in current location.
24Shelter-In-Place (SIP) Shelter-in-place (SIP) will be used when it is safer for employees to remain inside the building rather than to evacuate.Interior windowless rooms can be used for SIP.Examples of SIP incidents include tornado warnings, and HAZMAT incidents.Remain calmImmediately cease all operations. Confine any hazardous materials and turn off oxygen/flammable gases.Shut all doors behind youProceed to a designated SIP room/area or to a safe interior, windowless roomAccompany and assist special needs personnel, visitors, and any co-workers who appear to need direction or assistanceListen to radio or television for updates for information on the situation.Emergency Activation Radio Stations:WMAL 0630 AM WWRC 1260 AMWTOP 1500 AM & FM WKYS 93.9 FMNIH Radio – 1660 AM (within 4 miles of campus)DO NOT leave the building until authorities give the verbal “all clear”
25ZONED FIRE ALARM SYSTEM & EVACUATION Part IIIZONED FIRE ALARM SYSTEM & EVACUATION
28Initiating Fire Alarm Devices There are three devices in the Building 10 Complex that can initiate a fire alarm…………Manual Pull StationAutomatic Smoke DetectorAutomatic Sprinkler System
29Fire Alarm System Notification Devices Strobe LightAudible Voice Tape MessageAudible Whooping Sound (Horn)Audible Chime Sound (Horn) - Patient Care Areas
30Type of Fire Alarm System Fire Command and Zone Evacuation
31Fire Control Rooms Main Fire Alarm System Control Room Back Up Fire Alarm System Control Room
32System ControlThe building’s fire alarm system is equipped with both visual, audible andvoice communication capabilityThe Fire Department Officer-in-Charge controls the operation of the firealarm system once on the sceneThe Fire Department Officer-in-Charge can stop and/or initiate alarms andannouncements to manage the movement of staff
33Fire Department Command Vehicle The Fire Department Office-In-Charge maintains control of the incident until the emergency has ended and it is safe to return to the area in question