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INTD 59 kitchen design basics. use guidelines as a way to check the practicality of your design solutionskitchens must function well in addition to looking.

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Presentation on theme: "INTD 59 kitchen design basics. use guidelines as a way to check the practicality of your design solutionskitchens must function well in addition to looking."— Presentation transcript:

1 INTD 59 kitchen design basics

2 use guidelines as a way to check the practicality of your design solutionskitchens must function well in addition to looking great the construction industry, code councils, and appliance, cabinet & plumbing manufacturers have developed basic standards to simplify design & building

3 standard cabinet dimensions standard modular cabinetry is built in 3 increments base & upper cabinet widths begin at 9 base cabinets: 9-54 w, 24 d, 34 ½ h upper cabinets: 9-54 w, 12 d, h tall storage cabinets: 9-48 w, d, h

4 industry guidelinescountertop workspace countertop height: 36 finished from floor countertop depth: 25 ½ backsplash heights: 4-18 high from countertop minimum requirements for countertop workspace: usable counter space between cooktop/range & sink: counter space on either side of cooktop/range: counter space on either side of sink: landing space next to refrigerator: counter space between refrigerator & sink: 36

5 industry guidelinescountertop workspace

6 kitchen design basics varied counter heights can be tricky in smaller spaces scale, proportion, balance visual impact of misaligned & unbalanced cabinetry can create a state of disharmony establishing a bisymmetrical or asymmetrical balance can help guide space allowances

7 kitchen design basics

8 total integrated planning storage plan: first access to stored items frequency of use of items weight & bulk of items appliance locations: access & use with minimum muscle stress controls at line of sight placement in CoreKitchen based on frequency of use relationship, distance & access to other appliances & fixtures

9 total integrated planning cabinetry design: accommodate appliance location & provide adequate storage space provide varied cabinet heights for work stations use full-extension hardware for access to all pull-out devices supply adjustable shelving where applicable allow wall space for crown molding returns reflect elements of interior styling

10 total integrated planning countertops: height variations based on tasks & food prep techniques depths to accommodate storage & food prep needs detailing to fit interior styling edge details & overhang to fit space & cabinetry lighting plan: minimum of 3 light systems (ambient, task, accent) that function together but on separate dimmer controls automatic controls whenever possible lighting systems that blend with natural light & support task areas during dark hours switch height accessible to all users properly placed motion sensors & timer controls

11 total integrated planning hardware: levers/pulls/knobs that allow hands to grip & operate easily installed at easy-to-reach level accessible window hardware that functions smoothly ADA-required lever handles for doors & pulls for cabinetry windows: locate for minimal muscle strain when operating note direction window opens & how accessed ensure operation does not interfere with cooking & movement select style reflective of interior & exterior orient to view balance with scale & proportion of kitchen space & walls accessible for cleaning specify quality units for ease of operation

12 total integrated planning doors: locate to enhance traffic flow from adjacent spaces eliminate interior doors as much as possible select door style consistent with interior style reuse existing doors when size & conditions allow make doors wide enough to provide reasonable access & meet local code (minimums: outside 36; interior 32; arch 36) floors: traction for safe walking when food/moisture may be present resilience to relieve pressure on back & legs style consistent with interior design space plan: traffic lanes sufficient for adequate & safe movement layout based on movement efficiency

13 space planning oriented to view & natural light? open to adjacent spaces? oriented to social areas of the space? to what degree is kitchen integrated with rest of house? sound transmission, ventilation, light & access MUST be addressed in initial space planning space planning steps: establish CoreKitchen locate plumbing locate appliances locate storage/cabinetry locate electrical outlets, lighting & switches

14 space planning steps

15 core kitchen critical in designing a functional space locate the work triangle within the core

16 work triangle distance between refrigerator, stove & sink kitchens most-traveled areas

17 work triangle NKBA suggests: each leg of the work triangle should be 4-9 feet in length total length of all 3 legs should be between feet cabinets shouldnt intersect any leg of the triangle by more than 12 inches major traffic shouldnt move through the triangle

18 core kitchenlayers layer one design & equip the core work space to conduct food prep & service on daily and weekly basis ONLY ESSENTIAL EQUIPMENT, UTENSILS, & TABLEWARE layer two tools, utensils & small appliances used on monthly basis layer three infrequently used & seasonal items; this layer may include adjacent rooms closets, pantries, basements or furniture pieces

19 core kitchenessentials locate plumbing place primary & secondary sinks as you begin design (primaryfood prep, secondaryclean-up) single sink? make sure it is large enough wall-mounted faucets, pot fillers, island sink & faucet locations must be planned early in design phase excess counter space between sink & dishwasher encourages mess for clients requesting a deep sink, an elevating grid helps reduce strain

20 core kitchen essentials locate appliances sink, range & refrigerator should be placed in core place all other appliances to support core & allow efficient work stations

21 core kitchenessentials locate electrical outlets, lighting, switches task lighting is crucial when planning work stations at sink, on counter space & at range goal: eliminate shadows & provide even light for cook

22 core kitchenessentials locate storage/cabinetry essential cookware, utensils, & ingredients should be stored in coreselect cabinets that provide adequate space & needed support for appliance installation

23 cooking center cooktop or range top storage for often used ingredients 24-inch minimum counter space between cooktop & next appliance or fixture

24 cooking center oven cooking does not require constant monitoring can be located in layer two of the kitchen core

25 fresh food center cleaning & prep of fresh food refrigerator, sink, garbage disposal & recycle bins utensils needed for cutting, trimming, mixing & cleaning wraps & storage containers islands can be effective as fresh food stations

26 baking center refrigerator, sink, mixer, food processor & oven convenient access to cooktop plenty of counter space lower counter height desirable for rolling out dough utensils & bakeware

27 cleanup center sink large enough to soak cookware & baking utensils pull-out spray faucet garbage disposal recycling center dishwasher

28 food storage food safety & storage are major considerations refrigerator40 degrees F freezer0 degrees F pantry50-70 degrees F fresh herbsfridge dry herbsdark, dry, cool root vegetablescool temps, dry & dark winecool, dark, immobile pet foodconsider quantity, size of containers, refrigeration needed?

29 integrating kitchen & living spaces entire space must be designed as one pay careful attention to: sound emissions air quality ventilation light sources color balance texture finishes

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