Presentation on theme: "Establishment of Window Rating and Labelling Program A means to achieving Building Energy Codes Compliance and Energy Efficiency Targets. James C. Benney,"— Presentation transcript:
1 Establishment of Window Rating and Labelling Program A means to achieving Building Energy Codes Compliance and Energy Efficiency Targets.James C. Benney, CAEChief Executive OfficerNational Fenestration Rating Council (NFRC)Bipin Shah (President)WinBuild Inc.National Fenestration Rating Council International Programs CoordinatorUS-DOE Building Program Consultant
2 Topics Policy and Commercialization Path Governance Establishing the Windows Component & System Simulation and Testing Facilities;Quality assurance and DatabaseLabeling ProcessComplianceCodesIncentive Programs and Promotion
3 Policies & Commercialization Path Market IntroductionMainstream DeploymentRegulationR&DMandatoryVoluntaryAudits / ESCOsMandatory Requirement - Building CodesTechnology ProcurementFinancial IncentivesTraditional R& DDemonstration of Case StudiesRating and Labeling ProgramLabeling For Compliance
4 Codes and Govt. Incentives Energy StarCurrently NFRC has 1.67 Million Products Options Rated
5 Transforming the Market Transforming Product Performance Efficient Energy Efficiency PoliciesTransforming the MarketBuilding Codes and StandardsMarket Conditioning# of Units- Information- Incentives- Outreach- LeadershipThe three leg approach focusing on increasing the energy efficiency of the market, with Appliance and Building StandardsR&DEnergy Efficiency (Metrics)
6 Why Rating is important Policies – Regulations Are difficult to implement and enforce unless one has the infrastructure to support compliance (ratings, certification, product testing, quality control, whole building integrated performance)Helps to verify code complianceProvides product performance comparison and assists consumer to make informed decisionPromotes energy efficiency by providing a base line for product development and improvement. Also creates market competition for improved productsConsumer benefit (assured payback, Insurance, tax incentives, and etc.Many reason exist making the rating of fenestration products necessary. NFRC ratings enable code bodies, consumers, designers, building officials and others to reference accurate fenestration energy ratings. NFRC is pursuing international harmonization is several countries including Canada, European union, India, china and Russia.
7 Requirements of a Successful Rating System Fair, accurate and unbiasedBased on ScienceProvide Verifiable, Repeatable and Consistent ResultsEvaluation Based on Fixed ConditionsCost Effective for AdoptionIndustry buy-in
8 Structure Of A Rating Organization Governance BodyBoard of Directors which is balanced between Industry and Consumer interest representationMembership: Participates in the program and pays feesCommittee responsible for development of procedures and standardsExecutive office and Staff: Carries out day to day operation and managementTesting and Simulation Laboratories accredited by the Governing BodyService: Provides Energy ratings per prescribed standardsInspection Agency –Licensed by the Governing BodyService: Audits products which the participants rate.
9 Applicable ISO Standards ISO – Thermal Performance of Windows, Doors and Shading Devices — Detailed CalculationsISO 12567: Thermal performance of windows and doors -Determination of thermal transmittance by hot box method —Part 1: Complete windows and doors andPart II: Roof windows and other projecting windowsISO Glass in building-Determination of light transmittance, solar direct transmittance, total solar energy transmittance, ultraviolet transmittance and related glazing factors
10 Available Tools Simulation Tools Simulations – Provides Repeatability Consistency and Reliability – Beside being Cost EffectiveTHERM(WindowFrame)OpticsGlass)WINDOW+5(Whole Window)WINDOWTHERMOPTICSComputer Programs are ISO & 9050 compliant
11 Testing Used for Windows, Product Certification Test Lab to be ISO compliantSpectrophotometerFenestration:Simulation of U-factor, Solar Heat Gain Factor and Visible transmittance - ISO 15099U-factor testing - ASTM C 1363, C1199, NFRC 102Solar Heat Gain Testing – NFRC 201Spectral Optical Property – ISO 9050, ASTM E903, NFRC 300, 301Air Leakage – ASTM E283, NFRC 400Hot BoxSolar CalorimeterAir Leakage11
12 Window Energy Rating Process – Pre Fabricated Issue Certificate authorization, Plant inspectionInspection Agency (IA)(Test One Base Line Product)Testing LaboratorySimulation LaboratorySimulate All OptionResponsible Party Label ProductMarket PlaceNFRC Label or Label CertificateCompliance Assurance and Penalties for non-compliance
14 Rating Process for Post Fabricated Component Modeling Approach - CMAGlazing componentFrame componentSpacer componentGlazing infill / Center of Glazing assemblyFrame system / Frame assemblySpacer system / spacer assemblyPRODUCT CONFIGURATIONOverall product rating calculation
18 Implementation of Successful Rating System Referenced by Codes and RegulationsPromotional Programs like Energy StarFinancial Incentives
19 Fenestration & CodeIECC & IBC International (Energy Conservation Code & International Building Code)IECC and IBC’s Energy Code require rating for Residential and Non-Residential and specify NFRC certification for compliance.ASHRAE (American Society of Heating, Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Engineers)ASHRAE 90.1: Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings require U-factor and Solar Heat Gain and specify NFRC certification for compliance.ASHRAE 90.2: Energy Standard for Low-Rise Residential Buildings require U-factor and Solar Heat Gain and specify NFRC certification for compliance.The IECC and ASHRAE are the two largest national building codes in the United States. Each of these references NFRC Ratings. If a building uses non NFRC rated windows the design is penalized by forcing the designer to use default tables. Default tables are worse case scenario ratings that unrated windows must use. Using NFRC rated windows simplified the building inspectors job by ensuring that the building complies with these national codes.
22 Tax Creditthe IRS has provided a “special rule” (on page 7 of the IRS notice ) for claiming the residential tax credits with Energy Star windows:.03 Special Rule for Energy Star Windows and Skylights. A taxpayer may treat an exterior window or skylight that bears an Energy Star label and is installed in the region identified on the label as an Eligible Building Envelope Component and may rely on such Energy Star label, rather than on a manufacturer’s certification statement, in claiming the § 25C credit.
23 Impact Rating Can Have in The Market Place The impact of successful NFRC rating program, in the year 2003 in the USA, 41% of all conventional residential windows were energy rated and were classified as Energy Star® Windows; which would not have been possible without NFRC ratings. As a result, NFRC was active in saving over 7 billion BTU’s (and 2 million kW’s peak load) in just one year (2003).