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Slide 1 An Analysis of Flooding Aboard the RMS Titanic by Capt. Charles Weeks, Jr. An Analysis of Flooding Aboard the RMS Titanic by Capt. Charles Weeks,

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Presentation on theme: "Slide 1 An Analysis of Flooding Aboard the RMS Titanic by Capt. Charles Weeks, Jr. An Analysis of Flooding Aboard the RMS Titanic by Capt. Charles Weeks,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Slide 1 An Analysis of Flooding Aboard the RMS Titanic by Capt. Charles Weeks, Jr. An Analysis of Flooding Aboard the RMS Titanic by Capt. Charles Weeks, Jr. Titanic Symposium Maine Maritime Acedemy April 24, 2004

2 Slide 2 General Deck Plans Passenger and Crew Areas Color Coded Passenger and Crew Areas Color Coded WT Bulkheads and Doors Indicated WT Bulkheads and Doors Indicated Probably Location of Gates Indicated Probably Location of Gates Indicated

3 Slide 3 Boat Deck Crew1st Class2nd Class3rd Class Probable Gates Watertight Bulkhead Watertight Door

4 Slide 4 A Deck Crew1st Class2nd Class3rd Class Probable Gates Watertight Bulkhead Watertight Door

5 Slide 5 B Deck Ports PortPorts Port Gate Buckley Climbed Over Crew1st Class2nd Class3rd ClassProbable GatesWatertight BulkheadWatertight Door

6 Slide 6 C Deck Crew1st Class2nd Class3rd Class Probable Gates Watertight Bulkhead Watertight Door

7 Slide 7 D Deck Crew1st Class2nd Class3rd ClassProbable GatesWatertight BulkheadWatertight Door

8 Slide 8 E Deck Port Ash Port Escape Doors from Boilers Rms and Enginge Rms Bostwick Gate Up (NARA Plans) Bostwick Gate (NARA Plans) First or Second Class Ctd as First First or Second Class Ctd as Second Possible Location of Doors (Gates?) Between First and Second Class Crew1st Class2nd Class3rd Class Probable Gates Watertight Bulkhead Watertight Door

9 Slide 9 F Deck Crew1st Class2nd Class3rd Class Probable Gates Watertight Bulkhead Watertight Door

10 Slide 10 G Deck Crew1st Class2nd Class3rd ClassProbable GatesWatertight BulkheadWatertight Door

11 Slide 11 Orlop Deck Crew1st Class2nd Class3rd ClassProbable GatesWatertight BulkheadWatertight Door

12 Slide 12 Tank Top All Watertight Doors Operated from Bridge slide # Crew1st Class2nd Class3rd ClassProbable GatesWatertight BulkheadWatertight Door

13 Slide 13 Testimony re Flooding American and British Inquiries

14 Slide 14 Inquiry Testimony Barrett 2340 (1868)

15 Slide 15 Inquiry Testimony Barrett 2340 (1917)

16 Slide 16 Wreck Commissioners Report 2340+

17 Slide 17 Inquiry Testimony Buley 2340+ (Day 7 USA)

18 Slide 18 Inquiry Testimony Hendrickson 2345 (4856-4866)

19 Slide 19 Inquiry Testimony Hendrickson, Sheirs 2340-2350 (4559)

20 Slide 20 Inquiry Testimony Barrett 2340+ 2350+ (Day 18 USA)

21 Slide 21 Inquiry Testimony Poingdestre 2340-2350 (2821-2)

22 Slide 22 Inquiry Testimony Barrett 2350 (1926)

23 Slide 23 Inquiry Testimony Beauchamp 2350+ (671+)

24 Slide 24 Wreck Commissioners Report Flooding in the First 10 Min. Poingdestre 2821-2 Hendrickson 859, 4856-66, 4870, 4849

25 Slide 25 Wreck Commissioners Report 2350

26 Slide 26 Inquiry Testimony Boxhall 2350-2400 (15374, 15390) 0000 0005-0010

27 Slide 27 Inquiry Testimony Barrett 2350-0040 (1669, 2034, 2039, 2141) 2350 0040

28 Slide 28 Inquiry Testimony Barrett (1969, 2038, 2039, 2041) 2350 Rush of Water Between Bulkheads

29 Slide 29 Inquiry Testimony Lee and Pitman Lee 0000 (2455, 249, 24, 85) Pitman 0000 (14962, 14965)

30 Slide 30 Inquiry Testimony Pitman 0000 (14548-49) WTDs Not Closed at This Time

31 Slide 31 Inquiry Testimony Johnson 0005 (3397)

32 Slide 32 Inquiry Testimony Poingdestre 0010-0025 (2872, 3178) Bulkhead Gives Way Starboard to Port

33 Slide 33 Inquiry Testimony Poingdestre 0020 (2894-61)

34 Slide 34 Inquiry Testimony Barrett (1869, 1874)

35 Slide 35 Still Dry. No Damage Aft of #4 Boiler Rm. All WTDs Aft of Main ER Opened 0010 WTD Aft of #4 Boiler Rm. Opened Inquiry Testimony Dillon 0120 (3816), Caroll 0120 (4287-4263)

36 Slide 36 Inquiry Testimony 0135 Lee, Rowe, Jewell, and Lightoller D Lowered Lee (2541), Rowe (17688-89), Jewell (167), and Lightoller (14081, 14023)

37 Slide 37 The Sinking of RMS Titanic: Investigated by Modern Techniques by C. Hackett, Senior Naval Architect, Harland and Wolff and J. G. Bedford, Retired Chief Naval Architect, Harland and Wolff © 1996 The Royal Institution of Naval Architects Presented to a joint meeting of The Royal Instiute of Naval Architects (RINA) and the Institution of Engineers and Shipbuilders in Scotland (IESIS)

38 Slide 38 Hacket & Bedford 10 Min. Post Collision (2350)

39 Slide 39 Hacket & Bedford 20 Min. Post Collision (2400)

40 Slide 40 Hacket & Bedford 40 Min. Post Collision (0020)

41 Slide 41 Hacket & Bedford 60 Min. Post Collision (0040)

42 Slide 42 Hacket & Bedford 1Hr 25 Min. Post Collision (0120)

43 Slide 43 Hacket & Bedford 2Hrs 30 Min. Post Collision (0210)

44 Slide 44 Hacket & Bedford 10 Min. Post Collision (2350) Tank Top and Lower Orlop Peak tank, cargo areas flood

45 Slide 45 Hacket & Bedford 10 Min. Post Collision (2350) Orlop Deck 1st & 2nd Class baggage area and mail room flood

46 Slide 46 Hacket & Bedford 20 Min. Post Collision (2400) Orlop Deck Cargo areas flood

47 Slide 47 Hacket & Bedford 40 Min. Post Collision (0020) Orlop Deck Boiler Rooms 5 & 6 flood

48 Slide 48 Hacket & Bedford 40 Min. Post Collision (0020) G Deck

49 Slide 49 Hacket & Bedford 40 Min. Post Collision (0020) F Deck

50 Slide 50 Hacket & Bedford 60 Min. Post Collision (0040) Orlop Deck Chain locker and storage floods

51 Slide 51 Hacket & Bedford 60 Min. Post Collision (0040) G Deck Chain locker, Storage Area, and Boiler Room 6 flood

52 Slide 52 Hacket & Bedford 60 Min. Post Collision (0040) F Deck Chain locker, Storage Area, and Compartments 5 & 6 flood

53 Slide 53 Hacket & Bedford 60 Min. Post Collision (0040) E Deck

54 Slide 54 Hacket & Bedford 60 Min. Post Collision (0040) D Deck

55 Slide 55 Hacket & Bedford 2 hrs. 5 Min. Post Collision (0145) D Deck 1st Class Cabins flood

56 Slide 56 Hacket & Bedford 2 hrs. 5 Min. Post Collision (0145) C Deck

57 Slide 57 Hacket & Bedford Green 10 min. past collision Blue 20 min. past collision Purple 40 min. past collision Orange 60 min. past collision Pink 1 Hr. 25 min. past collision Red 2 Hrs. 30 min. past collision

58 Slide 58 Titanic at 2:00 A.M. by Paul J. Quinn 1997

59 Slide 59 Quinn 2:00 a.m. p. 29 …water washed against the formast.

60 Slide 60 Quinn 2:00 a.m. p. 29 B Deck Bow and Forward Well Deck go under.

61 Slide 61 Quinn 2:00 a.m. p. 35 Water not yet up to D Deck on Grand Staircase. First Class areas along A, B, and C Decks virtually untouched. 0100 0200

62 Slide 62 Quinn 2:00 a.m. p. 35 B Deck Forward Promenage floods. Inside A, B, & C decks virtually untouched.

63 Slide 63 Quinn 2:00 a.m. p. 35 E Deck Water reaches base of E Deck on Grand Staircase at 1:00 and stays there for an hour.

64 Slide 64 Quinn 2:00 a.m. p. 36 By 2 a.m. a considerable amount of the bottom of the forward part of the ship had flooded -- away from the view of most of the passengers.

65 Slide 65 Quinn 2:00 a.m. p. 36 Tank Top Boiler Rms. 5 & 6 completely flooded, Boiler Rm. 4 partly submerged.

66 Slide 66 Quinn 2:05 a.m. p. 37 0100 Forward railing on B deck was now dipping underwater. On D Deck water creeps towards elevators. On E Deck Scotland Road was underwater.

67 Slide 67 Quinn 2:05 a.m. p. 40 0130 0100 Doors between compartments slow flooding. Water appears at base of Grand Staircase a little after 1:00 but does not appear in Boiler Rm. 4 (below Grand Staircase) until around 1:30.

68 Slide 68 Quinn 2:05 a.m. p. 42 Water had easier access to E and F Decks than to boiler rooms below, creating a condition where water was resting on top of air. Water laps as the base of the Promenade Deck.

69 Slide 69 Quinn 2:10 a.m. p. 55

70 Slide 70 Quinn 2:10 a.m. p. 55 D Deck Water advances to Reception Room.

71 Slide 71 Quinn 2:10 a.m. p. 55 E Deck Scotland Road flooding and water pours down 3rd class staircase to Dining Room on F Deck.

72 Slide 72 Quinn 2:10 a.m. p. 55 F Deck Water pours down staircases to 3rd class Dining Room.

73 Slide 73 Quinn 2:10 a.m. p. 56 Bow goes under, forward buoyance was lost, and redistribution of weight leads to a noticeable slanting motion which was noticed by passengers like Jack Thayer.

74 Slide 74 Quinn 2:10 a.m. p. 68, 71 Docking bridge and forward railing going under. Grand Staircase flooded on E Deck, part of D Deck.

75 Slide 75 Quinn 2:15 a.m. p. 75 Water up to bridge, D Deck Reception Room.

76 Slide 76 Quinn 2:15 a.m. p. 83 Crows nest level with the water.


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