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Safely Securing the Built Environment Annual Fire Door Inspection NFPA 80 & NFPA 101.

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Presentation on theme: "Safely Securing the Built Environment Annual Fire Door Inspection NFPA 80 & NFPA 101."— Presentation transcript:

1 Safely Securing the Built Environment Annual Fire Door Inspection NFPA 80 & NFPA 101

2 National Fire Protection Association –NFPA 101 – Life Safety Code –NFPA 80 – Fire Doors & Rated Opening Protectives –NFPA 105 – Smoke Control Door Assemblies International Code Council – Storm Shelter Committee Underwriters Laboratories – Standards Technical Panels Introductions Kurt Roeper – Ingersoll Rand Security Technologies

3 NFPA - Annual Fire Door Inspection Todays Agenda Background & Context of NFPA Changes Annual Inspection Requirements Owners Responsibilities AHJs Responsibilities

4 Why Do We Need This?

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9 Investigators Seize More Fire Evidence Items Linked to Possible Code Violations Charleston Post & Courier August 22, 2007 Jay Lowry, a former Charleston firefighter and fire inspector, said fire doors can serve a vital role in slowing the spread of fire. Keeping exit doors clear also is key because they provide people with a way in and out of a building during emergencies Any businesses out there with locks on their exit doors, I'll tell you, they're setting themselves up for a bad, bad time. Sofa Super Store – Charleston, SC

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11 Fire Door Inspection Process Background & Context Fire Doors are governed by the building code and NFPA throughout design, specification, installation and occupancy permitting.

12 Fire Door Inspection Process Background & Context Once a Certificate of Occupancy has been issued, the building code is closed. The Fire Code or Life Safety Code is now in effect for the operation and maintenance of the facility.

13 Fire Door Inspection Process The International Fire Code now contains language requiring post-occupancy inspections of swinging fire doors

14 The Life Safety Code now contains language requiring post-occupancy inspections of swinging fire doors and doors in the means of egress Fire Door Inspection Process

15 NFPA – Standard for Fire Doors 5.2.1* Fire door assemblies shall be inspected and tested not less than annually, and a written record of the inspection shall be signed and kept for inspection by the AHJ. Chapter 5 Care & Maintenance

16 NFPA – Standard for Fire Doors Functional testing of fire door and window assemblies shall be performed by individuals with knowledge and understanding of the operating components of the type of door being subject to testing. Chapter 5 Care & Maintenance

17 NFPA – Standard for Fire Doors The requirements of this chapter shall apply to new and existing installations. Chapter 5 Care & Maintenance

18 NFPA – Standard for Fire Doors As a minimum, the following items shall be verified: (1) No open holes or breaks exist in surfaces (2) Glazing, vision light frames, and glazing beads are intact (3) The door, frame, hinges, hardware, and noncombustible threshold are secured, aligned, and in working order (4) No parts are missing or broken.

19 NFPA – Standard for Fire Doors

20 As a minimum, the following items shall be verified: (5) Door clearances do not exceed the clearances listed

21 NFPA – Standard for Fire Doors Door clearances at the door edge to the frame, on the pull side of the door, do not exceed clearances listed in and –Hollow metal door -1/8 (+/- 1/16), door to frame and at meeting stiles of pairs – –Wood door - 1/8 maximum, door to frame and at meeting stiles of pairs – –3/4 between bottom of door and floor or threshold –

22 NFPA – Standard for Fire Doors As a minimum, the following items shall be verified: (6) The self-closing device is operational Chapter 5 Care & Maintenance

23 Self Closing or Automatic Closing? NFPA – Standard for Fire Doors Self-Closing Doors – Doors that when opened and released return to the closed position Automatic-Closing Doors – A door that normally is open but that closes when the automatic closing device is activated

24 NFPA – Standard for Fire Doors As a minimum, the following items shall be verified: (7) If a coordinator is installed, the inactive leaf closes before active leaf. Chapter 5 Care & Maintenance

25 NFPA – Standard for Fire Doors As a minimum, the following items shall be verified: (8) Latching hardware operates and secures the door when it is in the closed position. Chapter 5 Care & Maintenance

26 NFPA – Standard for Fire Doors As a minimum, the following items shall be verified: (9) Auxiliary hardware items that interfere or prohibit operation are not installed Chapter 5 Care & Maintenance

27 NFPA – Standard for Fire Doors As a minimum, the following items shall be verified: (10) No field modifications to the door have been performed Chapter 5 Care & Maintenance

28 NFPA – Standard for Fire Doors As a minimum, the following items shall be verified: (11) Gasketing and edge seals are inspected Chapter 5 Care & Maintenance

29 5.2.2 Performance-Based Option As an alternate means of compliance with 5.2.1, subject to the AHJ, fire door assemblies shall be permitted to be inspected, tested, and maintained under a written performance-based program. NFPA – Standard for Fire Doors Chapter 5 Care & Maintenance

30 5.2.2 Performance-Based Option Goals established under a performance-based program shall provide assurance that the fire door assembly will perform its intended function when exposed to fire conditions Technical justification for inspection, testing, and maintenance intervals shall be documented. NFPA – Standard for Fire Doors Chapter 5 Care & Maintenance

31 NFPA – Annual Fire Door Inspection

32 AHJs Responsibilities

33 NFPA 80 – Annual Fire Door Inspection Questions Comments Discussion


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