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MakesSenseStrategies.com P.O. Box 147 Northport, AL 35476 (205) 394-5514 TM Edwin Ellis, Ph.D.

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Presentation on theme: "MakesSenseStrategies.com P.O. Box 147 Northport, AL 35476 (205) 394-5514 TM Edwin Ellis, Ph.D."— Presentation transcript:

1 MakesSenseStrategies.com P.O. Box 147 Northport, AL 35476 (205) 394-5514 VisualTools@MakesSenseStrategies.com TM Edwin Ellis, Ph.D. edwinellis1@gmail.com (205) 394-5512 Professor, Education, The University of Alabama TM differentiated visual tools EXPRESSING OPINIONS

2 Standards are organized around CATEGORIES of developmentally sequenced critical thinking & literacy skills Forming & Expressing Conclusions & Opinions Recognizing, Analyzing & Explaining Point-of-View Making & Explaining Relationship Connections Making & Explaining Comparisons Summarizing & Explaining Key Ideas & Details, Messages & Themes LITERATURE © 2013 Edwin S. Ellis All Rights Reserved edwinellis1@gmail.com www.MakesSenseStrategies.com INFORMATION TEXT WRITING Expository / descriptive Opinion (persuasion) Narrative (sequence) Analyzing Text Features & Structures VOCABULARY Asking & Answering Questions Drawing Inferences

3 Literature select skill area WritingInformation Text to be added soon Common Core Standards – Language Arts TM differentiated visual tools v 1.0 MakesSenseStrategies.com P.O. Box 147 Northport, AL 35476 (205) 394-5514 VisualTools@MakesSenseStrategies.com TM literature & information text + writing K-3 Expository / Descriptive Persuasive Narrative

4 Literature select skill area WritingInformation Text Common Core Standards – Language Arts TM differentiated visual tools v 1.0 MakesSenseStrategies.com P.O. Box 147 Northport, AL 35476 (205) 394-5514 VisualTools@MakesSenseStrategies.com TM literature & information text + writing K-3 Expository / Descriptive Persuasive Narrative

5 Literature select skill area WritingInformation Text Common Core Standards – Language Arts TM differentiated visual tools v 1.0 MakesSenseStrategies.com P.O. Box 147 Northport, AL 35476 (205) 394-5514 VisualTools@MakesSenseStrategies.com TM literature & information text + writing K-3 Expository / Descriptive Narrative Opinion

6 Writing OPINION differentiated visual tools TM © MakesSenseStrategies.com. Opinion + reason + closure COLOR B/W. Madeline and the Cats of Rome Opinion + 2 reasons + closure COLOR B/W. The Library Opinion - 2 reasons & supporting details + closure COLOR B/W. Harvest Home W.K.1 Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose opinion pieces in which they tell a reader the topic or the name of the book they are writing about and state an opinion or preference about the topic or book (e.g., My favorite book is...). W.1.1 Write opinion pieces in which they introduce the topic or name the book they are writing about, state an opinion, supply a reason for the opinion, and provide some sense of closure. W.2.1 Write opinion pieces in which they introduce the topic or book they are writing about, state an opinion, supply reasons that support the opinion, use linking words (e.g., because, and, also) to connect opinion and reasons, and provide a concluding statement or section. W.3.1 Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons. W.3.1a Introduce the topic or text they are writing about, state an opinion, and create an organizational structure that lists reasons. W.3.1b Provide reasons that support the opinion. W.3.1c Use linking words and phrases (e.g., because, therefore, since, for example) to connect opinion and reasons. W.3.1d Provide a concluding statement or section. expository/descriptive narrative main menu LINKS to additional resources related to narrative writing LITERATUREINFORMATION TEXTopinions

7 CONCLUSION: Who else would probably like it too? Why? MY OPINION: I liked this story or topic because… TOPIC Grandma Just Grandma and Me by Mercer Mayer INTRODUCTION: This topic (story) is about… Little critter and his grandma spend the day at the beach. Little critter tries to help his grandmother all day, but makes a mess. It is funny. Little critter is always getting into trouble, but it doesn t matter because his Grandma loves him anyway. My grandma would like this book too. She would think it was so silly. No matter what I do she loves me too.

8 Writing OPINION differentiated visual tools TM © MakesSenseStrategies.com. Opinion + reason + closure COLOR B/W. Madeline and the Cats of Rome Opinion + 2 reasons + closure COLOR B/W. The Library Opinion - 2 reasons & supporting details + closure COLOR B/W. Harvest Home W.K.1 Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose opinion pieces in which they tell a reader the topic or the name of the book they are writing about and state an opinion or preference about the topic or book (e.g., My favorite book is...). W.1.1 Write opinion pieces in which they introduce the topic or name the book they are writing about, state an opinion, supply a reason for the opinion, and provide some sense of closure. W.2.1 Write opinion pieces in which they introduce the topic or book they are writing about, state an opinion, supply reasons that support the opinion, use linking words (e.g., because, and, also) to connect opinion and reasons, and provide a concluding statement or section. W.3.1 Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons. W.3.1a Introduce the topic or text they are writing about, state an opinion, and create an organizational structure that lists reasons. W.3.1b Provide reasons that support the opinion. W.3.1c Use linking words and phrases (e.g., because, therefore, since, for example) to connect opinion and reasons. W.3.1d Provide a concluding statement or section. expository/descriptive narrative main menu LINKS to additional resources related to narrative writing LITERATUREINFORMATION TEXTopinions

9 TOPIC Frank -The Diner Cook in Frank and Ernest by A. Day MY OPINION: A reason why I liked it….Another reason why I liked it…. You could use some of these words when stating your reasons REASON AND OR ANOTHER ALSO IF THEN SINCE BECAUSE CONCLUSION: Who else would probably like it too? Why? You could use some of these words when stating your conclusion CONCLUSION RECOMMEND IF THEN SINCE BECAUSE INTRODUCTION: This topic (story) is about… Draw a picture Frank and Ernest answer an ad to run a diner while Mrs. Miller is on a trip. They research how to use diner slang. Another funny thing Frank said when someone ordered a burger with lettuce, tomato, onion = Burn one, take it through the garden, and pin a rose on it One reason I really liked it was that diner cooks talk really funny. A grilled burger with cheese and no bun= Slap it, slab it and nix the coffin. My best friend would really like this book because she loves funny stories.

10 Writing OPINION differentiated visual tools TM © MakesSenseStrategies.com. Opinion + reason + closure COLOR B/W. Madeline and the Cats of Rome Opinion + 2 reasons + closure COLOR B/W. The Library Opinion - 2 reasons & supporting details + closure COLOR B/W. Harvest Home W.K.1 Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose opinion pieces in which they tell a reader the topic or the name of the book they are writing about and state an opinion or preference about the topic or book (e.g., My favorite book is...). W.1.1 Write opinion pieces in which they introduce the topic or name the book they are writing about, state an opinion, supply a reason for the opinion, and provide some sense of closure. W.2.1 Write opinion pieces in which they introduce the topic or book they are writing about, state an opinion, supply reasons that support the opinion, use linking words (e.g., because, and, also) to connect opinion and reasons, and provide a concluding statement or section. W.3.1 Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons. W.3.1a Introduce the topic or text they are writing about, state an opinion, and create an organizational structure that lists reasons. W.3.1b Provide reasons that support the opinion. W.3.1c Use linking words and phrases (e.g., because, therefore, since, for example) to connect opinion and reasons. W.3.1d Provide a concluding statement or section. expository/descriptive narrative main menu LINKS to additional resources related to narrative writing LITERATUREINFORMATION TEXTopinions

11 You could use some of these words when stating your conclusion CONCLUSION RECOMMEND IF THEN SINCE BECAUSE TOPIC The Library by Sarah Stewart INTRODUCTION: This topic (story) is about… You could use some of these words when stating your reasons REASON AND OR ANOTHER ALSO IF THEN SINCE BECAUSE MY OPINION: A reason why I liked it….Another reason why I liked it…. Supporting points, facts, or details CONCLUSION: Who else would probably like it too? Why? Elizabeth doesnt like to play with dolls or roller skate. She likes to read books. She fills every room of her house with books and there is no more room for her. I loved the way the book ended. Elizabeth had so many books that she could not open her front door. Elizabeth made her house into a library. I liked this book because I really love to read. I sit in my tree house and read all day when I can. I would love to have all those books in my house to read. Sitting by the fire like Elizabeth is one of my favorite things to do. Mrs. Adams, the librarian at my school, would really like this book since she loves books so much.

12 E nd by re-stating your position and summarizing the most important reason why E stablish a clear position on the issue B ack-up the position with reasons and supporting facts (weakest reason 1 st, strongest reason last) A cknowledge the oppositions position T ell why the oppositions position is incorrect (their strongest reason 1 st, their weakest reason last) My position is… Opposition's position is… REASONSupporting facts REASONSupporting facts REASON opposition might give… Why this reason is faulty… WHO should be concerned about the issue? WHY? WHAT is the issue? WHEN did the issue emerge? Why then? REASON opposition might give… Why this reason is faulty… D efine the issue © 2013 Edwin S. Ellis All Rights Reserved

13 E nd by re-stating your position and summarizing the most important reason why E stablish a clear position on the issue B ack-up the position with reasons and supporting facts (weakest reason 1 st, strongest reason last) A cknowledge the oppositions position T ell why the oppositions position is incorrect (their strongest reason 1 st, their weakest reason last) My position is… Opposition's position is… REASONSupporting facts REASONSupporting facts REASON opposition might give… Why this reason is faulty… WHO should be concerned about the issue? WHY? WHAT is the issue? WHEN did the issue emerge? Why then? REASON opposition might give… Why this reason is faulty… D efine the issue WHAT is the issue? WHO should be concerned about the issue? Why? WHEN did the issue emerge? Why then? Whether to raise the speed limit on interstates Everybody that travels or buys goods shipped via highways Pres. Carter ordered slower speed-limits due to gas shortage D efine the issue © 2013 Edwin S. Ellis All Rights Reserved

14 E nd by re-stating your position and summarizing the most important reason why E stablish a clear position on the issue B ack-up the position with reasons and supporting facts (weakest reason 1 st, strongest reason last) A cknowledge the oppositions position T ell why the oppositions position is incorrect (their strongest reason 1 st, their weakest reason last) My position is… Opposition's position is… REASONSupporting facts REASONSupporting facts REASON opposition might give… Why this reason is faulty… WHO should be concerned about the issue? WHY? WHAT is the issue? WHEN did the issue emerge? Why then? REASON opposition might give… Why this reason is faulty… Whether to raise the speed limit on interstates Everybody that travels or buys goods shipped via highways Pres. Carter ordered slower speed-limits due to gas shortage E stablish a clear position on the issue My position is… The speed limit should be lowered to 65mph on interstates D efine the issue © 2013 Edwin S. Ellis All Rights Reserved

15 E nd by re-stating your position and summarizing the most important reason why E stablish a clear position on the issue B ack-up the position with reasons and supporting facts (weakest reason 1 st, strongest reason last) A cknowledge the oppositions position T ell why the oppositions position is incorrect (their strongest reason 1 st, their weakest reason last) My position is… Opposition's position is… REASONSupporting facts REASONSupporting facts REASON opposition might give… Why this reason is faulty… WHO should be concerned about the issue? WHY? WHAT is the issue? WHEN did the issue emerge? Why then? REASON opposition might give… Why this reason is faulty… The speed limit should be lowered to 65 on interstates Whether to raise the speed limit on interstates Everybody that travels or buys goods shipped via highways Pres. Carter ordered slower speed-limits due to gas shortage B ack-up position with reasons & supporting facts Weakest reason 1st Strongest reason last Slower speed = less gas greener + less travel & shipping costs Safer at lower speeds Slower speed = less wrecks = less deaths D efine the issue © 2013 Edwin S. Ellis All Rights Reserved

16 E nd by re-stating your position and summarizing the most important reason why E stablish a clear position on the issue B ack-up the position with reasons and supporting facts (weakest reason 1 st, strongest reason last) A cknowledge the oppositions position T ell why the oppositions position is incorrect (their strongest reason 1 st, their weakest reason last) My position is… Opposition's position is… REASONSupporting facts REASONSupporting facts REASON opposition might give… Why this reason is faulty… WHO should be concerned about the issue? WHY? WHAT is the issue? WHEN did the issue emerge? Why then? REASON opposition might give… Why this reason is faulty… The speed limit should be lowered to 65 on interstates Whether to raise the speed limit on interstates Everybody that travels or buys goods shipped via highways Pres. Carter ordered slower speed-limits due to gas shortage Slower speed = less gas greener + less travel & shipping costs Safer at lower speeds Slower speed = less wrecks = less deaths A cknowledge the oppositions position Oppositions position is…. We should raise the speed limit to 75 or 80, not lower it! D efine the issue © 2013 Edwin S. Ellis All Rights Reserved

17 E nd by re-stating your position and summarizing the most important reason why E stablish a clear position on the issue B ack-up the position with reasons and supporting facts (weakest reason 1 st, strongest reason last) A cknowledge the oppositions position T ell why the oppositions position is incorrect (their strongest reason 1 st, their weakest reason last) My position is… Opposition's position is… REASONSupporting facts REASONSupporting facts REASON opposition might give… Why this reason is faulty… WHO should be concerned about the issue? WHY? WHAT is the issue? WHEN did the issue emerge? Why then? REASON opposition might give… Why this reason is faulty… The speed limit should be lowered to 65 on interstates Whether to raise the speed limit on interstates Everybody that travels or buys goods shipped via highways Pres. Carter ordered slower speed-limits due to gas shortage Slower speed = less gas greener + less travel & shipping costs Safer at lower speeds Slower speed = less wrecks = less deaths We should raise the speed limit to 75 or 80, not lower it! T ell why oppositions position is incorrect Reason opposition might give… Why this reason is faulty… Cars made safer now 105,000 fatal car accidents last year People wont speed as much if speed limit is higher Research: Drivers ave. speed = 15-20 mph over limit no matter what speed limit is D efine the issue © 2013 Edwin S. Ellis All Rights Reserved

18 E nd by re-stating your position and summarizing the most important reason why E stablish a clear position on the issue B ack-up the position with reasons and supporting facts (weakest reason 1 st, strongest reason last) A cknowledge the oppositions position T ell why the oppositions position is incorrect (their strongest reason 1 st, their weakest reason last) My position is… Opposition's position is… REASONSupporting facts REASONSupporting facts REASON opposition might give… Why this reason is faulty… WHO should be concerned about the issue? WHY? WHAT is the issue? WHEN did the issue emerge? Why then? REASON opposition might give… Why this reason is faulty… The speed limit should be lowered to 65 on interstates Whether to raise the speed limit on interstates Everybody that travels or buys goods shipped via highways Pres. Carter ordered slower speed-limits due to gas shortage Slower speed = less gas greener + less travel & shipping costs Safer at lower speeds Slower speed = less wrecks = less deaths We should raise the speed limit to 75 or 80, not lower it! Cars made safer now 105,000 fatal car accidents last year speed limit is higherno matter what speed limit is E nd by re-stating your position & summarizing the most important reason why D efine the issue © 2013 Edwin S. Ellis All Rights Reserved

19 DEBATE the Issue Strategy E nd by re-stating your position and summarizing the most important reason why E stablish a clear position on the issue B ack-up the position with reasons and supporting facts (weakest reason 1 st, strongest reason last) A cknowledge the oppositions position T ell why the oppositions position is incorrect (their strongest reason 1 st, their weakest reason last) My position is… Opposition's position is… REASONSupporting facts REASONSupporting facts REASON opposition might give… Why this reason is faulty… WHO should be concerned about the issue? WHY? WHAT is the issue? WHEN did the issue emerge? Why then? REASON opposition might give… Why this reason is faulty… Whether to raise the speed limit on interstates Everybody that travels or buys goods shipped via highways Pres. Carter ordered slower speed-limits due to gas shortage The speed limit should be lowered to 65 mph on interstates Slower speed = less gas greener + less travel & shipping costs Safer at lower speeds Slower speed = less wrecks = less deaths We should raise the speed limit to 75 or 80, not lower it! Cars made safer now 105,000 fatal car accidents last year People wont speed as much if speed limit is higher Research: Drivers ave. speed = 15-20 mph over limit no matter what speed limit is D efine the issue © 2013 Edwin S. Ellis All Rights Reserved

20 Interstate Speed Limits An important issue that concerns everyone is whether the speed limit on interstate highways should be raised. It affects everyone, even children too young to drive and elderly people too old to drive. This is because so many people travel on the interstates, both as drivers and as passengers. It even affects people who never go on the interstate because the speed limit affects the price of goods in terms of their transportation costs. Long ago, President Carter ordered that the speed limit be dropped to 55 miles per hour. This has been raised back to 70 mph on most interstates, but this may not be the ideal speed. Personally, I think the speed limit should be lowered to 65 mph on interstates. Slowing down just a few miles an hour can save this country a lot of gas because slower speeds burn less gas. Not only will people save at the gas pump, they will save in the grocery store as well because it will not require as much money to ship items if truckers go a little slower. Most importantly, however, slightly slower speeds can save thousands of lives. According to the National Insurance Council, dropping the speed limit just 5 mph can save as many as 35,000 lives per year. The bottom line is that we are all safer if we all slow down just a little. Slower speeds mean less wrecks and that means less deaths. There are many people who would like to see the speed limit increased to 75 or even 80 mph on the interstates. They argue that, now that cars have air bags and other safety features, they are a lot safer than they once were and thus are safer to drive at higher speeds. However, according to Laws.com (http://accident.laws.com/fatal-accidents), 105,000 people died in auto-accidents last year. While cars may be safer, that doesn't make them completely safe. Some also argue that if the speed limit were raised, drivers would be less likely to exceed speed limits and break the law. The reality is that statistics show that drivers are likely to exceed the speed limit an average of 10- 15 mph, no matter what the limit is. Thus, when the speed limit is at 70, speeders are actually driving between 80- 85 miles an hour. If the limit is raised to 75, they are likely to just drive even faster at 85-90 miles an hour, suck up even more gas and kill more people. While I agree that it is more fun to drive fast, it is more important to lower emissions and protect our planet, be less dependent on gas, and be safer. Let's lower the limit to 65 and we'll all be better off. © 2013 Edwin S. Ellis All Rights Reserved


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