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International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.

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Presentation on theme: "International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT."— Presentation transcript:

1 International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION NATO Project SfP-982063 © Assoc. Prof. Elena Lacatus, Ph.D., NSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES: APPLIED INTERACTIVE DUALITY Research and Development on Emerging Technologies: Applied Interactive Duality Elena Lacatus, Ph.D., NSE MSc Associate Professor University POLITEHNICA of Bucharest, ROMANIA

2 International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION NATO Project SfP-982063 © Assoc. Prof. Elena Lacatus, Ph.D., NSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES: APPLIED INTERACTIVE DUALITY Overview Duality concept Rejuvenated model Emerging Technologies Applied duality R&D Policies on Emerging Technologies Study cases on actual dual interactive emerging technologies e-Health e-Learning e-Defense e-Education e-Environment OLIVE Conclusions

3 International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION NATO Project SfP-982063 © Assoc. Prof. Elena Lacatus, Ph.D., NSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES: APPLIED INTERACTIVE DUALITY Military Civil Technological Transfer Gov., NGO, Associations 9/11 Emerging Technologies Duality concept dual-use development as a strategy for improving efficiency and lowering costs designed through the Technology Reinvestment Project (TRP) and the associated National Flat Panel Display Initiative Suddenly a wide range of emergent technologies and technologies already under development for commercial use in the private sector were being considered for lead roles in the war against terror. Two technological systems with military roots and large potential applications to homeland security attracted broad commercial interest in the 1990 s. Both systems – the Internet and the set of computer-integrated sensor, surveillance and tracking technologies known as smart highways or intelligent transportation systems (ITS) – began as outgrowths of military R&D.

4 International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION NATO Project SfP-982063 © Assoc. Prof. Elena Lacatus, Ph.D., NSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES: APPLIED INTERACTIVE DUALITY GLOBALIZATION TRANSFORMATION TOOLS e-Learning e-Health e-Mgmt JOINT VISION 2020 e-Government e-Education e-Defense e-Environment e-Business Rejuvenated model

5 International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION NATO Project SfP-982063 © Assoc. Prof. Elena Lacatus, Ph.D., NSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES: APPLIED INTERACTIVE DUALITY e-Learning e-Health e-Mgmt e-Government e-Education e-Defense e-Environment e-Business e-Health is an emerging field in the intersection of medical informatics, public health and business, referring to health services and information delivered or enhanced through the Internet and related technologies. In a broader sense, the term characterizes not only a technical development, but also a state-of-mind, a way of thinking, an attitude, and a commitment for networked, global thinking, to improve health care locally, regionally, and worldwide by using information and communication technology. Business conducted using electronic media such as the Internet, other computer networks, wireless transmissions, etc Government initiatives helping local authorities provide planning services online and accessible via the internet and email Use of computers and electronics to assist learning and/or professional forming the learning process created by interaction with digitally delivered content, services and support

6 International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION NATO Project SfP-982063 © Assoc. Prof. Elena Lacatus, Ph.D., NSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES: APPLIED INTERACTIVE DUALITY May you live in interesting times Ancient Chinese Curse

7 International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION NATO Project SfP-982063 © Assoc. Prof. Elena Lacatus, Ph.D., NSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES: APPLIED INTERACTIVE DUALITY Mobility in physical space Desktop Computers Virtual Reality Mobile Computer Systems Augmented Reality Immersion into virtual space Immersion A psychological state characterized by perceiving oneself to be enveloped by, included in and interacting with an environment that provides a continuous stream of stimuli and experiences Mobility The quality or state of being able to move or be moved quickly from place to place Emerging Technologies

8 International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION NATO Project SfP-982063 © Assoc. Prof. Elena Lacatus, Ph.D., NSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES: APPLIED INTERACTIVE DUALITY Computer gamesScientific visualization Industrial designSimulationTeaching

9 International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION NATO Project SfP-982063 © Assoc. Prof. Elena Lacatus, Ph.D., NSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES: APPLIED INTERACTIVE DUALITY A Fast Changing World - World internet usage doubling every 100 days Domain names being registered @ 17,000 a day 4 Internet 13 Television 38 Radio Time in years taken to gain 50 million users

10 International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION NATO Project SfP-982063 © Assoc. Prof. Elena Lacatus, Ph.D., NSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES: APPLIED INTERACTIVE DUALITY Three Converging Revolutions Three Pervasive Technology Platforms BIO TECH Pharmaceuticals Diagnostics Research/Info Tools Industrial Genomics Bioinformatics Proteomics INFO TECH Hardware Software Communications NANO TECH Electrical Structural Biomedical Energy & Environment Biosensors Biochips Bioelectronics Microfluidics Nanobiotechnology Drug Delivery Nanodevices Nanosensors Nanoelectronics

11 International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION NATO Project SfP-982063 © Assoc. Prof. Elena Lacatus, Ph.D., NSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES: APPLIED INTERACTIVE DUALITY Overlapping clusters HEALTH KNOWLEDGE CREATION INFORMATION and COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY Basic Research Sound & vision Bio-pharmaceuticals Computing Publishing Medical services Bio-informatics Medical devices and scientific instruments University/ Research Institutes Inkjet printing Wireless Telecoms Networking Technology ConsultingMedical research Education

12 International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION NATO Project SfP-982063 © Assoc. Prof. Elena Lacatus, Ph.D., NSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES: APPLIED INTERACTIVE DUALITY 10 Emerging Technologies with Global Market Potential 1.New materials developed at a nano level including stronger, lighter plastics. Multiple applications – e.g. countertops, auto parts, toys 2.Drug and gene delivery systems – numerous applications – targeting tumours and incorrect proteins 3.Sensors and actuators – variety of applications e.g. electronics, cars, medical devices, pollution monitoring 4.Electronic communications and informatics for data transmission 5.Instrumentation, tooling and metrology for manipulation and assembly of the nanoscale 6.Tissue engineering – artificial organs, medical implants, replacements for bones and teeth

13 International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION NATO Project SfP-982063 © Assoc. Prof. Elena Lacatus, Ph.D., NSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES: APPLIED INTERACTIVE DUALITY 7.New polymers – plastronics – light emitting polymers in screen and display technology, conductive polymers as potential silicon replacements 8.Bioinformatics – computer based methods for a variety of applications to support bioscience developments, e.g. identification of drug candidates, genomics and proteomics 9.Bluetooth – short-range wireless device-to-device communication – applications – entertainment, security, telecommunications, many more 10.Sentient computing – computers and sensors responding and interfacing with the external environment 10 Emerging Technologies with Global Market Potential

14 International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION NATO Project SfP-982063 © Assoc. Prof. Elena Lacatus, Ph.D., NSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES: APPLIED INTERACTIVE DUALITY Sustainability The lifecycle of products: waste / recycling Land Use: economic & environmental sustainability Energy Futures: new sources Health Gene therapy Proteomics (protein functions) Regenerative medicine (stem cells)) Brain science: protective strategies Untreatable infections drug cultures ICT Intelligent Search Engines: large data sets Self regulating intelligent systems Pervasive computing Cyber Trust: integrity & privacy Knowledge exploitation: speeding innovation Creative Leisure: interactive technology Basic Science Materials Sciences Genetics /Biosciences Nanotechnology Computing / Information Cross cutting technologies Basic Science Materials Sciences Genetics /Biosciences Nanotechnology Computing / Information Cross cutting technologies Components Polymers – light / conductivity Print technology Sustainable materials Housing / transport DTI Foresight / Investing for Innovation Hi-tech… Bio-tech… What next?

15 International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION NATO Project SfP-982063 © Assoc. Prof. Elena Lacatus, Ph.D., NSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES: APPLIED INTERACTIVE DUALITY For the Future…. For ALL of us…. Globalisation will have new meanings Growth of Asian Economies will have profound impacts Collaboration and Partnership more sensible than competing sub-regions and clusters in Europe Innovation Champions Network – an inspirational vehicle for European Sub-Region development and collaboration Think of 2 + 2 = at least 6 – if you deal with emerging technologies!

16 International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION NATO Project SfP-982063 © Assoc. Prof. Elena Lacatus, Ph.D., NSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES: APPLIED INTERACTIVE DUALITY The Technology Boomerang

17 International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION NATO Project SfP-982063 © Assoc. Prof. Elena Lacatus, Ph.D., NSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES: APPLIED INTERACTIVE DUALITY Trends at the interface of Security & S&T Security increasingly dependent upon science and technology superiority and agility Tension between culture of science & culture of security Inherent dual use of technologies more significant Technology will empower ever smaller actors to achieve greater absolute thresholds of threats Technology enables changes in regional power balances The inability of some to adapt to technologic change likely to be destabilizing International system increasingly interconnected and integrated, facilitated in part by technology

18 International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION NATO Project SfP-982063 © Assoc. Prof. Elena Lacatus, Ph.D., NSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES: APPLIED INTERACTIVE DUALITY Technology Forecasting: Looking Back at Past Projections... There is not the slightest indication that nuclear power will ever be obtainable.Albert Einstein 1932 I think there is a world market for maybe five computers. Thomas Watson 1943 Two years from now, spam will be solved. Bill Gates 2004 New York Times Monday January 10, 2005 Page C4

19 Actors Uses Innovators & Alchemists The Usual Suspects Diffusion to Adopters Not the Usual Suspects Passive Bystanders Victim or Beneficiary Emerging Tech Applied to Pre- Existing Use Backup system for LORAN for US military ships and aircraft Emerging Tech Makes Possible New Use and/or Activity GPS INITIAL EXPECTED USES

20 Actors Uses Innovators & Alchemists The Usual Suspects Diffusion to Adopters Not the Usual Suspects Passive Bystanders Victim or Beneficiary Emerging Tech Applied to Pre- Existing Use Backup system for LORAN for US military ships and aircraft Navigation system for potential adversaries Plate movement and fault-line monitoring on earthquakes Emerging Tech Makes Possible New Use and/or Activity GPS APPLICATIONS AND DIFFUSION

21 Actors Uses Innovators & Alchemists The Usual Suspects Diffusion to Adopters Not the Usual Suspects Passive Bystanders Victim or Beneficiary Emerging Tech Applied to Pre- Existing Use Backup system for LORAN for US military ships and aircraft Navigation system for potential adversaries Plate movement and fault-line monitoring on earthquakes Emerging Tech Makes Possible New Use and/or Activity Navigation for vehicles Handheld location for infantry Accurate mapping Precision Guided Munitions GPS INNOVATIVE APPLICATIONS NOT INITIALLY SEEN BY DOD

22 Actors Uses Innovators & Alchemists The Usual Suspects Diffusion to Adopters Not the Usual Suspects Passive Bystanders Victim or Beneficiary Emerging Tech Applied to Pre- Existing Use Backup system for LORAN for US military ships and aircraft Navigation system for potential adversaries Plate movement and fault-line monitoring on earthquakes Reduced wrecks and casualties in maneuvers and war Emerging Tech Makes Possible New Use and/or Activity Navigation for vehicles Handheld location for infantry Accurate mapping Precision Guided Munitions Precision agriculture Auto speed and location and insurance coverage Tracking location of work release prisoners Enhanced 9-11 & OnStar Air transport capacity Location specific advertising to cellular phone users Higher density air traffic -- passengers to hubs gain from more competition and lower prices GPS INNOVATION FROM FREE ACCESS + RECEIVER TECHNOLOGY

23 GPS Case 1970s Predictions viewed from 2006 Foreseen, Happened Foreseen, Didnt Happen Unforeseen Boons Reliable and accurate navigation by US naval and air forces None ForeseenCivilian navigation Precision agriculture Geological measures Tracking patients and prisoners Cut civilian deaths? Precision Guided Munitions Banes Reliable and accurate navigation by adversary (unless encrypted) Adversary attack GPS None ForeseenLower threshold for use of air strikes? Location specific advertising

24 PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT OF RFID EXAMPLE OF SPECIFIC SUB-TECHNOLOGY

25 Actors Uses Innovators & Alchemists The Usual Suspects Diffusion to Adopters Not the Usual Suspects Passive Bystanders Victim or Beneficiary Emerging Tech Applied to Pre- Existing Use Walmart RFID Inventory -- locate & track items -- accentuate scale benefits in purchasing EZ Pass Toll Collection Emerging Tech Makes Possible New Use and/or Activity RFID – SOME FIRST ORDER INNOVATIONS

26 Actors Uses Innovators & Alchemists The Usual Suspects Diffusion to Adopters Not the Usual Suspects Passive Bystanders Victim or Beneficiary Emerging Tech Applied to Pre- Existing Use Walmart RFID Inventory -- locate & track items -- accentuate scale benefits in purchasing EZ Pass Toll Collection Smaller Firms use RFID and tracking to combine and secure scale benefits in purchasing Emerging Tech Makes Possible New Use and/or Activity Marketers use RFID to track movement and use of products in home Alzheimer tracking Mexican police implants Data produced by EZ Pass used in ITS RFID - SOME SECOND ORDER INNOVATONS

27 Actors Uses Innovators & Alchemists The Usual Suspects Diffusion to Adopters Not the Usual Suspects Passive Bystanders Victim or Beneficiary Emerging Tech Applied to Pre- Existing Use Walmart RFID Inventory -- locate & track items -- accentuate scale benefits in purchasing EZ Pass Toll Collection Smaller Firms use RFID and tracking to combine and secure scale benefits in purchasing Effects on industrial structure and politics Snooping and political surveillance Emerging Tech Makes Possible New Use and/or Activity Marketers use RFID to track movement and use of products in home Alzheimer tracking Mexican police implant Data produced by EZ Pass used in ITS Insurers use data on product use or driving patterns to define conditions on coverage and limit moral hazard Scientists use data to do real epidemiology and risk analysts unravel causality Customized ads as in Minority Report Concerns over privacy and limits on tech uptake Asimov Last Question RFID -- SOME THIRD ORDER INNOVATIONS

28 International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION NATO Project SfP-982063 © Assoc. Prof. Elena Lacatus, Ph.D., NSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES: APPLIED INTERACTIVE DUALITY

29 International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION NATO Project SfP-982063 © Assoc. Prof. Elena Lacatus, Ph.D., NSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES: APPLIED INTERACTIVE DUALITY

30 International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION NATO Project SfP-982063 © Assoc. Prof. Elena Lacatus, Ph.D., NSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES: APPLIED INTERACTIVE DUALITY A large number of emerging technologies and standards address some of the technical requirements identified in the paradigm of Virtual Organizations (VOs ).

31 International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION NATO Project SfP-982063 © Assoc. Prof. Elena Lacatus, Ph.D., NSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES: APPLIED INTERACTIVE DUALITY

32 International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION NATO Project SfP-982063 © Assoc. Prof. Elena Lacatus, Ph.D., NSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES: APPLIED INTERACTIVE DUALITY Classification of technologies and standards; mapping of technologies and standards to focus areas; mapping of focus areas to problem areas

33 International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION International Conference RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES:SUPPORT OF DUAL INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION NATO Project SfP-982063 © Assoc. Prof. Elena Lacatus, Ph.D., NSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES: APPLIED INTERACTIVE DUALITY Conclusions: Regardless the main activity area, Emerging Technologies are interconnected through grid structures either locally or globally; Dual emerges to multifunctional as a new technological era (Nanoera) arises; All countries R&D Strategies on medium and long term have special chapters on Emerging Technologies, metrics and standardization Military and civil applications are expressions of the same scientific knowledge with different/ similar technological approaches

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