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CEFPI 2008 San Diego Unmaking and Making High Schools.

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Presentation on theme: "CEFPI 2008 San Diego Unmaking and Making High Schools."— Presentation transcript:

1 CEFPI 2008 San Diego Unmaking and Making High Schools

2 Mini Symposium Unmaking and Making High Schools 1:00-1:50 Opening Remarks, High School Principles Frank Kelly 1:50-2:40 Principles for 21 st Century High Schools Small Group Discussions 2:40-3:25 Report Out, Summarizing Randy Fielding 3:25-3:40 Break 3:40-4:30 Glimpses of the 21 st Century Bruce Jilk 4:30-5:00 Future Symposia Frank Kelly CEFPI 2008

3 CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools Are they working?

4 The platoon school--- an improved school machine William Wirt CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools Are they working?

5 CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools Are they working?

6 Of every th grade students 68 graduate from high school on time 40 enroll directly in college 27 are still enrolled the following year 18 earn an Associate Degree within 3 years or a BA within 6 years James Hunt, Jr., Thomas Tierny, American Higher Education: How Does it Measure Up for the 21 st Century? out of CEFPI 2008

7 Education at a Glance 2007, Organization For Economic Co-Operation and Development, page 42 CEFPI 2008 Graduation Rates Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools Are they working?

8 Education at a Glance 2007, Organization For Economic Co-Operation and Development, page 173 CEFPI 2008 Expenditure per student in US $ Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools Are they working?

9 Education at a Glance 2007, Organization For Economic Co-Operation and Development, page 194 CEFPI 2008 Expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP for all levels of education (1995, 2004 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools Are they working?

10 61% of students nationwide performed at or above the Basic achievement level in 2005, and 23% performed at or above Proficient on the new 12th-grade mathematics assessment. The Nations Report Card 12th Grade Reading and Mathematics 2005 National Assessment of Educational Progress, Page 14 NAEP 2005 Mathematics CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools Are they working?

11 84% of employers say K-12 schools are not doing a sufficient job preparing students for workin Math, Science, Reading and Comprehensioneven in attendance, timeliness, and work ethic 2005 skills gap reporta survey of the American manufacturing workforce National Association of Manufacturers, page 16 CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools Are they working?

12 Almost one third of all public high school studentsand nearly one half of all blacks, Hispanics and Native Americansfail to graduate from public high schools with their class. Page 1 - The Silent Epidemic, Perspectives of High School Dropouts, March 2006, a report by Civic Enterprises in association with Peter D. Hart Associates for the Bill & Milinda Gates Foundation CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools Are they working?

13 CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools Are they working?

14 g/uploadedFiles/AmericasPro miseAlliance/Dropout_Crisis/S WANSONCitiesInCrisis pdf CEFPI 2008 CEFPI 2008

15 Graduation Rates (Using Cumulative Promotion Index (CPI) High School Graduation in Texas Editorial Projects in Education Research Center Oct 2006, pages 7-8, United States69.6% Texas66.8% Houston48.9% Dallas 46.3% Fort Worth48.9% Austin55.1% Cypress-Fairbanks81.3% Northside81.3% El Paso57.3% Arlington61.7% Fort Bend83.2% San Antonio51.9% CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools Are they working?

16 CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools 21 st Century Kids

17 CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools 21 st Century Kids

18 Schools are planned around spaces for teachers/subjects---students move from one to another-- a raw material to be processedthe platoon/industrial model English Math Science Social Studies Foreign Language CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools 21 st Century Kids

19 Classroom instruction- 1 teacher 25 students 1 subject 1 hour CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools 21 st Century Kids

20 Comprehensive offerings to serve every student English Math Social Studies Science Foreign Languages Band Choir Art PE Health Theater Auto Tech Home Ec ESL Special Ed Business Construction Trades Economics Computer Science Animation Speech CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools 21 st Century Kids

21 Big enrollments to populate/justify comprehensive programs CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools 21 st Century Kids

22 Comprehensive extracurricular activities CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools 21 st Century Kids

23 Where kids go to school is determined by Attendance Zones CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools 21 st Century Kids

24 Parity = Equality of access/instruction vs. equality of outcomes. = CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools 21 st Century Kids

25 PE/Athletic Career Technology Visual, Performing Arts Dining Library Admin English Math Science Foreign Languages Social Studies Instruction, spaces organized around disciplines CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools 21 st Century Kids

26 Focus on content, knowledge skills vs. higher order thinking skills CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools 21 st Century Kids

27 Paper based teaching materials and libraries in a digital world CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools 21 st Century Kids

28 Digital technology is not critical to instruction CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools 21 st Century Kids

29 9 month/180 day agrarian calendar Schools days divided into fixed time periodssame every day for every subject for every instructional methods for every student. CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools 21 st Century Kids

30 CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools 21 st Century Kids

31 Weak adult/student relationships CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools 21 st Century Kids

32 Students are transients in high schoolsthey own only their lockers and backpacks CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools 21 st Century Kids

33 Disconnect from the Community Self Contained Campuses CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools 21 st Century Kids

34 CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools Efficient???

35 The industrial age high school was conceived to bring industrial efficiency to education. We continue to argue that large comprehensive high schools are more efficient and less costly to build and operate. BUT, this is true only CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools Are they efficient?

36 1.If every high school has to serve every student and offer extensive elective and extracurricular activities. Industrial age high schools are more efficient and less costly to build and operate only--- CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools Are they efficient?

37 2.If schooling is allowed to occur no more than 6.5 hours/day, 5 days/week, 180 days/year. CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools Are they efficient? Industrial age high schools are more efficient and less costly to build and operate only---

38 3.If current graduation rates are acceptable, and--- if we continue to consider the cost/student/year and not the cost/graduate. CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools Are they efficient? Industrial age high schools are more efficient and less costly to build and operate only---

39 CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools Questions???

40 Can the industrial age high school workcan it be fixed to serve kids in the 21 st century? CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools Question?

41 Can teaching and learning appropriate for the 21 st Century be realized within the environment of the industrial age high school? CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools Question?

42 Can the level of technology in high schools and in the world they serve, continue to be so extraordinarily different? CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools Question?

43 Can any single type of high school serve the diverse needs of every student in every community? CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools Question?

44 History is not kind to idlers. The time is long past when Americans destiny was assured simply by an abundance of natural resources and inexhaustible human enthusiasm, and by our relative isolation from the malignant problems of older civilizations. Learning is the indispensable investment required for success in the information age we are entering. A Nation at Risk: The Imperative for Educational Reform The National Commission on Excellence in Education, April CEFPI 2008 Trying new ideas What is the risk? Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools Question?

45 Is the future of public schools assured? In the future, could there be other sources for schooling? CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools Question?

46 Is the industrial age high school an acceptable or even viable model for the 21 st century? CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools Question?

47 Our high schools are obsolete----they were designed 50 years ago to meet the needs of another age. Today, even when they work exactly as designed, our high schools cannot teach our kids what they need to know--- Bill Gates (Feb 2005 at National Summit on High Schools) CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools Bill Gates answer

48 The issues are vision and couragenot regulations or money. CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools Conclusion

49 21 st Century High Schools Nature of the Problem CEFPI 2008

50 CEFPI st Century Schools Nature of the Problem

51 Instruction Technology Time Architecture Costs CEFPI st Century Schools Nature of the Problem

52 Classrooms Small group Large group Hands-on Independent study Individualized Interdisciplinary Cyber, virtual Self-paced Self-directed Instruction Technology Time Architecture Costs CEFPI st Century Schools Nature of the Problem

53 Instruction Technology Time Architecture Costs Classrooms Labs C.O.W.S. 1:1 Cyber, virtual Anytime, anywhere Individualized Self-paced Learning materials Engagement CEFPI st Century Schools Nature of the Problem

54 Instruction Technology Time Architecture Costs Agrarian year 12 month year Continuous service Length of school day Fixed periods, bells Flexible time Self-paced Unscheduled time CEFPI st Century Schools Nature of the Problem

55 Instruction Technology Time Architecture Costs Classrooms Large/small group Advisories Learning communities Projects Workstations- Teachers, Kids Anytime, anywhere learning School year Cyber, virtual schooling Flexibility CEFPI st Century Schools Nature of the Problem

56 Instruction Technology Time Architecture Costs School year/day Technology Priorities Cyber instruction Libraries Anytime, anywhere Facilities Staff Graduation rate Course offerings CEFPI st Century Schools Nature of the Problem

57 CEFPI 2008 Unmaking and Making High Schools Starting a Dialogue

58 Principle: A fundamental truth, law, doctrine, or motivating force, upon which others are based An essential element, constituent, or quality, especially one that produces a specific effect CEFPI st Century High Schools Principles

59 Learning must prepare students for a world of constant change Moores Law 21 st Century High Schools Principles- an Example CEFPI 2008

60 Learning must be shaped for the individual 21 st Century High Schools Principles- an Example CEFPI 2008

61 Questions to consider in search of principles 21 st Century High Schools Principles CEFPI 2008

62 High Schools- Future? 1 Graduation rateOK? Industrial modelis it an option for the future? Parityaccess or outcomes? Priorities in high schools, funding? CEFPI 2008

63 Facilities 2 Relationship between teaching/learning & facilities? Durability vs. flexibility? Green, sustainable? Implications of exponential rate of change? Where do students work? CEFPI 2008

64 Instruction 3 Class instruction vs. individual instruction? The classroombasic unit of high school instruction and facilities? Teacher centered vs. student centered? Disciplines/departments vs. multidisciplinary groups? Attracting students to high schools? Adults and students? Assessmentmeasuring content and HOTS? CEFPI 2008

65 Technology, Time, Learning and Community 4 Use of technology inside vs. outside schools? Implications of agrarian calendar, 6.5 hour days for learning, costs? Anytime, anywhere learning? Schools and the communities they serve? CEFPI 2008

66

67 CEFPI 2008 San Diego Unmaking and Making High Schools Frank Kelly, FAIA, SHW Group

68 CEFPI 2008 San Diego Frank S. Kelly, FAIA SHW Group

69 Our once unchallenged preeminence in commerce, industry, science, and technological innovation is being overtaken by competitors throughout the world. If an unfriendly foreign power had attempted to impose on America the mediocre educational performance that exists today, we might well have viewed it as an act of war. Our society and its educational institutions seem to have lost sight of the basic purposes of schooling, and of the high expectations and disciplined effort needed to attain them. A Nation at Risk: The Imperative for Educational Reform The National Commission on Excellence in Education, April CEFPI 2008 Industrial Age Traditional Comprehensive High Schools Question?


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