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Nia Hall, William Hand, Keyachtta Hawkins, Matt Ross.

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Presentation on theme: "Nia Hall, William Hand, Keyachtta Hawkins, Matt Ross."— Presentation transcript:

1 Nia Hall, William Hand, Keyachtta Hawkins, Matt Ross

2 CBS News

3 Electroacoustic Amplification of acoustic sound Electronic Instruments Synthesizer Drum Machine Laptops Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

4 The Denis dor was invented by a Bohemian priest in 1753 Clavecin Lectrique in 1761 Used static electricity as basis for sound Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

5 Synthesizers Electronic Sackbut Development started in the 1950s Mostly used in the studio Moog Synthesizer in 1964 Digital Synthesis Result of microprocessors Polyphonic Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

6 Electronic Sackbut Moog Synthesizer Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

7 Guitar Effects TurntablesDrum Machine Electric guitar pedals Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

8 Techno/Electro Percussion-based electronic dance music Influenced by Moog Synthesizer Coined in Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

9 Electronica Characterized by electronic instruments, synthesizers, drum machines and digital audio workstations House Music Tiesto Swedish House Mafia Avicii Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

10 STS9, Pretty Lights, Bassnectar, Daft Punk STS9 are: Hunter Brown (guitar/laptop/midi keyboard), Jeffree Lerner (percussion/laptop/handsonic), David Murphy (bass/laptop/midi keyboard), David Phipps (keyboards/laptop), and Zach Velmer (drums). Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

11 Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

12 Do you think these artist should be held in the same esteem as traditional bands? Do you consider the light effects part of the music? Is this the future of music? Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

13 Please go to and download the free versionhttp://www.virtualdj.com/ Play around with the features for 5min and read the bolded terms If you manipulate a song, is it your artistic work? How does one enforce these term? Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

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15 Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

16 1998, Cher Believe Cher "Believe" Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

17 Antares Audio Tech Phase Vocoder Plug In Microsoft Windows Mac OS X Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

18 Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

19 Is it ok for people to pose as real singers? Auto-Tune removes the emotion that the roots of music originated from. Auto-Tune has a pervasive negative effect on society's perception and consumption of music Has made many artists famous and rich- T Pain Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

20 Is it ok for people to pose as real singers? Auto-Tune removes the emotion that the roots of music originated from. Auto-Tune has a pervasive negative effect on society's perception and consumption of music Has made many artists famous and rich- T-Pain YouTube: T-Pain Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

21 Jay Z- Jigga rails against artists who use the ubiquitous pitch-correction software in their songs through his song D.O.A Ne-Yo disses artists that use auto-tune Auto-tune was meant to be a safety net, right[...]It was not supposed to be wings. Youre not supposed to strap it on your back and jump off the building. Thats not what auto-tune was meant to be. If youre using it for what its meant for, cool, fine, and good[...]not, I cant sing at all, so lets turn auto-tune all the way up so I just sound like Willy the Robot.[...]Thats wack! Thats terrible! It takes all the character out of your voice and you become a robot[...]Take the damn training wheels off. Thats how I feel about it. Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

22 Whats your Opinion on Auto Tune???? JoX4&feature=related JoX4&feature=related f2Q f2Q h4L4 h4L4 Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

23 Whats your Opinion NOW on Auto Tune???? Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

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26 Copyright Act of 1976 The following factors constitute fair use: The nature of the copyrighted work (its purpose) The amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole (how much is used) The effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work (doesnt hurt originals value/market) The fact that a work is unpublished shall not itself bar a finding of fair use if such finding is made upon consideration of all the above factors. Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

27 Bridgeport Music vs. Dimension Films (2005) Federal judge originally ruled it was NOT a copyright violation, Appeals Court reverses decision – Get a license or dont sample. Reversed because NWAs work was commercial in nature – didnt satisfy all parts of fair use. NWA Funkadelic Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

28 How the work is being used The portion of the song used Its impact on the value and market of the original Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

29 Entirely new context – transformative New context offers new perspectives on the original song Can provide critical commentary Girl Talk White Panda

30 Pays homage to the artists he uses. All Day had over 350 unlicensed samples, all 100% copyrighted. Girl Talk's Disclaimer 1976 Copyright Act Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

31 Under fair use in the U.S. copyright law, you dont need the artists permission to record a parody. Weird Al – Master of Comedic Parodies Amish Paradise / Gangstas Paradise Amish ParadiseGangstas Paradise Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

32 Go Girl - Pitbull All About It – Milkman How is the meaning changed by the new context of Milkmans song? Is this a violation of fair use? Does the Bridgeport decision go too far? Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

33 Nature of song is transformed If you use the copied work in a way that substitutes for the original in the market, its unlikely to be a fair use; uses that serve a different audience or purpose are more likely fair. Two Ways to View This Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

34 All Rights Reserved Some Rights Reserved No Rights Reserved Has option to report copyright infringement. Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

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36 Radio Television MTV, BET, CMT Online Live Performances Public Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

37 What are PROs? Intermediary Collection agencies Distribute fees as royalties ASCAP, SECAC, BMI Criticisms Expanding the meaning of public performance Demanding payment for iTunes and Amazon samples Eliminating free publicity Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

38 Performance rights royalties Songwriter/Composer & Publisher How are royalties divided 200% split Sampling, medleys, and parodies Agreement among writers and publisher Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

39 Introduced in 2009 Reintroduced in 2011 Issues: Broadcasters to pay more royalties Publicity Public Radio Pandora & XM Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

40 Winners: Recording companies Generate $18.7 mill in revenue Performers Losers: Public radio Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

41 Technology & Sound Auto-Tune Derivative Works Broadcasting

42 Should Amazon and iTunes be required to pay royalties for their 30 second samples? Should the Performance Rights Act of 2011 pass?

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