Presentation on theme: "GUIDELINES FOR MANAGEMENT OF ANAPHYLAXIS IN EDUCATIONAL ESTABLISHMENTS DHSSPS /DOE 2010."— Presentation transcript:
GUIDELINES FOR MANAGEMENT OF ANAPHYLAXIS IN EDUCATIONAL ESTABLISHMENTS DHSSPS /DOE 2010
OBJECTIVES OF SESSION Update your knowledge on anaphylaxis Be aware of the emergency treatment prescribed for children with this condition Practise the correct technique for auto- injector administration Be aware of how to safely dispose of the auto-injector
WHAT IS ANAPHYLAXIS? Anaphylaxis is a severe, life-threatening, generalised or systemic hypersensitivity reaction. It is characterised by rapidly developing life-threating problems involving the airway and /or breathing and /or circulation. In most cases, there are associated skin and mucosal changes
COMMON CAUSES Peanuts Tree nuts Milk Egg Sesame Fish Shellfish Wasp Bee Latex Penicillin Blood Products Drugs Kiwi
TYPES OF REACTION Uni-phasic – rapidly developing severe reaction involving the airway or circulation. Bi-phasic – early oral and abdominal symptoms, then a symptom-free period of 1 – 2 hours, then increasing symptoms involving breathing and circulation.
MINOR REACTION Feeling hot or generalised flushing of the skin Intense itching and rapid development of a nettle like rash welts Burning sensation of lip and /or metallic taste in mouth Red, itchy, watery, swollen eyes or swollen lips or face Vomiting and diarrhoea with abdominal pain Itchy, runny or congested nose and / or sneezing Dizziness and feeling faint/pallor – may indicate severe reaction in the very young.
TREATMENT FOR MINOR REACTION ANTIHISTAMINE AND INHALERS Follow the childs individual care plan. Administer the prescribed antihistamine e.g. Piriton and/or inhaler Record the time given and stay with the child Contact parent.
SEVERE REACTION Difficulty in breathing / noisy breathing, wheeze or stridor Swelling of mouth / tongue or feeling of tightness or lump in throat Decreased level of consciousness Collapse, lack of breathing Absent or very weak pulse
TREATMENT OF SEVERE REACTION Give prescribed Auto-injector & record time If unconscious but breathing place in recovery position Call paramedic ambulance 999 Contact parent / carer (contact numbers given over) If no improvement within 5 minutes give auto-injector & record time If no signs of life commence CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) and continue until professional help arrives IF IN DOUBT GIVE AUTO-INJECTOR If Auto-injector is given the child MUST go to hospital for observation even if they have made a full recovery
AUTOINJECTOR An Auto-injector EpiPen or Jext is prescribed according to the childs weight to deliver a single dose of adrenaline and reverse the symptoms of anaphylaxis. Child dose 0.15mgs Adult dose 0.3mgs
STORAGE OF EMERGENCY BOX Accessible at all times during the school day – NOT in a locked room or cupboard. Contains completed care plan with medication in date Avoid extremes of temperature. Clearly labelled with childs name.
The Childs Parent :- Will ensure that the school are fully informed about the childs allergy including when no longer allergic to particular foods or substances Care plan to be completed by parent and returned to school promptly Will accept responsibility for maintaining and replacing in school, two up to date auto injectors. If the child has been prescribed an Auto-injector device that the school has no experience of using, the school and school nurse should be immediately informed. ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
It is the duty of the parent to check the expiry date of the Auto-injectors. The parent should return out of date auto-injectors to pharmacy for disposal Will discuss with the school arrangements for lunch and snacks. Will regularly remind the child of the need to refuse any food items offered by others. Will encourage their child to wear a medical identification device Will remove all medication at the end of the school year.
The school :- The school principal (or designated teacher) will notify school nurse on becoming aware of a pupil requiring an adrenaline Auto-injector device e.g. EpiPen / Jext or Anapen in school The principal or designated teacher will make staff aware of pupils allergic condition and who trained staff are (temporary /substitute teachers) The principal or designated teacher will identify adequate numbers of appropriate staff to attend training. Annual updated anaphylaxis centralised training will be offered Inform staff of activities which could put the pupil at risk School trips – school should make arrangements for safe handling and transportation of Auto-injector
Should discuss details of care plan and childs condition with parents. The principal will ensure that the care plan is signed appropriately. If care plan not returned or updated it is the responsibility of school to follow up with parent. Will agree with the parents and if necessary, the area catering manager on the provision of school meals/snacks. Will ensure safe storage of, and easy access to, the two auto- injectors devices together with care plan. All trained staff must be aware of where these are stored. It is the duty of the parent to check the expiry date of Auto- injectors, however schools should be aware of expiry dates on medication to ensure that they not left with out of date medication.
The Pupil (depending on age of child) Post primary pupils may be responsible for carrying their own Auto-injectors WITH THEM AT ALL TIMES especially when away from main building e.g. sports fields Will be aware of the risk of food sharing Advised to wear medical identifier Report the onset of symptoms to a responsible member of staff
School Health Team :- Provide centralised training on the recognition and treatment of anaphylaxis in partnership with SELB and give advice and support to school staff. Participate in any debriefing session/follow up of major or minor incident Will contact the parents and school, on an annual basis, seeking updated information and send a copy of care plan to parents for completion The named school nurse for your school will only make 2 attempts via telephone to contact parents regarding the annual updating of Autoinjector care plan. This is the parents responsibility. If care plan not returned a letter will be sent to parents, GP and Principal stating this could place their child at risk should an emergency situation arise. School nurse along with school designated teacher will review care plan when returned by parent and sign appropriately
Minor reaction Keep calm, stay with pupil and call for help Give prescribed medication e.g. Piriton if asthmatic give 4-6 puffs of reliever (blue) inhaler Record medication administered and the time it is given Locate pupils prescribed auto-injector Contact parent or carer Name:_________ Date of Birth:______ Known severe allergies ___________
Give prescribed Auto-injector & record time__________ If unconscious but breathing place in recovery position Call paramedic ambulance 999 Contact parent / carer (contact numbers given over) If no improvement within 5 minutes give Auto - injector & record time_________________ If no signs of life commence CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) and continue until professional help arrives Used Auto-injector accompanies child to hospital IF IN DOUBT GIVE AUTO-INJECTOR Remove Auto-injector and massage the injection site for 10 seconds. Used Auto- injector accompanies child to hospital Form fist around Auto-injector and pull off BLUE cap (JEXT YELLOW cap) Hold Auto-injector 10cm away from outer thigh. ORANGE (JEXT BLACK) tip should point towards outer thigh through clothing if necessary. Jab firmly into outer thigh so that autoinjector is at right angle to outer thigh until a click is heard and hold in place for 10 seconds.
Frequently asked questions In an emergency can I use another pupils Auto-injector? What do I do if a care plan is not returned by parent? Who should attend Anaphylaxis Awareness? Is prescription required from GP?
Today you should have: Updated your knowledge Be aware of the emergency treatment prescribed for children with this condition Practised the correct technique for auto injector administration Be aware of how to safely dispose of the injector.
WANT MORE INFORMATION? Contact the Anaphylaxis Campaign Tel: Schools pack Video/DVD Managing Medicines in Schools ans Early Years Settings. DH/DfES.
Contact telephone numbers for school nursing Armagh Dungannon Banbridge Craigavon Newry Kilkeel