Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

LPG as an Automotive Fuel Shell AutoGas. What is Auto LPG ? Auto LPG or Liquefied Petroleum Gas is a generic name for mixtures of hydrocarbons (mainly.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "LPG as an Automotive Fuel Shell AutoGas. What is Auto LPG ? Auto LPG or Liquefied Petroleum Gas is a generic name for mixtures of hydrocarbons (mainly."— Presentation transcript:

1 LPG as an Automotive Fuel Shell AutoGas

2 What is Auto LPG ? Auto LPG or Liquefied Petroleum Gas is a generic name for mixtures of hydrocarbons (mainly propane and butane) which exists as vapor under ambient conditions and can be changed into liquid state by applying moderate pressures. Energy content similar to gasoline Inherently clean burning characteristics

3 Environmental Benefits Lower photo-chemical smog ozone forming potential (which causes cancer and respiratory problems e.g. asthma, bronchitis) Lower Greenhouse gas emissions (primarily Carbon dioxide, Methane and Nitrogen oxide) (typically 10-20%) which affect climatic change Less urban pollution in –air toxics containing carcinogens and compounds that affect reproductive and neurological systems –fine particulates vs diesel buses and trucks (which causes cancer) –insignificant levels of sulphur dioxide, the main cause of acid rain

4 Pollution Effects

5 (Source : LPG as an Automotive Fuel. Anyon Report. Australia Aug 1998) Comparative Environmental Impact

6 Particulate Emissions (regulated) (Source : LPG as an Automotive Fuel. Anyon Report. Australia Aug 1998)

7 Principally comprise Air Toxics from motor vehiclesPrincipally comprise Air Toxics from motor vehicles Fine particulate matter in motor vehicle exhaust absorb toxic compounds through mixing in the exhaust stream & carrying them into lungsFine particulate matter in motor vehicle exhaust absorb toxic compounds through mixing in the exhaust stream & carrying them into lungs US EPA estimates that mobile (car, truck, bus) sources of air toxics account for half of all cancers attributed to outdoor sources of air toxicsUS EPA estimates that mobile (car, truck, bus) sources of air toxics account for half of all cancers attributed to outdoor sources of air toxics Some Illnesses caused by exposure:Some Illnesses caused by exposure: Delayed pulmonary edema, death by respiratory failure, irritation to the gastrointestinal tract, liver and kidney damage, birth defects during pregnancy, delayed bone formation, bone marrow damage, and decrease in red blood cells leading to anemia. Delayed pulmonary edema, death by respiratory failure, irritation to the gastrointestinal tract, liver and kidney damage, birth defects during pregnancy, delayed bone formation, bone marrow damage, and decrease in red blood cells leading to anemia. Unregulated Pollutants

8 Emissions of 1,3-Butadiene mg/kw-h (Source : LPG as an Automotive Fuel. Anyon Report. Australia Aug 1998)

9 mg/kw-h (Source : LPG as an Automotive Fuel. Anyon Report. Australia Aug 1998) Emissions of Acetaldehyde

10 Emissions of Formaldehyde (Source : LPG as an Automotive Fuel. Anyon Report. Australia Aug 1998)

11 Emissions of Benzene (unregulated) mg/kw-h (Source : LPG as an Automotive Fuel. Anyon Report. Australia Aug 1998)

12 Carbon steel construction 20 times more puncture resistant than a typical gasoline tank. Shut off device when the tank reaches 80% of its liquid capacity. Non-toxic Leaks are easily detected because of odorant Installed safety devices and shut-off valves that function automatically when the fuel line ruptures. No possibility of theft. Safety Benefits of Autogas

13 Crash tested LPG tanks LPG cut off in accident Excess flow valve on tank If LPG runs out system switches to petrol Full crash testing Tank venting Safety Benefits of Autogas

14 LPG Efficiency Index : vs Mogas ~ ( ) %, vs Diesel ~ ( ) % Auto LPG Manufacturers Volvo Nissan Ford Renault Vauxhall General Motors

15 Auto LPG Material Benefits Reduced wear during cold starting (Petrol engines need fuel enrichment for cold starting. Excess fuel accumulates on the cylinder wall washing away oil and thereby accelerating wear) Extended engine life due to absence of carbon deposits Drivability similar to gasoline w/ negligible effect on acceleration and top speed Reduced soot formation, reduced abrasion & chemical degradation of the oil Higher octane number No annoying odor

16 Jan-00 Feb-00 Mar-00 Apr-00 May-00 Jun-00 Jul-00 Aug-00 Sep-00 Oct-00 Nov-00Dec-00 Jan-01 Feb-01 Mar-01 Apr-01 May-01 Jun-01 Jul-01 Aug-01 Sep-01 Oct-01 Nov-01 Dec-01 Jan-02 Feb-02 Mar-02 Unleaded LPG Peso per liter ULG / LPG Delta = 26% ave. Price Comparison ULG vs LPG 2000 to 2002

17 kms. On Unleaded 194 Kms. On Autogas Average distance a car will travel on P300 of fuel (2002) Auto LPG Material Benefits

18 Auto LPG Financial Benefits Maintenance Items Gasoline(kms.)LPG (kms.) (kms.) Oil Change Oil Filter Engine Overhaul 10,000 20,000-30,000 10,000 20,000-30, , ,000 18,000 Spark Plug Replacement 75,000 PESO Savings (Php per unit/mo.) Additional Costs na Filter Kit 110, Net Maintenance Savings

19 Auto LPG Financial Benefits Cebu Case Unleaded Gasoline Autogas Delta Conversion Kit Cost Monthly Savings per car Payback in years Fuel W/ Maintenance % 1, , , Annual Savings per car 11, , Distance per day 250 kms Days in a month 26 days Petrol Consumption ltrs/100 kms Autogas Consumption ltrs./100 kms. 1 Year 6 mos1 Year 2 mos

20 Auto LPG Financial Benefits Without tax Unleaded Gasoline Autogas Delta Conversion Kit Cost Monthly Savings per car Payback in years Fuel W/ Maintenance % 2, , , , Annual Savings per car 28, , Distance per day 250 kms Days in a month 26 days Petrol Consumption ltrs/100 kms Autogas Consumption ltrs./100 kms. 7 mos6 mos

21 LPG Efficiency Index : vs Mogas ~ ( ) %, vs Diesel ~ ( ) % Fuel Price Comparative Analysis HK Australia Turkey Sri Lanka Italy NZ Greece Philippines lpg diesel uld %+ 212 % % % +197% + 118% +126 % - 17 % +104% +61% % +79% +8% % +72% % +41% % + 30% + 8% Updated 2002 figures

22 Through 3rd generation on vehicle fuel injection systems LPG performance can match or better conventional fuels No sluggishness or reduction in power with cold starts as for petrol & diesel Higher octane (e.g. typically ULG has 92, propane 104) leads to higher engine power output. Higher octane also gives smoother combustion. No additives required to improve performance Proven technology & track record and experience as a transport fuel e.g. >40 years in Netherlands & Italy Performance / Track Record

23 Source: 1999 WLGPA Published Autogas Statistics Auto LPG Use Used in > 40 countries

24 LPG has a lot of advantages over CNG Source : Automotive LPGas Report by the World LPGas Assoc GasolineLPG Weight of Fuel and Tank (kg) Fuel Volume (liters) Storing Pressure (psig) 25% % Vehicle Range CNG ,000 74% Refilling Site Investment (Php) 1.5M 5M 90 Refuelling Time (mins) 3 10 Fuel Comparative Analysis Equipment Tank, Pump, Dispenser Tank, Pump, Dispenser Supply pipeline access, high pressure compressor, dispenser

25 Technology proven and available conversion kits available for OEM and secondary market Why Auto LPG? LPG supply infrastructure in place more than 150 supply points natiowide excess storage capacity and long on supply fuel supply infrastructure can readily support AutoLPG

26 LA UNION Petron : 700 Shell : 900 CEBU Petron : 1,350 Shell : 380 (Pryce +900 by 2001) BATAAN Petron : 3,160 Liquigaz : 12,500 ZAMBOANGA Petron : 190 Pryce : 500 SO. LUZON COAST Petron : 3,160 Caltex : 3,160 SGE : 45,000 (w/ 15% Total) Nation : this yr. PANAY ISLANDS Shell : 700 Petron : 260 Pryce : 900 NEGROS ISLAND Shell : 800 Petron : 280 Pryce : 900 AROUND Metro Manila: Shell Pandacan: 2000 Petron Pasig: 760 Caltex Pasig: 540 Petron Cavite: 1120 BICOL Petron : 390 LEYTE ISLAND Petron : 240 Pryce : 900 Shell : 500 NORTH MINDANAO Pryce Balingasag: 2,000 Shell Villanueva: 300+1,000 Petron : 640 Petronas Iligan: 2,000 DAVAO Shell : Petron : 430 Pryce : 2,500 GEN. SANTOS Petron : 320 l Shell l Petron l Caltex l Pryce l Liquigaz l Petronas l Total Gas l Nation PALAWAN Petron : 190 Why Auto Gas? LPG major terminals & filling plants >150 sites nationwide

27 Conversion Kit Diagram

28 Conversion Kit Diagram - EFI

29 Why Auto LPG?

30 source : World LPGas Assoc. Report 1998 Largest Auto LPG Markets - Vehicles

31 source : World LPGas Assoc. Report 1998 Largest Auto LPG Markets - Gas

32 500,000 vehicles 18,000 taxis, diesel powered and SAR Government legislates all taxis to convert to Auto LPG by SAR Government initiating Auto LPG trials on buses and minibuses Other Case Studies 20 million people, 10 million vehicles 4-5% vehicles on autogas (= 0.5mn) In 1999 worth 1.2mn tonnes or 2000 mn litres 3,300 Autogas filling sites 97% all taxis already on autogas Hongkong Australia

33 Annual consump. x 1000 tonnes (Source : LPG as an Automotive Fuel. Anyon Report. Australia Aug 1998) Other Case Studies Australia Auto LPG Volume

34 Removal of P1.63/liter autogas tax Zero or low duty on conversion kits Government Lobbying = Lower Auto LPG pump prices/ lower conversion invesment = Faster Conversion Payback = More Conversions and cleaner air

35 Added Services Mechanic/ car-care short training program Occupational and Health Hazards training seminar Product Knowledge, handling and safety seminar

36 Government Lobbying Some Initiatives: Tricycle Conversion Program Initiated by Clean Air Manila Autogas for LPG fleets initiated by Shell Conversion of buses and jeepneys to Autogas instead of rebuilding Norkis Autogas program Baguio project to convert Cars to Autogas Approaching OEM manufacturers (Nissan, Toyota)

37 Liquified Petroleum Gas as an Automotive Fuel- An Environmental and Technical Perspective. The Peter Anyon Report, Australia, August 1998 Automotive LPGas, Today s Fuel for a Cleaner Tomorrow, World LPGas Association, France, 1998 Automotive LPG- Today s Fuel For a Cleaner Tomorrow, World LPG Forum, France, 1995 Auto LPG: Engine & Equipment Developments. Presentation by Shell International, 23 May 1995 Hong Kong Information Sources Useful Websites


Download ppt "LPG as an Automotive Fuel Shell AutoGas. What is Auto LPG ? Auto LPG or Liquefied Petroleum Gas is a generic name for mixtures of hydrocarbons (mainly."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google