Presentation on theme: "Auto Salvage Yard Occupational Safety and Health Hazards"— Presentation transcript:
1 Auto Salvage Yard Occupational Safety and Health Hazards This presentation is designed to assist trainers conducting OSHA 10-hour General Industry outreach training for workers. Since workers are the target audience, this presentation emphasizes hazard identification, avoidance, and control – not standards. No attempt has been made to treat the topic exhaustively. It is essential that trainers tailor their presentations to the needs and understanding of their audience.This presentation is not a substitute for any of the provisions of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 or for any standards issued by the U.S. Department of Labor. Mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Department of Labor.Sumit K GhoshSafety Consultant, Bureau of SafetyEducation and Training, Department of Labor
2 Topics Introduction to IOSHA Introduction to BuSET Occupational Safety and Health Hazards at Auto Salvage Yard
3 IOSHA and BuSETIndiana Occupational Safety and Health Administration (IOSHA)Enforcement of safety and health standardsBureau of Safety Education and Training (BuSET)Consultations/On site visit and training
4 Indiana OSHA Indiana - A state plan state IOSHA enforce Federal standard 29CFR 1910.All penalties collected go to the state general fundMission: To save lives, prevent injuries and ensure the safety and health of Indiana’s workers.Indiana is one of 21 States and 2 Territories that encompass the Occupational Safety and Health State Plan Association.The other states have federal OSHA jurisdiction.Indiana OSHA is 50% state and 50 % federal funded.All penalties go directly to the State general fund.It is the mission of Indiana OSHA and the Bureau of Safety Education and Training to: Save lives, prevent injuries, and insure the safety and health of Indiana's workers.
5 IOSHA Comprised four divisions: Industrial Hygiene Industrial Safety Construction SafetyBureau of MinesIOSHA: There are three sections to IOSHA. General Industry, Industrial Hygiene, and Construction. General Industrial Safety inspects locations for safety hazards. Industrial Hygiene inspections primarily involve smoke, dust, fumes and chemical hazards. They both primarily site to the 1910 Federal Standards. Construction Section inspects construction projects throughout the state and sites to the 1926 Federal Standards.Indiana directly adopts federal standards.Special Emphasis Programs (Reference Program Directory)Indiana OSHA operates a Discrimination program with very specific parameters. A protected activity is one where there is proof that the employee's discrimination issue is directly related to the reporting of a safety or health hazard.In terms of program, Indiana is mandated to be "as effective as" Federal OSHA and our state program is judged accordingly.Bureau of Safety Education and Training:BuSET offers free general industry and construction focusing on small businesses.BuSET also offers technical assistance with regard to Safety and Health in the workplace and regarding the Standards.They have a Voluntary Protection Program for companies that make safety a top priority.
7 The IOSHA Inspection Compliance officer presents credentials Purpose of visit:A fat/cat, complaint, referral, or emphasis program results in a focused inspectionA general schedule inspection covers the entire worksiteOpening ConferenceA compliance officer will present their credentials and state the purpose of any on site visit. This can be as the result of a complaint, or emphasis program, which will limit the scope of the inspection to just the area or areas covered by the program.If the visit is the result of a general schedule inspection the scope is broadened to include the entire worksite.The compliance officer inspects the facility or area usually accompanied by management officials and representatives of employees or a bargaining unit. This activity is commonly called the "Walk Around"
8 IOSHA Inspection (continued) WalkaroundPoint out hazardsInterview employeesClosing ConferenceSafety Orders (Citations)Provide abatement, and pay fine, if anyInformal conferenceContest
9 The Informal Conference 15 working day periodAn informal conference is conducted by phone or in personMay result in a settlement agreementIf an employer abates all hazards during the inspection and there are no penalties on his safety orders, there is no need to contact IOSHA. If they abate the hazards at inspection and pay the penalty on the safety order there is no need to contact IOSHA. If there are issues of abatement or with the penalty, the employer must contact IOSHA within 15 working days of receipt of the Safety Order.An informal conference is a meeting by phone or in person to discuss the safety order and provide room for negotiationsThe results may be an informal settlement or the company may choose to contest the safety order in full or in part. Most informals result in a settlement agreement.
10 BuSET Bureau of Safety Education and Training Greater level of safety and health in the workplaceEmployee involvementFREENO FINESEDUCATION -- prior to injuries or accidents
11 BuSET’s ActivitiesSafety and health consultations, on site visit of facilities in general industry and constructionTraining ProgramsOSHA 10-Hour courses, 30-Hour courses, short seminarsTechnical AssistanceVoluntary Protection ProgramINSHARPGovernor’s Workplace Safety Awards
12 Consultations Similar to how IOSHA inspections are conducted: Opening conferenceWalkaroundClosing conferenceReport of HazardsConfidential and comprehensive written reportAbatement assistance
13 Training Types of courses OSHA 10-Hour coursesOSHA 20-Hour coursesShort seminars/Half a day programPartner with companies/organizations/ entitiesWritten request
14 BuSET Training Programs Accident InvestigationCranes, Hoists, SlingsElectrical SafetyEmergency Action PlanHazard RecognitionHow to Survive an IOSHA InspectionInternet Based SafetyIOSHA Top-50 Cited Industrial ViolationsLockout/Tagout SafetyMachine GuardingPowered Industrial TrucksOSHA #300Safety-Related Work PracticesWorkplace ViolencePower Press Training
15 Voluntary Protection Program Indiana VPP is designed to recognize and promote safety and health management programs.Management, labor, and IDOL establish a cooperative relationship at a workplace that has implemented a strong program.
16 INSHARP INSHARP is another recognition program: incentives and support to smaller, high-hazard employerswork with their employees to develop, implement and continuously improve the effectiveness of their workplace safety and health programsalso includes larger employers who are willing to develop exemplary safety and health programs and mentor others to achieve similar results.
17 Workers’ and Employers’ Rights and Responsibilities
18 What are workers’ responsibilities? Read the OSHA posterFollow the employer’s safety and health rules and wear or use all required gear and equipmentFollow safe work practices for your job, as directed by your employerReport hazardous conditions to a supervisor or safety committeeReport hazardous conditions to OSHA, if employers do not fix themCooperate with OSHA inspectorsOSHA’s Workers’ web page:(see OSHA’s Workers’ web page for more information)
19 What are workers’ rights? Workers have a vital role to play in identifying and correcting problems in their workplaces, working with their employers whenever possibleWorkers can complain to OSHA about workplace conditions threatening their health or safety in person, by telephone, by fax, by mail or electronically through OSHA’s web siteSection 11(c) of the OSH Act gives workers the right to seek safe and healthful conditions on the job without being disciplined or fired(see OSHA’s Workers’ web page for more information)
20 What are employers’ rights and responsibilities? Employers must provide a safe and healthful workplace free of recognized hazards and follow the OSHA standardsThe OSH Act grants employers important rights, particularly during and after an OSHA inspectionEmployers also provide training, medical examinations and recordkeepingOSHA maintains confidentiality of employers’ trade secrets.Both employers and employees may submit information or comments to OSHA on the issuance, modification, or revocation of OSHA standards and request a public hearingFor more information, consult OSHA publications-- No. 2056, All About OSHA and-- No. 3000, Employers Rights and Responsibilities Following An OSHA Inspection.
23 29 CFR 1910.36- 1910.38 29 CFR 1910 Subpart L (Fire) Emergency Action Plan29 CFR29 CFR 1910 Subpart L (Fire)
24 Emergency Action PlanPurpose: To protect the employees from serious injury, property loss or life in the event of major disaster likeFireTornadoEarthquakeWorkplace violationBomb threatHazardous chemical spill
25 Emergency Action Plan Requirements Emergency escapeEvacuation diagramFire prevention planMeans of egressAlarm systemEmergency telephone lists
27 Hazard Communication Standard 29 CFR 1910.1200 Ensures that employers and employees know about work hazards and how to protect themselves so that the incidence of illnesses and injuries due to hazardous chemicals is reduced.Hazard CommunicationProgramContainerLabelingMaterial SafetyData Sheet29 CFRThe Hazard Communication (HazCom) standard establishes uniform requirements to make sure that the hazards of all chemicals imported into, produced, or used in U.S. workplaces are evaluated, and that this hazard information is transmitted to affected employers and exposed employees.The HazCom standard is different from other OSHA health rules because it covers all hazardous chemicals. The rule also incorporates a “downstream flow of information,” which means that producers of chemicals have the primary responsibility for generating and disseminating information, whereas users of chemicals must obtain the information and transmit it to their employees.ProgramMSDSLabel
28 HazCom RequirementsIdentify and list hazardous chemicals in workplacesObtain Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) and labels for each hazardous chemicalImplement a written HazCom program, including labels, MSDSs, employee training, and methods employer will use to inform employees of hazards of non-routine tasks (i.e. spills)Train employees on chemical hazards in workplaces
29 Material Safety Data Sheets Physical hazards, such as fire and explosionHealth hazards, such as signs of exposureRoutes of exposurePrecautions for safe handling and useEmergency and first-aid proceduresControl measures(g)Chemical manufacturers and importers must develop an MSDS for each hazardous chemical they produce or import, and must provide the MSDS at the time of the initial shipment to a downstream distributor or user. Distributors also must ensure that downstream employers are similarly provided an MSDS.The MSDSs must be updated by the chemical manufacturer or importer within three months of learning of "new or significant information" regarding the chemical's hazard potential.OSHA does not require that MSDSs be provided to purchasers of household consumer products (such as "windex" and "white‑out“) when the products are used in the workplace in the same manner that a consumer would use them, i.e.; where the duration and frequency of use (and therefore exposure) is not greater than what the typical consumer would experience. Employees who are required to work with hazardous chemicals in a greater duration and frequency of exposure than a normal consumer have a right to know about the properties of those hazardous chemicals.
30 Chemicals in Salvage Yards OilGreaseGasoline/diesel fuelAntifreeze fluidBrake fluidHydraulic fluidBattery acidTransmission fluidMercurySolventsLeadSodium azide in air bag detonators
31 Bloodborne Pathogens 29 CFR 1910.1030 This presentation is designed to assist trainers conducting OSHA 10-hour General Industry outreach training for workers. Since workers are the target audience, this presentation emphasizes hazard identification, avoidance, and control – not standards. No attempt has been made to treat the topic exhaustively. It is essential that trainers tailor their presentations to the needs and understanding of their audience.This presentation is not a substitute for any of the provisions of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 or for any standards issued by the U.S. Department of Labor. Mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Department of Labor.This presentation does not fulfill the employer’s training obligations under 29 CFR
32 Introduction to BBP Approximately 5.6 million workers are at risk: human immunodeficiency virus (HIV – the virus that causes AIDS)hepatitis B virus (HBV)hepatitis C virus (HCV)OSHA’s Bloodborne Pathogens standard prescribes safeguards to protect workers against the health hazards from exposure to blood and other potentially infectious materials, and to reduce their risk from this exposure29 CFR“Bloodborne pathogens” means pathogenic microorganisms that are present in human blood and can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include among others hepatitis B virus (HBV), which causes hepatitis B; human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes AIDS; hepatitis C virus and other pathogens, such as those that cause malaria.“Other potentially infectious materials” means:The following human body fluids: semen, vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal fluid, synovial fluid, pleural fluid, pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid, saliva in dental procedures, any body fluid that is visibly contaminated with blood, and all body fluids in situations where it is difficult or impossible to differentiate between bodily fluids;Any unfixed tissue or organ (other than intact skin) from a human (living or dead); andHIV-containing cell or tissue cultures, organ cultures, and HIV- or HBV-containing culture medium or other solutions; and blood, organs, or other tissues from experimental animals infected with HIV or HBV.
33 Who is covered by the standard All employees who could be “reasonably anticipated” as the result of performing their job duties to face contact with blood and other potentially infectious materialsOSHA’s Bloodborne Pathogens standard, 29 CFR , does not apply to construction, agriculture or maritime.The term “reasonably anticipated” contact means potential contact as well as actual contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials.
34 How does exposure occur Most common: needlesticksCuts from other contaminated sharps (scalpels, broken glass, sharp metal, etc.)Contact of mucous membranes (for example, the eye, nose, mouth) or broken (cut or abraded) skin with contaminated bloodIt is estimated that 600,000 to 800,000 needlestick injuries occur each year in the United States.“Contaminated sharps” means any contaminated object that can penetrate the skin including, but not limited to, needles, scalpels, broken glass, broken capillary tubes, and exposed ends of dental wires.
35 BBP Requirements Hazard assessment Written BBP exposure control plan Employee involvement in selection of safer medical devicesTraining(c)(1)(i)Employees who must be consulted are those non-managerial employees responsible for direct patient care who are potentially exposed to injuries from contaminated sharps.
39 Protection of Feet/Toes Steel-toe boots, metatarsalsFalling objectsRolling objectsObjects that can pierce sole of footElectricalLawnmower accident; part of steel toe is beside shoe; foot owner’s toes were only bruised.
40 Protection of Hands/Arms Gloves appropriate for the work being doneChemicalsLacerationsAbrasionsPuncturesElectricalThermalArm protection
42 Respiratory Protection To control occupational diseases cased by contaminated air, harmful dusts, fogs, fumes, mists, gases, smocks, sprays, or vapors.Respirator shall be provided by employers.Written respiratory protection program by employer.Respirator selection and evaluation.Medical evaluationTrainingFit testRecordkeeping
54 Electrical Hazards 29 CFR 1910 Subpart S An average of one worker is electrocuted on the job every dayThere are four main types of electrical injuries:Electrocution (death due to electrical shock)Electrical shockBurnsFallsLOW VOLTAGE DOES NOT MEAN LOW HAZARDThis module addresses OSHA’s General Industry electrical standards contained in 29 CFR 1910 Subpart S. OSHA also has electrical standards for construction and maritime, but recommends that employers in these industries follow the general industry electrical standards whenever possible for hazards that are not addressed by their industry-specific standards.Suitability of electrical equipment for an identified purpose may be evidenced by listing or labeling by a nationally recognized testing laboratory which makes periodic inspections of equipment production and states that such equipment meets nationally recognized standards or tests to determine safe use in a specified manner.The Lockout/Tagout (LOTO) standard, 29 CFR , is not covered in this presentation. However, you can find information on the Lockout-Tagout Interactive Training Program, under “OSHA Advisors” on the OSHA web site,Electricity is one of the most common causes of fire in homes and workplaces. Explosions have also resulted from electrical sources.
55 Electrical Burns Most common shock-related, nonfatal injury Occurs when you touch electrical wiring or equipment that is improperly used or maintainedTypically occurs on the handsVery serious injury that needs immediate attentionElectrical burn immediately after accidentSame hand 72 hrs. later
56 Grounding PathThe path to ground from circuits, equipment, and enclosures must be permanent and continuousViolation shown here is an extension cord with a missing grounding prong(f)(4)
57 Clues that Electrical Hazards Exist Tripped circuit breakers or blown fusesTools, wires, cords, connections, or junction boxesGFCI that shuts off a circuitWorn or frayed insulation around wire or connectionToo many cords plugged into a circuitConductor is too small to carry the currentElectrical cords wrapped around metal objects (ladder)Overhead power lines when working at heightsOpen junction boxes/cabinets
58 Electrical TrainingTrain employees working with electric equipment in safe work practices, including:Deenergizing electric equipment before inspecting or making repairsUsing electric tools that are in good repairUsing good judgment when working near energized linesUsing appropriate protective equipmentOSHA’s electrical safety-related work practice requirements are contained in 29 CFRDeenergizing Electrical Equipment. The accidental or unexpected sudden starting of electrical equipment can cause severe injury or death. Before ANY inspections or repairs are made the current must be turned off at the switch box and the switch padlocked in the OFF position. At the same time, the switch or controls of the machine or other equipment being locked out of service must be securely tagged to show which equipment or circuits are being worked on.For more information on the Lockout/Tagout (LOTO) standard, , see the Lockout/Tagout Interactive Training Program at the osha web site, and find this reference under “OSHA Advisors”.
59 Welding, Cutting, and Brazing 29 CFR 1910 Subpart Q Oxygen-fuel gas welding and cuttingArc welding and cuttingResistance welding
60 Welding/Cutting/Brazing Hazards Fire hazardsCombustiblesEye and face protectionRespiratory protectionLead, other metals, emissions, byproductsVentilationProtective clothing (including body and hands)Confined spacesCylinders
61 Compressed Gases Safety relief devices Protected from falling or machineryLegibly marked – contents & hazard identificationValve protection capOxygen stored away from fuel gasesLimited amount than can be stored indoorsTransportation of cylinders
62 Confined Spaces(29 CFR )Is large enough and so configured that an employee can bodily enter and perform assigned work; andHas limited or restricted means for entry or exit; andIs not designed for continuous employee occupancy.
63 Permit Required Confined Spaces Hazardous atmosphere;Engulfment hazard;Internal configuration;Contains any other recognized serious hazard.
64 Noise(29 CFR )More than 85 dBA needs hearing conservation programAudiometric testingHearing protectionTrainingAccess to information on noise standard
65 Additional Hazards Cranes – overhead, gantry Slings used for cranes 29 CFRSlings used for cranes29 CFRForklifts and other powered industrial trucks29 CFRMaterials handling29 CFRAisles clear, secure stacking, housekeeping
66 Referrals to IOSHA and Fatality Notification to IOSHA (317)(317)
67 More Information on Safety and Health Hazards Osha website:BuSET(317)(317)IDOL Web:Osha Phone: