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Auto Salvage Yard Occupational Safety and Health Hazards

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Presentation on theme: "Auto Salvage Yard Occupational Safety and Health Hazards"— Presentation transcript:

1 Auto Salvage Yard Occupational Safety and Health Hazards
This presentation is designed to assist trainers conducting OSHA 10-hour General Industry outreach training for workers. Since workers are the target audience, this presentation emphasizes hazard identification, avoidance, and control – not standards. No attempt has been made to treat the topic exhaustively. It is essential that trainers tailor their presentations to the needs and understanding of their audience. This presentation is not a substitute for any of the provisions of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 or for any standards issued by the U.S. Department of Labor. Mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Department of Labor. Sumit K Ghosh Safety Consultant, Bureau of Safety Education and Training, Department of Labor

2 Topics Introduction to IOSHA Introduction to BuSET
Occupational Safety and Health Hazards at Auto Salvage Yard

3 IOSHA and BuSET Indiana Occupational Safety and Health Administration (IOSHA) Enforcement of safety and health standards Bureau of Safety Education and Training (BuSET) Consultations/On site visit and training

4 Indiana OSHA Indiana - A state plan state
IOSHA enforce Federal standard 29CFR 1910. All penalties collected go to the state general fund Mission: To save lives, prevent injuries and ensure the safety and health of Indiana’s workers. Indiana is one of 21 States and 2 Territories that encompass the Occupational Safety and Health State Plan Association. The other states have federal OSHA jurisdiction. Indiana OSHA is 50% state and 50 % federal funded. All penalties go directly to the State general fund. It is the mission of Indiana OSHA and the Bureau of Safety Education and Training to: Save lives, prevent injuries, and insure the safety and health of Indiana's workers.

5 IOSHA Comprised four divisions: Industrial Hygiene Industrial Safety
Construction Safety Bureau of Mines IOSHA: There are three sections to IOSHA. General Industry, Industrial Hygiene, and Construction. General Industrial Safety inspects locations for safety hazards. Industrial Hygiene inspections primarily involve smoke, dust, fumes and chemical hazards. They both primarily site to the 1910 Federal Standards. Construction Section inspects construction projects throughout the state and sites to the 1926 Federal Standards. Indiana directly adopts federal standards. Special Emphasis Programs (Reference Program Directory) Indiana OSHA operates a Discrimination program with very specific parameters. A protected activity is one where there is proof that the employee's discrimination issue is directly related to the reporting of a safety or health hazard. In terms of program, Indiana is mandated to be "as effective as" Federal OSHA and our state program is judged accordingly. Bureau of Safety Education and Training: BuSET offers free general industry and construction focusing on small businesses. BuSET also offers technical assistance with regard to Safety and Health in the workplace and regarding the Standards. They have a Voluntary Protection Program for companies that make safety a top priority.

6 IOSHA Inspections Complaint Referral Fatality/Catastrophe
One fatality 3 hospitalized injuries General Schedule Randomly computer generated Emphasis Programs

7 The IOSHA Inspection Compliance officer presents credentials
Purpose of visit: A fat/cat, complaint, referral, or emphasis program results in a focused inspection A general schedule inspection covers the entire worksite Opening Conference A compliance officer will present their credentials and state the purpose of any on site visit. This can be as the result of a complaint, or emphasis program, which will limit the scope of the inspection to just the area or areas covered by the program. If the visit is the result of a general schedule inspection the scope is broadened to include the entire worksite. The compliance officer inspects the facility or area usually accompanied by management officials and representatives of employees or a bargaining unit. This activity is commonly called the "Walk Around"

8 IOSHA Inspection (continued)
Walkaround Point out hazards Interview employees Closing Conference Safety Orders (Citations) Provide abatement, and pay fine, if any Informal conference Contest

9 The Informal Conference
15 working day period An informal conference is conducted by phone or in person May result in a settlement agreement If an employer abates all hazards during the inspection and there are no penalties on his safety orders, there is no need to contact IOSHA. If they abate the hazards at inspection and pay the penalty on the safety order there is no need to contact IOSHA. If there are issues of abatement or with the penalty, the employer must contact IOSHA within 15 working days of receipt of the Safety Order. An informal conference is a meeting by phone or in person to discuss the safety order and provide room for negotiations The results may be an informal settlement or the company may choose to contest the safety order in full or in part. Most informals result in a settlement agreement.

10 BuSET Bureau of Safety Education and Training
Greater level of safety and health in the workplace Employee involvement FREE NO FINES EDUCATION -- prior to injuries or accidents

11 BuSET’s Activities Safety and health consultations, on site visit of facilities in general industry and construction Training Programs OSHA 10-Hour courses, 30-Hour courses, short seminars Technical Assistance Voluntary Protection Program INSHARP Governor’s Workplace Safety Awards

12 Consultations Similar to how IOSHA inspections are conducted:
Opening conference Walkaround Closing conference Report of Hazards Confidential and comprehensive written report Abatement assistance

13 Training Types of courses
OSHA 10-Hour courses OSHA 20-Hour courses Short seminars/Half a day program Partner with companies/organizations/ entities Written request

14 BuSET Training Programs
Accident Investigation Cranes, Hoists, Slings Electrical Safety Emergency Action Plan Hazard Recognition How to Survive an IOSHA Inspection Internet Based Safety IOSHA Top-50 Cited Industrial Violations Lockout/Tagout Safety Machine Guarding Powered Industrial Trucks OSHA #300 Safety-Related Work Practices Workplace Violence Power Press Training

15 Voluntary Protection Program
Indiana VPP is designed to recognize and promote safety and health management programs. Management, labor, and IDOL establish a cooperative relationship at a workplace that has implemented a strong program.

16 INSHARP INSHARP is another recognition program:
incentives and support to smaller, high-hazard employers work with their employees to develop, implement and continuously improve the effectiveness of their workplace safety and health programs also includes larger employers who are willing to develop exemplary safety and health programs and mentor others to achieve similar results.

17 Workers’ and Employers’ Rights and Responsibilities

18 What are workers’ responsibilities?
Read the OSHA poster Follow the employer’s safety and health rules and wear or use all required gear and equipment Follow safe work practices for your job, as directed by your employer Report hazardous conditions to a supervisor or safety committee Report hazardous conditions to OSHA, if employers do not fix them Cooperate with OSHA inspectors OSHA’s Workers’ web page: (see OSHA’s Workers’ web page for more information)

19 What are workers’ rights?
Workers have a vital role to play in identifying and correcting problems in their workplaces, working with their employers whenever possible Workers can complain to OSHA about workplace conditions threatening their health or safety in person, by telephone, by fax, by mail or electronically through OSHA’s web site Section 11(c) of the OSH Act gives workers the right to seek safe and healthful conditions on the job without being disciplined or fired (see OSHA’s Workers’ web page for more information)

20 What are employers’ rights and responsibilities?
Employers must provide a safe and healthful workplace free of recognized hazards and follow the OSHA standards The OSH Act grants employers important rights, particularly during and after an OSHA inspection Employers also provide training, medical examinations and recordkeeping OSHA maintains confidentiality of employers’ trade secrets. Both employers and employees may submit information or comments to OSHA on the issuance, modification, or revocation of OSHA standards and request a public hearing For more information, consult OSHA publications -- No. 2056, All About OSHA and -- No. 3000, Employers Rights and Responsibilities Following An OSHA Inspection.

21 Auto Salvage Yard Safety/Health Hazards

22 Auto Salvage Yard Safety/Health Hazards
Emergency Action Plan Hazard Communication Bloodborne Pathogens (BBP) Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Machine Guarding Medical/First Aid Electrical Safety Welding, Cutting, and Brazing Compressed Gases Confined Spaces Noise

23 29 CFR 1910.36- 1910.38 29 CFR 1910 Subpart L (Fire)
Emergency Action Plan 29 CFR 29 CFR 1910 Subpart L (Fire)

24 Emergency Action Plan Purpose: To protect the employees from serious injury, property loss or life in the event of major disaster like Fire Tornado Earthquake Workplace violation Bomb threat Hazardous chemical spill

25 Emergency Action Plan Requirements
Emergency escape Evacuation diagram Fire prevention plan Means of egress Alarm system Emergency telephone lists

26 Hazard Communication 29 CFR

27 Hazard Communication Standard 29 CFR 1910.1200
Ensures that employers and employees know about work hazards and how to protect themselves so that the incidence of illnesses and injuries due to hazardous chemicals is reduced. Hazard Communication Program Container Labeling Material Safety Data Sheet 29 CFR The Hazard Communication (HazCom) standard establishes uniform requirements to make sure that the hazards of all chemicals imported into, produced, or used in U.S. workplaces are evaluated, and that this hazard information is transmitted to affected employers and exposed employees. The HazCom standard is different from other OSHA health rules because it covers all hazardous chemicals. The rule also incorporates a “downstream flow of information,” which means that producers of chemicals have the primary responsibility for generating and disseminating information, whereas users of chemicals must obtain the information and transmit it to their employees. Program MSDS Label

28 HazCom Requirements Identify and list hazardous chemicals in workplaces Obtain Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) and labels for each hazardous chemical Implement a written HazCom program, including labels, MSDSs, employee training, and methods employer will use to inform employees of hazards of non-routine tasks (i.e. spills) Train employees on chemical hazards in workplaces

29 Material Safety Data Sheets
Physical hazards, such as fire and explosion Health hazards, such as signs of exposure Routes of exposure Precautions for safe handling and use Emergency and first-aid procedures Control measures (g) Chemical manufacturers and importers must develop an MSDS for each hazardous chemical they produce or import, and must provide the MSDS at the time of the initial shipment to a downstream distributor or user. Distributors also must ensure that downstream employers are similarly provided an MSDS. The MSDSs must be updated by the chemical manufacturer or importer within three months of learning of "new or significant information" regarding the chemical's hazard potential. OSHA does not require that MSDSs be provided to purchasers of household consumer products (such as "windex" and "white‑out“) when the products are used in the workplace in the same manner that a consumer would use them, i.e.; where the duration and frequency of use (and therefore exposure) is not greater than what the typical consumer would experience. Employees who are required to work with hazardous chemicals in a greater duration and frequency of exposure than a normal consumer have a right to know about the properties of those hazardous chemicals.

30 Chemicals in Salvage Yards
Oil Grease Gasoline/diesel fuel Antifreeze fluid Brake fluid Hydraulic fluid Battery acid Transmission fluid Mercury Solvents Lead Sodium azide in air bag detonators

31 Bloodborne Pathogens 29 CFR 1910.1030
This presentation is designed to assist trainers conducting OSHA 10-hour General Industry outreach training for workers. Since workers are the target audience, this presentation emphasizes hazard identification, avoidance, and control – not standards. No attempt has been made to treat the topic exhaustively. It is essential that trainers tailor their presentations to the needs and understanding of their audience. This presentation is not a substitute for any of the provisions of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 or for any standards issued by the U.S. Department of Labor. Mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Department of Labor. This presentation does not fulfill the employer’s training obligations under 29 CFR

32 Introduction to BBP Approximately 5.6 million workers are at risk:
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV – the virus that causes AIDS) hepatitis B virus (HBV) hepatitis C virus (HCV) OSHA’s Bloodborne Pathogens standard prescribes safeguards to protect workers against the health hazards from exposure to blood and other potentially infectious materials, and to reduce their risk from this exposure 29 CFR “Bloodborne pathogens” means pathogenic microorganisms that are present in human blood and can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include among others hepatitis B virus (HBV), which causes hepatitis B; human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes AIDS; hepatitis C virus and other pathogens, such as those that cause malaria. “Other potentially infectious materials” means: The following human body fluids: semen, vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal fluid, synovial fluid, pleural fluid, pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid, saliva in dental procedures, any body fluid that is visibly contaminated with blood, and all body fluids in situations where it is difficult or impossible to differentiate between bodily fluids; Any unfixed tissue or organ (other than intact skin) from a human (living or dead); and HIV-containing cell or tissue cultures, organ cultures, and HIV- or HBV-containing culture medium or other solutions; and blood, organs, or other tissues from experimental animals infected with HIV or HBV.

33 Who is covered by the standard
All employees who could be “reasonably anticipated” as the result of performing their job duties to face contact with blood and other potentially infectious materials OSHA’s Bloodborne Pathogens standard, 29 CFR , does not apply to construction, agriculture or maritime. The term “reasonably anticipated” contact means potential contact as well as actual contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials.

34 How does exposure occur
Most common: needlesticks Cuts from other contaminated sharps (scalpels, broken glass, sharp metal, etc.) Contact of mucous membranes (for example, the eye, nose, mouth) or broken (cut or abraded) skin with contaminated blood It is estimated that 600,000 to 800,000 needlestick injuries occur each year in the United States. “Contaminated sharps” means any contaminated object that can penetrate the skin including, but not limited to, needles, scalpels, broken glass, broken capillary tubes, and exposed ends of dental wires.

35 BBP Requirements Hazard assessment Written BBP exposure control plan
Employee involvement in selection of safer medical devices Training (c)(1)(i) Employees who must be consulted are those non-managerial employees responsible for direct patient care who are potentially exposed to injuries from contaminated sharps.

36 Personal Protective Equipment 29 CFR 1910.132-.138
Eye, face, body, hands, feet, airways Hazard Assessment Equipment Selection Training

37 Eye/Face Protection When employees are exposed to: Flying particles
Molten metal Liquid chemical, gas, acid, vapors Injurious light radiation

38 Welding Face/Eye Protection
UV protection Radiation Protection

39 Protection of Feet/Toes
Steel-toe boots, metatarsals Falling objects Rolling objects Objects that can pierce sole of foot Electrical Lawnmower accident; part of steel toe is beside shoe; foot owner’s toes were only bruised.

40 Protection of Hands/Arms
Gloves appropriate for the work being done Chemicals Lacerations Abrasions Punctures Electrical Thermal Arm protection

41 Head and Body Protection
Hard hat Apron

42 Respiratory Protection
To control occupational diseases cased by contaminated air, harmful dusts, fogs, fumes, mists, gases, smocks, sprays, or vapors. Respirator shall be provided by employers. Written respiratory protection program by employer. Respirator selection and evaluation. Medical evaluation Training Fit test Recordkeeping

43 Respirator Cartridges

44 PPE Training Employer shall provide training. Training must cover:
When PPE is necessary What PPE is necessary Proper wear, adjustment, care, disposal, maintenance etc.

45 Machine Guarding 29 CFR Subpart O

46 # 2 on IOSHA’s Top-10 Hazards Cited list
NO TONGUE GUARD # 2 on IOSHA’s Top-10 Hazards Cited list (2)

47 Work rest 1/8” ? (8)

48 Pulley guarding…. (d)(1) (11)


50 Lockout/Tagout 29 CFR 1910.147 Control of hazardous energy Electrical
Chemical Hydraulic Pneumatic

51 LO/TO Requirements Energy Control Program
Energy Control Procedures for each piece of equipment Devices used for locking out equipment Training of all employees

52 Medical and First Aid 29 CFR 1910.151
Availability of eyes and body wash facility within the work area for emergency use Caustic/corrosive chemicals


54 Electrical Hazards 29 CFR 1910 Subpart S
An average of one worker is electrocuted on the job every day There are four main types of electrical injuries: Electrocution (death due to electrical shock) Electrical shock Burns Falls LOW VOLTAGE DOES NOT MEAN LOW HAZARD This module addresses OSHA’s General Industry electrical standards contained in 29 CFR 1910 Subpart S. OSHA also has electrical standards for construction and maritime, but recommends that employers in these industries follow the general industry electrical standards whenever possible for hazards that are not addressed by their industry-specific standards. Suitability of electrical equipment for an identified purpose may be evidenced by listing or labeling by a nationally recognized testing laboratory which makes periodic inspections of equipment production and states that such equipment meets nationally recognized standards or tests to determine safe use in a specified manner. The Lockout/Tagout (LOTO) standard, 29 CFR , is not covered in this presentation. However, you can find information on the Lockout-Tagout Interactive Training Program, under “OSHA Advisors” on the OSHA web site, Electricity is one of the most common causes of fire in homes and workplaces. Explosions have also resulted from electrical sources.

55 Electrical Burns Most common shock-related, nonfatal injury
Occurs when you touch electrical wiring or equipment that is improperly used or maintained Typically occurs on the hands Very serious injury that needs immediate attention Electrical burn immediately after accident Same hand 72 hrs. later

56 Grounding Path The path to ground from circuits, equipment, and enclosures must be permanent and continuous Violation shown here is an extension cord with a missing grounding prong (f)(4)

57 Clues that Electrical Hazards Exist
Tripped circuit breakers or blown fuses Tools, wires, cords, connections, or junction boxes GFCI that shuts off a circuit Worn or frayed insulation around wire or connection Too many cords plugged into a circuit Conductor is too small to carry the current Electrical cords wrapped around metal objects (ladder) Overhead power lines when working at heights Open junction boxes/cabinets

58 Electrical Training Train employees working with electric equipment in safe work practices, including: Deenergizing electric equipment before inspecting or making repairs Using electric tools that are in good repair Using good judgment when working near energized lines Using appropriate protective equipment OSHA’s electrical safety-related work practice requirements are contained in 29 CFR Deenergizing Electrical Equipment. The accidental or unexpected sudden starting of electrical equipment can cause severe injury or death. Before ANY inspections or repairs are made the current must be turned off at the switch box and the switch padlocked in the OFF position. At the same time, the switch or controls of the machine or other equipment being locked out of service must be securely tagged to show which equipment or circuits are being worked on. For more information on the Lockout/Tagout (LOTO) standard, , see the Lockout/Tagout Interactive Training Program at the osha web site, and find this reference under “OSHA Advisors”.

59 Welding, Cutting, and Brazing 29 CFR 1910 Subpart Q
Oxygen-fuel gas welding and cutting Arc welding and cutting Resistance welding

60 Welding/Cutting/Brazing Hazards
Fire hazards Combustibles Eye and face protection Respiratory protection Lead, other metals, emissions, byproducts Ventilation Protective clothing (including body and hands) Confined spaces Cylinders

61 Compressed Gases Safety relief devices
Protected from falling or machinery Legibly marked – contents & hazard identification Valve protection cap Oxygen stored away from fuel gases Limited amount than can be stored indoors Transportation of cylinders

62 Confined Spaces(29 CFR ) Is large enough and so configured that an employee can bodily enter and perform assigned work; and Has limited or restricted means for entry or exit; and Is not designed for continuous employee occupancy.

63 Permit Required Confined Spaces
Hazardous atmosphere; Engulfment hazard; Internal configuration; Contains any other recognized serious hazard.

64 Noise(29 CFR ) More than 85 dBA needs hearing conservation program Audiometric testing Hearing protection Training Access to information on noise standard

65 Additional Hazards Cranes – overhead, gantry Slings used for cranes
29 CFR Slings used for cranes 29 CFR Forklifts and other powered industrial trucks 29 CFR Materials handling 29 CFR Aisles clear, secure stacking, housekeeping

66 Referrals to IOSHA and Fatality Notification to IOSHA
(317) (317)

67 More Information on Safety and Health Hazards
Osha website: BuSET (317) (317) IDOL Web: Osha Phone:

68 Thank you

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