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1 Auto Salvage Yard Occupational Safety and Health Hazards Sumit K Ghosh Safety Consultant, Bureau of Safety Education and Training, Department of Labor.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Auto Salvage Yard Occupational Safety and Health Hazards Sumit K Ghosh Safety Consultant, Bureau of Safety Education and Training, Department of Labor."— Presentation transcript:


2 1 Auto Salvage Yard Occupational Safety and Health Hazards Sumit K Ghosh Safety Consultant, Bureau of Safety Education and Training, Department of Labor

3 2 Topics Introduction to IOSHA Introduction to BuSET Occupational Safety and Health Hazards at Auto Salvage Yard

4 3 IOSHA and BuSET Indiana Occupational Safety and Health Administration (IOSHA) Enforcement of safety and health standards Bureau of Safety Education and Training (BuSET) Consultations/On site visit and training

5 4 Indiana OSHA Indiana - A state plan state IOSHA enforce Federal standard 29CFR All penalties collected go to the state general fund Mission: To save lives, prevent injuries and ensure the safety and health of Indianas workers.

6 5 IOSHA Comprised four divisions: Industrial Hygiene Industrial Safety Construction Safety Bureau of Mines

7 6 IOSHA Inspections Complaint Referral Fatality/Catastrophe One fatality 3 hospitalized injuries General Schedule Randomly computer generated Emphasis Programs

8 7 The IOSHA Inspection Compliance officer presents credentials Purpose of visit: A fat/cat, complaint, referral, or emphasis program results in a focused inspection A general schedule inspection covers the entire worksite Opening Conference

9 8 IOSHA Inspection (continued) Walkaround Point out hazards Interview employees Closing Conference Safety Orders (Citations) Provide abatement, and pay fine, if any Informal conference Contest

10 9 o 15 working day period o An informal conference is conducted by phone or in person o May result in a settlement agreement The Informal Conference

11 10 BuSET Bureau of Safety Education and Training Greater level of safety and health in the workplace Employee involvement FREE NO FINES EDUCATION -- prior to injuries or accidents

12 11 BuSETs Activities Safety and health consultations, on site visit of facilities in general industry and construction Training Programs OSHA 10-Hour courses, 30-Hour courses, short seminars Technical Assistance Voluntary Protection Program INSHARP Governors Workplace Safety Awards

13 12 Consultations Similar to how IOSHA inspections are conducted: Opening conference Walkaround Closing conference Report of Hazards –Confidential and comprehensive written report –Abatement assistance

14 13 Training Types of courses OSHA 10-Hour courses OSHA 20-Hour courses Short seminars/Half a day program Partner with companies/organizations/ entities Written request

15 14 BuSET Training Programs Accident Investigation Cranes, Hoists, Slings Electrical Safety Emergency Action Plan Hazard Recognition How to Survive an IOSHA Inspection Internet Based Safety IOSHA Top-50 Cited Industrial Violations Lockout/Tagout Safety Machine Guarding Powered Industrial Trucks OSHA #300 Safety-Related Work Practices Workplace Violence Power Press Training

16 15 Voluntary Protection Program Indiana VPP is designed to recognize and promote safety and health management programs. Management, labor, and IDOL establish a cooperative relationship at a workplace that has implemented a strong program.

17 16 INSHARP is another recognition program: incentives and support to smaller, high-hazard employers work with their employees to develop, implement and continuously improve the effectiveness of their workplace safety and health programs also includes larger employers who are willing to develop exemplary safety and health programs and mentor others to achieve similar results.

18 17 Workers and Employers Rights and Responsibilities

19 18 What are workers responsibilities? Read the OSHA poster Follow the employers safety and health rules and wear or use all required gear and equipment Follow safe work practices for your job, as directed by your employer Report hazardous conditions to a supervisor or safety committee Report hazardous conditions to OSHA, if employers do not fix them Cooperate with OSHA inspectors (see OSHAs Workers web page for more information)

20 19 What are workers rights? Workers have a vital role to play in identifying and correcting problems in their workplaces, working with their employers whenever possible Workers can complain to OSHA about workplace conditions threatening their health or safety in person, by telephone, by fax, by mail or electronically through OSHAs web site Section 11(c) of the OSH Act gives workers the right to seek safe and healthful conditions on the job without being disciplined or fired (see OSHAs Workers web page for more information)

21 20 What are employers rights and responsibilities? Employers must provide a safe and healthful workplace free of recognized hazards and follow the OSHA standards The OSH Act grants employers important rights, particularly during and after an OSHA inspection Employers also provide training, medical examinations and recordkeeping

22 21 Auto Salvage Yard Safety/Health Hazards

23 22 Auto Salvage Yard Safety/Health Hazards Emergency Action Plan Hazard Communication Bloodborne Pathogens (BBP) Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Machine Guarding Medical/First Aid Electrical Safety Welding, Cutting, and Brazing Compressed Gases Confined Spaces Noise

24 23 Emergency Action Plan 29 CFR CFR 1910 Subpart L (Fire)

25 24 Emergency Action Plan Purpose: To protect the employees from serious injury, property loss or life in the event of major disaster like Fire Tornado Earthquake Workplace violation Bomb threat Hazardous chemical spill

26 25 Emergency Action Plan Requirements Emergency escape Evacuation diagram Fire prevention plan Means of egress Alarm system Emergency telephone lists

27 26 Hazard Communication 29 CFR

28 27 Hazard Communication Standard 29 CFR Hazard Communication Program Container Labeling Material Safety Data Sheet MSDS Program Label Ensures that employers and employees know about work hazards and how to protect themselves so that the incidence of illnesses and injuries due to hazardous chemicals is reduced.

29 28 HazCom Requirements Identify and list hazardous chemicals in workplaces Obtain Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) and labels for each hazardous chemical Implement a written HazCom program, including labels, MSDSs, employee training, and methods employer will use to inform employees of hazards of non-routine tasks (i.e. spills) Train employees on chemical hazards in workplaces

30 29 Material Safety Data Sheets Physical hazards, such as fire and explosion Health hazards, such as signs of exposure Routes of exposure Precautions for safe handling and use Emergency and first-aid procedures Control measures

31 30 Chemicals in Salvage Yards Oil Grease Gasoline/diesel fuel Antifreeze fluid Brake fluid Hydraulic fluid Battery acid Transmission fluid Mercury Solvents Lead Sodium azide in air bag detonators

32 31 Bloodborne Pathogens 29 CFR

33 32 Introduction to BBP Approximately 5.6 million workers are at risk: human immunodeficiency virus (HIV – the virus that causes AIDS) hepatitis B virus (HBV) hepatitis C virus (HCV) OSHAs Bloodborne Pathogens standard prescribes safeguards to protect workers against the health hazards from exposure to blood and other potentially infectious materials, and to reduce their risk from this exposure

34 33 Who is covered by the standard All employees who could be reasonably anticipated as the result of performing their job duties to face contact with blood and other potentially infectious materials

35 34 How does exposure occur Most common: needlesticks Cuts from other contaminated sharps (scalpels, broken glass, sharp metal, etc.) Contact of mucous membranes (for example, the eye, nose, mouth) or broken (cut or abraded) skin with contaminated blood

36 35 BBP Requirements Hazard assessment Written BBP exposure control plan Employee involvement in selection of safer medical devices Training

37 36 Personal Protective Equipment 29 CFR Eye, face, body, hands, feet, airways Hazard Assessment Equipment Selection Training

38 37 Eye/Face Protection When employees are exposed to: Flying particles Molten metal Liquid chemical, gas, acid, vapors Injurious light radiation

39 38 Welding Face/Eye Protection Radiation Protection UV protection

40 39 Protection of Feet/Toes Steel-toe boots, metatarsals Falling objects Rolling objects Objects that can pierce sole of foot Electrical Lawnmower accident; part of steel toe is beside shoe; foot owners toes were only bruised.

41 40 Protection of Hands/Arms Gloves appropriate for the work being done Chemicals Lacerations Abrasions Punctures Electrical Thermal Arm protection

42 41 Head and Body Protection Hard hat Apron

43 42 Respiratory Protection To control occupational diseases cased by contaminated air, harmful dusts, fogs, fumes, mists, gases, smocks, sprays, or vapors. Respirator shall be provided by employers. Written respiratory protection program by employer. Respirator selection and evaluation. Medical evaluation Training Fit test Recordkeeping

44 43 Respirator Cartridges

45 44 PPE Training Employer shall provide training. Training must cover: When PPE is necessary What PPE is necessary Proper wear, adjustment, care, disposal, maintenance etc.

46 45 Machine Guarding 29 CFR Subpart O

47 46 NO TONGUE GUARD (2) # 2 on IOSHAs Top-10 Hazards Cited list

48 47 Work rest 1/8 ? (8)

49 48 Pulley guarding… (d)(1) (11)

50 49

51 50 Lockout/Tagout 29 CFR Control of hazardous energy Electrical Chemical Hydraulic Pneumatic

52 51 LO/TO Requirements Energy Control Program Energy Control Procedures for each piece of equipment Devices used for locking out equipment Training of all employees

53 52 Medical and First Aid 29 CFR Availability of eyes and body wash facility within the work area for emergency use Caustic/corrosive chemicals

54 53

55 54 Electrical Hazards 29 CFR 1910 Subpart S An average of one worker is electrocuted on the job every day There are four main types of electrical injuries: Electrocution (death due to electrical shock) Electrical shock Burns Falls LOW VOLTAGE DOES NOT MEAN LOW HAZARD

56 55 Electrical Burns Most common shock-related, nonfatal injury Occurs when you touch electrical wiring or equipment that is improperly used or maintained Typically occurs on the hands Very serious injury that needs immediate attention Electrical burn immediately after accident Same hand 72 hrs. later

57 56 Grounding Path The path to ground from circuits, equipment, and enclosures must be permanent and continuous Violation shown here is an extension cord with a missing grounding prong

58 57 Clues that Electrical Hazards Exist Tripped circuit breakers or blown fuses Tools, wires, cords, connections, or junction boxes GFCI that shuts off a circuit Worn or frayed insulation around wire or connection Too many cords plugged into a circuit Conductor is too small to carry the current Electrical cords wrapped around metal objects (ladder) Overhead power lines when working at heights Open junction boxes/cabinets

59 58 Electrical Training Deenergizing electric equipment before inspecting or making repairs Using electric tools that are in good repair Using good judgment when working near energized lines Using appropriate protective equipment Train employees working with electric equipment in safe work practices, including:

60 59 Welding, Cutting, and Brazing 29 CFR 1910 Subpart Q Oxygen-fuel gas welding and cutting Arc welding and cutting Resistance welding

61 60 Welding/Cutting/Brazing Hazards Fire hazards Combustibles Eye and face protection Respiratory protection Lead, other metals, emissions, byproducts Ventilation Protective clothing (including body and hands) Confined spaces Cylinders

62 61 Compressed Gases Safety relief devices Protected from falling or machinery Legibly marked – contents & hazard identification Valve protection cap Oxygen stored away from fuel gases Limited amount than can be stored indoors Transportation of cylinders

63 62 Confined Spaces(29 CFR ) 1. Is large enough and so configured that an employee can bodily enter and perform assigned work; and 2. Has limited or restricted means for entry or exit; and 3. Is not designed for continuous employee occupancy.

64 63 Permit Required Confined Spaces 1. Hazardous atmosphere; 2. Engulfment hazard; 3. Internal configuration; 4. Contains any other recognized serious hazard.

65 64 Noise(29 CFR ) More than 85 dBA needs hearing conservation program Audiometric testing Hearing protection Training Access to information on noise standard

66 65 Additional Hazards Cranes – overhead, gantry 29 CFR Slings used for cranes 29 CFR Forklifts and other powered industrial trucks 29 CFR Materials handling 29 CFR Aisles clear, secure stacking, housekeeping

67 66 Referrals to IOSHA and Fatality Notification to IOSHA (317) (317)

68 67 More Information on Safety and Health Hazards BuSET (317) (317) Osha website: IDOL Web: Osha Phone:

69 68

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