Historical Background The labour movement is a by-product of the industrial revolution.
In order to trace the history of factories act in India, we should go back to the last decade of the 19 th century when- Advent of electricity boosted industrialization Factories were working day and night Exploitation of labour was at its peak.
Women and children had to work from sunrise to sunset without break. Even children below the age of 7 years were in employment. The conditions of labor were deteriorating day by day.
Towards the formulation: Miss Bristol brought to the notice of the secretary of state of India Lord Shaftsbury, who raised the voice in the parliament and thus the Indian Factories Act 1881 came on the statute book.
The chronology: Indian factories Act 1881 Factories amendment act 1891 Enactment of new Factories Act 1911 Factories Amendment act 1922 Factories Act 1934 Factories Act 1948
Need for the change: Experience of the working of act of 1934 revealed a number of defects and weaknesses which hampered effective administration. The provisions of safety health and welfare of workers were found to be inadequate ans unsatisfactory.
Objectives of the Act It is a comprehensive piece of legislation covering all aspects relating to factories, including: Approval, licensing, registration, inspection Health, Safety, welfare, working hours, Employment of young persons Etc.
Provisions for Health Cleanliness Disposal of waste and effluents Ventilation and temperature Dust and fumes Artificial humidification Overcrowding Lighting
But does not include: Mines Mobile unit belonging to the armed forces of the union. Railway running shed Hotel, Restaurant, eating place.
WORKER ACCORDING TO FACTORIES ACT 1948, WHO IS A WORKER.?
MANUFACTURING PROCESS WHAT CONSTITUTES A MANUFACTURING PROCESS AS PER THE ACT?
A PERSON WHO HAS COMPLETED 18 YEARS IS AN ……………………….. A PERSON WHO HAS COMPLETED HIS 15 th YEAR OF AGE BUT NOT COMPLETED HIS 18 th YEAR IS AN………………………………. A PERSON WHO HAS NOT COMPLETED HIS 15 th YEAR OF AGE IS A ……………………
DEFINE HAZARDOUS PROCESS ACOORDING TO FACTORIES ACT 1948?
A PERIOD OF 24 HOURS BEGINNING AT MIDNIGHT IS CALLED……………….. A PERIOD OF 7 DAYS BEGINNING AT MIDNIGHT ON SATURDAY NIGHT OR SUCH OTHER NIGHT AS MAYBE APPROVED IN WRITING FOR A PARTICULAR AREA BY THE CHIEF INSPECTOR OF FACTORIES IS CALLED A ……………………
OCCUPIER DEFINE AN OCCUPIER AS PER THE ACT SUPPORTING IT WITH RELEVANT CASE STUDIES?
DUTIES OF AN OCCUPIER LIST DOWN THE DUTIES OF THE OCCUPIER?
INSPECTING STAFF WHO IS AN INSPECTOR? WHAT ARE THE POWERS OF AN INSPECTOR?
CERTIFYING SURGEONS WHO IS A CERTIFYING SURGEON AND WHAT ARE THE DUTIES OF A CERTIFYING SURGEON?
SAFETY OFFICER WHAT ARE THE CONDITIONS UNDER WHICH A SAFETY OFFICER NEEDS TO BE EMPLOYED IN A FACTORY?