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Dr. John D. Barge, State School Superintendent Making Education Work for All Georgians www.gadoe.org Federal Cost Principles Georgia Department of Education.

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Presentation on theme: "Dr. John D. Barge, State School Superintendent Making Education Work for All Georgians www.gadoe.org Federal Cost Principles Georgia Department of Education."— Presentation transcript:

1 Dr. John D. Barge, State School Superintendent Making Education Work for All Georgians Federal Cost Principles Georgia Department of Education School Nutrition Program Finance & Budget Unit Edward Dung Georgia Department of Education School Nutrition Program Finance & Budget Unit Edward Dung

2 Dr. John D. Barge, State School Superintendent Making Education Work for All Georgians Statutory Authorization Title 2 Part 225 Code of Federal Regulation (CFR) OMB Circular A – 87 Title 2 Part 230 Code of Federal Regulation (CFR) OMB Circular A – 122 –Appendix A –Appendix B

3 Dr. John D. Barge, State School Superintendent Making Education Work for All Georgians Importance of Cost Principles In order to be chargeable to the Child Nutrition Program, a cost (whether a direct or indirect cost) must be allowable under federal guidelines for the administration and operations of the CNP.

4 Dr. John D. Barge, State School Superintendent Making Education Work for All Georgians Objectives Restrict the use of program funds to ensure expenses are incurred to meet ONLY the needs of the intended program {Child Nutrition Program (CNP)}. Ensure compliance with government-wide and specific rules and regulations.

5 Dr. John D. Barge, State School Superintendent Making Education Work for All Georgians Factors To Consider In Deciding Allowable Costs A cost item is allowable if it is: –Necessary –Reasonable –Allocable –Not prohibited under state or local laws –Conform to the limitations of the Federal Award

6 Dr. John D. Barge, State School Superintendent Making Education Work for All Georgians Factors To Consider In Deciding Allowable Costs A cost item is allowable if it is: –Consistently treated as a direct or indirect cost –Determined in accordance with GAAP –Net of applicable credits –Adequately documented

7 Dr. John D. Barge, State School Superintendent Making Education Work for All Georgians What Costs are Reasonable & Necessary Could the SNP operations be carried out without incurring this cost? Would a prudent person find the cost to be reasonable under the circumstances? Is the cost recognized as ordinary and necessary for the operation of SNP? How does the cost contribute to achieving SNP objectives? Could the SFA defend this purchase to the SA, the media, auditors, and other SNP stakeholders?

8 Dr. John D. Barge, State School Superintendent Making Education Work for All Georgians What Costs are Allocable The CNP must benefit, directly or indirectly, from the cost incurred. Each cost objective must be charged its fair share of the cost and adequate documents retained. Costs may not be billed to the SNP to overcome fund deficiencies in other Federal Program(s) or School District or to avoid certain regulatory limitations.

9 Dr. John D. Barge, State School Superintendent Making Education Work for All Georgians Points To Remember The list of cost items in Appendix B is extensive but not exhaustive. A cost item may be unallowable, based on the application of Appendix A, even though it is listed as allowable in Appendix B.

10 Dr. John D. Barge, State School Superintendent Making Education Work for All Georgians Application of Cost Principles Example 1: Murals A school cafeteria is renovated and the cost includes expenditures for a mural. Is this cost allowable? It depends A mural would be allowable if it conveys some sort of message that promotes the program. Otherwise, it will be unallowable. Carefully consider the reasonableness of the mural.

11 Dr. John D. Barge, State School Superintendent Making Education Work for All Georgians Application of Cost Principles Example 2: Lunch Room Monitors An SFA pays a fee to individuals to monitor students in the cafeteria. Is the fee paid to the lunch room monitors allowable? Yes Fees for lunch room supervision can be considered an allowable cost of operations. FNS Instruction 782-6

12 Dr. John D. Barge, State School Superintendent Making Education Work for All Georgians Application of Cost Principles Example 3: Construction A new school is built and part of the cost of building the cafeteria is billed to the SNP. Is the cost assigned to the SNP allowable? No 7CFR Specifically disallows the purchase or constructing a building or the purchase of land unless prior approval is obtained from FNS.

13 Dr. John D. Barge, State School Superintendent Making Education Work for All Georgians Application of Cost Principles Example 4: Renovations/Remodeling/Reconstruction A section of the cafeteria is reconstructed to properly locate the POS system to comply with meal count requirements. Is this cost of the reconstruction an allowable cost? What if the cost adds to the value of the cafeteria or prolongs its intended life? Yes It is a cost incurred to comply with federal requirements for the operations of SNP. However, it should not add to the value of the property or prolong its intended life.

14 Dr. John D. Barge, State School Superintendent Making Education Work for All Georgians Application of Cost Principles Other Examples Promotional Items SNP Employee Incentives Vehicles Charges Not Allowable Allowable Not Allowable

15 Dr. John D. Barge, State School Superintendent Making Education Work for All Georgians Federal Cost Principles Apply to Indirect Costs

16 Dr. John D. Barge, State School Superintendent Making Education Work for All Georgians Meaning of Indirect Cost Indirect cost are costs incurred for the benefit of multiple programs, functions, or other cost objectives. Indirect cost billed to the SNP must first be allowable cost for reasonable and necessary operations of the SNP.

17 Dr. John D. Barge, State School Superintendent Making Education Work for All Georgians Indirect Cost vs. Direct Cost An indirect cost in one given circumstance could be a direct cost in another. A cost item cannot be treated as a direct cost to the SNP if the same cost is treated as a indirect cost in other federal programs.

18 Dr. John D. Barge, State School Superintendent Making Education Work for All Georgians School Improvement Finance Office Georgia Power Title 1 Instructions School Nutrition GNG Water AT&T Invoice Indirect Cost SNP Allocation

19 Dr. John D. Barge, State School Superintendent Making Education Work for All Georgians School Improvement Finance Office Georgia Power Title 1 Instructions School Nutrition GNG Water AT&T Indirect Cost SNP Allocation Direct Cost to SNP

20 Dr. John D. Barge, State School Superintendent Making Education Work for All Georgians Application of Indirect Cost The general fund often bills the food service for its share of the indirect by applying the State- approved indirect cost rate to the SNP adjusted cost base OR allocates indirect cost based of a more reasonable methodology. The billed amount generated is the amount of indirect cost properly allocable to the school food service.

21 Dr. John D. Barge, State School Superintendent Making Education Work for All Georgians SFA must not overpay! An SFA is NOT allowed to pay any amount in excess of the properly billed indirect cost with funds from the nonprofit school food serviced account. SFAs paying indirect cost MUST be provided the necessary tools to verify and validate costs when necessary

22 Dr. John D. Barge, State School Superintendent Making Education Work for All Georgians Retroactive Billing Of Indirect Cost Is Unallowable It is unallowable to bill the nonprofit school food service account for indirect costs that were paid from the general fund in prior years. Unless an agreement exists indicating it was a loan to the SNP.

23 Dr. John D. Barge, State School Superintendent Making Education Work for All Georgians Shifting Indirect Cost Is Unallowable! Shifting indirect cost to SNP because other programs do not have enough funds is NOT an option.

24 Dr. John D. Barge, State School Superintendent Making Education Work for All Georgians

25 Dr. John D. Barge, State School Superintendent Making Education Work for All Georgians Edward Dung Auditor School Nutrition Program Finance and Budget Unit

26 Dr. John D. Barge, State School Superintendent Making Education Work for All Georgians In accordance with State and Federal Law, the Georgia Department of Education prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, sex, disability, or age in its educational and employment activities. Inquiries regarding the application of these practices may be addressed to the General Counsel of the Georgia Department of Education, 2052 Twin Towers East, Atlanta, Georgia, 30334, (404) In accordance with Federal law and U.S. Department of Agriculture policy, this institution is prohibited from discriminating on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, age, or disability. To file a complaint of discrimination, write to USDA, Director, Office of Civil Rights, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC or call (800) or (202) (TTY). USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer.


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