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1 1 Federal Highway Administration, USDOT Work Zone Mobility and Safety Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) proposed changes to 23 CFR 630 Subpart J.

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Presentation on theme: "1 1 Federal Highway Administration, USDOT Work Zone Mobility and Safety Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) proposed changes to 23 CFR 630 Subpart J."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 1 Federal Highway Administration, USDOT Work Zone Mobility and Safety Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) proposed changes to 23 CFR 630 Subpart J

2 2 2 Agenda Why update this regulation ? Background Current schedule Overview of Advance Notice of Proposed Rule Making (ANPRM) Overview of Notice of Proposed Rule Making (NPRM) Why update this regulation ? Background Current schedule Overview of Advance Notice of Proposed Rule Making (ANPRM) Overview of Notice of Proposed Rule Making (NPRM)

3 3 3 Why Update this Regulation? Section 1051 of ISTEA required the Secretary of Transportation to develop and implement a highway safety program FHWA, through non-regulatory action, established the National Highway Work Zone Safety Program (NHWSP) The NHWZSP language indicated that the FHWA would review current work zone problems and update the regulation to better reflect the current needs for improved safety and to minimize disruptions to traffic during the construction of highway projects

4 4 4 Background Agency Focus FHWA Strategic Goals Safety Mobility and Productivity Environment National Security Organizational Excellence Congestion reduction Congestion reduction leads to safer work zones FHWA Vital Few Safety Environmental Streamlining Congestion Work Zones

5 5 5 Background Construction Spending is Increasing 160,000 miles of National Highway System and 300,000 miles of arterials reaching middle age Over the life of TEA- 21, highway construction funding increased nearly 40% We are experiencing and can expect MORE WORK ZONES We estimate that 20.9% of the National Highway System is under construction at any time during the peak summer roadwork season, leading to 6,472 work zones

6 6 6 Background Traffic is Growing Were traveling more miles without increasing highway capacity significantly : Vehicle Travel up 80%, Lane Miles up 2.4%

7 7 7 Background Congestion is Growing Extremely or Severely congested highway miles more than doubled from 1982 to 1997

8 8 8 Background WZ Fatalities Have Increased Average 778 fatalities per year, with a high of 1079 in 2001 Approximately 40,000 people were injured in work zones crashes in to fatalities - 220,000 injuries worker deaths

9 9 9 Background Working Conditions Are Changing More work is done under traffic –In 2000, 54% of highway capital outlay was spent on system preservation Contractors are experiencing – Reduced work hours / interrupted shifts – Increased night work – Compressed schedules These conditions contribute to concerns about worker safety, reduced productivity, and compromised quality

10 10 Background Work Zones Contribute to Congestion Work zones on freeways cause 24% of non-recurring congestion -Over 480 million vehicle hours of delay per year -Capacity loss of over 3 billion vehicles per year

11 11 Background Customer Satisfaction Percentage of Responses Satisfied and Very Satisfied 58% 53% 47% 48% 55% 58% 60% 59% 47% 59% 65% 74% 77% 79% Traffic Flow Work Zones Pavement Conditions Maintenance Response Time Safety Travel Amenities Bridge Conditions Visual Appeal Data not collected in 1995 Source: Moving Ahead: The American Public Speaks on Roadways and Transportation in Communities (which can be found on the FHWA web page at

12 12 Background Major Trends More construction spending Growing traffic volumes More work is done under traffic Increasing congestion Compressed contractor schedules Public dissatisfaction and frustration with work zones

13 13 Background Considering Policy and Regulation Change Look at the entire project development process for work zone safety and mobility –Objective is to think differently (with customer in mind) about how we plan, design and build projects Get input for proposing changes to 23 CFR 630 Subpart J –AASHTO, AGC, ATSSA, ARTBA, AMPO, NACE, local governments, contractors, labor organizations, public, etc. Develop proposed language based on the comments Look at the entire project development process for work zone safety and mobility –Objective is to think differently (with customer in mind) about how we plan, design and build projects Get input for proposing changes to 23 CFR 630 Subpart J –AASHTO, AGC, ATSSA, ARTBA, AMPO, NACE, local governments, contractors, labor organizations, public, etc. Develop proposed language based on the comments

14 14 Overview of ANPRM Issued ANPRM on Feb 6, 2002 to initiate dialogue with the transportation community Evaluated ANPRM comments, conducted outreach, and developed proposed rule language from June 02 to March Published NPRM on May 7, 2003 –Comment period is 120 days – ends Sept 4, 2003 Currently conducting outreach to inform the public about the NPRM Final Rule expected in late 2004 Issued ANPRM on Feb 6, 2002 to initiate dialogue with the transportation community Evaluated ANPRM comments, conducted outreach, and developed proposed rule language from June 02 to March Published NPRM on May 7, 2003 –Comment period is 120 days – ends Sept 4, 2003 Currently conducting outreach to inform the public about the NPRM Final Rule expected in late 2004

15 15 Overview of ANPRM Identified major considerations that affect: –Policy –Planning –Design –Traffic control and operations –Public information –Performance reporting with respect to work zones Over-arching theme –reduce need for recurrent roadwork, duration of work zones, and disruption due to work zones Issues posed as questions to elicit comments, guidance, and suggestions Identified major considerations that affect: –Policy –Planning –Design –Traffic control and operations –Public information –Performance reporting with respect to work zones Over-arching theme –reduce need for recurrent roadwork, duration of work zones, and disruption due to work zones Issues posed as questions to elicit comments, guidance, and suggestions

16 16 ANPRM Respondent Profile Trade Associations & Special Interest Groups - 16% Other Public Agencies - 6% DOTs - 65% Equipment/Technology Providers - 2% Private Individuals/Consultants - 6% Unclassified - 5% Total Respondents 84

17 17 Need a National policy on work zone safety and mobility –Preference for broad policy supported by guidance –Provide flexibility in implementation of regulations Explicitly address both safety and mobility Imply stratification of regulations – but let States use their own criteria Institutionalize work zone considerations Road user impacts of work zones are important and essential for decision making during project development and design Need a National policy on work zone safety and mobility –Preference for broad policy supported by guidance –Provide flexibility in implementation of regulations Explicitly address both safety and mobility Imply stratification of regulations – but let States use their own criteria Institutionalize work zone considerations Road user impacts of work zones are important and essential for decision making during project development and design ANPRM – Areas Receiving Strong Support

18 18 ANPRM – Areas Receiving Strong Support (continued) Analysis of alternative project options and design strategies to minimize work zone impacts TCPs should be expanded to address sustained traffic operations and management Need to communicate better with the public – need communications plans for projects Need comprehensive work zone traffic mitigation planning and implementation plans –Consider programmatic initiatives in addition to project specific actions Flexibility in development and procurement of work zone impact mitigation strategies Analysis of alternative project options and design strategies to minimize work zone impacts TCPs should be expanded to address sustained traffic operations and management Need to communicate better with the public – need communications plans for projects Need comprehensive work zone traffic mitigation planning and implementation plans –Consider programmatic initiatives in addition to project specific actions Flexibility in development and procurement of work zone impact mitigation strategies

19 19 Overview of Proposed Rule Current Regulation –Reflected its time –Broad purpose –But narrow provisions Focusing on TCPs for projects Work zone operations on two-lane/two-way highways Focus of Update –Reflects changing times –Make regulation broader Cover more issues pertaining to work zone safety and mobility –Consider customer-focused project development Comprehensive consideration of work zone impacts Current Regulation –Reflected its time –Broad purpose –But narrow provisions Focusing on TCPs for projects Work zone operations on two-lane/two-way highways Focus of Update –Reflects changing times –Make regulation broader Cover more issues pertaining to work zone safety and mobility –Consider customer-focused project development Comprehensive consideration of work zone impacts To serve needs of all users during construction and maintenance projects - Beginning of rehabilitation/ reconstruction of the NHS - Work zone safety issues emerging - Required Traffic Control Plans - TCPs More traffic, more congestion, greater safety issues, and more work zones – a lot more !

20 20 Overview of Proposed Rule Focus Areas Key concept – Address Work Zone Impacts Have a policy driven focus Analyze safety and mobility impacts Address impacts on road users, workers and other affected parties Have a plan for safety and mobility Key concept – Address Work Zone Impacts Have a policy driven focus Analyze safety and mobility impacts Address impacts on road users, workers and other affected parties Have a plan for safety and mobility

21 21 Overview of Proposed Rule Focus Areas Broad, address wide range of issues, and provide flexibility in implementation and adaptation –Flexibility in implementation of regulations based on States respective performance objectives, needs, and operating environments –Set the stage for performance-oriented regulations rather than method- oriented regulations –Regulation provisions to be broad; will be supplemented with detailed implementation guidelines when the rule goes into effect Retain the emphasis on safety but expand provisions to address mobility issues also Facilitate institutionalization of work zone considerations –By requiring States to develop a work zone safety and mobility policy Flexibility in FHWAs review of States practices and procedures Broad, address wide range of issues, and provide flexibility in implementation and adaptation –Flexibility in implementation of regulations based on States respective performance objectives, needs, and operating environments –Set the stage for performance-oriented regulations rather than method- oriented regulations –Regulation provisions to be broad; will be supplemented with detailed implementation guidelines when the rule goes into effect Retain the emphasis on safety but expand provisions to address mobility issues also Facilitate institutionalization of work zone considerations –By requiring States to develop a work zone safety and mobility policy Flexibility in FHWAs review of States practices and procedures

22 22 Overview of Proposed Rule Focus Areas Expand work zone mitigation measures to include operations management and public information and outreach strategies, in addition to TCPs Require comprehensive mobility analysis and understanding of work zone impacts of projects –To choose project options and work zone design alternatives that minimize the work zone impacts –Develop strategies to mitigate and manage the impacts –Document the strategies under the umbrella of a Transportation Management Plan (TMP) Consider using contractors to develop TMPs Encourage collection and analysis of work zone mobility performance data Expand work zone mitigation measures to include operations management and public information and outreach strategies, in addition to TCPs Require comprehensive mobility analysis and understanding of work zone impacts of projects –To choose project options and work zone design alternatives that minimize the work zone impacts –Develop strategies to mitigate and manage the impacts –Document the strategies under the umbrella of a Transportation Management Plan (TMP) Consider using contractors to develop TMPs Encourage collection and analysis of work zone mobility performance data

23 23 Overview of Proposed Rule Proposed Changes Policy Level Requirements (new) –Work Zone Mobility and Safety Policy (new) States shall develop and implement policies and procedures that support the systematic consideration of work zone impacts across all project development stages; and address the safety and mobility needs of all road users, construction workers, and other affected parties on all Federal-aid highway projects The content of such policies and their implications for different projects will vary based on the expected severity of work zone impacts due to projects States encouraged to use a team of personnel from appropriate departments and representing the different project development stages to develop and implement these policies and procedures Policy Level Requirements (new) –Work Zone Mobility and Safety Policy (new) States shall develop and implement policies and procedures that support the systematic consideration of work zone impacts across all project development stages; and address the safety and mobility needs of all road users, construction workers, and other affected parties on all Federal-aid highway projects The content of such policies and their implications for different projects will vary based on the expected severity of work zone impacts due to projects States encouraged to use a team of personnel from appropriate departments and representing the different project development stages to develop and implement these policies and procedures

24 24 Overview of Proposed Rule Proposed Changes Policy Level Requirements (new) –Training Existing requirement, with changes that encourage documentation and periodic updates –Process Review and Evaluation Existing requirement with changes that allow the states more flexibility. Encouraged to perform a periodic process review and evaluation - or review randomly selected projects to check for mobility and safety performance and procedures –Work Zone Performance Data Current provisions require analysis of crashes and crash data Changes encourage States to collect and analyze mobility data in addition to safety data Policy Level Requirements (new) –Training Existing requirement, with changes that encourage documentation and periodic updates –Process Review and Evaluation Existing requirement with changes that allow the states more flexibility. Encouraged to perform a periodic process review and evaluation - or review randomly selected projects to check for mobility and safety performance and procedures –Work Zone Performance Data Current provisions require analysis of crashes and crash data Changes encourage States to collect and analyze mobility data in addition to safety data

25 25 Proposed Regulation (continued) Project Impact Analysis and Management Procedures (new) –Work Zone Impacts Analysis (new) Mobility impacts analysis required, but scaleable according to agency policy and expected severity of project impacts –Shall analyze work zone impacts of alternative project options and work zone design strategies, and develop appropriate measures to alleviate these impacts –The scope and level of detail of this impacts analysis will vary based on the States policies, and their understanding of the anticipated severity of work zone impacts –Encouraged to start analysis early in project development and, depending upon the anticipated severity of work zone impacts, continue the analysis through project design, and traffic control and operations planning –Resultant project options and work zone design strategies and the mitigation measures shall be appropriately documented. Project Impact Analysis and Management Procedures (new) –Work Zone Impacts Analysis (new) Mobility impacts analysis required, but scaleable according to agency policy and expected severity of project impacts –Shall analyze work zone impacts of alternative project options and work zone design strategies, and develop appropriate measures to alleviate these impacts –The scope and level of detail of this impacts analysis will vary based on the States policies, and their understanding of the anticipated severity of work zone impacts –Encouraged to start analysis early in project development and, depending upon the anticipated severity of work zone impacts, continue the analysis through project design, and traffic control and operations planning –Resultant project options and work zone design strategies and the mitigation measures shall be appropriately documented.

26 26 Proposed Regulation (continued) Project Impact Analysis and Management Procedures (new) –Transportation Management Plan (TMP) (new) New requirement, with TCP rolled into it Based on the states policy and requirements, and the recommendations of the impacts analysis TMP s shall be developed for the project. The complexity of the TMP will be based on the degree of the project impacts on mobility and safety TCP – basically same requirement as before Transportation Operations Plan ( TOP ) – shall be developed if recommended by impacts analysis Public Information and Outreach Plan ( PIOP ) – shall be developed if recommended by impacts analysis Project Impact Analysis and Management Procedures (new) –Transportation Management Plan (TMP) (new) New requirement, with TCP rolled into it Based on the states policy and requirements, and the recommendations of the impacts analysis TMP s shall be developed for the project. The complexity of the TMP will be based on the degree of the project impacts on mobility and safety TCP – basically same requirement as before Transportation Operations Plan ( TOP ) – shall be developed if recommended by impacts analysis Public Information and Outreach Plan ( PIOP ) – shall be developed if recommended by impacts analysis

27 27 Proposed Regulation (continued) Project Impact Analysis and Management Procedures (continued) –TCP Pay Items Existing requirement, with changes that cover traffic control performance criteria. –Responsible Persons for Project Administration and Delivery Existing requirement, with changes that require a responsible person from the contractor in addition to a responsible person from the agency Project Impact Analysis and Management Procedures (continued) –TCP Pay Items Existing requirement, with changes that cover traffic control performance criteria. –Responsible Persons for Project Administration and Delivery Existing requirement, with changes that require a responsible person from the contractor in addition to a responsible person from the agency

28 28 NPRM – How to Comment? Submit comments electronically in the docket at under docket no. FHWA Accepted formats include: document, pdf, text Submit comments electronically in the docket at under docket no. FHWA Accepted formats include: document, pdf, text


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