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What is Ergonomics? E rgonomics is the science and practice of designing jobs or workplaces to match the capabilities and limitations of the human body.

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Presentation on theme: "What is Ergonomics? E rgonomics is the science and practice of designing jobs or workplaces to match the capabilities and limitations of the human body."— Presentation transcript:

1 What is Ergonomics? E rgonomics is the science and practice of designing jobs or workplaces to match the capabilities and limitations of the human body. F Benefits of ergonomics include: – safer jobs with fewer injuries – increased efficiency and productivity – improved quality and fewer errors – improved morale

2 What is a Muscularskeletal Disorder? An MSD is a disorder of the muscles, nerves, tendons, ligaments, joints, cartilage, blood vessels or spinal discs.

3 Workplace MSDs are caused by exposure to risk factors: 3Repetition 3Force 3Awkward Postures 3Contact Stress 3Vibration WHAT IS A WMSD?

4 Caution Zone Jobs Require Action Do you have caution zone jobs? Two requirements: Awareness education Evaluate caution zone jobs for hazards Reduce exposure below the hazard level or to the degree feasible No additional requirements Not covered No requirements Yes Hazards present No No hazards present Annual review Annual review

5 Caution Zone What is a Caution Zone job?

6 F Awkward Postures F High Hand Force F Highly Repetitive Motion F Repeated Impact F Heavy, Frequent or Awkward Lifting F Moderate to High Hand-Arm Vibration Caution Zone Look for These Indicators:

7 Awkward Postures Being in these work positions for more than 2 hours total per day – Hands above head – Elbow above shoulder – Back bent forward more than 30 degrees – Neck bent more than 30 degrees – Squatting – Kneeling

8 Working with the Hands Overhead For more than 2 hours per day

9 Neck or Back Bent Forward More than 30º For more than 2 hours per day

10 Squatting or Kneeling For more than 2 hours per day

11 High Hand Force More than 2 hours per day of: Pinching 2 or more pounds weight or 4 or more pounds force Gripping 10 or more pounds weight or force

12 Highly Repetitive Motion F Workers repeat same motion every few seconds for more than 2 hours per day with: –neck –shoulders –elbows –wrists –hands

13 Highly Repetitive Motion F Intensive keying for more than 4 hours per day

14 Repeated Impact F Using hands or knees as a hammer – more than 10 times per hour – more than 2 hours per day

15 Heavy, Frequent, or Awkward Lifting F Lifting objects more than: –75 lbs. once/day – 55 lbs. more than ten times/day – 10 lbs. more than twice/minute for more than 2 hours per day – 25 lbs. above shoulders, below knees, or at arms length for more than 25 times/day

16 Moderate to High Hand-Arm Vibration High LevelModerate Level more than 2 hours/day More than 30 Min/day

17 Analyzing Caution Zone Jobs for Hazards F Use a systematic method to look at: –physical demands –layout of work area –size, shape, and weight of objects handled F The results will help to determine controls

18 Hazard Zone (use Appendix B) F Risk factors become hazardous when: –there is a longer duration of exposure

19 Hazard Zone (use Appendix B) F Risk factors become hazardous when: –there is greater intensity

20 F Risk factors become hazardous when: –there is a combination of risk factors Hazard Zone (use Appendix B)

21 Ergonomic Solutions Using foot controls instead of standard mice controls

22 Ergonomic Solutions Lift assist device to eliminate heavy, awkward lifts

23 Shoulder harness for landscaping tool to reduce hand forces Ergonomic Solutions

24 Voice activated software to eliminate keystrokes Ergonomic Solutions

25 If You Have Caution Zone Jobs F Begin an employee awareness education program F Analyze your workplace for hazards F Reduce any hazards you find

26 Ergonomics Awareness Education Should: F Provide information on all caution zone risk factors F Show the types, symptoms and impacts of WMSDs F Show the importance of early reporting of symptoms F Identify the hazards and measures to reduce them F Teach the requirements of the ergonomics rule

27 Reducing Identified Hazards F You need to reduce hazards to below hazard level, or to a degree technologically and economically feasible through: –Engineering and administrative controls (preferred) and/or –Individual work practices and PPE F Employers are not required to reduce employee hours to comply

28 Job-Specific Training F Job-specific training is required only if controls change the job or work practices F Training must include: –hazards of the work activities –safe work practices –proper use and maintenance of control measures

29 Employee Involvement F Your safety committee should be involved in selecting the methods of employee participation F Involve your employees in: –Analyzing Caution Zone Jobs –Selecting hazard control methods –Reviewing ergonomics activities annually F Results should be shared with your safety committee

30 Remember: Caution Zone Jobs Require Action Do you have caution zone jobs? Two requirements: Awareness education Evaluate caution zone jobs for hazards Reduce exposure below the hazard level or to the degree feasible No additional requirements Not covered No requirements Yes Hazards present No No hazards present Annual review Annual review

31 It Costs Less to Be Safe Average cost of commonWMSDs*:common controls: Low back: $6,000Hydraulic lift: $600 Shoulder: $7,000Adjustable height workstation: $800 Elbow: $4,000Powered screwdriver: $100 Wrist: $5,500Assembly work positioner: $75 * Source: SHARP Report No. 40-4a-2000


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