Presentation on theme: "Module 3: Understanding Social Work Training Kit : Personalised Social Support 2012 Shirin Kiani and Annie Lafrenière (Technical Resources Division) Handicap."— Presentation transcript:
Module 3: Understanding Social Work Training Kit : Personalised Social Support 2012 Shirin Kiani and Annie Lafrenière (Technical Resources Division) Handicap International 2012
Overview 1.What is social work? 2.Goals and values of social work 3.History of social work 4.Social work in developing countries 5.Generalities of social work 6.Social work interventions
What is social work?
Goals of Social Work
Goals Increase peoples self-reliance Mobilize individual, families, organizations and communities to improve peoples life satisfaction, empowerment, quality of life. Overcome inequalities and injustice through inclusion of all (especially marginalized, vulnerable, excluded, at risk) Introduce social change (laws, social policies)
Main goal? Do you agree with this statement? No matter what you do, the primary goal of social work is to increase the empowerment (self-power) of a person or group of people.
Values What are your values? (what important beliefs guide your actions/work) What do you think are the values of social work?
Values of social work Every person has value All people should be treated equally Human rights and social justice are important Social work aims for human development Each person can take an active role in their life Diversity has value There is potential in all communities Solidarity is important
History of Social Work
History of social work International federation of Social work (IFSW) created in 1950 IFSW response to international issues needing to be considered 1950-today, increase in number of conflicts and famine around the world Throughout the years 3 models of social work have come to be
Over the last 30 years, 3 major changes in western countries Poverty related to social exclusion and employment => focus of social work shifted more towards employment Governments not the only reference point => many grassroots organizations are now present. From centralized and traditional social work (focus on individuals) => to decentralized and new types of social work (focus on public domain).
3 models of social work 1.Government is the only one qualified and responsible to address social needs of all. 2.Government should only reach most needy. The rest of the social needs should be addressed by the private sector. 3.The government should be less involved. Communities need to strengthen and address social needs, to build mutual-aid networks.
List 2 dis/advantages for each model: Social work responsibility AdvantagesDisadvantages Government Private sector Community Decentralized Centralized
Social work in developing countries Social policies may be under developed or non- existent Management of resources centralized at national level Numbers of social workers low with often a higher density of population Poverty and chronic crisis may make the nature of social work more protection, basic needs related, until other issues can be tackled.
Nevertheless… International NGOs getting more involved in local development Social work tied into many different types of development programs Social work is important to MDGs In developing countries, there is room for innovation/experimentation, the institutional constraints are not present like in developed countries.
Social work in your country Does social work exist as a profession? If yes: –When did it start? –Why did it start? –Has it changed? If no: –What informally exists to solve social problems? –Who support the social needs of most vulnerable?
Generalities of social work Present in many contexts 4 levels of impact Systemic approach Two-track approach –person and environment
Many contexts Social work happens in crisis and emergencies, as well as for everyday personal and social problems How is social work in a conflict or emergency different than working on an everyday social problem?
Levels of impact Social work can have near or far-reaching effects depending on the intervention used, there are 4 levels of impact: 1.person 2.family 3.community 4.society
Systemic approach … Believes that humans are a product of their environment. To understand a person, we need to understand their environment. The environment is made up of many different types of systems. Each person belong to different systems according to their own needs/characteristics. (System: a set of things working together as part of a connected network)
There are 5 types of systems 1st layer: Personal - age, gender, abilities 2nd layer: Immediate - family, school, work, friends, 3rd layer: Community-region - NGOs, ministries, funding sources 4th layer: Society - larger values, beliefs, politics, values, national laws of area (country, region) 5th: Interaction of all systems (system itself)
Using a systemic approach… His/her place in society In his/her different spheres of life The places to which s/he belongs Socio cultural and religious His/her work and company The person Personality Culture History Identity Values Interests Organisations to which s/he belongs: Sporting, humanitarian, other His/her school and where s/he received training His/her accommodation And neighbourhood
Question to understand the system Purpose of a group/system: Why does it exist? What benefit do members have from belonging? Power division: Who is allied with who? who controls what in the system? Distances: Who is close to who? Who distanced/isolated? Leaders: Who does the group rely/depend on? Roles: Who contributes? Who manages finances? Who sets limits? Who authorizes ideas? Who suffers? Positions: How children are seen? How adults seen? Rules: Common rules? Values: Cultural and religious values? Beliefs: Family and community beliefs?
Systemic approach… in your work Understand role and function of person within the larger group they live in. Observing a system and how the person fits into it… helps you choose an appropriate personal project, that fits into their role/values/beliefs.
Social work interventions There are different ways to impact the person and the environment. What ways have you used before?
Social work interventions Personal level: PSS - personal support on a particular project (focus of this training kit), counseling, psychosocial support, guidance, (…) Family level: using sociograms, teaching self-advocacy, protection - child/family reunion, (family mediation – family counseling, conflict mitigation, …) Community level: community organization and engaging in social and political action, coordinating systems, access to basic needs -facilitating meetings, mapping services, networking & forging links Society level: Social policy, planning, development
Link to practice * Give participants 5 minutes to answer these questions individually on a piece of paper, and then do a roundtable with each person sharing some of their answers. How do you (or could you) use the systemic approach in your work ? Which level of intervention, new to you, will you focus on in the coming months and how ?