A Warm Welcome from the University of Wolverhampton Evaluation of curriculum design for a Work Based Learning module in construction Paul Hampton
Proud to deliver accredited RICS courses Traditional Industrial links The Black Country Industrial revolution Changing expectations (Engel, 1997 and Poikela and Poikela 1997) describe as a community expectation that graduates not only have a specific knowledge base, but are equipped with the knowledge to solve complex problems in an effective way
Challenges in designing curriculum? 1. Historically - Construction industry barometer for economic position of UK – Current state putting increased demand on students time 2. 24,000 students, over 83% graduates get a job within the first 6 months 3. External Stakeholders 4. Around 3,000 international students 5. World Class Researchers …reputation 6. Employer engagement of curriculum design 7. Academic models
Pre-requisites - Module Inaugural run - 30 credit, year long module WBL feeds in to the Professional body accredited courses - BSc (Hons) Construction Management, - BSc (Hons) Building Surveying, - BSc (Hons) Quantity Surveying, - BSc (Hons) Commercial Management and Quantity Surveying (not accredited) The students are industry based part-time students
Plan > Pre-consultation with all stakeholders > Diagnosis of needs and formulation of objectives > Selection of contents / learning outcomes > Reflective practitioners – (My aims and objectives) > Evaluation
Pre- consultation Professional bodies Competencies APC – Requirements – Pathway Student membership University MST (Module Specification Template) Inaugural run Students Liked portfolio Deeper understanding of individual discipline Working with peers Employers.........
Employer Engagement Employers subscribed to the notion of group discussion, and engagement of questions and answer sessions, so Kolbs Socio-constructivist model would be ideal. Both the workplace and the weekly tutorials with myself at the University, would encourage what the model portrays engagement of learning with peers
My Aims and Objectives I wanted the students to experience transformation which would entail letting go of earlier, comfortable positions and encounter less familiar and sometimes disconcerting new territory. (Meyer and Land, 2006) Be creative Subject matter of construction related disciplines, predominately involves problem solving, critical thinking, creative thinking, and skills transfer to new content – Importance in design Address What will students be able to do after they complete the course, or in this case module, that they could not do before - Could I embed and encourage autonomy and mastery of knowledge in the curriculum. Engagement of our blended learning strategy – Podcasting - Threshold concepts……
Reflection & Evaluation (Other considerations) Threshold concepts – relevance and suitability of my initial attempt at curriculum design and question its ability to be student focussed whilst constructively aligning with my expectations to reach concept threshold, and aligning my students with mastery of subject understanding thinking like a practitioner Avoiding stuffed curriculum (Cousins 2006)
Curriculum Design Designing, planning and formulating curriculum aims and objectives is paramount towards providing clarity and structure for both the teacher, and the learner. To encourage depth of learning, and mastery of subject, requires constructive alignment (Biggs, 2003) and creation of new engaging learning environments. Constructive Alignment Learning experience Creativity Learning Outcomes
Theory Engaging and motivational (Year module) Perhaps Cowan (1998) captures the issue when he defines teaching as the purposeful creation of situations from which motivated learners should not be allowed to escape without learning Nicholls cyclical model Tabas model for curriculum design – follows 7 steps Step 1 – Diagnosis of needs Step 2 - Formulation of objectives Step 3 - Selection of content Step 4 - organisation of content Step 5 - selection of learning experiences Step 6 - organisation of learning experiences Step 7 - determination of what to evaluate, and ways and means of doing it. Situation Analysis & evaluation Selection & organisation of methods Nicholls cyclical model Objectives & selection of outcomes
Potential solutions Adopt - Tabas model for curriculum design – follows 7 steps Consultation – With all internal/external stakeholders, including students Reflection – on / in / after (Schon, Biggs,Moon) Outcomes learning strategy – 3 main learning outcomes Evaluation – Re-evaluation … model
Portfolio (Case study) T5 Case study Strategic approach Blended learning Learning outcomes Professional body Interim submission Company visit Professional Viva Final submission Feedback & evaluation
T5 Key T5 details The project management approach on Terminal 5 was developed based on the principles specified in the Constructing the Team (Latham, 1994) and Rethinking Construction (Egan, 1998) but went further than any other project The construction of T5 consists of 16 main projects divided into 140 sub-projects and 1,500 work packages on a 260 ha site; The £4.2bn project includes not only a vast new terminal and satellite building but nine new tunnels, two river diversions and a spur road connecting to the M25; It is a multidisciplinary project embracing civil, mechanical, electrical systems, communications and technology contractors with a peak monthly spend over £80 million employing up to 8,000 workers on site;
T5 The T5 agreement is a unique legal contract in the construction industry – in essence it is a cost reimbursable form of contract in which suppliers profits are ring-fenced and the client retains the risk. It focuses in non- adversarial style on the causes of risk and on risk management through integrated team approaches. The history of the UK construction industry on large scale projects suggested that had BAA followed a traditional approach T5 would end up opening 2 years late, cost 40% over budget with 6 fatalities
T5 ROLE OF THE COST CONSULTANTS/CONTRACTORS QS BAA selected a consultancy framework for cost consultancy on the T5 project comprising the Turner & Townsend Group and EC Harris Group Ltd (known as TechT). Both companies were selected under the same terms of commission and each provided 50% of the staff. On this project these two major consultancy companies became one team joined at the hip. At its peak the cost consultancy team comprised 120 staff, approximately two thirds of which were quantity surveyors. Laing ORourke Infrastructure Ltd was selected as the major 1st tier supplier responsible for the civil construction, infrastructure and logistics delivery. Laing ORourke were involved in nearly 50 sub-projects with a turnover over the last three years averaging at £20 million per month managed by a team comprising more than 50 quantity surveyors
T5 Professional body competencies Preparing development appraisals 2. Advising clients on project brief, preferred procurement route and cash Flow [T10 – Level 3] 3.Analysing whole life costs 4.Planning the construction process 5. Monitoring control of cost during pre-contract stage 6. Preparing tender and contractual documentation [T062 – Level 3] 7. Advising on payments to contractors, cost control and settlement of final Accounts [T074 – level 3] 8. Controlling the project on behalf of their employer 9. Negotiating with client or subcontractors 10. Reporting on the programme and financial matters [T067 – Level 3] 11. Risk and value management 12. Giving contractual advice in case of dispute
Traditionally Terminal 5 time-lapse video See Heathrow Terminal 5 take shape in front of your eyes with this time- lapse video of the construction project. Watch the video nowWatch the video now (WMV format) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- http://www.heathrowairport.com/portal/page/Heathrow%5EGeneral%5EAirpo rt+information%5ETerminal+5%5ETime- lapse+video/8ba4bff9863f4110VgnVCM10000036821c0a____/448c6a4c7f1b 0010VgnVCM200000357e120a____/
Portfolio SUCCESS…? T5 Case study Strategic approach Blended learning Learning outcomes Professional body Interim submission Company visit Professional Viva Final submission Feedback & evaluation
Conclusion Curriculum design can be complex – Quality not quantity Review existing academic models Engagement and evaluation with all stakeholders Reflection at all stages Know your subject, and know your audience Monitoring, returning to start cyclical, loop, Evaluation evaluation evaluation
CONCLUSION & REFLECTION Thanks for listening Any Questions..?
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