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Greg Kelly, Hanford High School, Richland, WashingtonPhoto by Vickie Kelly, 2004 7.5 part 1 Work and Pumping Liquids Hoover Dam Nevada & Arizona

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Greg Kelly, Hanford High School, Richland, WashingtonPhoto by Vickie Kelly, 2004 Hoover Dam Powerhouse Nevada & Arizona

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Review: Hookes Law: A spring has a natural length of 1 m. A force of 24 N stretches the spring to 1.8 m. a Find k : b How much work would be needed to stretch the spring 3m beyond its natural length?

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Over a very short distance, even a non-constant force doesnt change much, so work becomes: If we add up all these small bits of work we get:

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A leaky 5 lb bucket is raised 20 feet The rope weighs 0.08 lb/ft. The bucket starts with 2 gal (16 lb) of water and is empty when it just reaches the top. Work: Bucket: Water:The force is proportional to remaining rope. Check:

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A leaky 5 lb bucket is raised 20 feet The rope weighs 0.08 lb/ft. The bucket starts with 2 gal (16 lb) of water and is empty when it just reaches the top. Work: Bucket: Water:

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A leaky 5 lb bucket is raised 20 feet The rope weighs 0.08 lb/ft. The bucket starts with 2 gal (16 lb) of water and is empty when it just reaches the top. Work: Bucket: Water: Rope: Check: Total:

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5 ft 10 ft 4 ft 5 ft 10 ft 10 0 4 ft dx I want to pump the water out of this tank. How much work is done? The force is the weight of the water. The water at the bottom of the tank must be moved further than the water at the top. Consider the work to move one slab of water:

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5 ft 10 ft 4 ft 5 ft 10 ft 10 0 4 ft dx I want to pump the water out of this tank. How much work is done? forcedistance

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5 ft 10 ft 4 ft 5 ft 10 ft 10 0 4 ft dx I want to pump the water out of this tank. How much work is done? A 1 horsepower pump, rated at 550 ft-lb/sec, could empty the tank in just under 14 minutes! forcedistance

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10 ft 2 ft 10 ft A conical tank is filled to within 2 ft of the top with salad oil weighing 57 lb/ft 3. How much work is required to pump the oil to the rim? Consider one slice (slab) first:

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10 ft 2 ft 10 ft A conical tank if filled to within 2 ft of the top with salad oil weighing 57 lb/ft 3. How much work is required to pump the oil to the rim?

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10 ft 2 ft 10 ft A conical tank if filled to within 2 ft of the top with salad oil weighing 57 lb/ft 3. How much work is required to pump the oil to the rim?

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4.7 Optimization Buffalo Bill’s Ranch, North Platte, Nebraska Greg Kelly, Hanford High School, Richland, WashingtonPhoto by Vickie Kelly, 1999.

4.7 Optimization Buffalo Bill’s Ranch, North Platte, Nebraska Greg Kelly, Hanford High School, Richland, WashingtonPhoto by Vickie Kelly, 1999.

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