Presentation on theme: "Safety Begins with ME! Module 2: Embedding Safety into Work Processes Created by with funding from Oregon OSHA Safety Begins with ME!"— Presentation transcript:
Safety Begins with ME! Module 2: Embedding Safety into Work Processes Created by with funding from Oregon OSHA Safety Begins with ME!
Assignments Spot and report workplace safety concerns Work as a team to 5-S an area What safety concerns did you spot/report/fix this week? What area did you 5-S? (Before/After Pictures, if possible)
Safety Begins with ME! Leading Safety Influencing Safe Behaviors Embedding Safety into Work Processes Recognizing (and Controlling) Safety Hazards Embedding Safety into Work Processes
Safety Begins with ME! Broken?! (Egg processing line) Have you ever found yourself annoyed by something not working as it should?
Safety Begins with ME! People vs. Process 80% of problems are caused NOT by bad PEOPLE, but by bad PROCESS. - Deming, father of quality movement If you pit a great PERFORMER against a lousy PROCESS, the process will win every time. – Geary Rummler, Performance Consultant
Safety Begins with ME! Module Preview Embedding Safety into Work Processes Types and Causes of Hazards Job Safety Analysis Work Instructions Assignments PREVIEW
Safety Begins with ME! Two Types of Hazards Health Hazards Chemicals: Solvents, gases, etc. Physical: Noise, vibration, heat/cold, radiation Biological: Bacteria, fungi, insects Ergonomic: Workplace design, repetitive motion Safety Hazards Machine: Moving parts, belts, blades Energy: Pneumatics, hydraulics, steam, kinetic, electricity Material handling: hand carts, conveyors Work Practices
Safety Begins with ME! Causes of Hazards Materials – Wrong types or improper handling Equipment – Tools & machines used Process – Combination of above: flow of work, design, organization Environment – Conditions of surfaces, ventilation, lighting, temperature, noise, housekeeping Energy – In various forms may harm if not controlled People – Actions people take (or do not take) Causes of Hazards Wall Poster
Safety Begins with ME! Job Safety Analysis PURPOSE: To identify potential hazards within a process and take proactive steps to eliminate them or minimize the risk. WHO: Need people who know the work/task to participate in this process (and know HOW to do this) STEPS: 1.List basic job steps 2.Identify potential hazards 3.Resolve hazards Job Safety Analysis Form Job Safety Analysis Job Aid Job Safety Analysis Wall Poster
Safety Begins with ME! Job Safety Analysis Exercise Purpose: To practice conducting a Process Safety Analysis. Step 1: List Sequence of Basic Job Steps (Column 1) (If possible, view a videotape of the process as you do this) Step 2: Identify Potential Hazards (Column 2) Step 3: Recommend Safe Job Procedures (Column 3) Exercise
Safety Begins with ME! Job Safety Analysis – Step 1: List Sequence of Basic Job Steps (Column 1) List step-by-step what must be done Choose level of detail that is fairly specific May help to list steps on post-it-notes or sheets of paper that can be moved around on the wall Exercise
Safety Begins with ME! Job Safety Analysis – Step 2: Identify Potential Hazards (Column 2) Remember Hazards can be of two types: –Health hazards (ergonomic concerns, noise, chemicals, bacteria) –Safety hazards (moving parts, energy, material handling) And may be caused by: –Materials –Equipment –Process –Environment –Energy –People Exercise Possible Resources: Wall Poster: Causes of Hazards Handout: Safety: I KNOW it when I SEE it Hazard Cards Various industry checklists
Safety Begins with ME! Job Safety Analysis – Step 3: Recommend Safe Job Procedures (Column 3) Ways to Increase Job Safety: Eliminate the hazards Control exposure Avoid general warnings to be careful which do little good If you find too many hazards, question the entire task. Should it really be done? Exercise
Safety Begins with ME! Hazard Control Measures Hazard Control Measures Wall Poster Hazard Control Measures Good Housekeeping (5-S) Safe Equipment – Engineering Controls Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Safe Work Practices – Management/ Administrative Controls Temporary Measures
Safety Begins with ME! Forms of Work Instructions Procedure Manual Procedure Manuals
Safety Begins with ME! Forms of Work Instructions Job Aids
Safety Begins with ME! Forms of Work Instructions Placards – Visual Work
Safety Begins with ME! More Visual Instructions
Safety Begins with ME! South Dakota Highway Sign SD Drivers are reminded of highway fatalities at many points along their route – one sign for each death. Each Sign Reads: X Marks the Spot. THINK! Drive Safely On the back it says: Why Die? Would we be more careful if we were reminded daily at work of injuries that had occurred?
Safety Begins with ME! Important Questions ? ? ? What is your responsibility for work instructions? Whose responsibility is it to know and follow the documented work instructions? Whose responsibility is it to make sure that everyone is following safe work procedures?
Safety Begins with ME! Module Review Hazards come in many shapes and sizes – –Health hazards and Safety hazards –Six broad causes: M E P E E P Job Safety Analysis is a disciplined approach to identifying and minimizing hazards Work instructions can be formal (procedure manuals) or informal (job aids and placards) Everyone is responsible to identify and control workplace hazards REVIEW
Safety Begins with ME! Assignments Perform a Job Safety Analysis – Each area should schedule time to perform a JSA of an important task they perform Improve or create a new work instruction. Be sure that any work instructions associated with jobs that have been analyzed (in #1) are revised to reflect the safety improvements
Safety Begins with ME! Thank You for Participating Just a little bit of prevention can prevent a whole lot of pain! Lets be sure that we BUILD SAFETY into our work processes.