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SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE WITH DIVERSE GROUPS. Native American Clients Concept of Noninterference Concept of Noninterference Withdrawal (emotional/physical)

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Presentation on theme: "SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE WITH DIVERSE GROUPS. Native American Clients Concept of Noninterference Concept of Noninterference Withdrawal (emotional/physical)"— Presentation transcript:

1 SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE WITH DIVERSE GROUPS

2 Native American Clients Concept of Noninterference Concept of Noninterference Withdrawal (emotional/physical) Changing the subject Pretending not to hear Lack of eye contact Lack of eye contact Meaning of a firm handshake Meaning of a firm handshake Initial lack of trust Initial lack of trust Disrespect shown by questioning about personal life Disrespect shown by questioning about personal life

3 African American Clients Unrealistic empathy Unrealistic empathy Language barriers Language barriers Eurocentric views of human behavior Eurocentric views of human behavior Focus on individuals Focus on individuals Lack of attention to spirituality Lack of attention to spirituality Lack of importance of emotions Lack of importance of emotions Rely on research findings not applicable to African Americans Rely on research findings not applicable to African Americans

4 Latino Clients Bilingual challenges Bilingual challenges Other challenges Other challenges longstanding value systems longstanding value systems ethnic backgrounds ethnic backgrounds socioeconomic factors socioeconomic factors languages languages behavior patterns behavior patterns

5 Gay and Lesbian Clients Heterosexism of social workers Heterosexism of social workers Lack of knowledge Lack of knowledge Acceptance of stereotypes Acceptance of stereotypes Fear of the unknown Fear of the unknown Debate over cause is irrelevant Debate over cause is irrelevant Other issues Other issues Coming out Coming out High suicide rate for adolescents High suicide rate for adolescents Hate crimes Hate crimes Equal rights Equal rights

6 Feminist Social Work Many of problems experienced by both men and women today are related to gender inequality: Many of problems experienced by both men and women today are related to gender inequality: privileges privileges power power access to resources access to resources Male and female social workers must be aware of ways that gender shapes a clients problem. Male and female social workers must be aware of ways that gender shapes a clients problem.

7 Knowledge Needed for Cross-Cultural Social Work Knowledge of Self Knowledge of Self No substitute for self-awareness No substitute for self-awareness Knowledge of Differences Knowledge of Differences Cultural factors Cultural factors Other background factors Other background factors History of client group History of client group Language of client group Language of client group

8 Ethnic-Sensitive Practice Seeks to incorporate understanding of diverse ethnic, cultural, and minority groups into the theories and principles that guide social work practice. Seeks to incorporate understanding of diverse ethnic, cultural, and minority groups into the theories and principles that guide social work practice. Based on the view that practice must be attuned to the values and dispositions related to clients ethnic group membership and social-class position. Based on the view that practice must be attuned to the values and dispositions related to clients ethnic group membership and social-class position. Requires social workers have an in-depth understanding of the effects of oppression on racial and ethnic groups. Requires social workers have an in-depth understanding of the effects of oppression on racial and ethnic groups.

9 Ethnic-Sensitive Practice All people are part of two systems (the dual-perspective): All people are part of two systems (the dual-perspective): Dominant system which is the source of power and economic resources Dominant system which is the source of power and economic resources Nurturing system composed of the physical and social environment of family and community. Nurturing system composed of the physical and social environment of family and community.

10 Ethnic-Sensitive Practice Social workers have an obligation to be aware of and to seek to redress the oppression experienced by ethnic groups. Social workers have an obligation to be aware of and to seek to redress the oppression experienced by ethnic groups. Introduces no new practice principles or approaches. It urges adaptation of prevailing therapies, social work principles, and skills to account of ethnic reality. Introduces no new practice principles or approaches. It urges adaptation of prevailing therapies, social work principles, and skills to account of ethnic reality.

11 Ethnic-Sensitive Practice Regardless of which practice approach is used, empowerment and the strengths perspective should be emphasized.

12 Ethnic-Sensitive Practice Empowerment: The process of helping people increase their personal, interpersonal, socioeconomic, and political strength and influence toward improving their circumstances. It counters hopelessness, powerlessness, oppression and poverty.

13 Ethnic-Sensitive Practice Strengths Perspective: Seeks to identity, use, build, and reinforce individuals abilities and strengths, emphasizing their interests, aspirations, resources, beliefs, and accomplishments. This is in contrast to the pathological perspective, which focuses on deficiencies.

14 Macro Strategies to Promote Social Justice Social programs Social programs Mass media appeals Mass media appeals Civil rights laws Civil rights laws Activism Activism School busing School busing Affirmative action programs Affirmative action programs Minority-owned businesses Minority-owned businesses Confronting jokes and actions Confronting jokes and actions Grassroots approaches to improving inner cities Grassroots approaches to improving inner cities

15 Source Zastrow, C. (2003). The practice of social work. Pacific Grove, CA: Thomson Learning.


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