Presentation on theme: "Fleet & Family Support Ombudsman Program & Operations Security"— Presentation transcript:
1 Fleet & Family Support Ombudsman Program & Operations Security Naval OPSEC Support Team (NOST)Naval Information Operations Command (NIOC)
2 Operations SecurityOperations Security, OPSEC, is a process that identifies unclassified critical information (CI), outlines potential threats and the risks associated and develops counter measures to safeguard critical information.OSPEC protects our operations- planned, in progress, and future. Success of these operations depends on secrecy. Military members can more safely carry out missions if the element of surprise and secrecy is preserved. As family members of active duty members you have a unique responsibility to practice good OPSEC measures, and protect not only mission critical information, but your personal and family critical information as well.Operations Security: 1. A systematic, proven process by which a government, organization, or individual can identify, control, and protect generally unclassified information about an operation/activity and, thus, deny or mitigate an adversary's/competitor's ability to compromise or interrupt said operation/activity (NSC 1988). 2. OPSEC is a process of identifying critical information and subsequently analyzing friendly actions attendant to military operations and other activities to (a) identify those actions that can be observed by adversary intelligence systems, (b) determine indicators adversary intelligence systems might obtain that could be interpreted or pieced together to derive critical information in time to be useful to adversaries, and select and execute measures that eliminate or reduce to an acceptable level the vulnerabilities of friendly actions to adversary exploitation (DOD JP 1994; JCS 1997).Operations Security process: An analytical process that involves five components: identification of critical information, analysis of threats, analysis of vulnerabilities, assessment of risks, and application of appropriate countermeasures (NSC 1988).Source:
3 Operations Security The OPSEC process teaches you to: Look at your daily activities from the enemies’ point of view.Understand what an enemy might learn about you and your family from the information and details that you make available.Assess the level of risk that this places on you and your family.Develop and apply counter measures, which help to prevent the enemy from obtaining your critical information and using it against you.
4 OPSEC Best Practices Be aware of your surroundings Be aware of the information that you are putting out in s, online, phone conversations, photos and open unsecure conversations in public.Safeguard all sensitive, unclassified information.Think like the wolf. How can this information be used against me?Don’t discuss detailsTime lines, detailed locations or movementsLimitations/capabilitiesSpecific names, ranks, job titles, budgetsFuture or current operationsSecurity proceduresDon’t spread rumors
5 OPSEC Terms & Concepts Critical Information (CI) Data Aggregation ThreatIndicatorsVulnerabilityRiskCounter Measures
6 EEFI = question; Critical Info. (CI) = answer Critical InformationInformation we must protect to ensure success.Information the adversary needs to prevent our success.PositionCapabilitiesOperationsPersonnelFamilyIs it:Technical specifications on a project, some equipment, a process.The way you ship or receive supplies, or specimens for analysis.How you develop travel arrangements, itineraries, where and why your traveling.How security is provided.Budget information.And the list goes on.The people who own the process, who work the process can best identify what the Critical Information is.Key questions asked by adversaries about friendly intentions, capabilities, and activities.EEFI = question; Critical Info. (CI) = answerCommon features of EEFI & CIFocus on protecting vital informationAdversary’s point of view
7 Family Critical Information Information to safe guardNames and photos of you, your children and co-workersUsernames, passwords, network detailsJob title, location, salary, clearances heldPhysical security and logisticsAddresses, phone numbers, significant datesMission capabilities and limitationsLength and location of spouses deploymentStatus of equipment and personnelSchedules and travel itinerariesSocial security number, credit cards, banking informationHobbies, likes, dislikes, etc.
8 Data Aggregation Data/information collection from multiple sources Open source intelligence collection is a huge source of collectionInternetTrashMediaOpen and legal public sources accounts for about 80% of all information collectedThere are many different legal and illegal collection methodsSmall details pieced together for a big picture
9 ThreatThreat: The capability of an adversary coupled with their intention to undertake any actions detrimental to the success of program activities, operations or individuals.Conventional ThreatsMilitary opponentsForeign adversaries/countriesUnconventional ThreatsOrganized crimeForeign terroristsHome grown terrorismInsiders (espionage)Hackers, phishing scamsThieves, stalkers, pedophilesAsk yourself, how could any one on this list be called an ‘adversary’? Do they have, intentional or unintentional, the capability to collect information on you/your organization, that you wouldn’t want them to know?Ask the audience what kinds of information some of these adversaries might want from them.
10 Terrorist Threat What are they looking for? Names/photographs of important peoplePresent and future operations & capabilitiesInformation about military facilities:- Location & Units- Weapons used- Exterior size and shape- Number of sailors & officers- Ammunition depot locations- Leave policies- Dates & times of operationsFamily detailsMarital status- Children & extended family members- Location of work, school, home etcDetails details details……OPSEC
11 IndicatorsFriendly detectable actions that reveal critical information & vulnerabilities:Longer working hoursFlight plans, schedules, itinerariesRehearsalsSudden changes in proceduresPurchases/on-load’sBlog’s/postsRoutine predictable proceduresLarge troop movementsEmblems, logo’s, distinctive markings
13 VulnerabilityWeakness the adversary can exploit to get critical informationVulnerabilities make you susceptible to intelligence/data collection.Poor security and sharing too much information are common, easily exploited vulnerabilities.Blogs, posts, s, phone calls and conversations in restaurants, airports and other public places expose important information to potential adversaries and are a very common vulnerability.Vulnerability:A weakness the adversary can exploit to get critical information. A vulnerability is anything that makes your critical information susceptible to intelligence collection.Your EEFI/CI list, threat analysis, and considering the adversaries perspective will point to the vulnerabilities in the planning process
14 Common Vulnerabilities Lack of AwarenessData aggregationUnsecure communicationsSocial engineeringTrashTechnologyInternet/social networkingBlogsPredictable actions & patterns
15 Lack of Awareness Frequently Asked Questions But it’s secure! Right?How much is too much?Details are dangerous. The less information you provide the safer you are.As a rule only discuss events well after they have occurred.When in doubt don’t say anything at all.WRONG!Address the issue with the person- ask them to remove the information and tell them why its important to think OPSEC.If issues persist contact the command CMC for further clarification and resolution.What do I do if a family member is violating OPSEC procedures?
16 Unsecure Communications Unencrypted, unsecure communications are a common vulnerabilityCell phonesCordless phonesBlue toothOpen/over heard conversationsBlogs & chat sitesInternet postingsNot SecureNot SecureNot SecureNot SecureNot SecureNot SecureNot Secure
17 Trash Mind your trash- what details are being thrown away? Rosters Training details & schedulesItineraries & mailPhone treesRank/position detailsWhat happens to the trash/recycling?Who owns/has access
19 Internet Social Networking Sites Limit the amount of personal and sensitive information you make available on:Social Networking SitesDating sitesWeb browsingBlogsChat/IMData aggregation & data miningCollecting & selling your informationFriend vs. FoeAccount spoofing & identity theftPhishing scams
20 Internet BlogsBlogs are very detail oriented. The more specific the information the higher value it has to adversaries.Limit the amount of personal information posted and blogged.Lessons learned 101 for the adversaryWhat information can an adversary learn based solely on details in photos?Blogs, and the internet in general are a great source for information. People tend to post the post intimate details about themselves in a typically completely unsecure, wide open public forum. This is horrible OPSEC. Lessons learned 101 for the bad guy is as simple as goggling IED damage to vehicles. The above battle damage assessment photos were pulled right off .mil sites. What can the adversary learn just by studying these photos? What do these images tell the adversary about the effectiveness of their attacks?Military spouse blogs are a great way to learn all kinds of information, including the kids ages, names, school district, deployment schedules, duty days, smoking/eating habits and on and on– too many details.
21 If I put this information out there, what could possibly go wrong? RiskThe probability an adversary will gain knowledge of your critical information (CI) and the impact if the adversary is successful.Risk is a measure of the probability an adversary will be successful and the impact if that happens.Risk management is about understanding and minimizing risk.If I put this information out there, what could possibly go wrong?
22 Risk Risk scenario: You are proud of your military family. So you prominently display personal information about them on the back of your car for everyone to see. What is the possible risk associated with displaying these indicators??
23 CountermeasuresAnything that effectively negates or reduces an adversary's ability to exploit vulnerabilities or collect & process critical information- Hide/control indicators- Protect personal information- Change routines & routes- Differ times you do activitiesCounter measures are intended to influence or manipulate an adversaries perception- Take no action- React too late- Take the wrong actionYou may require multiple countermeasures to reduce risk to an acceptable level.One countermeasure may work for more than one vulnerability. Countermeasures are not always required. The use of countermeasures are determined by the decision maker after an assessment has been completed.Good countermeasures may include:Hide/control indicators: don’t give away cluesReduce signatures: change things that stand out- don’t let the adversary interpret your indicatorsProcedural changes: Reduce your predictability by changing the processPlanning options: OPSEC is applicable all of the time, but is most effective when implemented in the planning phase.
24 Don’t Be A VictimKnowledge is power …. for both you and the adversary.Be aware of the threat that exists against you as an American citizen, and as a military family member.Be suspicious of unsolicited phone calls, online requests, or s.Be suspicious when information about you and your family is requested.Always ask yourself, do they have the “need to know”?Share the OPSEC message with friends and extended family members.If you use this slide as simple guidelines, you will be better prepared if someone attempts to use social engineering against you. For further information about OPSEC and Social Engineering, please contact your OPSEC officer or the Navy OPSEC Support Team at
25 Naval OPSEC Support Team (NOST) QuestionsQuestions? Please contact YOUR OMBUDSMEN:Lena G. BunnenbergWork: (216)Cell: (216)Debbie LowryWork: (216)Cell: (440)Provided by:Naval OPSEC Support Team (NOST)