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UNCLASSIFIED Navy IO Center of Excellence Fleet & Family Support Ombudsman Program & Operations Security Naval OPSEC Support Team (NOST) Naval Information.

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Presentation on theme: "UNCLASSIFIED Navy IO Center of Excellence Fleet & Family Support Ombudsman Program & Operations Security Naval OPSEC Support Team (NOST) Naval Information."— Presentation transcript:

1 UNCLASSIFIED Navy IO Center of Excellence Fleet & Family Support Ombudsman Program & Operations Security Naval OPSEC Support Team (NOST) Naval Information Operations Command (NIOC) www.facebook.com/NavalOPSEC www.twitter.com/NavalOPSEC www.slideshare.net/navalOPSEC

2 UNCLASSIFIED Navy IO Center of Excellence Operations Security Operations Security, OPSEC, is a process that identifies unclassified critical information (CI), outlines potential threats and the risks associated and develops counter measures to safeguard critical information. OSPEC protects our operations- planned, in progress, and future. Success of these operations depends on secrecy. Military members can more safely carry out missions if the element of surprise and secrecy is preserved. As family members of active duty members you have a unique responsibility to practice good OPSEC measures, and protect not only mission critical information, but your personal and family critical information as well.

3 UNCLASSIFIED Navy IO Center of Excellence Operations Security The OPSEC process teaches you to: Look at your daily activities from the enemies point of view. Understand what an enemy might learn about you and your family from the information and details that you make available. Assess the level of risk that this places on you and your family. Develop and apply counter measures, which help to prevent the enemy from obtaining your critical information and using it against you.

4 UNCLASSIFIED Navy IO Center of Excellence OPSEC Best Practices Be aware of your surroundings Be aware of the information that you are putting out in emails, online, phone conversations, photos and open unsecure conversations in public. Safeguard all sensitive, unclassified information. Think like the wolf. How can this information be used against me? Dont discuss details –Time lines, detailed locations or movements –Limitations/capabilities –Specific names, ranks, job titles, budgets –Future or current operations –Security procedures Dont spread rumors

5 UNCLASSIFIED Navy IO Center of Excellence OPSEC Terms & Concepts Critical Information (CI) Data Aggregation Threat Indicators Vulnerability Risk Counter Measures

6 UNCLASSIFIED Navy IO Center of Excellence Information the adversary needs to prevent our success.Information the adversary needs to prevent our success. Critical Information Information we must protect to ensure success. Information we must protect to ensure success. PositionPosition CapabilitiesCapabilities OperationsOperations PersonnelPersonnel FamilyFamily

7 UNCLASSIFIED Navy IO Center of Excellence Family Critical Information Information to safe guard Names and photos of you, your children and co- workers Usernames, passwords, network details Job title, location, salary, clearances held Physical security and logistics Addresses, phone numbers, significant dates Mission capabilities and limitations Length and location of spouses deployment Status of equipment and personnel Schedules and travel itineraries Social security number, credit cards, banking information Hobbies, likes, dislikes, etc.

8 UNCLASSIFIED Navy IO Center of Excellence Data Aggregation Data/information collection from multiple sources Open source intelligence collection is a huge source of collection –Internet –Trash –Media Open and legal public sources accounts for about 80% of all information collected There are many different legal and illegal collection methods Small details pieced together for a big picture

9 UNCLASSIFIED Navy IO Center of Excellence Threat Threat: The capability of an adversary coupled with their intention to undertake any actions detrimental to the success of program activities, operations or individuals. Conventional Threats –Military opponents –Foreign adversaries/countries Unconventional Threats –Organized crime –Foreign terrorists –Home grown terrorism –Insiders (espionage) –Hackers, phishing scams –Thieves, stalkers, pedophiles

10 UNCLASSIFIED Navy IO Center of Excellence Terrorist Threat What are they looking for? Names/photographs of important people Present and future operations & capabilities Information about military facilities: - Location & Units - Weapons used - Exterior size and shape - Number of sailors & officers - Ammunition depot locations - Leave policies - Dates & times of operations Family details Marital status - Children & extended family members - Location of work, school, home etc Details details details……

11 UNCLASSIFIED Navy IO Center of Excellence Indicators Friendly detectable actions that reveal critical information & vulnerabilities: Longer working hours Flight plans, schedules, itineraries Rehearsals Sudden changes in procedures Purchases/on-loads Blogs/posts Routine predictable procedures Large troop movements Emblems, logos, distinctive markings

12 UNCLASSIFIED Navy IO Center of Excellence Avoid Indicators: Dont advertise!

13 UNCLASSIFIED Navy IO Center of Excellence Vulnerability Weakness the adversary can exploit to get critical information Vulnerabilities make you susceptible to intelligence/data collection. Poor security and sharing too much information are common, easily exploited vulnerabilities. Blogs, posts, emails, phone calls and conversations in restaurants, airports and other public places expose important information to potential adversaries and are a very common vulnerability.

14 UNCLASSIFIED Navy IO Center of Excellence Common Vulnerabilities Lack of Awareness Data aggregation Unsecure communications Social engineering Trash Technology Internet/social networking Blogs Predictable actions & patterns

15 UNCLASSIFIED Navy IO Center of Excellence Lack of Awareness Frequently Asked Questions But its secure! Right? WRONG! How much is too much? What do I do if a family member is violating OPSEC procedures? Details are dangerous. The less information you provide the safer you are. As a rule only discuss events well after they have occurred. When in doubt dont say anything at all. Address the issue with the person- ask them to remove the information and tell them why its important to think OPSEC. If issues persist contact the command CMC for further clarification and resolution.

16 UNCLASSIFIED Navy IO Center of Excellence Unsecure Communications Unencrypted, unsecure communications are a common vulnerability –Cell phones –Cordless phones –Blue tooth –Email –Open/over heard conversations –Blogs & chat sites –Internet postings Not Secure

17 UNCLASSIFIED Navy IO Center of Excellence Trash Mind your trash- what details are being thrown away? Rosters Training details & schedules Itineraries & mail Phone trees –Rank/position details What happens to the trash/recycling? –Who owns/has access

18 UNCLASSIFIED Navy IO Center of Excellence Emerging Technology Theres an App for that Phone carrier's push applications to users without prompts Convenience vs. vulnerability Friendly use vs. adversarial use –How can this application be used against me? Terms of use & privacy issues –What are you consenting to by using an app? What is the risk if your phone is lost or stolen? What data would then be available? Remote installation/activation possibilities

19 UNCLASSIFIED Navy IO Center of Excellence Internet Social Networking Sites Limit the amount of personal and sensitive information you make available on: –Social Networking Sites –Dating sites –Web browsing –Email –Blogs –Chat/IM Data aggregation & data mining –Collecting & selling your information Friend vs. Foe –Account spoofing & identity theft –Phishing scams

20 UNCLASSIFIED Navy IO Center of Excellence Internet Blogs Blogs are very detail oriented. The more specific the information the higher value it has to adversaries. Limit the amount of personal information posted and blogged. Lessons learned 101 for the adversary –What information can an adversary learn based solely on details in photos?

21 UNCLASSIFIED Navy IO Center of Excellence The probability an adversary will gain knowledge of your critical information (CI) and the impact if the adversary is successful. Risk If I put this information out there, what could possibly go wrong?

22 UNCLASSIFIED Navy IO Center of Excellence Risk Risk scenario: You are proud of your military family. So you prominently display personal information about them on the back of your car for everyone to see. What is the possible risk associated with displaying these indicators??

23 UNCLASSIFIED Navy IO Center of Excellence Countermeasures Anything that effectively negates or reduces an adversary's ability to exploit vulnerabilities or collect & process critical information - Hide/control indicators - Protect personal information - Change routines & routes - Differ times you do activities Counter measures are intended to influence or manipulate an adversaries perception - Take no action - React too late - Take the wrong action

24 UNCLASSIFIED Navy IO Center of Excellence Knowledge is power …. for both you and the adversary. Be aware of the threat that exists against you as an American citizen, and as a military family member. Be suspicious of unsolicited phone calls, online requests, or emails. Be suspicious when information about you and your family is requested. Always ask yourself, do they have the need to know ? Share the OPSEC message with friends and extended family members. Dont Be A Victim

25 UNCLASSIFIED Navy IO Center of Excellence Questions Questions? Please contact YOUR OMBUDSMEN: Lena G. Bunnenberg Work: (216) 902-6164 Cell: (216) 315-4215 Debbie Lowry Work: (216) 902-6284 Cell: (440) 785-6237 Provided by: Naval OPSEC Support Team (NOST)


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