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1 Social / Ethics NCDesk Societal and Ethical Issues.

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1 1 Social / Ethics NCDesk Societal and Ethical Issues

2 2 Social / Ethics Computers and the Internet have a tremendous impact on society. It is important to remember some things so that you can make ethical decisions when using a computer and the internet.

3 3 Social / Ethics At the start of the school year, all students (along with their parents) are given the Acceptable Use Policy or AUP for computer/internet usage at school. This agreement – that you and your parents sign – basically says that you agree to use the computers and internet resources available at school appropriately. This means doing what you are instructed to do and what is ethical. Ethical behavior is considered good or right behavior.

4 4 Social / Ethics Your school network consists of all of the devices (computers and printers) in the building connected to the server which is a special computer used to store programs and files and send them to other computers. The school network is an example of a LAN or Local Area Network. A computer not connected to a network is called a stand alone computer. When LAN systems are connected, they form a Wide Area Network, or WAN.

5 5 Social / Ethics ACCEPTABLE USE POLICY (AUP) A set of rules and guidelines that are set up to regulate Internet use and to protect the user. AUP P UP

6 6 Social / Ethics The AUP attempts to ensure that the LAN/WAN is protected from intentional damage by users. Protect your passwords better than this! Each person has a unique username and password – NEVER let another person use your account – if they do something that is not ethical, you will be held accountable!

7 7 Social / Ethics Passwords should always be unique and not something that can be easily figured out by a hacker, someone who is unauthorized to access files on a computer. A strong password should contain a combination of upper and lowercase letters, numbers, and symbols. A firewall is computer software designed to protect your computer from hackers and some viruses. o1f5o1MLK

8 8 Social / Ethics FIREWALL Technology that prevents users from visiting inappropriate web sites, and protects the network from unauthorized users.

9 9 Social / Ethics PASSWORD A code for the security protection to allow access to a computer or the computer programs. sbrown s1a2n3t4a5ro11nd22a hot919dogs Which password is obviously bad?

10 10 Social / Ethics SECURITY Protection of computer, computer files or a computer network from use without permission of the owner or owners.

11 11 Social / Ethics ANTIVIRUS SOFTWARE An application designed to search for viruses and repair files on a computer.

12 12 Social / Ethics A Virus or Worm can damage computer files and possibly a network. Be careful when opening –If you dont know who sent it or recognize the subject – BE CAREFUL!

13 13 Social / Ethics TROJAN HORSE Type of computer virus that is disguised as a useful application. VIRUS A computer program designed to damage computer files. WORM A computer file designed to do damage that goes through a computer and possibly a network.

14 14 Social / Ethics SPAM is unwanted and unrequested . Sometimes SPAM may look like something you want. If an asks you for personal information such as passwords, social security numbers, bank or credit card information, be careful. This is called phishing (someone is fishing for information for unauthorized use)

15 15 Social / Ethics When you use information found on the internet (or in a book, on television…) you must remember to give credit where credit is due. If you use an image or other information, you must document your source. Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historic Site. 11 Feb National Park Service. 13 Feb

16 16 Social / Ethics COMPUTER VANDALISM The intentional act of destroying computer files or computer networks.

17 17 Social / Ethics HACKER An unauthorized person who secretly gains access to computer files.

18 18 Social / Ethics COPYRIGHT Law granting a legal right to a copyright holder or author which requires their permission to make non-archival copies of the work in question.

19 19 Social / Ethics ONLINE SAFETY Precautions taken to protect personal information and images from being misused by others.

20 20 Social / Ethics FAIR USE AND MULTIMEDIA GUIDELINES The fair use doctrine provides educators with the right to make reasonable copies of copyrighted materials without specific consent of the author for purposes of criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, or research. The guidelines permit the use of copyrighted works in teaching, if certain factors are considered, including: the purpose and character of the use (commercial vs. educational), the nature of the copyrighted work, the amount of the work copied in relation to the work as a whole, the effect of use on the potential market for or value of the work.

21 21 Social / Ethics EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES Technologies that are new and in the developmental stages; not in widespread use

22 22 Social / Ethics SOFTWARE/APPLICATIONS Programs that allow you to accomplish certain tasks such as write letters, analyze numbers, sort files, manage finances, draw pictures, and play games.

23 23 Social / Ethics PUBLIC DOMAIN Software written and then donated to the public. Anyone can use and copy public domain software free of charge, but it is not always the same quality as commercial software.

24 24 Social / Ethics SHAREWARE Software that can be tried before you purchase.

25 25 Social / Ethics FREEWARE Software written and then donated to the public, so anyone is free to copy it and share it with their friends. This is not the same as shareware or commercial software, which is supposed to be paid for.

26 26 Social / Ethics Commercial Software Copyrighted software that must be purchased before being installed on a machine: examples are Microsoft Windows, Office or Math Blaster

27 27 Social / Ethics Blog A web log; a web page that serves as an electronic journal

28 28 Social / Ethics IM / Chat Programs used to communicate with other users over the Internet

29 29 Social / Ethics Profile A web page containing information about a user of buddy sites and IMs. No personal information should ever be posted

30 30 Social / Ethics MP3 Type of digital music file mainly used in file sharing over the Internet

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