Presentation on theme: "1 Haitao Zheng and Jill Boyce IEEE Transaction on Multimedia Leif 9/10/01 An Improved UDP Protocol for Video Transmission Over Internet-to-Wireless Networks."— Presentation transcript:
1 Haitao Zheng and Jill Boyce IEEE Transaction on Multimedia Leif 9/10/01 An Improved UDP Protocol for Video Transmission Over Internet-to-Wireless Networks
2 Outline Introduction Improved UDP Design Packet Coding Design Analytical Performance Conclusion Further Work
3 Introduction (1/3) Packet video will become a signification portion of emerging and further wireless/Internet traffic. Network congestion and wireless channel error yield tremendous packet loss and degraded video quality. Most Internet-based real-time multimedia services employ UDP.
4 Introduction (2/3) UDP: no retransmission (delay), CRC Reliable UDP(RUDP): Retransmission and CRC (header and payload) UDP Lite: no retransmission, CRC (head only)
5 Introduction (3/3) Employing forward error correction (FEC) code to the application packets can mitigate channel unreliability and improve media quality. eg. Reed-Solomon (RS) codes. (n, k) RS codeword: the encoder chooses k packets and generates n – k parity packets. It can correct n – k erasures.
6 Improved UDP Design (1/3) New interface between RLP and PPP, PPP and IP, IP and UDP, so that certain information can be exchanged in both directions. The improved UDP should apply CRC to the packet header only and forward the packet payload to the application.
7 Improved UDP Design (2/3) Type1:LTU Error Indicator (For FEC decoders that require erasure indicator) Error indicators contain the starting and ending location of the erroneous frame. Type2:Reformatted Packet (For FEC decoders that can recognize erasures)
8 Improved UDP Design (3/3) Complete UDP (CUDP) captures the error-free frames and the location of erroneous frames. When combined with FEC coding, CUDP turns erroneous frames into erasure frames so that the other error-free frames can be utilized to recover the loss.
9 Packet Coding Design (1/3) Vertical Packet Coding (VPC) The FEC encoder takes one data unit from each of k packets and generates (n - k) parity units (additional packets). It can recover (n - k) erasure packets. eg. fig. 3. (a) MDS code (n, k) ~ (7, 4) It can recover 7 – 4 = 3 erasure packets. VPC provides transparent Internet-to-Wireless communications. The UDP within the Internet remains unchanged.
10 Packet Coding Design (2/3) Long Vertical Packet Coding (LVPC) For a fixed ratio (n - k)/n, the MDS codes achieve better error/erasure correction efficiency as n increases. MDS code (n, k) value burst error resiliency X/L MDS (nL, kL) L : column number eg. Fig. 3. (b) L = m = 7 (nL, kL) ~ (49, 28) 49 – 28 = 21 If the decoder fails, all the erasures can not be recovered.
11 Packet Coding Design (3/3) Fig. 3.
12 Analytical Performance Error Model Two states, good (G), and bad (B) Transmission probability between the two states PGB and PBG present the error model.
13 VPC FER GPER Fig. 5.
14 LVPC GPER FERFig. 6.
15 Internet-to-wireless, VPC Fig. 7. GPER FER
16 Internet-to-wireless, LVPC Fig. 8. GPER FER
17 CUDP, VPC, LVPC Fig. 9. GPER FER
18 Fig. 10. PSNR for Internet + Wireless with VPC PSNR FER
19 PSNR for Internet + Wireless with VPC Fig. 11. PSNR Congestion Packed Loss Rate
20 PSNR for Internet + Wireless with VPC Fig. 12. PSNR
21 Conclusion (1/2) CUDP provides great flexibility for applications to utilize the instantaneous physical/link layer performance report. The media decoder has the right to decide whether to use or discard the packet. CUDP outperforms the other two protocols. However, as the congestion packet loss rate grows, the advantage of CUDP shrinks.
22 Conclusion (2/2) Using CUDP, the received video maintains good quality.
23 Further Work Could the proposed system be applied to other packet video/audio/image? Taking into account of the delay due to RLP layer… And the packet loss due to real-time scheduling within wireless networks.