Presentation on theme: "Eternal return? Three historical regions of Europe in the present time Gyorgy Csepeli."— Presentation transcript:
Eternal return? Three historical regions of Europe in the present time Gyorgy Csepeli
European Social Survey 2008. www.europeansocialsurvey.org
Investigated values Etatism Autonomy in the workplace Social trust Tolerance Altruism (universalism, atruism) Individualism (creativity, responsibility, achievement, hedonism) Conformity
Etatism 1.Governments should act in order to decrease inequalities of income. 2.Big differences if income can be accepted because they reflect differences in talent and effort. 3.In just societies there should be small differences between man in their living conditions. 4.It is the states responsibility to ensure job opportunities for those who want to work.
Autonomy in the workplace 1.The management of your workplace to what extent lets you decide about the organization of the order of your work? 2.The management of your workplace to what extent lets you influence the decisions made in the the company/institution?
Prevalence of sense of workplace autonomy in Europe
Social trust 1.Would you agree or disagree with the statement that most people can be trusted and would you agree or disagree with the statement that one has to be very cautious in dealing with other people? 2.Do you think that most people would cheat of you or reversely, most people would be fair? 3.Most people care only themselves or are they generally helpful?
Tolerance 1.No interference into the dealings of gay and lesbian human beings. 2.Willingness to admit foreigners of same nationality. 3.Willingness to admit foreigners of different nationality living in Europe. 4.Willingness to admit foreigners from non European poor countries. 5.Economic bnefit of immigration. 6.Cultural benefit/harm of immigration. 7.General benefit/harm of immigration.
Altruism communalitiescomponent All people should be treated equally. All people should have equal opportunities. 0,390,63 Everyones voice should be listened.0,50,71 Important to help people.0,550,74 Importan to be fair and helpful to people who are close. 0,550,74 Important to preserve the environment. 0,440,66
Individualism communalitiescomponent Important to invent new solutions and to be creative. 0,330,57 Important to be involved in diverse activities.0,520,72 Important to feel good and comfortable.0,490,7 Important to decide about him/herself. Important to be independent. 0,30,54 Important to be cuscessful.0,370,6 Important to take risks and to live adventurous life. 0,490,7 Important to do things that cause joy.0,520,72
Conformity communalitiescomponent Important to live in security and avoid everything that threats security. 0,50,71 People should do that others tell them to do. Rules must be obeyed even no one is present. 0,440,66 Important to be modest and restrained. One has not to be noticed. 0,260,51 Strong government is the guarantee of personal security against any threat. 0,50,71 Important not to behave inappropiately.0,550,74 Traditions must be respected. Religional and family customs should be followed. 0,410,64
factorsTypes ActiveRebelPassive etatism-0,29-0,230,47 Autonomy in workplace 0,45-0,12-0,39 trust0,56-0,11-0,5 tolerance0,75-0,31-0,56 altruism0,38-1,10,51 individualism0,32-0,580,02 conformity-0,27-0,790,7 N (%) 12299 (38) 8357 (26) 11754 (36) Clusters of people in Europe according to their value-system
Prevalence of the active, rebel and passive types in the European countries
Jenő Szücs redivivus: Prevalence of active citizens in Europe by country missing