Presentation on theme: "Professor Charles Crothers New Zealand Internet Rights Survey."— Presentation transcript:
Professor Charles Crothers New Zealand Internet Rights Survey
Development of a NZ Internet Freedom Index Project The survey is a component of the Index project (Joy Liddicoat et al.) Funder: Internet NZ
Methodology Only those aspects of potential internet rights which seemed readily understandable by the general public. Constrained to internet users - presumably few non-internet users will have developed enough knowledge/experience of the internet to formulate views about internet rights. Sampling source: internet panel. 755 People years of age on a Buzz panel, April Similar in characteristics to the overall NZ population. Particularly skewed towards those of higher education qualifications and there is a moderate over-representation of respondents from major cities and a corresponding under-representation of those from rural areas. The average length of time spent on the survey was 8 minutes. Views of under 20 year olds was too difficult given their poor response- availability and that people 65 and over might have insufficient experience with the internet to be able to provide knowledgeable answers.
Conceptual framework Key (potential) internet rights were: Access to the internet Abilities to use the internet Rights to express opinions Rights not to be subject to unfortunate things happening to people on-line. Rights to free access to information (not covered). Facilitation of Social/Political Change
Socio-demographic characteristics Information collected on Age-group, gender, settlement size and education and extent of weekly internet usage. Quotas were set in relation to age-group and gender. It was found that while age and gender had shaped differences the other characteristics did not seem to shape views.
Hierarchy of Rights General statement re Rights - 89% agreeing. Extension of rights to the internet context – 73%. Support for a right of access to the internet – 59%.
How support Access & For Whom Through a government subsidy of Internet equipment and connection costs – 41% Through free access at libraries -94%. Supporting internet access of...the elderly (64%),...People in low income households (61%) and...especially people in rural areas (69%). About a quarter came up with other groups: especially disabled, elderly, youth A solid minority (about a sixth of respondents) who reject any attempt to operationalise such a right (denying that there should be such a right and suggesting that – just as ones phone or other access – you are required to pay for it). Right to access include some training so that people can use the Internet effectively -55%).
Freedom of Expression Should not be curbed for any reason -33%; People should not be allowed to defame other people on the Internet, even if this means their right to freedom of expression is curbed -68.2% On balance peoples right to privacy on the Internet is more important than other peoples right to freedom of expression % A third didnt answer this write-in question re circumstances justifying curbing. The nearly two-thirds answering mentioned bullying, breach of privacy etc.
Complaints Authority There should be a which can order changes e.g. content removed if there is a considerable breach of someones privacy -86%. Half thought best type of Complaints authority would be a government agency, whereas a third supported an industry agency.
Summary Views on Access are not same as views on Freedoms Types of view re Access: - internet-deniers (often quite angry about it) who see the internet as nothing more than an extension of their phone and to be paid for in full - internet-acceptors who see the internet as giving access to a (partial) new world and where everyone (or many) needs to be lifted over any thresholds to take full advantage of this. - and of course intermediate groupings
Summary contd. Views on Freedom are less polarised but also divided into some: -Who see no need for any controls at all -Who see existing protections adequately cover internet situations -Who see extra difficulties arising with internet.