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Prof. E.A.E. Elsheikh (Hayati) President University of Khartoum

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Presentation on theme: "Prof. E.A.E. Elsheikh (Hayati) President University of Khartoum"— Presentation transcript:

1 Prof. E.A.E. Elsheikh (Hayati) President University of Khartoum
Future of Universities: an overview Prof. E.A.E. Elsheikh (Hayati) President University of Khartoum 1 1

2 Research & Economy Innovation Knowledge Information / service Industry
Agriculture البحث العلمي أساس الإقتصاد والنهضة الحضارية

3 Production Economy VS K-E
Economy Factor P- Economy K-Economy Main asset Capital Knowledge Leading strategy Market driven Value Innovation A skill or a degree Continuous learning Education Requirements

4

5 What are the challenges ?
What are the main trends? Where are we going?

6 New definitions Teacher centered Learner centered Fact teller
Facilitator, Designer Listener Collaborator

7 A huge Social Transformation in 2014: 3 billions using Internet
Information Technology Tale of Two Futures A huge Social Transformation in 2014: 3 billions using Internet 06/25/98 71% of online use Facebook, 18% of online use Twitter, 17% use Instagram, 21% use Pinterest, 22% use LinkedIn 20

8 Challenges facing universities
Industry Government Finance Quality and Accreditation Governance Ranking Engaging with employers Global marketplace Competition Customer-focus The changing curriculum Technology and education Workforce development

9 “Just-in-case” to “Just-for-you” Changing features Learning from:
“Just-in-time” to “Just-for-you”

10 The Impact of Technology
The digital generation will demand interactive, collaborative, nonlinear learning.

11 Some Extrapolation of the PC

12 Computer-Mediated Human Interaction
1-D : Text, , chat-rooms, telephony 2-D : Graphics, video, WWW, multimedia 3-D : Virtual reality, Virtual communities etc

13 The Web contains at least 1.78 billion pages (24 April, 2014)
Internet The Web contains at least 1.78 billion pages (24 April, 2014)

14 3 billions are using Internet

15 Cyberspace New global domain New opportunities
Borderless communication

16 Ubiquitous Ubiquitous : anything associated with computers,
information technology, the internet and the diverse internet culture. yoo-bik-wi-tuhs

17 Calm technology and bodynets
Ability to actually visit the place we’re browsing in the internet easily. Ability to access internet from your own brain

18 MIT (USA) was funded to come up with internet in the brain by 2018!

19 Brain-Brain download Download completed It took of a sec. 19 19

20 Robots and services eg Restaurants
20 20

21 Music 21 21

22 The Plug and Play Generation
Raised in a media-rich environment MTV, WWW, MOOs Home computers, virtual reality

23 Children will be well connected

24 Global changes are unprecedented, drastic and unpredictable

25 It will become the norm for those in their 40s, 50s and 60s to withdraw from the labor force, return to school and start a whole new career. Michael Zey, Futurist, Nov. 2005 25 25

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27 Two thirds of the jobs that will be available in the world by 2020 haven’t been invented yet!
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29 a 4-year technical degree This means that…..
Students starting a 4-year technical degree This means that….. Half of what they learn in their 1st year will be outdated by their 3rd year of study 29 29

30 Science and Research: Development
Started as: thought and observation.

31 Reasoning and mostly passive observation

32 A vast amount of information

33 new discoveries possible.
Huge information, large knowledge bases, distributed computing, collaboration and man-machine interaction make new discoveries possible.

34 In 2020 the population will be 7.6 billions

35 In 2020 the mobiles will be 6 billions

36 In 2020 the internet users will be 5 billions

37 Present university system based on Liberal and General Education is not adequate to meet the challenges

38 University Mission ! OR OR Knowledge server Teaching Research
Community service OR Creating preserving integrating Knowledge transferring appling Innovation Knowledge server OR

39 Innovation, a new mission of universities: Why? How?
The new frontier for universities, is innovation. New products New jobs New companies Socio-economic impact Policy making

40 Scientific Research Outstanding University New products
Innovation Innovation knowledge New products Policy and decision makers Policy and decision makers Universities, schools, public information Firms & market Society welfare: Improved K-economy Society welfare: knowledge acquirement Outstanding University

41 The Linear Model of Technological Change
Invention Adoption Diffusion Innovation E.S. Rubin, Carnegie Mellon

42 E.S. Rubin, Carnegie Mellon
A More Realistic Model Invention Innovation (new or better product) Adoption (initial design) Diffusion (improved technology) Learning By Doing Learning By Using R&D E.S. Rubin, Carnegie Mellon

43 Rankings of universities in the world by 2020 will be based on the numbers and quality of knowledge creators they graduate! 43 43

44 How institutions approach changes will determine whether they remain competitive or if they will cease to exist 44 44

45 Transformation ! Evolution or Revolution?
A massive restructuring of the higher education is coming up Evolution or Revolution?

46 Architecture + Engineering
Research Analysis Creation Innovation Stimulating reality Transformation ! Individual Team Disciplinary interdisciplinary Small think Big think Law Medicine Business Architecture + Engineering

47 Future Research Strategies
Maintaining excellence in research Knowledge production and certification University-Industry relations and innovation Interdisciplinary research A changing environment and new demands for research training Universities driving regional development Enhancing internationally competitive research Research for service Attract the finest talents

48 Major challenge for University in a global competition
1 Innovation Excellence Major challenge for University in a global competition Commitment to excellence through Integrity Quality

49 Excellence: Excellent Outstanding

50 Knowledge production and certification
2 Knowledge production and certification "Knowledge is like light. Weightless and tangible, it can easily travel the World, enlightening the lives of people everywhere.“ World Bank World Development Report 50 50 50

51 4 main research products of Knowledge
Codified knowledge: Universities produce codified knowledge, mainly through articles and other publications.. Embodied knowledge: In the K- economy the role of human resources is crucial. Training & education are main activities of universities Collective “goods”: It is expected that research contributes or will contribute more actively to the production of collective goods, wellbeing and public policies (e.g. in health, environment, security, etc.) Innovation: universities contribute to technology transfer and innovation processes. There is a large range of relationships between universities and innovators: through research contracts, technological programmes, patenting etc.

52 Efficiency of knowledge transfer process

53 While the majority of universities proudly reproduce knowledge workers, future progress in the world will depend on the knowledge creators. 53 53

54 4 University-industry relations & innovation Industry Industry
Insufficient mutual appreciation of the opportunities Industry Solid and long-term U-I relations is a central issue for a successful knowledge transfer strategy. Industry

55 University-Industry-Government Relations
A "laissez-faire" Model of  University-Industry-Government Relations Academia Industry State An Statistic Model of University-Industry-Government Relations Academia Industry State

56 Tri-lateral networks and hybrid organizations
University-Industry-Government Relations The Triple Helix Model of University-Industry-Government relations Tri-lateral networks and hybrid organizations Industry State Academia The overlay of communications and expectations at the network level guides the reconstruction of institutional arrangements

57 Interdisciplinary Research
5 Interdisciplinary No longer appropriate Applied Research Basic Research Multidisciplinary Trandisciplinary Interdisciplinary Research

58 Disciplinary Multidisciplinary Interdisciplinary Trandisciplinary

59 Interdisciplinary Research
Mathematician Physicians Engineer Interdisciplinary Research Physics Sociologist Nursing entomologist economist information technology

60 A changing environment and new demands for research training
6 A changing environment and new demands for research training IT Global competition Integration of disciplines Increasing Cost Innovations Cultural Economical Environmental changes

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67 For new demands of research training, we need:
1 Greater transparency Career development Facilitate mobility Improve quality standards Material & moral support Development of current practices 2 Incentives Revision of current programs Create guidelines Broadening skills

68 University and regional development
7 University and regional development Hub Faculty in a region University Branch

69 Internationally competitive research
8 Internationally competitive research In a world where new ideas, new processes and new technologies and innovation, with unprecedented speed, We must be highly competitive.

70 Branding ! Brand is important for the university and customers.
Brand creates trust. Built on differentiation. Built on superiority..

71 Evolution Essence Branding Emotion Experience

72 Research for the service
9 Research for the service There is a strong need for more basic research on production and innovation in the services sector. How to measure the innovation in the service sector ? (patents!) Change in training for young researchers. Change in training for service workers

73 Attracting the finest talents
10 Attracting the finest talents International universities compete for the best brains worldwide How can Europe’s universities attract the finest talents from around the world? 2020 To offer financial and moral support (including full cost recovery and generous endowments). Attracting international talent is a key priority of French immigration policy.

74 Attracting the finest talents
10

75 Sooner Later Sooner Later 22 possible future of universities
Business Bookless Student led All have access Satellite Sooner Access without exam Continuous Education Mentor Exchange Corporate Owned No University Multi-cultural Split Teaching/Research Star Prof Experience Degrees Multi mode Intel Inside No calendar No Bowl Later Special Interest Group 22 possible future of universities Holodeck Grasshopper © UHCL Futures Studies Department

76 Thank you


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