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Prof. E.A.E. Elsheikh (Hayati) President University of Khartoum Future of Universities: an overview.

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Presentation on theme: "Prof. E.A.E. Elsheikh (Hayati) President University of Khartoum Future of Universities: an overview."— Presentation transcript:


2 Prof. E.A.E. Elsheikh (Hayati) President University of Khartoum Future of Universities: an overview

3 Agriculture Information / service Industry Research & Economy البحث العلمي أساس الإقتصاد والنهضة الحضارية Knowledge Innovation

4 Production Economy VS K-E Economy FactorP- EconomyK-Economy CapitalKnowledge Market driven Value Innovation A skill or a degree Continuous learning Leading strategy Main asset Education Requirements


6 What are the challenges ? What are the main trends? Where are we going?

7 New definitions Teacher centered Learner centered Fact teller Facilitator, Designer Listener Collaborator

8 71% of online use Facebook, 18% of online use Twitter, 17% use Instagram, 21% use Pinterest, 22% use LinkedIn A huge Social Transformation in 2014: 3 billions using Internet

9 Engaging with employers Global marketplace Competition Challenges facing universities Industry Government Finance Customer-focus The changing curriculum Technology and education Workforce development Quality and Accreditation Governance Ranking

10 Learning from: Just-in-case to Just-in-time to Just-for-you Changing features

11 The digital generation will demand interactive, collaborative, nonlinear learning. The Impact of Technology

12 Some Extrapolation of the PC

13 1-D : Text, , chat-rooms, telephony 2-D : Graphics, video, WWW, multimedia 3-D : Virtual reality, Virtual communities etc Computer-Mediated Human Interaction

14 The Web contains at least 1.78 billion pages (24 April, 2014) Internet

15 3 billions are using Internet

16 Cyberspace New global domain New opportunities Borderless communication

17 Ubiquitous Ubiquitous : anything associated with computers, information technology, the internet and the diverse internet culture. yoo-bik-wi-tuhs

18 Calm technology and bodynets Ability to actually visit the place were browsing in the internet easily. Ability to access internet from your own brain

19 MIT (USA) was funded to come up with internet in the brain by 2018!

20 Download completed It took of a sec. Brain-Brain download

21 Robots and services eg Restaurants

22 Music

23 Raised in a media- rich environment – MTV, WWW, MOOs –Home computers, virtual reality The Plug and Play Generation

24 Children will be well connected

25 Global changes are unprecedented, drastic and unpredictable

26 It will become the norm for those in their 40s, 50s and 60s to withdraw from the labor force, return to school and start a whole new career. Michael Zey, Futurist, Nov. 2005


28 Two thirds of the jobs that will be available in the world by 2020 havent been invented yet!


30 Students starting a 4-year technical degree This means that….. Half of what they learn in their 1 st year will be outdated by their 3 rd year of study

31 Science and Research: Development Started as: thought and observation.

32 Reasoning and mostly passive observation

33 A vast amount of information

34 Huge information, large knowledge bases, distributed computing, collaboration and man-machine interaction make new discoveries possible.

35 In 2020 the population will be 7.6 billions

36 In 2020 the mobiles will be 6 billions

37 In 2020 the internet users will be 5 billions

38 Present university system based on Liberal and General Education is not adequate to meet the challenges

39 Creating Innovation appling transferring preserving integrating Knowledge University Mission ! Knowledge server Knowledge server OR

40 Innovation, a new mission of universities: Why? How? The new frontier for universities, is innovation.

41 Scientific Research Innovation Outstanding University New products Policy and decision makers knowledge Firms & market Society welfare: Improved K- economy Universities, schools, public information Policy and decision makers Society welfare: knowledge acquirement Innovation

42 E.S. Rubin, Carnegie Mellon The Linear Model of Technological Change Invention AdoptionDiffusion Innovation

43 E.S. Rubin, Carnegie Mellon A More Realistic Model Invention Adoption (initial design) Diffusion (improved technology) Innovation (new or better product) Learning By Doing Learning By Using R&D

44 Rankings of universities in the world by 2020 will be based on the numbers and quality of knowledge creators they graduate!

45 How institutions approach changes will determine whether they remain competitive or if they will cease to exist

46 Transformation ! A massive restructuring of the higher education is coming up Evolution or Revolution?

47 interdisciplinary Disciplinary Research Team Individual Analysis Creation Innovation Stimulating reality Transformation !

48 Future Research Strategies Maintaining excellence in research Knowledge production and certification University-Industry relations and innovation Interdisciplinary research A changing environment and new demands for research training Universities driving regional development Enhancing internationally competitive research Research for service Attract the finest talents

49 Excellence Major challenge for University in a global competition Excellence Major challenge for University in a global competition 1 Innovation Commitment to excellence through Quality Integrity

50 Excellence: Excellent Outstanding

51 "Knowledge is like light. Weightless and tangible, it can easily travel the World, enlightening the lives of people everywhere. World Bank World Development Report 2 Knowledge production and certification

52 4 main research products of Knowledge Codified knowledge: Universities produce codified knowledge, mainly through articles and other publications.. Embodied knowledge: In the K- economy the role of human resources is crucial. Training & education are main activities of universities Collective goods: It is expected that research contributes or will contribute more actively to the production of collective goods, wellbeing and public policies (e.g. in health, environment, security, etc.) Innovation: universities contribute to technology transfer and innovation processes. There is a large range of relationships between universities and innovators: through research contracts, technological programmes, patenting etc.

53 Efficiency of knowledge transfer process

54 While the majority of universities proudly reproduce knowledge workers, future progress in the world will depend on the knowledge creators.

55 University-industry relations & innovation 4 Industry Insufficient mutual appreciation of the opportunities Solid and long-term U-I relations is a central issue for a successful knowledge transfer strategy. Industry

56 University-Industry-Government Relations An Statistic Model of University-Industry- Government Relations AcademiaIndustry State A "laissez-faire" Model of University- Industry-Government Relations Academia Industry State

57 The overlay of communications and expectations at the network level guides the reconstruction of institutional arrangements University-Industry-Government Relations The Triple Helix Model of University- Industry-Government relations Tri-lateral networks and hybrid organizations Industry State Academia

58 Interdisciplinary Basic Research Applied Research No longer appropriate Multidisciplinary Trandisciplinary Interdisciplinary Research 5

59 DisciplinaryMultidisciplinary TrandisciplinaryInterdisciplinary

60 Physicians Nursing Physics Engineer Mathematician Sociologist economist entomologist information technology

61 A changing environment and new demands for research training 6 IT Global competition Integration of disciplines Increasing Cost Innovations Cultural Economical Environmental changes







68 For new demands of research training, we need: Greater transparency Facilitate mobility Material & moral support Incentives Create guidelines Revision of current programs Broadening skills Improve quality standards Career development 1 Development of current practices 2

69 University and regional development 7 Hub Faculty in a region University Branch

70 Internationally competitive research In a world where new ideas, new processes and new technologies and innovation, with unprecedented speed, We must be highly competitive. 8


72 Evolution Essence Emotion Experience Branding

73 Research for the service There is a strong need for more basic research on production and innovation in the services sector. How to measure the innovation in the service sector ? (patents!) Change in training for young researchers. Change in training for service workers There is a strong need for more basic research on production and innovation in the services sector. How to measure the innovation in the service sector ? (patents!) Change in training for young researchers. Change in training for service workers 9

74 Attracting the finest talents International universities compete for the best brains worldwide 10 Attracting international talent is a key priority of French immigration policy. How can Europes universities attract the finest talents from around the world? To offer financial and moral support (including full cost recovery and generous endowments).

75 Attracting the finest talents 10

76 SoonerLater Sooner Later Business Satellite Continuous Education Exchange Bookless Access without exam No University Multi-cultural Experience Degrees Student led Corporate Owned Split Teaching/Research Multi mode No calendar No Bowl All have access Mentor Star Prof Intel Inside Special Interest Group Holodeck Grasshopper © UHCL Futures Studies Department 22 possible future of universities

77 Thank you

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