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Julia Bliss Adam Pouliot Jasmin Halkic Nathaniel Thompson

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1 Julia Bliss Adam Pouliot Jasmin Halkic Nathaniel Thompson
Net Neutrality Julia Bliss Adam Pouliot Jasmin Halkic Nathaniel Thompson

2 Overview Introduction What is net neutrality Why is it important
What if it went away Pros and Cons Examples Censorship Legislation Legal cases

3 What is net neutrality? Open Internet Principles Level Playing Field
Currently not fully regulated by the FCC Hot issue with tons of debate from both sides

4 Who Is Affected Consumers who access the internet...everyone!
Companies who use the internet...essentially all companies today! Internet Service Providers

5 FCC Principles 1. Transparency: That all ISPs must transparently disclose to their subscribers and users all relevant information as to the policies that govern their network 2. No Blocking: That no legal content may be blocked 3. No Unreasonable Discrimination: That ISPs may not act in a commercially unreasonable manner to harm the Internet, including favoring the traffic from an affiliated entity

6 Open Internet Order December 23, 2010
Challenged by Verizon in court January 2014 Upheld transparency vacated no-blocking and no-unreasonable- discrimination rules So.. it is not illegal for ISPs to block or discriminate against legal web content

7 What if it went away?

8 So... Essentially large content providers like Netflix, Amazon, etc. could pay more to ISPs to have their content reach consumers faster Different “classes” of internet service

9 Against NN ISPs (Comcast, Verizon, etc.) Big companies For NN Small businesses Tech companies The public Entrepreneurs

10 ISPs Argument --CBC News
“Large internet and content providers, however, say they need to charge more for high-bandwidth content like video streaming or voice services like Skype. They argue that under net neutrality, the companies taking up the most bandwidth with their content aren't paying their fair share to improve the internet infrastructure.” --CBC News

11 The Result? Companies willing to pay would get their content to consumers faster and without interruption ISPs claim that the extra money would be used to improve broadband networks But Net Neutrality isn’t going to end right…?

12 FCC Proposal April 24th Allow media firms to buy access to “fast lanes” FCC officials say restoring concepts of net neutrality So what is really happening? What do you guys think about this?

13 The Fight Some public protest
But with such large companies willing to pay extra, how can it be stopped??

14 What could the future look like...

15 Censorship AT&T censors Eddie Vedder’s performance
“George Bush, leave this world alone” “George Bush, find yourself another home” censored for “excessive profanity”

16 Censorship Comcast throttles service for torrent users
“...deep packet inspection to block file transfers…” Blow against FCC for enforcement of network neutrality.

17 Censorship Verizon Wireless censorship of NARAL
Verizon cut off access to text messaging program used by NARAL Verizon states they will not serve any group, “that seeks to promote an agenda or distribute content that, in its discretion, may be seen as controversial or unsavory to any of our users.”

18 Censorship Telus blocks website of striking workers Labor dispute
Telus blocks internet subscribers access to union website

19 Open Internet Order •December 21, 2010 FCC issued the “Open Internet Order” •Required broadband ISPs to disclose traffic management policies •Prohibits blocking lawful content from traveling over their networks •Prohibits ISPs from unreasonably discriminating against any particular content

20 Reasonable Network Management
•“A network management practice is reasonable if it is appropriate and tailored to achieving a legitimate network management purpose, taking into account the particular network architecture and technology of the broadband Internet access service.” Legitimate purposes include: •Ensuring network security and integrity •Addressing traffic that is unwanted by end users •Reducing effects of network congestion

21 No Blocking Rule •Ensures users can access any lawful content or application •Covers all lawful communication •Also applies to not degrading content •ISPs have the ability to alter transmission speeds •Can make video streaming effectively unwatchable •Netflix •Loophole? As an example, at times of high volume of Internet traffic, in order to allow all of their customers to have Internet access in a given area, the broadband provider may find it necessary to slow the delivery of online products such as streaming video. Such slowing, when necessary as a management tool, likely would not be considered to be a violation of the no blocking rule, according to the Commission

22 No Unreasonable Discrimination
•ISPs have ability and incentive to promote the delivery of their own content •May want to silence competitors •Does pay for priority enable discrimination? •Does Netflix paying Comcast extra for faster service discriminate against Hulu?

23 Verizon v. FCC •Appeals court voted that the FCC did not have authority to regulate blocking or discrimination •FCC did not classify broadband providers as “common carriers” •Common carriers are “any internet company that offers a voice application. •Can’t regulate them as such

24 In Europe •Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communication (BEREC) •reported in 2012 European ISPs were slowing down Skype •Providers are not allowed to slow or block internet access without court order •Must still be transparent, non-discriminatory, and proportionate •Prevents roaming charges •ISPs are only allowed to charge a higher price for “specialized services” •Cloud •Video on demand “Specialised service” means an electronic communications service optimised for specific content, applications or services, or a combination thereof, provided over logically distinct capacity, relying on strict admission control, offering functionality requiring enhanced quality from end to end, and that is not marketed or usable as a substitute for internet access service. Providers of internet access, of electronic communications to the public and providers of content, applications and services shall be free to offer specialised services to end-users. Such services shall only be offered if the network capacity is sufficient to provide them in addition to internet access services and they are not to the detriment of the availability or quality of internet access services. Providers of internet access to end-users shall not discriminate between functionally equivalent services and applications.

25 Summary Open Internet Principles Arguments from both sides
Blocking and Censorship Legislation Any Questions?

26 Sources •
rules-against-net-neutrality-in-verizon-v-fcc/ e-votes-for-net-neutrality-in-no-uncertain- term passes-strong-net-neutrality-law-along-with-major-roaming- reforms/ carriers-let-the-debate-begin/ of-convenience/ and-net-neutrality comcast-to-end-slowdown/ outpaces-the-us-on-net-neutrality/ Sources

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