Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Scottish Highlands & Islands – Availability, Adoption and the Uses of Broadband Internet Access Ewan Sutherland* & Jason Whalley** *University of Witwatersrand.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Scottish Highlands & Islands – Availability, Adoption and the Uses of Broadband Internet Access Ewan Sutherland* & Jason Whalley** *University of Witwatersrand."— Presentation transcript:

1 Scottish Highlands & Islands – Availability, Adoption and the Uses of Broadband Internet Access Ewan Sutherland* & Jason Whalley** *University of Witwatersrand & University of Namur **Northumbria University

2 Outline Highlands & Islands Aspirations for the region Broadband Lessons from elsewhere in the British Isles Conclusions

3 Highlands & Islands CouncilPopHomesArea (km2) Pop density Argyll & Bute 89,59041,7756,90912.97 Highland222,370102,73625,6598.67 Moray87,26039,4742,23838.99 Orkney Isles 20,1609,36899020.36 Shetland Isles 22,5009,9281,46615.35 Western Isles 26,08012,2083,0718.49 Total467,960215,48933,43114.00 Source: Scottish Government (2012), GROS (2012)

4 Employment by local authority area, 2011 CouncilEmploymentUnder- employment Economic inactivity PublicPrivateTotalPer cent Argyll & Bute13,50025,0004,20012,30023.6% Highland33,10078,90011,50024,70017.9% Moray10,70032,8002,9009,90018.2% Orkney Isles3,6006,800-2,00015.8% Shetland Isles4,6007,300-2,50017.9% Western Isles4,6006,0001,2004,90030.4% Total70,100156,80019,80056,300- Scotland669,800242,600204,000783,50023.0% Source: Scottish Government (2012)

5 Highlands & Islands Enterprise: Ambitions for growth

6 Adoption of ICT in Scotland Source: Ofcom (2012)

7 Households with / without broadband in 2011 by urban/rural classifications Source: Scottish Government (2012)

8 Rural broadband HM Treasury Allocated £120m for rural broadband in Scotland Scottish Government directed this money towards H&IE rather than the local authorities Community Broadband Scotland £5m in funding from the Scottish Government Focused on helping initiatives in rural communities. Provides financial support and (some) informational resources

9 Completing the coverage map Various initiatives to improve coverage. E.g.: Mobile Infrastructure Project: £150 million of UK funds 4G coverage obligation: one licence has a 95% coverage of the Scottish population But No discussion of satellite Prominent position given to technology trials serving a handful of people Extract from broadband state aid maps showing grey and white zones

10 Adoption Some information & skills provision, e.g.: Digital Highlands & Islands ICT underpinned economic revival Substantial investment in call & contact centres Home working Rural businesses use the Internet, but owners lack a desire to grow these businesses

11 Lessons from elsewhere in the British Isles Superfast Cornwall Established in 2010 to improve infrastructure within Cornwall £132m initial budget, from a variety of sources (ERDF, BT). Lessons: 1) focusing on the majority of homes 2) use of multiple technologies 3) grants to encourage adoption Republic of Ireland In 2008 Hutchison Whampoa awarded contract to provide broadband those in rural Ireland without access Three parties funded the scheme: ERDF (30m), government (50m), Hutchison 3G Ireland (143m) Lessons: 1) swift implementation is possible 2) available and affordable technology used 3) inclusion of performance criteria in the contract

12 Conclusions Distance and population densities result in the commercial provision of infrastructure being unviable Assertions surrounding the public good nature of broadband lack support Nationalism/independence skews the debate London responds (or not) to Scottish demands UK policies ignored as Scottish ones are developed without any legal foundation to do so Lessons not learnt from elsewhere in the British Isles

13 Contact details Ewan Sutherland University of Witwatersrand & University of Namur sutherla@gmail.com Jason Whalley Newcastle Business School, Northumbria University, Newcastle NE1 8ST Jason.whalley@northumbria.ac.uk 13


Download ppt "Scottish Highlands & Islands – Availability, Adoption and the Uses of Broadband Internet Access Ewan Sutherland* & Jason Whalley** *University of Witwatersrand."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google