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Internet Governance and Democratic Legitimacy (in the US) Olivier Sylvain, Vox Internet II: Le droit dentrée 27 March 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "Internet Governance and Democratic Legitimacy (in the US) Olivier Sylvain, Vox Internet II: Le droit dentrée 27 March 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 Internet Governance and Democratic Legitimacy (in the US) Olivier Sylvain, Vox Internet II: Le droit dentrée 27 March 2010

2 communications policy norms

3 technological

4 communications policy norms technological economic

5 communications policy norms technological economic civic-minded

6 technological approaches

7 internetworking, or, how to survive a catastrophic attack

8 technological approaches Internet Engineering Task Force (1973) – TCP/IP interoperability decentralization user empowerment

9 technological approaches Governments of the Industrial World, you weary giants of flesh and steel, I come from Cyberspace, the new home of Mind.... You are not welcome among us. You have no sovereignty where we gather John Perry Barlow, A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace

10 technological approaches Code is law. Lawrence Lessig, Code (1999)

11 technological approaches IETFs standard-setting procedures satisfy rational discourse ethics more than most government processes Michael Froomkin, (2003)

12 technological approaches delegate first-instance policymaking to NGOs like IETF as a matter of policy Phil Weiser, The Future of Internet Regulation (2009)

13 technological approaches Comcast case (FCC 2008) – sanction for throttling peer-to-peer Internet applications – IETF standards – Internet Policy Statement (FCC 2005) network neutrality – nondiscrimination – user empowerment reasonable network management

14 economic approaches

15 skepticism about administrative fiat in communications policymaking – Coase (1959)

16 economic approaches "unregulation, competition, and monopoly – Computer cases (FCC 1960s-1980s) – NTCA v Brand X (2005)

17 economic approaches focus on job and economic growth – Crawford (2008) – Richard Whitt (& Stephen Schultze) (2009) – American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (2009) – National Broadband Plan (March 2010) – rulemaking on open Internet (April 2010)

18 civic-minded approaches

19 universal access and inclusion – postal service (1789) – telephony (early 1900s) – broadcasting (1927, 1934)

20 civic-minded approaches privileging issues of public and local concern – free speech jurisprudence – broadcasting (1943, 1968, 1994) – cable (1982, 1994)

21 civic-minded approaches municipal deployment municipal Wi-Fi – e.g., Philadelphia – e.g., St. Louis American Recovery & Reinvestment Act – e.g., Chicago

22 civic-minded approaches National Broadband Plan (March 2010) – universality accessibility affordability – public objectives health care education civic engagement

23 sketches of a solution

24 greater indicia of democratic legitimacy in the governance of infrastructure – not IETF standards per se – not the Comcast case

25 sketches of a solution greater indicia of democratic legitimacy in the governance of infrastructure – not IETF standards per se – not the Comcast case – National Broadband Plan? – open Internet rulemaking?

26 sketches of a solution privileging civic-minded applications over technological or economic ones – i.e., put the Internet protocol to public uses, not technological or economic ones alone

27 sketches of a solution articulated norms – localism municipal sovereignty – not technological sovereignty experimentalism – applications at the expense of nondiscrimination education, health, e-government

28 Internet Governance and Democratic Legitimacy (in the US) Olivier Sylvain, Vox Internet II: Le droit dentrée 27 March 2010


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