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Technology in Service.

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Presentation on theme: "Technology in Service."— Presentation transcript:

1 Technology in Service

2 Learning Objectives Discuss the of technology in the service encounter. Describe the emergence of self-service. Place an example of service automation in its proper category. Describe different Internet business models. Understand the importance of scalability to e-commerce success. Discuss the managerial issues associated with the adoption of new technology.

3 Role of Technology in the Service Encounter
Technology Technology Technology Customer Server Customer Server Customer Server A. Technology-Free Service Encounter B. Technology-Assisted Service Encounter C. Technology-Facilitated Service Encounter Technology Technology Customer Server Customer Server D. Technology-Mediated Service Encounter E. Technology-Generated Service Encounter

4 Evolution of Self-service
Service Industry Human Contact Machine Assisted Service Electronic Service Banking Teller ATM Online banking Grocery Checkout clerk Self-checkout station Online order/ pickup Airlines Ticket agent Check-in kiosk Print boarding pass Restaurants Wait person Vending machine Online order/ delivery Movie theater Ticket sale Kiosk ticketing Pay-for-view Book store Information clerk Stock-availability terminal Online shopping Education Teacher Computer tutorial Distance learning Gambling Poker dealer Computer poker Online poker

5 Self-service Technologies (SST)
Does customer adoption of self-service follow a predictable pattern? How do we measure self-service quality (e.g., ease of use, enjoyment, and/or control)? What is the optimal mix of SST and personal service for a service delivery system? How do we achieve continuous improvement when using SST? What are the limits of self-service given the loss of human interaction?

6 Classification of Service Automation
Fixed-sequence (F) - parking lot gate Variable-sequence (V) - ATM Playback (P) - answering machine Numerical controlled (N) - animation Intelligent (I) - autopilot Expert system (E) - medical diagnosis Totally automated system (T) - EFT

7 Purpose of Web-site A retail channel (
Supplemental channel (Barnes & Nobel) Technical support (Dell Computer) Embellish existing service (HBS Press) Order processing (Delta Airline) Convey information (Kelly Blue Book) Organization membership ( Games (

8 Technology Convergence Enabling E-Business
Internet Global telephone system Communications standard TCP/IP (Transfer Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) Addressing system of URLs Personal computers and cable TV Customer databases Sound and graphics User-friendly free browser

9 E-Business Models (Weill & Vitale, Place to Space, HBS Press, 2001)
Content Provider: Reuters Direct to Customer: Dell Full-Service Provider: GE Supply Co. Intermediary: eBay Shared Infrastructure: SABRE Value Net Integrator: 7-Eleven Japan Virtual Community: Whole-of-Enterprise: Government

10 Economics of E-Business
Sources of Revenue: - Transaction fees - Information and advice - Fees for services and commissions - Advertising and listing fees Ownership - Customer relationship - Customer data - Customer transaction

11 Electronic and Traditional Services

12 Grocery Shopping Comparison

13 Economics of Scalability
Dimensions High Scalability Low E-commerce continuum Selling information (E-service) Selling value- added service services with goods Selling goods (E-commerce) Information vs. Goods Content Information dominates Information with some service Goods with support services Goods dominate Degree of Customer Content Self-service Call center backup Call center support Call center order processing Standardization vs. Customization Mass distribution Some personalization Limited customization Fill individual orders Shipping and Handling Costs Digital asset Mailing Shipping Shipping, order fulfillment, and warehousing After-sales service None Answer questions Remote maintenance Returns possible Example Service Used car prices Online travel agent Computer support Online retailer Example Firm

14 Adoption of New Technology in Services
Challenges of Adopting New Technology The Process is the Product Back Office vs Front Office Changes Need for Standardization Managing the New Technology Adoption Process Ten step process with concern for employees and customers

15 Topics for Discussion Can an Internet service encounter be a memorable experience? How does the economics of scalability explain the failure of, an online furniture retailer? What are the characteristics of early adopters of self-service? How can we design for self-recovery when self-service failure occurs?

16 Interactive Exercise The class breaks into small groups and each comes up with an Internet site that they believe will be successful in the long run and explain why.

17 How would you contrast Amazon’s business design with that of Barnes & Noble before Barnes & Noble went online? Why has not turned a profit yet and what needs to be done to achieve profitability? Will Amazon continue to be successful against “click and mortar” competitors, such as Barnes & Nobel, which go online? Is a model for the future of retailing?

18 Evolution of B2C E-Commerce in Japan
What features of the 7-Eleven Japan distribution system illustrate the “Value Net Integrator” e-business model? Does the 7-Eleven Japan distribution system exhibit scalability economics? How does the 7-Eleven example of B2C e-commerce in Japan illustrate the impact of culture on service system design? Will the 7-Eleven “Konbini and Mobile” system be adopted in the United States?


20 E-Business Supply Chain (Network) Elements
Major entities including firm of interest and its customers, suppliers, and allies Major flows of product, information, and money Revenues and other benefits each participant receives Critical aspects: participants, relationships, and flows Example: 7-Eleven Japan

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