Presentation on theme: "Technology in Service. Learning Objectives n Discuss the of technology in the service encounter. n Describe the emergence of self-service. n Place an."— Presentation transcript:
Technology in Service
Learning Objectives n Discuss the of technology in the service encounter. n Describe the emergence of self-service. n Place an example of service automation in its proper category. n Describe different Internet business models. n Understand the importance of scalability to e- commerce success. n Discuss the managerial issues associated with the adoption of new technology.
Role of Technology in the Service Encounter Technology Customer Server Server Server Server Server Customer D. Technology-Mediated Service Encounter E. Technology-Generated Service Encounter A. Technology-Free Service Encounter B. Technology-Assisted Service Encounter C. Technology-Facilitated Service Encounter
Evolution of Self-service Service IndustryHuman ContactMachine Assisted ServiceElectronic Service BankingTellerATMOnline banking GroceryCheckout clerkSelf-checkout stationOnline order/ pickup AirlinesTicket agentCheck-in kioskPrint boarding pass RestaurantsWait personVending machineOnline order/ delivery Movie theaterTicket saleKiosk ticketingPay-for-view Book storeInformation clerkStock-availability terminalOnline shopping EducationTeacherComputer tutorialDistance learning GamblingPoker dealerComputer pokerOnline poker
Self-service Technologies (SST) n Does customer adoption of self-service follow a predictable pattern? n How do we measure self-service quality (e.g., ease of use, enjoyment, and/or control)? n What is the optimal mix of SST and personal service for a service delivery system? n How do we achieve continuous improvement when using SST? n What are the limits of self-service given the loss of human interaction?
Classification of Service Automation n Fixed-sequence (F) - parking lot gate n Variable-sequence (V) - ATM n Playback (P) - answering machine n Numerical controlled (N) - animation n Intelligent (I) - autopilot n Expert system (E) - medical diagnosis n Totally automated system (T) - EFT
Purpose of Web-site n A retail channel (Amazon.com) n Supplemental channel (Barnes & Nobel) n Technical support (Dell Computer) n Embellish existing service (HBS Press) n Order processing (Delta Airline) n Convey information (Kelly Blue Book) n Organization membership (POMS.org) n Games (Treeloot.com)
Technology Convergence Enabling E-Business n Internet n Global telephone system n Communications standard TCP/IP (Transfer Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) n Addressing system of URLs n Personal computers and cable TV n Customer databases n Sound and graphics n User-friendly free browser
E-Business Models ( Weill & Vitale, Place to Space, HBS Press, 2001) n Content Provider: Reuters n Direct to Customer: Dell n Full-Service Provider: GE Supply Co. n Intermediary: eBay n Shared Infrastructure: SABRE n Value Net Integrator: 7-Eleven Japan n Virtual Community: Monster.com n Whole-of-Enterprise: Government
Economics of E-Business n Sources of Revenue: - Transaction fees - Information and advice - Fees for services and commissions - Advertising and listing fees n Ownership - Customer relationship - Customer data - Customer transaction
Electronic and Traditional Services
Grocery Shopping Comparison
Economics of Scalability Dimensions High Scalability Low E-commerce continuum Selling information (E-service) Selling value- added service Selling services with goods Selling goods (E-commerce) Information vs. Goods Content Information dominates Information with some service Goods with support services Goods dominate Degree of Customer Content Self-serviceCall center backupCall center supportCall center order processing Standardization vs. Customization Mass distributionSome personalization Limited customization Fill individual orders Shipping and Handling Costs Digital assetMailingShippingShipping, order fulfillment, and warehousing After-sales serviceNoneAnswer questionsRemote maintenanceReturns possible Example ServiceUsed car pricesOnline travel agentComputer supportOnline retailer Example FirmKbb.comBiztravel.comEverdream.comAmazon.com
Adoption of New Technology in Services n Challenges of Adopting New Technology The Process is the Product Back Office vs Front Office Changes Need for Standardization n Managing the New Technology Adoption Process Ten step process with concern for employees and customers
Topics for Discussion 1. Can an Internet service encounter be a memorable experience? 2. How does the economics of scalability explain the failure of Living.com, an online furniture retailer? 3. What are the characteristics of early adopters of self-service? 4. How can we design for self-recovery when self-service failure occurs?
Interactive Exercise The class breaks into small groups and each comes up with an Internet site that they believe will be successful in the long run and explain why.
Amazon.com n How would you contrast Amazons business design with that of Barnes & Noble before Barnes & Noble went online? n Why has Amazon.com not turned a profit yet and what needs to be done to achieve profitability? n Will Amazon continue to be successful against click and mortar competitors, such as Barnes & Nobel, which go online? n Is Amazon.com a model for the future of retailing?
Evolution of B2C E-Commerce in Japan 1. What features of the 7-Eleven Japan distribution system illustrate the Value Net Integrator e-business model? 2. Does the 7-Eleven Japan distribution system exhibit scalability economics? 3. How does the 7-Eleven example of B2C e- commerce in Japan illustrate the impact of culture on service system design? 4. Will the 7-Eleven Konbini and Mobile system be adopted in the United States?
E-Business Supply Chain (Network) Elements n Major entities including firm of interest and its customers, suppliers, and allies n Major flows of product, information, and money n Revenues and other benefits each participant receives n Critical aspects: participants, relationships, and flows Example: 7-Eleven Japan